Oregon Trail 5th Edition Game Script v1.0
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: : : : Oregon Trail 5th Edition Game Script

Oregon Trail 5th Edition Game Script

by VinnyVideo   Updated to v1.0 on
Document (c) 2009 Vinny Hamilton (VinnyVideo)
Original Text (c) 2001 The Learning Company

This is a slightly modified version of the Oregon5.ENG file that accompanies 
Version 1.0 of the game. Any modifications have been made with the objective 
of making the game text useful for players of the game; for example, 
correcting non-ASCII foreign characters. E-mail VHamilton002@gmail.com if 
anyone has copyright or accuracy questions.

******************************************************************************

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Bidwell's Bar &Bidwell's Bar 
Camp Dalles &Camp Dalles 
Camp Drum at The Dalles &Camp Drum at The Dalles 
Carson City &Carson City 
Dry Diggin's &Dry Diggin's 
Florence, Nebraska &Florence, Nebraska 
Fort Boise &Fort Boise 
Fort Bridger &Fort Bridger 
Fort Churchill &Fort Churchill 
Fort Hall &Fort Hall 
Fort John &Fort John 
Fort Kearney &Fort Kearney 
Fort Laramie &Fort Laramie 
Fort Vancouver &Fort Vancouver 
Fort Walla Walla &Fort Walla Walla 
Fort William &Fort William 
Genoa &Genoa 
Great Salt Lake City &Great Salt Lake City 
Independence, Missouri &Independence, Missouri 
Indian Town &Indian Town 
Kanesville, Iowa &Kanesville, Iowa 
Lawrence, Kansas &Lawrence, Kansas 
Marysville, California &Marysville, California 
Marysville, Kansas &Marysville, Kansas 
Nauvoo, Illinois &Nauvoo, Illinois 
New Fort Bridger &New Fort Bridger 
New Santa Fe, Missouri &New Santa Fe, Missouri 
Pawnee Village &Pawnee Village 
Ragtown &Ragtown 
St. Joseph, Missouri &St. Joseph, Missouri 
Sutter's Fort &Sutter's Fort 
Topeka, Kansas &Topeka, Kansas 
Virginia City &Virginia City 
Wesport, Missouri &Wesport, Missouri 
Whitman Mission &Whitman Mission 

Simulation Speed...
List of Legends...
View Map...
Glossary
Time Out
Sound Effects
Music 
Speech
Credits

Xanimals   Wpounds of food  Wpounds of medicine    Xspare wagon parts 
Xanimal   Wpound of food  Wpound of medicine    Xspare wagon part

We're missing one of the [p1], and we decided to [option]. An [p1] is missing. 
This time we plan to [option].

Oregon Trail 5 Version: 1.0

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Oregon Trail(tm) II Version Not Used (c) 1995, 1996 SoftKey Multimedia Inc., a 
subsidiary of SoftKey International Inc., and its licensors. All rights 
reserved   
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can only have one configuration file open at a time.					
			/* 11 */ Your config file is for a different version of 
"THEAPPNAME" and cannot be used."		/* 12 

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The End

Independence Segment A
Blue River
Blue River Bridge Segment B
Westport Segment C
New Santa Fe Segment D
Lone Elm Segment E
Blue Mound Segment F
Lawrence Segment G
Topeka Segment H
Kansas River
Kansas River Segment I
Saint Mary's Mission Segment J
Red Vermillion River
Red Vermillion River Segment K
Scott Spring Segment L
Alcove Spring Segment M
Big Blue River
Independence Road
St. Joseph Road
Junction
Oregon Trail heading west
Hollenberg Ranch Segment P
Rock Creek Station Segment Q
The Narrows Segment R
Segment S
Thirty-two Mile
Station Segment T
'The Coast of Nebraska' Segment U
Fort Kearny Segment V
Plum Creek Segment W
Midway Station Segment X
O'Fallon's Bluffs Segment Y
Segment Z
South Platte River Segment AA
phantom landmark
California Hill Segment AC
phantom landmark
Windlass Hill
Ash Hollow
Segment AE
Courthouse and
Jail Rocks Segment AF
Chimney Rock Segment AG
Scotts Bluff Segment AH
Segment AI
Robidoux Pass
Robidoux Pass
Trading Post
Mitchell Pass Segment AJ
Segment AK
Laramie River
Laramie River
Laramie River
Fort William
Fort John
Fort John
Fort Laramie
Oregon Trail heading west
Register Cliff Segment AM
Ayers Natural Bridge Segment AN
North Platte River
North Platte River
North Platte River
North Platte River Bridge Segment AO
Mormon Ferry
Trading Post Segment AP
Emigrant Gap Segment AQ
Willow Springs Segment AR
Independence Rock Segment AS
Devil's Gate Segment AT
Split Rock
Road to Independence Rock
Three Crossings
Three Crossings Trading Post
Deep Sand Route
Sweetwater River
Deep Sand Route
Ice Spring Slough
Road to South Pass
phantom landmark
Rocky Ridge
Road to Independence Rock
Lander Trading Post
Lander Cutoff
Road to South Pass
Final Sweetwater
River Crossing Segment BB
South Pass Segment BC
Pacific Springs Segment KS
Dry Sandy
Dry Sandy
Trading Post
Road to South Pass
'Parting of the Ways'
Road to Fort Bridger
Green River
Green River Segment BE
Church Butte Segment BF
Name Rock
Road to South Pass
Blacks Fork Bend
Fort Bridger
Fort Bridger Ruins
New Fort Bridger
Road to Fort Hall
Grave Spring
Road to Fort Bridger
West End of
the Sublette Cutoff
Road to Fort Hall
Thomas Fork
Thomas Fork Segment BK
phantom landmark
Big Hill Segment BM
Smith's
Trading Post
Smith's
Trading Post Site Segment BN
Soda Springs
Road to Fort Bridger
Sheep Rock
Hudspeth Cutoff
at Sheep Rock
Road to Fort Bridger
West End of
the Lander Cutoff
Road to Fort Hall
Fort Hall Segment BR
American Falls Segment BS
Raft River
Road to Fort Hall
California Trail
Junction
Oregon Trail heading west
Caldron Linn Segment BV
Rock Creek Gorge
Rock Creek Segment BX
Kanaka Rapids Segment BY
Thousand Springs Segment BZ
Upper Salmon Falls
Road to Fort Hall
Three Islands
Snake River Segment CB
Hot Springs Segment CC
Register Rock Segment CD
Bonneville Point Segment CE
Fort Boise
Fort Boise Site Segment CF
Final Snake River
Crossing
Final Snake River
Crossing
Final Snake River
Crossing
Road to Fort Boise
East Cow Hollow
Road to Farewell Bend
Lytle Pass Segment CI
Malheur River Segment CJ
Farewell Bend Segment CK
Burnt River Canyon Segment CL
Flagstaff Hill Segment CM
Grande Ronde Valley
phantom landmark Segment CO
Grande Ronde River
Grande Ronde River Segment CP
phantom landmark
Blue Mountains Segment CQ
Emigrant Springs Segment CR
Deadman Pass Segment TO
Deschutes River
Doe Canyon
Doe Canyon
Fort Walla Walla Road Segment CU
Whitman Mission
Whitman Mission
Ruins Segment CV
Fort Walla Walla
Fort Walla Walla Road
Trail Junction
at the Umatilla River
Road to The Dalles
Echo Meadows Segment CY
Four Mile Canyon Segment CZ
McDonald Ford
of the John Day River
McDonald Ford
of the John Day River Segment DA
Biggs Junction Segment DB
Deschutes River
Deschutes River
Phantom Landmark
Deschutes Hill
Oregon Trail heading east
The Dalles
The Dalles
Camp Drum
at The Dalles
Camp Dalles
Barlow Toll Road Segment DE
Fifteen Mile Creek Segment DF
Tygh Valley Segment DG
Devil's Half Acre
Barlow Pass
Summit Meadows Segment DI
phantom landmark
Laurel Hill Segment DK
Sandy River
Toll Bridge Segment DL
You've reached the Willamette Valley!
You've reached
Oregon City!

St. Joseph Segment DM
Missouri River Segment DN
Cold Spring Segment DO
Kennekuk Station Segment DP
Walnut Creek
Walnut Creek Bridge Segment DQ
Big Muddy Station Segment DR
Vermillion River Segment DS
Guittard's Station Segment DT
Marysville, Kansas Segment DU
Big Blue River
Big Blue River
St. Joseph Road
Nauvoo Segment DW
Mississippi River
Montrose Landing Segment DX
Des Moines River Segment DY
Ely's Ford Segment DZ
Fox River Segment EA
Locust Creek Segment EB
Garden Grove
Waystation Segment EC
Mount Pisgah
Waystation Segment ED
Middle Nodaway
River Segment EE
Cold Springs Segment EF
Indian Town Segment EG
Kanesville
Kanesville
Future Cache Cave
Council Bluffs Segment EH
Kanesville Crossing
of the Missouri River
Kanesville Crossing
of the Missouri River Segment EI
Segment KT
Winter Quarters
Winter Quarters
A Short Trail
Winter Quarters Site
Florence Segment EJ
Elkhorn River
Elkhorn River Segment EK
Liberty Pole Segment EL
Pawnee Village Segment EM
Loup River
Loup River Segment EN
Mormon Island Segment EO
Deep Ravines Segment EP
Segment EQ
Sandy Bluffs Segment ER
Segment ES
Cedar Bluffs Segment ET
Castle Bluffs Segment EU
Ancient Bluffs Segment EV
Segment EW
Chimney Rock Vista Segment EX
North Platte River
Mormon Trail heading east
First Sweetwater
River Crossing Segment FA
Second Sweetwater
River Crossing Segment FB
Third Sweetwater
River Crossing
Three Crossings Route
Lander Cutoff
Big Sandy Creek Segment FE
New Fork River Segment FF
Thompson Pass Segment FG
phantom landmark
Terrace Canyon
Lander Cutoff
Sublette Cutoff
Haystack Butte Segment FJ
Green River
Green River Segment FK
Branley Pass Segment FL
Emigrant Spring
Sublette Cutoff
Salt Lake Alternate Route
Bear River
Bear River Segment FO
The Needles Segment FP
Cache Cave Segment FQ
Echo Canyon Segment FR
Weber River
Weber River
Weber River Bridge Segment FS
Pratt's Pass
Pratt's Pass Canyon
Hogsback Summit
Dixie Hollow
East Canyon Segment FV
Big Mountain Pass
Big Mountain Descent
Little Mountain Segment FX
Last Creek Canyon
Emigration Canyon
Quarantine Station Segment FY
phantom landmark
Donner Hill
Steep Hill
Road to South Pass
Great Salt Lake Valley
Great Salt Lake Valley
Great Salt Lake City
Future French Ford TP
Hastings Cutoff
Utah Outlet
Jordan River
Jordan River Bridge Segment GC
South Shore of
the Great Salt Lake Segment GD
Tooele Valley Segment GE
Segment GF
Big Springs Segment GG
Segment GH
Skull Valley Segment GI
Redlum Springs Segment GJ
Hastings Pass Segment GK
Puddle Valley Knolls
phantom landmark
Great Salt Lake
Desert
Pilot Spring
Donner Spring Segment GN
Pilot Peak
Toano Range
Silver Zone Pass Segment GP
Pequop Mountains Segment GQ
Snow Water Lake Segment GR
Ruby Valley Marshes Segment GS
Segment GT
Overland Pass
Hastings Cutoff
Emigrant Pass
Emigrant Pass
California Trail
Gravelly Ford
of Mary's River
Gravelly Ford of
the Humboldt River Segment GW
French Ford
Trading Post
Road to Emigrant Pass
Applegate Cutoff
Lassen's Meadows
California Trail
Big Meadows
Road to Emigrant Pass
Mary's Sink
Humboldt Sink
Humboldt Sink
Truckee Route
phantom landmark
Forty Mile Desert
Truckee River Segment HC
Truckee Canyons
Road to Emigrant Pass
Truckee Meadows
Truckee Meadows
Jameson's Station
Truckee Route
phantom landmark
Sierra Nevadas
Road to Truckee Meadows
Truckee Lake
Truckee Lake
Donner Lake
Main Truckee Route
Rock Wall Ascent
Truckee Pass
Donner Pass
Main road to Truckee Meadows
Summit Valley
Summit Valley
Road to Donner Lake
Johnson's Ranch
Johnson's Ranch
Road to Sutter's Fort
American River
American River
American River
Bridge
Sutter's Fort
Sutter's Fort
Sutter's Fort Site
Road to Sacramento
You've reached the Sacramento Valley!
You've reached Sacramento!
Hudspeth Cutoff
Buckskin Mountain Segment HO
Segment HP
Marsh Creek
Marsh Creek Segment HQ
Segment HR
Little Malad Spring Segment HS
Raft River
Hudspeth Cutoff
California Trail
West End of
the Hudspeth Cutoff
California Trail
City of Rocks
Road to Fort Hall
Salt Lake Cutoff
Junction
California Trail
phantom landmark
Granite Mountain Segment HZ
Granite Mountain
Pass Segment IB
Hot Spring Valley Segment IC
North Fork
of Mary's River
North Fork of
the Humboldt River
Road to Fort Hall
South Alternate Route
Bruneau Sand Dunes Segment IF
Bruneau River Segment IG
Castle Butte Segment IH
phantom landmark
Sinker Creek Butte Segment IJ
Givens Hot Springs
South Alternate Route
Barlow Toll Road Segment IM
Umatilla Valley Segment IN
Umatilla River
Umatilla River
Umatilla River
Raft down the Columbia River
Cascades Portage
Go around the rapids by land
McCord Creek Segment IQ (rafting)
Fort Vancouver Segment IS (rafting)
Salt Lake Cutoff
Weber River
Weber River Segment IU
Bear River Bear River Segment IV
Malad River
Malad River Segment IW
Blue Springs Segment IX
Rattlesnake Pass Segment IY
Deep Creek Segment IZ
Cedar Springs Segment JA
Raft River
Salt Lake Cutoff
Applegate Road
phantom landmark
Black Rock Desert
Pahute Peak Segment JE
High Rock Creek Segment JF
Segment JG
Middle Alkali Lake Segment JH
Mountain Pass
Lassen's Pass
Fandango Pass
Warner Mountains Segment JJ
Willow Creek Hill
Goose Lake Segment JL
Slough Springs Segment JM
Hidden Valley Segment JN
Clear Lake Segment JO
Lower Klamath Lake Segment JP
Klamath River
Klamath River Segment JQ
phantom landmark
Siskiyou Mountains Segment JS
Emigrant Creek Segment JT
Emigrant Creek Hill Segment JV
You've reached the Rogue River Valley!
You've reached Jacksonville!

Carson Route
phantom landmark
Forty Mile Desert
Ragtown
Ragtown Segment JY
Fort Churchill Segment JZ
Virginia City Segment KA
Eagle Ranch
Trading Post
Carson City Segment KB
Mormon Station
Genoa Segment KC
Sierra Nevadas Segment KD
phantom landmark
West Carson River
Canyon Segment KF
Carson Pass Segment KG
Dry Diggin's
Hangtown
Placerville
Carson Route
Beckwourth Cutoff
phantom landmark
Sierra Nevadas
Beckwourth Pass Segment KK
Beckwourth's Ranch
Beckwourth's Ranch Site Segment KL
Bidwell's Bar Segment KM
Marysville,
California
Beckwourth Cutoff
Cold Stream Pass Route
Cold Stream Canyon
Cold Stream Pass
Cold Stream Pass Route
Future Lawrence
Future Topeka
Future St. Mary's
Future St. Joseph Junction
Future Hollenberg Ranch
Future Rock Creek Station
Future 32 mile station
Future Ft. Kearny
Future Midway Station
Future Mormon Trading Post
Future Lander Trading Post
Future Parting of the Ways
Future West End, Sublette Cutoff
Future Smith's Trading Post
Future West End, Lander Cutoff
Deschutes River
Future Kennekuk Station
Future Big Muddy Station
Future Guittard's Station
Future Marysville
Former Mt. Pisgah Station
Future Johnson's Ranch
Future West End, Hudspeth Cutoff
Future Ft. Churchill
Future Virginia City
Future Eagle Ranch
Future Mormon Station
Start of Segment S
Start of Segment Z
Start of Segment AC
Start of Segment CU
Continue through the rapids
phantom landmark
Future Sutter's Fort
Start of Segment JJ
phantom landmark
Start of Segment BM
Start of Segment BW
Start of Segment CN
Start of Segment CQ
Start of Segment DD
Start of Segment DK
Start of Segment EQ
Start of Segment ES
Start of Segment EW
Start of Segment FH
Start of Segment GF
Start of Segment GH
phantom landmark
Start of Segment GT
Start of Segment HG
Start of Segment HP
Start of Segment HR
Start of Segment HZ
phantom landmark
Start of Segment IB
Start of Segment IM
Start of Segment JG
Start of Segment JS
phantom landmark
Start of Segment JV
Start of Segment KF
phantom landmark
Start of Segment ZZ
Segment ZZ
Start of Segment YZ
Segment YZ
Start of Segment IJ
Umatilla Shortcut
Platte River Road heading east
Start of Segment AZ
Road to Fort Boise
Three Crossings Route
Road to Fort Hall
Phantom Landmark
Former Junction
Umatilla Shortcut
Road to Johnson's Ranch
Phantom Landmark
Truckee Route
Road to Fort Hall
Fort Vancouver
phantom landmark
Little Dutch Hollow
phantom lmark
Emigrant Hill
phantom landmark
Segment TP
Future Applegate Cutoff
You've reached Great Salt Lake City!
phantom landmark
Grizzly Ridge
Start of Segment WW
Segment WW 

The End

Independence Segment A
Blue River
Blue River Bridge Segment B
Westport Segment C
New Santa Fe Segment D
Lone Elm Segment E
Blue Mound Segment F
Lawrence Segment G
Topeka Segment H
Kansas River
Kansas River Segment I
Saint Mary's Mission Segment J
Red Vermillion River
Red Vermillion River Segment K
Scott Spring Segment L
Alcove Spring Segment M
Big Blue River
Independence Road
St. Joseph Road Junction
Oregon Trail heading west
Hollenberg Ranch Segment P
Rock Creek Station Segment Q
The Narrows Segment R
Segment S
Thirty-two Mile Station Segment T
'The Coast of Nebraska' Segment U
Fort Kearny Segment V
Plum Creek Segment W
Midway Station Segment X
O'Fallon's Bluffs Segment Y
Segment Z
South Platte River Segment AA
phantom landmark
California Hill Segment AC
phantom landmark
Windlass Hill
Ash Hollow Segment AE
Courthouse and Jail Rocks Segment AF
Chimney Rock Segment AG
Scotts Bluff Segment AH
Segment AI
Robidoux Pass
Robidoux Pass T.P.
Mitchell Pass Segment AJ
Segment AK
Laramie River
Laramie River
Laramie River
Fort William
Fort John
Fort John
Fort Laramie
Oregon Trail heading west
Register Cliff Segment AM
Ayers Natural Bridge Segment AN
North Platte River
North Platte River
North Platte River
Bridge Segment AO
Mormon Ferry T.P. Segment AP
Emigrant Gap Segment AQ
Willow Springs Segment AR
Independence Rock Segment AS
Devil's Gate Segment AT
Split Rock
Road to Independence Rock
Three Crossings
Three Crossings T.P.
Deep Sand Route
Sweetwater River
Deep Sand Route
Ice Spring Slough
Road to South Pass
phantom landmark
Rocky Ridge
Road to Independence Rock
Lander T.P.
Lander Cutoff
Road to South Pass
Final Sweetwater Crossing Segment BB
South Pass Segment BC
Pacific Springs Segment KS
Dry Sandy
Dry Sandy T.P.
Road to South Pass
'Parting'
Road to Fort Bridger
Green River
Green River Segment BE
Church Butte Segment BF
Name Rock
Road to South Pass
Blacks Fork Bend
Fort Bridger
Fort Bridger Ruins
New Fort Bridger
Road to Fort Hall
Grave Spring
Road to Fort Bridger
West End/Sublette Cutoff
Road to Fort Hall
Thomas Fork
Thomas Fork Segment BK
phantom landmark
Big Hill Segment BM
Smith's T.P.
Smith's T.P. Site Segment BN
Soda Springs
Road to Fort Bridger
Sheep Rock
Sheep Rock
Road to Fort Bridger
West End/Lander Cutoff
Road to Fort Hall
Fort Hall Segment BR
American Falls Segment BS
Raft River
Road to Fort Hall
Cal. Trail Junction
Oregon Trail heading west
Caldron Linn Segment BV
Rock Creek Gorge
Rock Creek Segment BX
Kanaka Rapids Segment BY
Thousand Springs Segment BZ
Upper Salmon Falls
Road to Fort Hall
Three Islands
Snake River Segment CB
Hot Springs Segment CC
Register Rock Segment CD
Bonneville Point Segment CE
Fort Boise
Fort Boise Site Segment CF
Final Snake Crossing
Final Snake Crossing
Final Snake Crossing
Road to Fort Boise
East Cow Hollow
Road to Farewell Bend
Lytle Pass Segment CI
Malheur River Segment CJ
Farewell Bend Segment CK
Burnt River Canyon Segment CL
Flagstaff Hill Segment CM
Grande Ronde Valley
phantom landmark Segment CO
Grande Ronde River
Grande Ronde River Segment CP
phantom landmark
Blue Mountains Segment CQ
Emigrant Spr. Segment CR
Deadman Pass Segment TO
Deschutes River
Doe Canyon
Doe Canyon
Fort Walla Walla Road Segment CU
Whitman Mission
Whitman Mission Ruins Segment CV
Fort Walla Walla
Fort Walla Walla Road
Trail Junction
Road to The Dalles
Echo Meadows Segment CY
Four Mile Canyon Segment CZ
McDonald Ford
McDonald Ford Segment DA
Biggs Junction Segment DB
Deschutes River
Deschutes River
Phantom Landmark
Deschutes Hill
Oregon Trail heading east
The Dalles
The Dalles
The Dalles
Camp Dalles
Barlow Toll Road Segment DE
Fifteen Mile Creek Segment DF
Tygh Valley Segment DG
Devil's Half Acre
Barlow Pass
Summit Meadows Segment DI
phantom landmark
Laurel Hill Segment DK
Sandy River Bridge Segment DL
Willamette Valley
Oregon City
St. Joseph Segment DM
Missouri River Segment DN
Cold Spring Segment DO
Kennekuk Station Segment DP
Walnut Creek
Walnut Creek Bridge Segment DQ
Big Muddy Station Segment DR
Vermillion River Segment DS
Guittard's Station Segment DT
Marysville Segment DU
Big Blue River
Big Blue River
St. Joseph Road
Nauvoo Segment DW
Mississippi River
Montrose Landing Segment DX
Des Moines River Segment DY
Ely's Ford Segment DZ
Fox River Segment EA
Locust Creek Segment EB
Garden Grove Waystation Segment EC
Mount Pisgah Waystation Segment ED
Middle Nodaway River Segment EE
Cold Springs Segment EF
Indian Town Segment EG
Kanesville
Kanesville
Future Cache Cave
Council Bluffs Segment EH
Kanesville Crossing
Kanesville Crossing Segment EI
Segment KT
Winter Q.
Winter Q.
A Short Trail
Winter Q.
Florence Segment EJ
Elkhorn River Segment EK
Liberty Pole Segment EL
Pawnee Village Segment EM
Loup River
Loup River Segment EN
Mormon Island Segment EO
Deep Ravines Segment EP
Segment EQ
Sandy Bluffs Segment ER
Segment ES
Cedar Bluffs Segment ET
Castle Bluffs Segment EU
Ancient Bluffs Segment EV
Segment EW
Chimney Rock Vista Segment EX
North Platte River
Morman Trail heading east
First Sweetwater Crossing Segment FA
Second Sweetwater Crossing Segment FB
Third Sweetwater Crossing Three Crossings Route
Lander Cutoff Big Sandy Creek Segment FE
New Fork River Segment FF
Thompson Pass Segment FG
phantom landmark
Terrace Canyon
Lander Cutoff
Sublette Cutoff
Haystack Butte Segment FJ
Green River
Green River Segment FK
Branley Pass Segment FL
Emigrant Spring
Sublette Cutoff
Salt Lake Alternate Route
Bear River
Bear River Segment FO
The Needles Segment FP
Cache Cave Segment FQ
Echo Canyon Segment FR
Weber River
Weber River
Weber River Bridge Segment FS
Pratt's Pass
Pratt's Pass Canyon
Hogsback Summit
Dixie Hollow
East Canyon Segment FV
Big Mountain Pass
Big Mountain Descent
Little Mountain Segment FX
Last Creek Canyon
Quarantine Station Segment FY
phantom landmark
Donner Hill
Steep Hill
Road to South Pass
Great Salt Lake Valley
Great Salt Lake Valley
Great Salt Lake City
Future French Ford TP
Hastings Cutoff
Utah Outlet
Jordan River
Jordan River Bridge Segment GC
South Shore/Great Salt Lake Segment GD
Tooele Valley Segment GE
Segment GF
Big Springs
Segment GG
Segment GH
Skull Valley Segment GI
Redlum Springs Segment GJ
Hastings Pass
Segment GK
Puddle Valley Knolls
phantom landmark
Great Salt Lake Desert
Pilot Spring
Donner Spring Segment GN
Pilot Peak
Toano Range
Silver Zone Pass Segment GP
Pequop Mountains Segment GQ
Snow Water Lake Segment GR
Ruby Valley Marshes Segment GS
Segment GT
Overland Pass
Hastings Cutoff
Emigrant Pass
Emigrant Pass
California Trail
Gravelly Ford
Gravelly Ford Segment GW
French Ford T.P.
Road to Emigrant Pass
Applegate Cutoff
Lassen's Meadows
California Trail
Big Meadows
Road to Emigrant Pass
Mary's Sink
Humboldt Sink
Humboldt Sink
Truckee Route
phantom landmark
Forty Mile Desert
Truckee River Segment HC
Truckee Canyons
Road to Emigrant Pass
Truckee Meadows
Truckee Meadows
Jameson's Station
Truckee Route
phantom landmark
Sierra Nevadas
Road to Truckee Meadows
Truckee Lake
Truckee Lake
Donner Lake
Main Truckee Route
Rock Wall Ascent
Truckee Pass
Donner Pass
Main road to Truckee Meadows
Summit Valley
Summit Valley
Road to Donner Lake
Johnson's Ranch
Johnson's Ranch
Road to Sutter's Fort
American River
American River
Bridge
Sutter's Fort
Sutter's Fort
Sutter's Fort Site
Road to Sacramento
Sacramento River Valley
Sacramento
Hudspeth Cutoff
Buckskin Mountain Segment HO
Segment HP
Marsh Creek
Marsh Creek Segment HQ
Segment HR
Little Malad Spring Segment HS
Raft River
Hudspeth Cutoff
California Trail
West End/Hudspeth Cutoff
California Trail
City of Rocks
Road to Fort Hall
Salt Lake Cutoff Junction
California Trail
phantom landmark
Granite Mountain Segment HZ
Granite Mountain Pass Segment IB
Hot Spring Valley Segment IC
North Fork
North Fork
Road to Fort Hall
South Alternate Route
Bruneau Sand Dunes Segment IF
Bruneau River Segment IG
Castle Butte Segment IH
phantom landmark
Sinker Creek Butte Segment IJ
Givens Hot Springs
South Alternate Route
Barlow Toll Road Segment IM
Umatilla Valley Segment IN
Umatilla River
Umatilla River
Umatilla River
Raft down the Columbia River
Cascades Portage
Go around the rapids by land
McCord Creek Segment IQ (rafting)
Ft. Vancouver Segment IS (rafting)
Salt Lake Cutoff
Weber River
Weber River Segment IU
Bear River
Bear River Segment IV
Malad River
Malad River Segment IW
Blue Springs Segment IX
Rattlesnake Pass Segment IY
Deep Creek Segment IZ
Cedar Springs Segment JA
Raft River
Salt Lake Cutoff
Applegate Road
phantom landmark
Black Rock Desert
Pahute Peak Segment JE
High Rock Creek Segment JF
Segment JG
Middle Alkali Lake Segment JH
Mountain Pass
Lassen's Pass
Fandango Pass
Warner Mountains Segment JJ
Willow Creek Hill
Goose Lake Segment JL
Slough Springs Segment JM
Hidden Valley Segment JN
Clear Lake Segment JO
Lower Klamath Lake Segment JP
Klamath River
Klamath River Segment JQ
phantom landmark
Siskiyou Mountains Segment JS
Emigrant Creek Segment JT
Emigrant Creek Hill Segment JV
Rogue River Valley
Jacksonville
Carson Route
phantom landmark
Forty Mile Desert
Ragtown
Ragtown Segment JY
Fort Churchill Segment JZ
Virginia City Segment KA
Eagle Ranch T.P.
Carson City Segment KB
Mormon Station
Genoa Segment KC
Sierra Nevadas Segment KD
phantom landmark
W. Carson River Canyon Segment KF
Carson Pass Segment KG
Dry Diggin's
Hangtown
Placerville
Carson Route
Beckwourth Cutoff
phantom landmark
Sierra Nevadas
Beckwourth Pass Segment KK
Beckwourth's Ranch
Beckwourth's Ranch Site Segment KL
Bidwell's Bar Segment KM
Marysville
Beckwourth Cutoff
Cold Stream Pass Route
Cold Stream Canyon
Cold Stream Pass
Cold Stream Pass Route
Future Lawrence
Future Topeka
Future St. Mary's
Future St. Joseph Junction
Future Hollenberg Ranch
Future Rock Creek Station
Future 32 mile station
Future Ft. Kearny
Future Midway Station
Future Mormon Trading Post
Future Lander Trading Post
Future Parting of the Ways
Future West End, Sublette Cutoff
Future Smith's Trading Post
Future West End, Lander Cutoff
Deschutes River
Future Kennekuk Station
Future Big Muddy Station
Future Guittard's Station
Future Marysville
Former Mt. Pisgah Station
Future Johnson's Ranch
Future West End, Hudspeth Cutoff
Future Ft. Churchill
Future Virginia City
Future Eagle Ranch
Future Mormon Station Start of Segment S
Start of Segment Z
Start of Segment AC
Start of Segment CU
Continue through the rapids
phantom landmark
Future Sutter's Fort Start of Segment JJ
phantom landmark Start of Segment BM
Start of Segment BW
Start of Segment CN
Start of Segment CQ
Start of Segment DD
Start of Segment DK
Start of Segment EQ
Start of Segment ES
Start of Segment EW
Start of Segment FH
Start of Segment GF
Start of Segment GH
phantom landmark Start of Segment GT
Start of Segment HG
Start of Segment HP
Start of Segment HR
Start of Segment HZ
phantom landmark Start of Segment IB
Start of Segment IM
Start of Segment JG
Start of Segment JS
phantom landmark Start of Segment JV
Start of Segment KF
phantom landmark Start of Segment ZZ
Segment ZZ
Start of Segment YZ
Segment YZ
Start of Segment IJ
Umatilla Shortcut
Platte River Road heading east Start of Segment AZ
Road to Fort Boise
Three Crossings Route
Road to Fort Hall
Phantom Landmark
Former Junction
Umatilla Shortcut
Road to Johnson's Ranch
Phantom Landmark
Truckee Route
Road to Fort Hall
Ft. Vancouver
phantom landmark
Little Dutch Hollow
phantom lmark
Emigrant Hill
phantom landmark Segment TP
Future Applegate Cutoff
Great Salt Lake City
phantom landmark
Grizzly Ridge Start of Segment WW
Segment WW


[[Independence Newspaper Headlines]]

Whigs Nominate Harrison
for 1840 Election 684517
Whigs Nominate Harrison
for 1840 Election 684524
Senate Passes Independent Treasury Bill 684531
140 Killed in Ship Fire
Off New York Coast 684538
British Begin
to Colonize New Zealand 684545
First School of Dentistry
Founded in Baltimore 684552
Britain's Queen Victoria
Weds in Royal Ceremony 684559
Britain's Queen Victoria
Weds in Royal Ceremony 684566
Britain's Queen Victoria
Weds in Royal Ceremony 684575
Britain's Queen Victoria
Weds in Royal Ceremony 684582
Mayor Perkins Dies;
Special Election to Be Held 684589
Mayor Perkins Dies;
Special Election to Be Held 684596
Mayor Perkins Dies;
Special Election to Be Held 684603
Mayor Perkins Dies;
Special Election to Be Held 684610
Abolitionist Liberty Party
Holds Convention in Albany 684617
Abolitionist Liberty Party
Holds Convention in Albany 684624
Abolitionist Liberty Party
Holds Convention in Albany 684631
Abolitionist Liberty Party
Holds Convention in Albany 684639
Abolitionist Liberty Party
Holds Convention in Albany 684646
Democrats Renominate
Van Buren for President 684653
Democrats Renominate
Van Buren for President 684660
Democrats Renominate
Van Buren for President 684667
Ten-Hour Workday Set
for Federal Employees 684674
Britain Declares Sovereignty
Over New Zealand 684681
Britain Declares Sovereignty
Over New Zealand 684688
Britain Declares Sovereignty
Over New Zealand 684695
Britain Declares Sovereignty
Over New Zealand 684703
Congress Creates
Independent Treasury 684710
Congress Creates
Independent Treasury 684717
Congress Creates
Independent Treasury 684724
Congress Creates
Independent Treasury 684731
Gov't Reports Decline
in Fur Trade, Trapping 684738
Gov't Reports Decline
in Fur Trade, Trapping 684745
Gov't Reports Decline
in Fur Trade, Trapping 684752
Gov't Reports Decline
in Fur Trade, Trapping 684759
Gov't Reports Decline
in Fur Trade, Trapping 684766
Nasty Jack Finley Gang
Sighted Locally 684773
Nasty Jack Finley Gang
Sighted Locally 684780
Nasty Jack Finley Gang
Sighted Locally 684787
Nasty Jack Finley Gang
Sighted Locally 684795
Nasty Jack Finley Gang
Sighted Locally 684802
Nasty Jack Finley Gang
Sighted Locally 684809
British Capture Beirut;
Turkish Tensions Rise 684816
British Capture Beirut;
Turkish Tensions Rise 684823
British Capture Beirut;
Turkish Tensions Rise 684830
British Capture Beirut;
Turkish Tensions Rise 684837
Republic of Texas
Signs Treaty with Britain 684844
Republic of Texas
Signs Treaty with Britain 684851
Republic of Texas
Signs Treaty with Britain 684859
Harrison Defeats Van Buren
in Presidential Election 684866
Harrison Defeats Van Buren
in Presidential Election 684873
Harrison Defeats Van Buren
in Presidential Election 684880
Harrison Defeats Van Buren
in Presidential Election 684887
President-Elect Harrison
Begins Naming Cabinet 684894
President-Elect Harrison
Begins Naming Cabinet 684901
President-Elect Harrison
Begins Naming Cabinet 684908
President-Elect Harrison
Begins Naming Cabinet 684915
British Forces
Occupy Hong Kong 684922
British Forces
Occupy Hong Kong 684929
British Forces
Occupy Hong Kong 684936
British Forces
Occupy Hong Kong 684946
British Forces
Occupy Hong Kong 684953
Harrison Inaugurated
as Ninth President 684960
Harrison Inaugurated
as Ninth President 684967
U.S. Signs Claims Convention
with Peru 684974
President Gravely Ill;
Concern Mounts 684981
President Gravely Ill;
Concern Mounts 684988
President Harrison Dies;
John Tyler Assumes Office 684995
President Harrison Dies;
John Tyler Assumes Office 685002
President Harrison Dies;
John Tyler Assumes Office 685010
President Harrison Dies;
John Tyler Assumes Office 685017
Suspicious Fire
Damages Local Saloon 685024
Suspicious Fire
Damages Local Saloon 685031
1840 Census Puts
U.S. Population at 17 Million 685038
1840 Census Puts
U.S. Population at 17 Million 685045
1840 Census Puts
U.S. Population at 17 Million 685052
Senate Whigs Propose
New Fiscal Policies 685059
Senate Whigs Propose
New Fiscal Policies 685066
Senate Whigs Propose
New Fiscal Policies 685074
Senate Passes Fiscal Bill;
Will Create New Federal Bank 685081
Senate Passes Fiscal Bill;
Will Create New Federal Bank 685088
Nasty Jack Finley Gang
Sighted Locally 685095
Nasty Jack Finley Gang
Sighted Locally 685102
Nasty Jack Finley Gang
Sighted Locally 685109
Steamboat Fire on Lake Erie;
175 Killed 685116
Congress Repeals
Independent Treasury Act 685123
Tyler Vetoes Fiscal Bank Bill;
Senate Fails to Override 685130
Tyler Vetoes Fiscal Bank Bill;
Senate Fails to Override 685137
Congress Passes
Second Whig Bank Bill 685144
Tyler's Entire Cabinet Resigns
Except Webster 685151
Tyler's Entire Cabinet Resigns
Except Webster 685158
Tyler's Entire Cabinet Resigns
Except Webster 685166
Tyler's Entire Cabinet Resigns
Except Webster 685173
Santa Anna Assumes
Dictatorial Power in Mexico 685180
New York Court Acquits
McLeod in 'Caroline' Incident 685187
New York Court Acquits
McLeod in 'Caroline' Incident 685194
New York Court Acquits
McLeod in 'Caroline' Incident 685201
Mayor Wingate Re-elected
in a Landslide 685208
Slaves Mutiny Aboard Ship,
Sail for Freedom 685215
Bolivia Thwarts
Peruvian Invasion at Ingavi 685222
Bolivia Thwarts
Peruvian Invasion at Ingavi 685230
Bolivia Thwarts
Peruvian Invasion at Ingavi 685237
Bolivia Thwarts
Peruvian Invasion at Ingavi 685244
Senate Considers Bill to
Encourage Oregon Emigration 685251
Senate Considers Bill to
Encourage Oregon Emigration 685258
Senate Considers Bill to
Encourage Oregon Emigration 685265
Senate Considers Bill to
Encourage Oregon Emigration 685272
Senate Considers Bill to
Encourage Oregon Emigration 685279
Senate Considers Bill to
Encourage Oregon Emigration 685286
Senate Considers Bill to
Encourage Oregon Emigration 685293
Nasty Jack Finley Gang
Sighted Locally 685300
Nasty Jack Finley Gang
Sighted Locally 685307
British Author Dickens
Feted in Grand New York Ball 685314
British Author Dickens
Feted in Grand New York Ball 685324
Court Overturns Law Against
Capturing Fugitive Slaves 685331
Massachusetts Passes
Child Labor Law 685338
Massachusetts Passes
Child Labor Law 685345
Massachusetts Passes
Child Labor Law 685352
Congress Passes
New, Higher Tariff Law 685359
Congress Passes
New, Higher Tariff Law 685366
Congress Passes
New, Higher Tariff Law 685373
Dispute Rages Over
Governorship of Rhode Island 685381
Dispute Rages Over
Governorship of Rhode Island 685388
Dispute Rages Over
Governorship of Rhode Island 685395
Dispute Rages Over
Governorship of Rhode Island 685402
Elijah White Wagon Train
Sets Off for Oregon 685409
John C. FrŽmont Sets Out
on Western Expedition 685416
John C. FrŽmont Sets Out
on Western Expedition 685423
Charles Wilkes Returns
from Antarctic Expedition 685430
Charles Wilkes Returns
from Antarctic Expedition 685437
Congress Passes
Reapportionment Act 685445
Congress Passes
Reapportionment Act 685452
Congress Passes
Reapportionment Act 685459
Congress Passes
Reapportionment Act 685466
Congress Passes
Reapportionment Act 685473
Congress Passes
Reapportionment Act 685480
Natal Becomes British Colony
in Southern Africa 685487
U.S.-Britain Sign
Webster-Ashburton Treaty 685494
Senate Ratifies
Maine Boundary Treaty 685501
Senate Ratifies
Maine Boundary Treaty 685508
Nanking Treaty Ends
British War with China 685515
First Lady Letitia Tyler Dies
of a Stroke 685522
Mexican Army Invades Texas,
Capture San Antonio 685529
Mexican Army Invades Texas,
Capture San Antonio 685537
Mexican Army Invades Texas,
Capture San Antonio 685544
Mexican Army Invades Texas,
Capture San Antonio 685551
Underwater Telegraph Cable
Laid in New York Harbor 685558
Underwater Telegraph Cable
Laid in New York Harbor 685565
Underwater Telegraph Cable
Laid in New York Harbor 685572
Underwater Telegraph Cable
Laid in New York Harbor 685579
Holmes Elected Mayor
in Narrow Victory 685586
Holmes Elected Mayor
in Narrow Victory 685593
Mount Saint Helens Volcano
Erupts in Oregon Country 685601
Mount Saint Helens Volcano
Erupts in Oregon Country 685608
Mount Saint Helens Volcano
Erupts in Oregon Country 685615
U.S. Recognizes Independence
of Hawaiian Islands 685622
U.S. Recognizes Independence
of Hawaiian Islands 685629
Tyler Warns Other Nations
Not to Try to Annex Hawaii 685636
Tyler Warns Other Nations
Not to Try to Annex Hawaii 685643
Tyler Warns Other Nations
Not to Try to Annex Hawaii 685650
Tyler Warns Other Nations
Not to Try to Annex Hawaii 685657
Tyler Warns Other Nations
Not to Try to Annex Hawaii 685664
Senate Passes Oregon Bill
to Encourage Emigration 685671
Senate Passes Oregon Bill
to Encourage Emigration 685678
Senate Passes Oregon Bill
to Encourage Emigration 685685
Senate Passes Oregon Bill
to Encourage Emigration 685695
Congress Authorizes
$30,000 Telegraph Test 685702
Congress Authorizes
$30,000 Telegraph Test 685709
Frémont Sets Out on
Second Western Expedition 685716
Frémont Sets Out on
Second Western Expedition 685723
Frémont Sets Out on
Second Western Expedition 685730
Frémont Sets Out on
Second Western Expedition 685737
Frémont Sets Out on
Second Western Expedition 685744
Frémont Sets Out on
Second Western Expedition 685752
Frémont Sets Out on
Second Western Expedition 685759
Oregon Settlers Meet,
Discuss Forming Government 685766
Daniel Webster Resigns
as Secretary of State 685773
Over 1,000 Set Out
for Oregon from Missouri 685780
Over 1,000 Set Out
for Oregon from Missouri 685787
Over 1,000 Set Out
for Oregon from Missouri 685794
Oregon Settlers
Form Provisional Gov't 685801
Oregon Settlers
Form Provisional Gov't 685808
Oregon Settlers
Form Provisional Gov't 685816
Number of Western
Emigrants Up Sharply 685823
Number of Western
Emigrants Up Sharply 685830
Number of Western
Emigrants Up Sharply 685837
Mayor Watkins Absconds
with Town Funds! 685844
Mayor Watkins Absconds
with Town Funds! 685851
Mayor Watkins Absconds
with Town Funds! 685858
Mayor Watkins Absconds
with Town Funds! 685865
Second Seminole War
Ends in Florida 685872
Santa Anna Warns U.S.
Not to Annex Texas 685879
Santa Anna Warns U.S.
Not to Annex Texas 685886
Santa Anna Warns U.S.
Not to Annex Texas 685893
Santa Anna Warns U.S.
Not to Annex Texas 685900
Santa Anna Warns U.S.
Not to Annex Texas 685908
Suspicious Fire
Damages Local Saloon 685915
Suspicious Fire
Damages Local Saloon 685922
Suspicious Fire
Damages Local Saloon 685929
Texas President Houston
Declines U.S. Annexation Talks 685936
'Great Migration' Wagons
Reach Oregon City 685943
'Great Migration' Wagons
Reach Oregon City 685950
Sheriff Reeves Re-elected
by Narrow Margin 685957
Sheriff Reeves Re-elected
by Narrow Margin 685964
Sheriff Reeves Re-elected
by Narrow Margin 685972
Britain and France Recognize
Hawaiian Independence 685979
Britain and France Recognize
Hawaiian Independence 685986
Britain and France Recognize
Hawaiian Independence 685993
Britain and France Recognize
Hawaiian Independence 686000
Britain and France Recognize
Hawaiian Independence 686007
Britain and France Recognize
Hawaiian Independence 686014
Nasty Jack Finley Gang
Sighted Locally 686021
Nasty Jack Finley Gang
Sighted Locally 686028
Nasty Jack Finley Gang
Sighted Locally 686035
Nasty Jack Finley Gang
Sighted Locally 686042
Local Citizens Defrauded
by Snake Oil Salesman 686049
Local Citizens Defrauded
by Snake Oil Salesman 686056
Local Citizens Defrauded
by Snake Oil Salesman 686065
Explosion Aboard Ship
Kills Sec. of State, 5 Others 686072
Explosion Aboard Ship
Kills Sec. of State, 5 Others 686079
Santo Domingo
Wins Independence from Haiti 686086
Tyler Names John C. Calhoun
Secretary of State 686093
Tyler Names John C. Calhoun
Secretary of State 686100
Tyler Names John C. Calhoun
Secretary of State 686107
Calhoun Treaty
to Annex Texas Signed 686114
Heavy Rains Cause Flooding
Along Oregon Trail 686121
Heavy Rains Cause Flooding
Along Oregon Trail 686129
Whigs Nominate Henry Clay
for President 686136
Whigs Nominate Henry Clay
for President 686143
Flooding Continues
Along Oregon Trail 686150
Morse Sends First Message
Over Telegraph Line 686157
Democrats Nominate
James K. Polk for President 686164
Senate Rejects
Texas Annexation Treaty 686171
Senate Rejects
Texas Annexation Treaty 686178
Senate Rejects
Texas Annexation Treaty 686186
Mormon Leader Joseph Smith
Killed by Mob 686193
First U.S.-China
Trade Treaty Negotiated 686200
First U.S.-China
Trade Treaty Negotiated 686207
First U.S.-China
Trade Treaty Negotiated 686214
FrŽmont Returns from
Second Western Journey 686221
FrŽmont Returns from
Second Western Journey 686228
French Attack Morocco,
Bombard Tangier 686235
French Attack Morocco,
Bombard Tangier 686242
French Attack Morocco,
Bombard Tangier 686249
French Attack Morocco,
Bombard Tangier 686256
French Attack Morocco,
Bombard Tangier 686263
French Sign Treaty
with Morocco Ending War 686270
French Sign Treaty
with Morocco Ending War 686277
Large Iron Ore Deposits
Found in Upper Michigan 686285
Large Iron Ore Deposits
Found in Upper Michigan 686292
Large Iron Ore Deposits
Found in Upper Michigan 686299
Large Iron Ore Deposits
Found in Upper Michigan 686306
Large Iron Ore Deposits
Found in Upper Michigan 686313
Nasty Jack Finley Gang
Sighted Locally 686320
Irving Elected Mayor
in Landslide Victory 686327
Irving Elected Mayor
in Landslide Victory 686334
Irving Elected Mayor
in Landslide Victory 686342
House Debates Lifting Ban
on Anti-Slavery Resolutions 686349
President Tyler Asks
Congress to Annex Texas 686356
James K. Polk
Elected President 686363
James K. Polk
Elected President 686370
James K. Polk
Elected President 686377
Congress Establishes
Uniform Election Day 686384
Congress Establishes
Uniform Election Day 686391
Congress Establishes
Uniform Election Day 686398
Congress Establishes
Uniform Election Day 686405
'Doctor' Cavenaugh
Defrauds Local Citizens 686412
'Doctor' Cavenaugh
Defrauds Local Citizens 686419
'Doctor' Cavenaugh
Defrauds Local Citizens 686426
'Doctor' Cavenaugh
Defrauds Local Citizens 686436
U.S. Annexes Texas by
Joint Resolution of Congress 686443
James K. Polk Inaugurated
as the Eleventh President 686450
James K. Polk Inaugurated
as the Eleventh President 686457
James K. Polk Inaugurated
as the Eleventh President 686464
Mexico Severs Relations
with U.S. Over Texas 686471
Mexico Severs Relations
with U.S. Over Texas 686478
Mexico Severs Relations
with U.S. Over Texas 686485	
Mexico Severs Relations
with U.S. Over Texas 686492	
Mexico Severs Relations
with U.S. Over Texas 686500
Local Entrepreneur
Elisha Wallace Shot in Holdup 686507
Local Entrepreneur
Elisha Wallace Shot in Holdup 686514
Local Entrepreneur
Elisha Wallace Shot in Holdup 686521
FrŽmont Begins
His Third Western Expedition 686528
President Polk Sends Troops
to Texas-Mexico Border 686535
Texas Convention
Approves Annexation by U.S. 686542
Former President
Andrew Jackson Dies 686549
Texas Congress Agrees
to U.S. Annexation 686556
Texas Congress Agrees
to U.S. Annexation 686564
Texas Congress Agrees
to U.S. Annexation 686571
U.S. Offers to Divide Oregon
with Britain at 49th Parallel 686578
U.S. Offers to Divide Oregon
with Britain at 49th Parallel 686585
U.S. Offers to Divide Oregon
with Britain at 49th Parallel 686592
British Refuses U.S. Offer
to Divide Oregon at 49th 686599
British Refuses U.S. Offer
to Divide Oregon at 49th 686606
British Refuses U.S. Offer
to Divide Oregon at 49th 686613
British Refuses U.S. Offer
to Divide Oregon at 49th 686620
British Refuses U.S. Offer
to Divide Oregon at 49th 686627
Suspicious Fire
Damages Local Saloon 686634
Suspicious Fire
Damages Local Saloon 686641
Horse Thieves Captured
Just Outside Town 686648	
Horse Thieves Captured
Just Outside Town 686656
Horse Thieves Captured
Just Outside Town 686663
U.S. Naval Academy Opens
at Annapolis, Maryland 686670
U.S. Naval Academy Opens
at Annapolis, Maryland 686677
U.S. Naval Academy Opens
at Annapolis, Maryland 686684
U.S. Naval Academy Opens
at Annapolis, Maryland 686691
Smith Defeats Jones
in Close Mayoral Race 686698
U.S. Offers
to Buy California from Mexico 686705
U.S. Offers
to Buy California from Mexico 686713
U.S. Offers
to Buy California from Mexico 686720
U.S. Offers
to Buy California from Mexico 686727
Noted Fraud Cavenaugh
Sighted Locally 686734
Noted Fraud Cavenaugh
Sighted Locally 686741
Texas Joins Union
as 28th State 686748
House Resolves to
End Joint Control of Oregon 686755
House Resolves to
End Joint Control of Oregon 686762
House Resolves to
End Joint Control of Oregon 686769
House Resolves to
End Joint Control of Oregon 686776
House Resolves to
End Joint Control of Oregon 686783
House Resolves to
End Joint Control of Oregon 686790
Mexican President Refuses
to Receive U.S. Ambassador 686797
Mexican President Refuses
to Receive U.S. Ambassador 686807
Brigham Young
Leads Mormons Westward 686814
Brigham Young
Leads Mormons Westward 686821
Brigham Young
Leads Mormons Westward 686828
Slidell Fails to Purchase
New Mexico for U.S. 686835
House Defeats
Free Homesteading Bill 686842
U.S. and Mexico Fortify
Along Rio Grande 686849
Mexico Warns U.S. Forces
to Retire to Nueces River 686856
Mexico Warns U.S. Forces
to Retire to Nueces River 686863
Hostilities Break Out
on U.S.-Mexico Border 686871
Polk Signs Bill Ending
Joint Occupation of Oregon 686878
U.S. Troops Under Taylor
Defeat Mexicans at Palo Alto 686885
United States
Declares War on Mexico 686892
U.S. Forces Cross
the Rio Grande into Mexico 686899
U.S. Forces Cross
the Rio Grande into Mexico 686906
U.S. Forces Cross
the Rio Grande into Mexico 686913
California Settlers
Declare Free Republic 686920
U.S. and Britain Agree
to Divide Oregon Territory 686927
U.S. and Britain Agree
to Divide Oregon Territory 686935
Frémont Takes Command
in California 686942
Frémont Takes Command
in California 686949
Frémont Takes Command
in California 686956
Fort Vancouver Changes
from British to U.S. Control 686963
Fort Vancouver Changes
from British to U.S. Control 686970
Wilmot Proviso
Defeated in Senate 686977
Stockton Declares
U.S. Annexation of California 686984
Col. Kearney's Troops
Occupy Santa Fe 686991
Col. Kearney's Troops
Occupy Santa Fe 686998
Col. Kearney's Troops
Occupy Santa Fe 687005
Congress Authorizes
Military Posts on Oregon Trail 687012
Congress Authorizes
Military Posts on Oregon Trail 687019
General Taylor Takes
Mexican City of Monterrey 687027
General Taylor Takes
Mexican City of Monterrey 687034
General Taylor Takes
Mexican City of Monterrey 687041
Dentist Gives First Public
Demonstration of Anesthesia 687048
Dentist Gives First Public
Demonstration of Anesthesia 687055
Early Blizzard Hits Sierras;
Many Emigrants Trapped 687062
Kearney Appointed
Governor of California 687069
Kearney Appointed
Governor of California 687076
Kearney Appointed
Governor of California 687083
Kearney Appointed
Governor of California 687091
Kearney Appointed
Governor of California 687098
U.S. Signs Commercial Treaty
with New Granada 687105
U.S. Signs Commercial Treaty
with New Granada 687112
Iowa Joins the Union
as the 29th State 687119
Gen. Kearney Takes Control
of Los Angeles 687126
Gen. Kearney Takes Control
of Los Angeles 687133
Mexican Forces in California
Surrender to U.S. 687140
Mexican Forces in California
Surrender to U.S. 687147
Mexican Forces in California
Surrender to U.S. 687154
Mexican Forces in California
Surrender to U.S. 687161
House Approves Bill
to Buy Mexican Territory 687168
House Approves Bill
to Buy Mexican Territory 687178
Taylor Leads U.S. Forces
to Victory at Buena Vista 687185
Taylor Leads U.S. Forces
to Victory at Buena Vista 687192
Taylor Leads U.S. Forces
to Victory at Buena Vista 687199
Taylor Leads U.S. Forces
to Victory at Buena Vista 687206
Gen. Scott Takes
Mexican Port of Vera Cruz 687213
Gen. Scott Takes
Mexican Port of Vera Cruz 687220
Gen. Scott Takes
Mexican Port of Vera Cruz 687227
Young Leads Mormons West
from Kanesville 687234
Young Leads Mormons West
from Kanesville 687242
Young Leads Mormons West
from Kanesville 687249
Young Leads Mormons West
from Kanesville 687256
Local Citizens Defrauded
by Snake Oil Salesman 687263
Local Citizens Defrauded
by Snake Oil Salesman 687270
Local Citizens Defrauded
by Snake Oil Salesman 687277
Suspicious Fire
Damages Local Saloon 687284
Suspicious Fire
Damages Local Saloon 687291
Nasty Jack Finley Gang
Sighted Locally 687298
Nasty Jack Finley Gang
Sighted Locally 687306
Nasty Jack Finley Gang
Sighted Locally 687313
Local Child Finds
Old Spanish Gold Coins 687320
Local Child Finds
Old Spanish Gold Coins 687327
Free and Independent
Republic of Liberia Declared 687334
Mormons Settle
in Great Salt Lake Valley 687341
Mormons Settle
in Great Salt Lake Valley 687348
Mormons Settle
in Great Salt Lake Valley 687355
Mormons Settle
in Great Salt Lake Valley 687362
Mormons Settle
in Great Salt Lake Valley 687369
Mormons Settle
in Great Salt Lake Valley 687376
Mormons Settle
in Great Salt Lake Valley 687383
Scott Leads U.S. Forces
into Mexico City 687390
Scott Leads U.S. Forces
into Mexico City 687398
Scott Leads U.S. Forces
into Mexico City 687405
Scott Leads U.S. Forces
into Mexico City 687412
Scott Leads U.S. Forces
into Mexico City 687419
Local Man Claims
He Saw a 'Jackalope' 687426
Local Man Claims
He Saw a 'Jackalope' 687433
Wooley Defeats Armstrong
in Close Council Race 687440
Wooley Defeats Armstrong
in Close Council Race 687447
Mexican Government
Requests Peace Negotiations 687454
Ohio River Steamers Collide;
Over 100 Killed 687462
Whitman Mission Attacked,
Destroyed in Raid 687469
Whitman Mission Attacked,
Destroyed in Raid 687476
Whitman Mission Attacked,
Destroyed in Raid 687483
'Popular Sovereignty'
Doctrine Gains Support 687490
'Popular Sovereignty'
Doctrine Gains Support 687497
'Popular Sovereignty'
Doctrine Gains Support 687504
'Popular Sovereignty'
Doctrine Gains Support 687511
'Popular Sovereignty'
Doctrine Gains Support 687518
FrŽmont Found Guilty
in Court Martial Trial 687525
U.S.-Mexico Sign Treaty
Ending War 687532
U.S.-Mexico Sign Treaty
Ending War 687539
U.S.-Mexico Sign Treaty
Ending War 687546
Former President
John Quincy Adams Dies 687555
French King Abdicates;
Second Republic Proclaimed 687562
Senate Ratifies
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo 687569
Unrest, Bloodshed
Reported in Berlin 687576
Unrest, Bloodshed
Reported in Berlin 687583
Millionaire Fur Magnate
John Jacob Astor Dies 687590
Millionaire Fur Magnate
John Jacob Astor Dies 687597
Millionaire Fur Magnate
John Jacob Astor Dies 687604
Millionaire Fur Magnate
John Jacob Astor Dies 687612
Irish Unrest Grows
in Wake of Potato Famine 687619
Irish Unrest Grows
in Wake of Potato Famine 687626
Irish Unrest Grows
in Wake of Potato Famine 687633
Irish Unrest Grows
in Wake of Potato Famine 687640
Wisconsin Enters Union
as the 30th State 687647
Seagulls Save
Mormon Crops from Locusts 687654
Whigs Nominate War Hero
Taylor for Presidency 687661
U.S. Troops Withdraw
from Mexico City 687668
U.S. Troops Withdraw
from Mexico City 687676
U.S. Troops Withdraw
from Mexico City 687683
Polk Lays Cornerstone
of Washington Monument 687690
Women's Rights Convention
Held in Seneca Falls, N.Y. 687697
Women's Rights Convention
Held in Seneca Falls, N.Y. 687704
Women's Rights Convention
Held in Seneca Falls, N.Y. 687711
Women's Rights Convention
Held in Seneca Falls, N.Y. 687718
Polk Signs Bill
Organizing Oregon Territory 687725
Reports True:
Gold Discovered in California! 687732
200 Americans Die in
Ship Fire Off Coast of Wales 687739
200 Americans Die in
Ship Fire Off Coast of Wales 687746
200 Americans Die in
Ship Fire Off Coast of Wales 687753
New Swiss Government
Modeled on U.S. Constitution 687760
Russians Intervene
to Halt Revolt in Wallachia 687768
Reports Continue
of California Gold Strike 687775
Reports Continue
of California Gold Strike 687782
Reports Continue
of California Gold Strike 687789
Reports Continue
of California Gold Strike 687796
British Franklin Expedition
Feared Lost in Arctic 687803
Medical School for Women
Opens in Boston 687810
Taylor Defeats Cass
in Presidential Race 687817
Taylor Defeats Cass
in Presidential Race 687824
Taylor Defeats Cass
in Presidential Race 687832
Taylor Defeats Cass
in Presidential Race 687839
President Polk Confirms
California Gold Strike! 687846
President Polk Confirms
California Gold Strike! 687853
Louis Napoleon
Elected President of France 687860
Louis Napoleon
Elected President of France 687867
Louis Napoleon
Elected President of France 687874
Louis Napoleon
Elected President of France 687881
Shocking Exposé:
Miracle Elixir Analyzed! 687888
Shocking Exposé:
Miracle Elixir Analyzed! 687895
Shocking Exposé:
Miracle Elixir Analyzed! 687902
Hyer Defeats Sullivan
in Heavyweight Bout 687909
Hyer Defeats Sullivan
in Heavyweight Bout 687916
Gold-Seekers Begin Arriving
in California 687926
Zachary Taylor Inaugurated
as 12th President 687933
Zachary Taylor Inaugurated
as 12th President 687940
Congress Creates
Department of the Interior 687947
Congress Creates
Department of the Interior 687954
Congress Creates
Department of the Interior 687961
Congress Creates
Department of the Interior 687968
Horse Thieves Captured
by Sheriff Reeves 687975
Horse Thieves Captured
by Sheriff Reeves 687982
Horse Thieves Captured
by Sheriff Reeves 687990
Garibaldi Leads Italians
in War for Independence 687997
22 Killed in N.Y. Riot
Between Fans of Rival Actors 688004
St. Louis Fire Destroys
More Than 400 Buildings 688011
Numerous Cholera Deaths
on Oregon Trail in Kansas 688018
Numerous Cholera Deaths
on Oregon Trail in Kansas 688025
Heavy Storms Batter Region
Around Chimney Rock 688032
Former President Polk Dies;
Cholera Suspected 688039
Former President Polk Dies;
Cholera Suspected 688047
New Danish Constitution
Guarantees Civil Liberties 688054
Nasty Jack Finley Gang
Robs Local Bank 688061
Nasty Jack Finley Gang
Robs Local Bank 688068
Hudspeth Establishes
Shortcut to California Trail 688075
Hudspeth Establishes
Shortcut to California Trail 688082
Hudspeth Establishes
Shortcut to California Trail 688089
President Taylor Forbids
Filibustering Trips to Cuba 688096
President Taylor Forbids
Filibustering Trips to Cuba 688103
Severe Cholera Outbreak
Along Oregon Trail 688110
Severe Cholera Outbreak
Along Oregon Trail 688117
Severe Cholera Outbreak
Along Oregon Trail 688124
Severe Cholera Outbreak
Along Oregon Trail 688131
Gold Rush Causes Crowds,
Delays on Western Trails 688139
Gold Rush Causes Crowds,
Delays on Western Trails 688146
Gold Rush Causes Crowds,
Delays on Western Trails 688153
California Convention
Requests Statehood 688160
California Convention
Requests Statehood 688167
Draft California Constitution
Prohibits Slavery 688174
Draft California Constitution
Prohibits Slavery 688181
Town Council
Elects Four New Members 688188
Town Council
Elects Four New Members 688195
Town Council
Elects Four New Members 688203
Local Economy Benefits
from California Gold Rush 688210
Local Economy Benefits
from California Gold Rush 688217
Local Economy Benefits
from California Gold Rush 688224
U.S. Signs Friendship Treaty
with Hawaii 688231
U.S. Signs Friendship Treaty
with Hawaii 688238
U.S. Signs Friendship Treaty
with Hawaii 688245
Rains Cause Flooding
in Central California 688252
Rains Cause Flooding
in Central California 688259
Rains Cause Flooding
in Central California 688266
British Navy
Blockades Greek Ports 688273
Clay Proposes Compromise
on Slavery Issues 688280
Clay Proposes Compromise
on Slavery Issues 688287
Clay Proposes Compromise
on Slavery Issues 688297
Clay Proposes Compromise
on Slavery Issues 688304
Webster Supports
Clay's Compromise Proposals 688311
Webster Supports
Clay's Compromise Proposals 688318
Webster Supports
Clay's Compromise Proposals 688325
South Carolina Senator
John C. Calhoun Dies 688332
South Carolina Senator
John C. Calhoun Dies 688339
South Carolina Senator
John C. Calhoun Dies 688346
Clayton-Bulwer Treaty
with Britain Ratified 688353
Regular U.S-Britain
Transatlantic Shipping Begins 688361
Cholera Outbreak
Continues on Oregon Trail 688368
Cholera Outbreak
Continues on Oregon Trail 688375
Cholera Outbreak
Continues on Oregon Trail 688382
New Army Post
Established at The Dalles 688389
New Army Post
Established at The Dalles 688396
Nasty Jack Finley Gang
Robs U.S. Mail 688403
Nasty Jack Finley Gang
Robs U.S. Mail 688410
300 Killed
in Steamboat Fire on Lake Erie 688418
Mail Coach Links
Missouri and Salt Lake City 688425
Mail Coach Links
Missouri and Salt Lake City 688432
Taylor Dies of Cholera;
Fillmore Sworn In 688439
Taylor Dies of Cholera;
Fillmore Sworn In 688446
Reports Circulate of Gold
Along Oregon's Rogue River 688453
Drought on Oregon Trail
Causes Severe Hardships 688460
Drought on Oregon Trail
Causes Severe Hardships 688467
California Population
Swells with Gold-Seekers 688474
Storms on California Trail
in Humboldt Region 688481
Britain Grants
Self-Government to Australia 688488
California Enters the Union
as 31st State 688495
Congress Adopts
Clay's Compromise Bills 688502
Utah and New Mexico
Territories Organized 688509
Donation Land Act
Benefits Oregon Settlers 688517
Congress Abolishes
D.C. Slave Trade 688524
Congress Abolishes
D.C. Slave Trade 688531
Government Estimates
30,000 Went West in '49 688538
Government Estimates
30,000 Went West in '49 688545
Government Estimates
30,000 Went West in '49 688552
Whigs Trounce Democrats
in Local Elections 688559
Whigs Trounce Democrats
in Local Elections 688566
Whigs Trounce Democrats
in Local Elections 688574
Negative Feelings Grow
About Fugitive Slave Act 688581
Negative Feelings Grow
About Fugitive Slave Act 688588
Negative Feelings Grow
About Fugitive Slave Act 688595
Local Citizens Defrauded
by Snake Oil Salesman 688602
Local Citizens Defrauded
by Snake Oil Salesman 688609
California Gold Prospector
Buys Cat for $100 688616
California Gold Prospector
Buys Cat for $100 688623
California Gold Prospector
Buys Cat for $100 688630
Councilman Jenkins Killed
in Tragic Accident 688637
Local Farmer Raises Pig
That Can Count to 20 688644
Local Farmer Raises Pig
That Can Count to 20 688651
Violence Erupts
Over Fugitive Slave Act 688658
Violence Erupts
Over Fugitive Slave Act 688668
Violence Erupts
Over Fugitive Slave Act 688675
Congress Authorizes
Coinage of 3-Cent Pieces 688682
Congress Authorizes
Coinage of 3-Cent Pieces 688689
New Railroad Links
New York and Great Lakes 688696
New Railroad Links
New York and Great Lakes 688703
New Railroad Links
New York and Great Lakes 688710
California Gold Prospector
Sells Cat for $200 688717
California Gold Prospector
Sells Cat for $200 688724
California Gold Prospector
Sells Cat for $200 688732
Great Exhibition Opens
in London's Crystal Palace 688739
Great Exhibition Opens
in London's Crystal Palace 688746
Great Exhibition Opens
in London's Crystal Palace 688753
Great Exhibition Opens
in London's Crystal Palace 688760
1850 Census Puts
U.S. Population at 23 Million 688767
1850 Census Puts
U.S. Population at 23 Million 688774
1850 Census Puts
U.S. Population at 23 Million 688781
1850 Census Puts
U.S. Population at 23 Million 688788
Nasty Jack Finley Gang
Sighted Locally 688796
Nasty Jack Finley Gang
Sighted Locally 688803
Nasty Jack Finley Gang
Sighted Locally 688810
Nasty Jack Finley Gang
Sighted Locally 688817
Sioux Sign Treaty
Surrendering Iowa Lands 688824
Sioux Sign Treaty
Surrendering Iowa Lands 688831
Sioux Sign Treaty
Surrendering Iowa Lands 688838
Sioux Sign Treaty
Surrendering Iowa Lands 688845
Rumors Spread of
Gold Discovery in Australia 688852
Rumors Spread of
Gold Discovery in Australia 688859
Nasty Jack Finley Gang
Robs Local Bank 688866
Nasty Jack Finley Gang
Robs Local Bank 688873
Government Estimates
55,000 Went West in '50 688880	
Government Estimates
55,000 Went West in '50 688888
Government Estimates
55,000 Went West in '50 688895
Government Estimates
55,000 Went West in '50 688902
Suspicious Fire
Damages Local Hotel 688909
Suspicious Fire
Damages Local Hotel 688916
Suspicious Fire
Damages Local Hotel 688923
Mayor Stillman Loses Race
for Re-election 688930
Mayor Stillman Loses Race
for Re-election 688937
Mayor Stillman Loses Race
for Re-election 688945
Mayor Stillman Loses Race
for Re-election 688952
Mayor Stillman Loses Race
for Re-election 688959
Louis Napoleon Survives
Attempted Coup in France 688966
Louis Napoleon Survives
Attempted Coup in France 688973
Fire Damages U.S. Capitol;
2/3 of Library Books Lost 688980
Fire Damages U.S. Capitol;
2/3 of Library Books Lost 688987
Fire Damages U.S. Capitol;
2/3 of Library Books Lost 688994
Fire Damages U.S. Capitol;
2/3 of Library Books Lost 689001
Fire Damages U.S. Capitol;
2/3 of Library Books Lost 689008
Local Citizens Defrauded
by Snake Oil Salesman 689015
Local Citizens Defrauded
by Snake Oil Salesman 689022
Local Citizens Defrauded
by Snake Oil Salesman 689029
Railroad Links Chicago
to the East Coast 689038
Railroad Links Chicago
to the East Coast 689045
Railroad Links Chicago
to the East Coast 689052
Railroad Links Chicago
to the East Coast 689059
Local Woman
Grows 25-Pound Turnip 689066
Local Woman
Grows 25-Pound Turnip 689073
Novel 'Uncle Tom's Cabin'
Creates a Huge Sensation 689080
Novel 'Uncle Tom's Cabin'
Creates a Huge Sensation 689087
Novel 'Uncle Tom's Cabin'
Creates a Huge Sensation 689094
Novel 'Uncle Tom's Cabin'
Creates a Huge Sensation 689102
Government Considers
Ferry, Bridge Franchises 689109
Government Considers
Ferry, Bridge Franchises 689116
Cholera Reported Widespread
Along Platte River 689123
Cholera Reported Widespread
Along Platte River 689130
Cholera Reported Widespread
Along Platte River 689137
Democrats Nominate
Franklin Pierce for President 689144
Democrats Nominate
Franklin Pierce for President 689151
Whigs Nominate
Winfield Scott for President 689158
Whigs Nominate
Winfield Scott for President 689166
Whigs Nominate
Winfield Scott for President 689173
Cholera Epidemic
Sweeps Western Trails 689180
Cholera Epidemic
Sweeps Western Trails 689187
Cholera Epidemic
Sweeps Western Trails 689194
Local Business Thrives
with Emigrant Trade 689201
Local Business Thrives
with Emigrant Trade 689208
Local Business Thrives
with Emigrant Trade 689215
Local Widow Leaves $10,000
to Pet Dog in Will 689222
Local Widow Leaves $10,000
to Pet Dog in Will 689229
Local Widow Leaves $10,000
to Pet Dog in Will 689236
Trails Traffic Falls Sharply
from '49-50 Levels 689243
Trails Traffic Falls Sharply
from '49-50 Levels 689250
Trails Traffic Falls Sharply
from '49-50 Levels 689258
Trails Traffic Falls Sharply
from '49-50 Levels 689265
Local Man Grows
80-Pound Pumpkin 689272
Local Man Grows
80-Pound Pumpkin 689279
Massachusetts Senator
Daniel Webster Dies 689286
Massachusetts Senator
Daniel Webster Dies 689293
Pierce Defeats Scott
for the Presidency 689300
Pierce Defeats Scott
for the Presidency 689307
Pierce Defeats Scott
for the Presidency 689314
Perry Sets Out
on U.S. Expedition to Japan 689322
Napoleon III Declared
Emperor of France 689329
Napoleon III Declared
Emperor of France 689336
Napoleon III Declared
Emperor of France 689343
Napoleon III Declared
Emperor of France 689350
Napoleon III Declared
Emperor of France 689357
Local Citizens Defrauded
by Snake Oil Salesman 689364
Local Citizens Defrauded
by Snake Oil Salesman 689371
British Annex
Pegu District of Burma 689378
British Annex
Pegu District of Burma 689385
British Annex
Pegu District of Burma 689392
British Annex
Pegu District of Burma 689399
British Annex
Pegu District of Burma 689406
Austria Forces Turkish
Withdrawal from Montenegro 689416
Franklin Pierce Inaugurated
as 14th President 689423
Washington Territory
Separated from Oregon 689430
Washington Territory
Separated from Oregon 689437
Congress Authorizes
Transcontinental R.R. Survey 689444
Congress Authorizes
Transcontinental R.R. Survey 689451
Congress Authorizes
Transcontinental R.R. Survey 689458
Congress Authorizes
Transcontinental R.R. Survey 689465
Vice-President King
Dies of Consumption 689473
Vice-President King
Dies of Consumption 689480
Buenos Aires Refuses to Join
Argentine Federation 689487
Buenos Aires Refuses to Join
Argentine Federation 689494
Nasty Jack Finley Gang
Robs U.S. Mail 689501
Nasty Jack Finley Gang
Robs U.S. Mail 689508
Kane Arctic Expedition
Sets Out from New York 689515
Kane Arctic Expedition
Sets Out from New York 689522
Kane Arctic Expedition
Sets Out from New York 689529
Kane Arctic Expedition
Sets Out from New York 689537
Russia Occupies Romania;
Ottoman Turks Protest 689544
Russia Occupies Romania;
Ottoman Turks Protest 689551
Commodore Perry Meets
with Japanese Officials 689558
Commodore Perry Meets
with Japanese Officials 689565
Commodore Perry Meets
with Japanese Officials 689572
Commodore Perry Meets
with Japanese Officials 689579
Local Business Thrives
with Emigrant Trade 689586
Local Business Thrives
with Emigrant Trade 689593
After '51 'Slump,'
50,000 Went West in '52 689600
After '51 'Slump,'
50,000 Went West in '52 689607
After '51 'Slump,'
50,000 Went West in '52 689614
After '51 'Slump,'
50,000 Went West in '52 689621
Oregon-California Hostilities
with Modocs Come to an End 689629
Oregon-California Hostilities
with Modocs Come to an End 689636
Ottoman Empire
Declares War on Russia 689643
Ottoman Empire
Declares War on Russia 689650
Ottoman Empire
Declares War on Russia 689657
Ottoman Empire
Declares War on Russia 689664
Man Builds Replica of
U.S. Capitol from Matchboxes 689671
Voters Turn Entire
Town Council Out of Office 689678
Voters Turn Entire
Town Council Out of Office 689685
Voters Turn Entire
Town Council Out of Office 689693
Voters Turn Entire
Town Council Out of Office 689700
Nasty Jack Finley Gang
Sighted Nearby 689707
Nasty Jack Finley Gang
Sighted Nearby 689714
240 Lost When
Ship 'San Francisco' Sinks 689721
240 Lost When
Ship 'San Francisco' Sinks 689728
Britain, France Support Turks
in War with Russia 689735
Britain, France Support Turks
in War with Russia 689742
Debate Rages
Over Kansas-Nebraska Act 689749
Debate Rages
Over Kansas-Nebraska Act 689756
Debate Rages
Over Kansas-Nebraska Act 689763
Russia Breaks Relations
with Britain and France 689770
Russia Breaks Relations
with Britain and France 689777
Russia Breaks Relations
with Britain and France 689787
Republican Party Founded;
Opposes Extension of Slavery 689794
Senate Ratifies
Peary's Treaty with Japan 689801
Britain, France Proclaim
Alliance with Turks 689808
Britain, France Proclaim
Alliance with Turks 689815
Japanese Ports
Opened to U.S. Trade 689822
Britain and France
Join Turks in War with Russia 689829
Britain and France
Join Turks in War with Russia 689836
Austria and Prussia
Issue Warning to Russia 689844
Boston Organization Supports
Anti-Slavery Kansas Settlers 689851
Boston Organization Supports
Anti-Slavery Kansas Settlers 689858
Boston Organization Supports
Anti-Slavery Kansas Settlers 689865
Boston Organization Supports
Anti-Slavery Kansas Settlers 689872
Congress Passes
Kansas-Nebraska Act 689879
U.S. and Britain
Sign Reciprocity Treaty 689886
U.S. and Britain
Sign Reciprocity Treaty 689893
Austria Signs Treaty
with Ottoman Empire 689900
Austria Signs Treaty
with Ottoman Empire 689908
Senate Ratifies
Gadsden Purchase Treaty 689915
Senate Ratifies
Gadsden Purchase Treaty 689922
Republican Party Urges
Repeal of Fugitive Slave Act 689929
Republican Party Urges
Repeal of Fugitive Slave Act 689936
Kansas-Nebraska Land
Opened to Settlers 689943
Kansas-Nebraska Land
Opened to Settlers 689950
Kansas-Nebraska Land
Opened to Settlers 689957
War Breaks Out with Sioux
Near Fort Laramie 689964
War Breaks Out with Sioux
Near Fort Laramie 689971
Indian Unrest
Reported Near Fort Boise 689978
Indian Unrest
Reported Near Fort Boise 689985
Crimea Becomes Focus
of European War 689992
Crimea Becomes Focus
of European War 690000
Crimea Becomes Focus
of European War 690007
Fortune-Teller Predicts
Future Computing Devices 690014
Fortune-Teller Predicts
Future Computing Devices 690021
French, British
Bombard Sevastopol in Russia 690028
French, British
Bombard Sevastopol in Russia 690035
Ostend Manifesto
Urges U.S. Acquisition of Cuba 690042
Ostend Manifesto
Urges U.S. Acquisition of Cuba 690049
Ostend Manifesto
Urges U.S. Acquisition of Cuba 690056
Ostend Manifesto
Urges U.S. Acquisition of Cuba 690064
Violence Erupts in Kansas
Over Slavery Issue 690071
Violence Erupts in Kansas
Over Slavery Issue 690078	
Violence Erupts in Kansas
Over Slavery Issue 690085
Violence Erupts in Kansas
Over Slavery Issue 690092
New Town, Omaha, Grows
on Winter Quarters Site 690099
New Town, Omaha, Grows
on Winter Quarters Site 690106
New Town, Omaha, Grows
on Winter Quarters Site 690113
Nebraska Territorial
Legislature Meets in Omaha 690120
Sardinia Enters Crimean War
Against Russia 690127
Sardinia Enters Crimean War
Against Russia 690134
Sardinia Enters Crimean War
Against Russia 690141
Local Man's Cow
Can Count to Twenty 690148
Congress Establishes
New U.S. Court of Claims 690158
Russian Tsar Nicholas Dies;
Alexander II Assumes Throne 690165
Public Reaction Strong
to Ostend Manifesto 690172
Public Reaction Strong
to Ostend Manifesto 690179
Public Reaction Strong
to Ostend Manifesto 690186
Public Reaction Strong
to Ostend Manifesto 690193
Public Reaction Strong
to Ostend Manifesto 690200
Famous 'Counting Cow'
Revealed as a Fraud 690207
Train Crosses Over First
Bridge to Span Mississippi 690214
Train Crosses Over First
Bridge to Span Mississippi 690222
Train Crosses Over First
Bridge to Span Mississippi 690229
Train Crosses Over First
Bridge to Span Mississippi 690236
Train Crosses Over First
Bridge to Span Mississippi 690243
Train Crosses Over First
Bridge to Span Mississippi 690250
War Breaks Out with
Yakima Indians in Oregon 690257
War Breaks Out with
Yakima Indians in Oregon 690264
War Breaks Out with
Yakima Indians in Oregon 690271
War Breaks Out with
Yakima Indians in Oregon 690279
Noted Fraud Cavenaugh
Reported in the Area 690286
Noted Fraud Cavenaugh
Reported in the Area 690293
Nasty Jack Finley Gang
Robs U.S. Mail 690300
Nasty Jack Finley Gang
Robs U.S. Mail 690307
Mountain Man Dooley
Visits, Tells of Adventures 690314
Mountain Man Dooley
Visits, Tells of Adventures 690321
Revolt Drives Santa Anna
from Power in Mexico 690328
Revolt Drives Santa Anna
from Power in Mexico 690335
Revolt Drives Santa Anna
from Power in Mexico 690342
Revolt Drives Santa Anna
from Power in Mexico 690349
Army Troops Attack
Sioux Village Near Ash Hollow 690356
Army Troops Attack
Sioux Village Near Ash Hollow 690363
Army Troops Attack
Sioux Village Near Ash Hollow 690371
Army Troops Attack
Sioux Village Near Ash Hollow 690378
Army Troops Attack
Sioux Village Near Ash Hollow 690385
Nasty Jack Finley Gang
Sighted Nearby 690392
Nasty Jack Finley Gang
Sighted Nearby 690399
Nasty Jack Finley Gang
Sighted Nearby 690406
Pro- and Anti-Slavery Forces
Clash in Kansas 690413
Pro- and Anti-Slavery Forces
Clash in Kansas 690420
Pro- and Anti-Slavery Forces
Clash in Kansas 690427
Pro- and Anti-Slavery Forces
Clash in Kansas 690435
Violence Flares Along
Wakarusa River in Kansas 690442
Violence Flares Along
Wakarusa River in Kansas 690449
Violence Flares Along
Wakarusa River in Kansas 690456
Violence Flares Along
Wakarusa River in Kansas 690463
Local Funeral Parlor
Damaged in Holiday Fire 690470
Local Funeral Parlor
Damaged in Holiday Fire 690477
Local Funeral Parlor
Damaged in Holiday Fire 690484
Bank Robbers Escape
with $5000 in Gold 690491
Bank Robbers Escape
with $5000 in Gold 690498
Russia Agrees
to Peace Terms at Vienna 690505
Russia Agrees
to Peace Terms at Vienna 690512
President Pierce Warns
"Border Ruffians" in Kansas 690519
American Party Nominates
Former President Fillmore 690528
American Party Nominates
Former President Fillmore 690535
American Party Nominates
Former President Fillmore 690542
American Party Nominates
Former President Fillmore 690549
American Party Nominates
Former President Fillmore 690556
The Dalles Attacked by
Yakima and Klickitat Indians 690563
Crimean War Ends
with Treaty of Paris 690570
Crimean War Ends
with Treaty of Paris 690577
Mississippi River Spanned
by New Railroad Bridge 690584
Mississippi River Spanned
by New Railroad Bridge 690592
Mississippi River Spanned
by New Railroad Bridge 690599
Negotiations Continue on
Trade Treaty with Siam 690606
Indian Unrest Reported
in Southern Oregon 690613
Kansas Town of Lawrence
Sacked by Pro-Slavery Mob 690620
"Bleeding Kansas"
Site of Continued Violence 690627
"Bleeding Kansas"
Site of Continued Violence 690634
Buchanan Nominated by
Democrats for Presidency 690641
New Republican Party
Nominates FrŽmont 690648
New Republican Party
Nominates FrŽmont 690656
Senate Rejects Kansas
Anti-Slavery Statehood 690663
Federal Troops Disperse
'Free' Topeka Legislature 690670
Mormon 'Handcart Migration'
Begins Western Trek 690677
Mormon 'Handcart Migration'
Begins Western Trek 690684
Mormon 'Handcart Migration'
Begins Western Trek 690691
Terrible Hurricane
Kills Hundreds in Louisiana 690698
Kansas Territory
Governor Shannon Resigns 690705
Congress Passes
U.S. Copyright Law 690712
Brown Leads Murderous Raid
on Pro-Slavery Settlement 690719
Brown Leads Murderous Raid
on Pro-Slavery Settlement 690726
Gov. Geary Orders Troops
to Halt "Border Ruffians" 690733
Whigs Confirm American
Party Nominee Fillmore 690740
Whigs Confirm American
Party Nominee Fillmore 690748
Whigs Confirm American
Party Nominee Fillmore 690755
Whigs Confirm American
Party Nominee Fillmore 690762
Emigrants Heading West
Fall to Pre-Gold Rush Levels 690769
Emigrants Heading West
Fall to Pre-Gold Rush Levels 690776
Emigrants Heading West
Fall to Pre-Gold Rush Levels 690783
Buchanan Defeats FrŽmont
in Presidential Election 690790
Buchanan Defeats FrŽmont
in Presidential Election 690797
Blizzard Traps Emigrants
Near Independence Rock 690805
Blizzard Traps Emigrants
Near Independence Rock 690812
Blizzard Traps Emigrants
Near Independence Rock 690819
Price of Gold Falls in Wake
of California Gold Rush 690826
Price of Gold Falls in Wake
of California Gold Rush 690833
Price of Gold Falls in Wake
of California Gold Rush 690840
Price of Gold Falls in Wake
of California Gold Rush 690847
Price of Gold Falls in Wake
of California Gold Rush 690854
Abolitionist Garrison
Advocates Disunion 690861
Abolitionist Garrison
Advocates Disunion 690868
Abolitionist Garrison
Advocates Disunion 690875
Abolitionist Garrison
Advocates Disunion 690882
Local Citizens Defrauded
by Snake Oil Salesman 690889
Local Citizens Defrauded
by Snake Oil Salesman 690899
Local Citizens Defrauded
by Snake Oil Salesman 690906
James Buchanan Inaugurated
as 15th President 690913
Supreme Court Decides
in Dred Scott Case 690920
Supreme Court Decides
in Dred Scott Case 690927
Paris Treaty Ends War
Between Britain and Persia 690934
Paris Treaty Ends War
Between Britain and Persia 690941
Paris Treaty Ends War
Between Britain and Persia 690948
Paris Treaty Ends War
Between Britain and Persia 690955
Paris Treaty Ends War
Between Britain and Persia 690963
Nasty Jack Finley Gang
Robs Local Bank 690970
Nasty Jack Finley Gang
Robs Local Bank 690977
British Rule in India
Tested by Revolt 690984
British Rule in India
Tested by Revolt 690991
British Rule in India
Tested by Revolt 690998
British Rule in India
Tested by Revolt 691005
British Rule in India
Tested by Revolt 691012
U.S. and Japan
Sign Trade Agreement 691019	
U.S. and Japan
Sign Trade Agreement 691027
U.S. and Japan
Sign Trade Agreement 691034
U.S. and Japan
Sign Trade Agreement 691041
U.S. and Japan
Sign Trade Agreement 691048
Suspicious Fire
Damages Local Saloon 691055
Suspicious Fire
Damages Local Saloon 691062
Certain Southern States
Ban Anti-Slavery Books 691069
Certain Southern States
Ban Anti-Slavery Books 691076
Certain Southern States
Ban Anti-Slavery Books 691083
Major Financial Panic
Hits U.S. Business 691090
Major Financial Panic
Hits U.S. Business 691097
120 in Wagon Train
Killed in Utah 691104
Mormons Defy
U.S. Government in Utah 691111
Mormons Defy
U.S. Government in Utah 691119
Mormons Defy
U.S. Government in Utah 691126
Free State Party
Wins Elections in Kansas 691133
Free State Party
Wins Elections in Kansas 691140
Free State Party
Wins Elections in Kansas 691147
Free State Party
Wins Elections in Kansas 691154
Sheriff Reeves Wins
Re-election in Close Race 691161
Sheriff Reeves Wins
Re-election in Close Race 691168
Sheriff Reeves Wins
Re-election in Close Race 691175
Local Man Disappears
While Exploring Cave 691183
Local Man Disappears
While Exploring Cave 691190
Buchanan Asks
That Troops Be Sent to Utah 691197
Buchanan Asks
That Troops Be Sent to Utah 691204
Buchanan Asks
That Troops Be Sent to Utah 691211
Buchanan Asks
That Troops Be Sent to Utah 691218
Buchanan Asks
That Troops Be Sent to Utah 691225
Local Citizens Defrauded
by Snake Oil Salesman 691232
Local Citizens Defrauded
by Snake Oil Salesman 691239
Local Citizens Defrauded
by Snake Oil Salesman 691246
Buchanan-Douglas Clash
Over Kansas Question 691253
Buchanan-Douglas Clash
Over Kansas Question 691260
Buchanan-Douglas Clash
Over Kansas Question 691270
Buchanan-Douglas Clash
Over Kansas Question 691277
Buchanan-Douglas Clash
Over Kansas Question 691284
Minnesota Enters the Union
as 32nd State 691291
Minnesota Enters the Union
as 32nd State 691298
Minnesota Enters the Union
as 32nd State 691305
Minnesota Enters the Union
as 32nd State 691312
Prospector Says
His Mule Can Predict Weather 691319
Prospector Says
His Mule Can Predict Weather 691326
Prospector Says
His Mule Can Predict Weather 691334
Prospector Says
His Mule Can Predict Weather 691341
Senate to Submit Kansas
Constitution to Pop. Vote 691348
Senate to Submit Kansas
Constitution to Pop. Vote 691355
Senate to Submit Kansas
Constitution to Pop. Vote 691362
Nasty Jack Finley Gang
Robs U.S. Mail 691369
Nasty Jack Finley Gang
Robs U.S. Mail 691376
160 Killed in Mississippi River
Steamboat Explosion 691383
160 Killed in Mississippi River
Steamboat Explosion 691390
160 Killed in Mississippi River
Steamboat Explosion 691398
New Treaty Opens
More Chinese Ports to U.S. 691405
New Treaty Opens
More Chinese Ports to U.S. 691412
U.S. Troops Establish Camp
Near Great Salt Lake City 691419
U.S. Troops Establish Camp
Near Great Salt Lake City 691426
U.S. Troops Establish Camp
Near Great Salt Lake City 691433
British Crown Assumes
Direct Rule Over India 691440
Transatlantic Telegraph
Cable Completed 691447
Lincoln and Douglas
Begin Series of Debates 691454
Lincoln and Douglas
Begin Series of Debates 691461
Lincoln and Douglas
Continue Series of Debates 691468
Lincoln and Douglas
Continue Series of Debates 691475
Lincoln and Douglas
Continue Series of Debates 691482
Mob Rescues Fugitive Slave
from Ohio Jail 691490
Mob Rescues Fugitive Slave
from Ohio Jail 691497
Overland Mail Completes
San Fran.-St. Louis Trip 691504
Overland Mail Completes
San Fran.-St. Louis Trip 691511
Overland Mail Completes
San Fran.-St. Louis Trip 691518
Overland Mail Completes
San Fran.-St. Louis Trip 691525
79-Year Old Joshua Teebury
Elected Mayor! 691532
Douglas Defeats Lincoln
in Senate Race 691539
Douglas Defeats Lincoln
in Senate Race 691546
New Nevada Town
Named After Kit Carson 691554
New Nevada Town
Named After Kit Carson 691561
Buchanan Urges Congress
to Purchase Cuba from Spain 691568
Buchanan Urges Congress
to Purchase Cuba from Spain 691575
Serbian King Alexander
Forced to Abdicate 691582
Serbian King Alexander
Forced to Abdicate 691589
Serbian King Alexander
Forced to Abdicate 691596
Serbian King Alexander
Forced to Abdicate 691603
Local Citizens Defrauded
by Snake Oil Salesman 691610
Local Citizens Defrauded
by Snake Oil Salesman 691617
Local Citizens Defrauded
by Snake Oil Salesman 691624
Oregon Joins the Union
as the 33rd State 691631
Oregon Joins the Union
as the 33rd State 691638
New Japanese Government
Seeks to Expel Foreigners 691648
New Japanese Government
Seeks to Expel Foreigners 691655
New Japanese Government
Seeks to Expel Foreigners 691662
New Japanese Government
Seeks to Expel Foreigners 691669
Artist Tells Congress
About Western Scenery 691676
Artist Tells Congress
About Western Scenery 691683
U.S. Recognizes Juarez Gov't
in Mexican Civil War 691690
U.S. Recognizes Juarez Gov't
in Mexican Civil War 691697
Holland and Portugal
Agree to Divide Timor 691705
Work Begins on
Suez Canal in Egypt 691712
Work Begins on
Suez Canal in Egypt 691719
Work Begins on
Suez Canal in Egypt 691726
New Gold Rush;
'Pike's Peak or Bust!' 691733
New Gold Rush;
'Pike's Peak or Bust!' 691740
New Gold Rush;
'Pike's Peak or Bust!' 691747
More Farmers
Move into Northern Kansas 691754
More Farmers
Move into Northern Kansas 691761
More Farmers
Move into Northern Kansas 691769
Silver Lode Discovered
Near Sierra Nevadas 691776
Silver Lode Discovered
Near Sierra Nevadas 691783
Silver Lode Discovered
Near Sierra Nevadas 691790
Silver Lode Discovered
Near Sierra Nevadas 691797
Silver Lode Discovered
Near Sierra Nevadas 691804
Silver Lode Discovered
Near Sierra Nevadas 691811
Nasty Jack Finley Gang
Robs Local Bank 691818
Nasty Jack Finley Gang
Robs Local Bank 691825
Nasty Jack Finley Gang
Robs Local Bank 691832
Mayor Hawkins Wounds
Town Councilman in Duel 691839
Mayor Hawkins Wounds
Town Councilman in Duel 691846
Suspicious Fire
Damages Local Hotel 691853
Suspicious Fire
Damages Local Hotel 691861
Suspicious Fire
Damages Local Hotel 691868
Kansas Ratifies
Anti-Slavery Constitution 691875
John Brown Raids Arsenal
at Harper's Ferry 691882
John Brown Captured
at Harper's Ferry Uprising 691889
John Brown Captured
at Harper's Ferry Uprising 691896
John Brown Captured
at Harper's Ferry Uprising 691903
Buenos Aires Agrees
to Union with Argentina 691910
Buenos Aires Agrees
to Union with Argentina 691917
Buenos Aires Agrees
to Union with Argentina 691925
Abolitionist John Brown
Hanged in Virginia 691932
Abolitionist John Brown
Hanged in Virginia 691939
Abolitionist John Brown
Hanged in Virginia 691946
Abolitionist John Brown
Hanged in Virginia 691953
Town Councilman's Brother
Wounds Mayor in Duel 691960
Town Councilman's Brother
Wounds Mayor in Duel 691967
Virginia City Thrives
Near Comstock Lode 691974
Virginia City Thrives
Near Comstock Lode 691981
Virginia City Thrives
Near Comstock Lode 691988
Virginia City Thrives
Near Comstock Lode 691995
Nasty Jack Finley Gang
Sighted Locally 692002
Nasty Jack Finley Gang
Sighted Locally 692009
Nasty Jack Finley Gang
Sighted Locally 692018
Nasty Jack Finley Gang
Sighted Locally 692025
57 Killed in New York
Apartment House Fire 692032
57 Killed in New York
Apartment House Fire 692039
57 Killed in New York
Apartment House Fire 692046
57 Killed in New York
Apartment House Fire 692053
Pony Express Mail Service
Begins at St. Joseph 692060
Pony Express Mail Service
Begins at St. Joseph 692067
Pony Express Mail Service
Begins at St. Joseph 692074
Pony Express Mail Service
Begins at St. Joseph 692082
Democratic Convention
Splits Over Slavery 692089
Constitutional Union Party
Convenes in Baltimore 692096
Republicans Nominate Lincoln
for Presidency 692103
Republicans Nominate Lincoln
for Presidency 692110
Republicans Nominate Lincoln
for Presidency 692117
Republicans Nominate Lincoln
for Presidency 692124	'Paiute War'
Heats Up in Nevada 692131
Douglas Nominated
by Northern Democrats 692139
Douglas Nominated
by Northern Democrats 692146
Douglas Nominated
by Northern Democrats 692153
Report of Gold Discovery
in Washington Territory! 692160
Report of Gold Discovery
in Washington Territory! 692167
Breckinridge Nominated
by Southern Democrats 692174
Breckinridge Nominated
by Southern Democrats 692181
Local Citizens Defrauded
by Snake Oil Salesman 692188
French Intervene
to Halt Fighting in Syria 692195
French Intervene
to Halt Fighting in Syria 692202
Nasty Jack Finley Gang
Robs Local Bank 692209
Nasty Jack Finley Gang
Robs Local Bank 692216
'59 Saw Resurgence
in Numbers Headed West 692223
'59 Saw Resurgence
in Numbers Headed West 692231
Rumors Abound of
Prince of Wales Secret Visit 692238
Rumors Abound of
Prince of Wales Secret Visit 692245
British and French Troops
Occupy Peking, China 692252
British and French Troops
Occupy Peking, China 692259
South Threatens Secession
If Lincoln Is Elected 692266
South Threatens Secession
If Lincoln Is Elected 692273
Abraham Lincoln Wins
Presidential Election 692280
Abraham Lincoln Wins
Presidential Election 692287
Abraham Lincoln Wins
Presidential Election 692295
Sheriff Reeves Captures
Nasty Jack Finley at Last! 692302
Sheriff Reeves Captures
Nasty Jack Finley at Last! 692309
Buchanan Opposes Secession
in Message to Congress 692316
The Union Is Dissolved:
South Carolina Secedes! 692323
Farmer Claims Abduction
by 'Little Green Men'


[[Game Controls]]

Game Controls
Set Preferences
Occupation:
Starting month:
Starting year:
Jumping-off town:
Destination:
Level of Play:

Game Speed
Stops
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Medium
Fast


Stop at every landmark
Stop only at decision points

OK
Cancel


[[Final Outcome - Oregon Trail]]

[Name] settled in the Willamette Valley of Oregon in [Year], building a home 
on [Acres] acres of land.

In [Year], [Name] built a home on [Acres] acres of land in the Willamette 
Valley of Oregon.

In [Year], [Name] settled on [Acres] acres of land along the banks of Oregon's 
Willamette River.

In [Year], [Name] settled on [Acres] acres of land in an area that would later 
become part of the city of Portland, Oregon.

[Name] originally settled in [Year] in the Willamette Valley of Oregon, but a 
few years later moved north of the Columbia River into the Washington 
Territory.

Despite some hardships in the early years, [Name] proved extremely prosperous, 
steadily acquiring more land and becoming a leader in the growing community.

The fortitude and determination that had served [Name] so well on the Oregon 
Trail proved equally valuable in the new land, contributing to tremendous 
social and economic success.

Life in the new land turned out to be happy and successful for [Name], who 
always cherished bittersweet but proud memories of the months spent on the 
Oregon Trail.

Despite some early success, unfortunate business decisions led to unexpected 
financial hardships. Still, [Name] managed to endure.

After several years of only moderate success on the farm, [Name] decided to 
move to the growing population center of Oregon City, establishing a small 
business that proved more stable and satisfying. A number of prominent names 
in Oregon and Washington history, politics, and society have been numbered 
among [Name]'s descendants, including a state governor, a senator, and the 
multi-millionaire founder of a company that become one of the nation's largest 
manufacturers of [1].

Regrettably, several of [Name]'s descendants, including a major figure in an 
early twentieth-century government and business scandal, have managed to 
tarnish the family's good name.

[Name] was elected to the county board of supervisors in the 1870s and served 
for many years in that capacity, well-respected by all. A number of 
descendants have followed a similar course, becoming active in state and local 
politics.

During the late 1800s, [Name] wrote a best-selling book about experiences on 
the Oregon Trail and, widely recognized as a prominent pioneer, became a 
popular guest speaker at civic ceremonies and luncheons.

During and after the Civil War, [Name] became active in raising money for the 
widows of soldiers and disabled veterans. For these and other civic 
activities, [Name] was awarded a citation and commemorative plaque by the 
President of the United States.


[[Final Outcome - California Trail]

[Name] settled in the [2] Valley of California in [Year], building a home on 
[Acres] acres of land.

In [Year], [Name] built a home on [Acres] acres of land in the [2] Valley of 
California.

In [Year], [Name] settled on [Acres] acres of land along the banks of 
California's [3] River.

In [Year], [Name] mined $[Dollars] worth of gold from along the banks of the 
[4] River.

[Name] prospected for gold along the [4] River of California, and in [Year] 
made a strike worth $[Dollars].

Despite some hardships in the early years, [Name] proved extremely prosperous, 
steadily acquiring more land and becoming a leader in the growing community.

The fortitude and determination that had served [Name] so well on the 
California Trail proved equally valuable in the new land, contributing to 
tremendous social and economic success.

Life in the new land turned out to be happy and successful for [Name], who 
always cherished bittersweet but proud memories of the months spent on the 
Oregon and California Trails.

Despite some early success, including the additional discovery of a small vein 
of silver in the Sierra Nevadas, [Name] lost a good deal of money through 
subsequent bad investments.

After several years of mining, [Name] decided to move to the burgeoning city 
of [5], establishing a business that proved both successful and satisfying.

A number of prominent names in California history, politics, and society have 
been numbered among [Name]'s descendants, including a state senator, the 
president of a major university, and the multi-millionaire founder of a 
company that become one of the nation's largest manufacturers of [6].

Regrettably, several of [Name]'s descendants, including a major figure in an 
early twentieth-century government and business scandal, have managed to 
tarnish the family's good name.

[Name] was elected to the county board of supervisors in the 1870s and served 
for many years in that capacity, well-respected by all. A number of 
descendants have followed a similar course, becoming active in state and local 
politics.

During the late 1800s, [Name] wrote a best-selling book about experiences on 
the Oregon and California Trails and, widely recognized as a prominent 
pioneer, became a popular guest speaker at civic ceremonies and luncheons.

An 1869 gold strike on a tract of land owned by [Name] provided even greater 
wealth, much of which was donated to charity in later years. An early 
twentieth-century descendant repeated this good fortune by striking oil in 
southern California, providing the family with continued affluence and 
influence.


[[Final Outcome - Rogue River Valley]]

[Name] settled in the Rogue River Valley of Oregon in [Year], building a home 
on [Acres] acres of land.

In [Year], [Name] built a home on [Acres] acres of land in the Rogue River 
Valley of Oregon.

In [Year], [Name] settled on [Acres] acres of land along the banks of Oregon's 
Rogue River.

In [Year], [Name] settled on [Acres] acres of land in an area that would later 
become part of the city of Medford, Oregon.

[Name] originally settled in [Year] in the Rogue River Valley of Oregon, but a 
few years later moved eastward to the vicinity of Klamath Falls.

Despite some hardships in the early years, [Name] proved extremely prosperous, 
steadily acquiring more land and becoming a leader in the growing community.

The fortitude and determination that had served [Name] so well on the Oregon 
Trail proved equally valuable in the new land, contributing to tremendous 
social and economic success.

Life in the new land turned out to be happy and successful for [Name], who 
always cherished bittersweet but proud memories of the months spent on the 
Oregon Trail.

Despite some early success, unfortunate business decisions led to unexpected 
financial hardships. Still, [Name] managed to endure.

After several years of only moderate success on the farm, [Name] decided to 
move to the growing population center of Medford, establishing a small 
business that proved more stable and satisfying.

A number of prominent names in Oregon history, politics, and society have been 
numbered among [Name]'s descendants, including a member of the U.S. House of 
Representatives, a prominent author, and the multi-millionaire founder of a 
company that become one of the nation's largest manufacturers of [7].

Unfortunately, several of [Name]'s descendants, including a major figure in an 
early twentieth-century government and business scandal,managed to tarnish the 
family's good name.

[Name] was elected to the county board of supervisors in the 1870s and served 
for many years in that capacity, well-respected by all. A number of 
descendants have followed a similar course, becoming active in state and local 
politics.

During the late 1800s, [Name] wrote a best-selling book about experiences on 
the Oregon Trail and, widely recognized as a prominent pioneer, became a 
popular guest speaker at civic ceremonies and luncheons.

Major financial and personal losses occurred during the Modoc War of 1872-73, 
but [Name] was able to recover and in later years became a potent force in 
state business and politics.


[[Final Outcome - Mormon Trail]]

[Name] settled in the Great Salt Lake Valley in [Year], building a home on 
[Acres] acres of land.

In [Year], [Name] built a home on [Acres] acres of land in the Great Salt Lake 
Valley.

In [Year], [Name] settled on [Acres] acres of land just outside of the rapidly 
growing Mormon settlement of Great Salt Lake City.

In [Year], [Name] settled in Great Salt Lake City and established a small 
business.

[Name] originally settled in [Year] in Great Salt Lake City, but a few years 
later moved south to the growing Mormon settlement at Provo.

Despite some hardships in the early years, [Name] proved extremely prosperous, 
steadily acquiring land and becoming a leader in the community.

The fortitude and determination that had served [Name] so well on the Mormon 
Trail proved equally valuable in the new land, contributing to tremendous 
social and economic success.

Life in the new land turned out to be happy and successful for [Name], who 
always cherished bittersweet but proud memories of the months spent on the 
Mormon Trail.

Despite some early success, unfortunate business decisions led to unexpected 
financial hardships. Still, [Name] managed to endure.

Ever the restless soul, [Name] decided (after several years of only moderate 
success) to move north to the town of Ogden, Utah, establishing a business 
that proved more stable and satisfying.

A number of prominent names in Utah history, politics, and society have been 
numbered among [Name]'s descendants, including a U.S. Secretary of State, a 
World War I flying ace, and the multi-millionaire founder of a company that 
become one of the nation's largest manufacturers of [8].

Regrettably, several of [Name]'s descendants, including a major figure in an 
early twentieth-century government and business scandal, have managed to 
tarnish the family's good name.

[Name] was elected to the county board of supervisors in the 1870s and served 
for many years in that capacity, boasting a career that culminated in a 
citation from the Governor of Utah for civic service.

During the late 1800s, [Name] wrote a best-selling book about experiences on 
the Mormon Trail and, widely recognized as a prominent pioneer, became a 
popular guest speaker at civic ceremonies and luncheons.

[Name] lived a very long and honorable life, a beloved member of the community 
whose descendants today number in the hundreds.


[[Field Entries for Final Outcomes]]

KEY	# ENTRIES	ENTRIESÉ
 1	"computers"	"bicycles"	"clothing"	"coat hangers"	"pretzels"
	"chewing gum"	"kazoos"	"aerospace technology"	"hair-care 
products"	"jellybeans"
 2	"Sacramento"	"American River"
 3	"Sacramento"	"American"
 4	"Feather"	"Yuba"	"American"
 5	"Sacramento"	"San Francisco"
 6	"skateboards"	"basketballs"	"tennis shoes"	"harmonicas"
	"costume jewelry"	"grandfather clocks"	"school textbooks"	"pet 
food"	"electronic calculators"	"sprockets"
 7	"knitting needles"	"sliding boards"	"computer software"	"over-
the-counter medicines"	"wigs and hairpieces"	"aquariums"	"maps"	"party 
favors"	"board games"	"animal crackers"
 8	"squirt guns"	"lawnmowers"	"bird feeders"	"telescopes"
	"slide rules"	"fountain pens"	"stereo equipment"	"sunglasses"
	"spiral-bound notebooks"	"paper clips"


[[Final Score Screen]]

Your wagon party:
[1] [11] in good health
[2] [12] in fair health
[3] [13] in poor health
Your cash: $[4].00
Supplies:	[5] wagon[6]	[9] draft animal[10]	other supplies
Unused skill points:
Year of travel:
Journey bonus:	from [2] to		[3]Duration penalty:
Wagon train status:
Subtotal:
Occupation bonus:

Final Score:

person people

Independence
St. Joseph
Kanesville
Council Bluffs
Nauvoo

the Willamette Valley
Oregon City
the Rogue River Valley
Jacksonville, Oregon
the Sacramento Valley
Sacramento
Great Salt Lake City


[[Generic Journal Entries]]

Today we saw @. What a sight!

Today we saw @. How sublime it appears by moonlight.

Arrived at @.

Passed @.

Reached @ about noon--about time!

Rested for a time near @.

Reached @.

Passed @ today.

Arrived at @ today.

The wagon train reached @ this day.

After some concern that we were lost, we saw @ in the distance.

Today I saw @.

Today we passed @.

Saw @ today.

Arrived at @, despite some 'help' from Nicholas J. Tillman.

Mr. Tillman claims it's the Oregon Territory up ahead, but the guidebook says 
it's @.

Passed some time near @.

Nooned near @.

Rested the animals near @.

Misplaced my guidebook at @ today. Luckily we found it before leaving.

Saw @, sight is most reassuring.

Another step on the trail; today we reached @.

Today we reached @.

The trail brought us to @ today.

After much travail, we came to @.

Today our labors were rewarded with the sight of @.

We rested a while not far from @.

Today our eyes were greeted with the sight of @.

Came to @. Had a talk with some of the other folks in the wagon train.

From our guidebook, estimated we would reach @ today, and sure enough, there 
it was!

Had a lengthy chat with Mr. Lumare today near @.

Made it to @.

As expected, we made it to @ today.

Got as far as @ today.

The trail continues to provide wonders and surprises! Today we made it to @.

Nooned at @.

Happened upon a fresh grave near @. A reminder of the hazards we all face on 
the this journey.

Saw a grave dug up by wolves near @--bones scattered about. A most distressing 
sight!

Today came to @.

Traveled past @ this afternoon.

Stopped at noon near @ and rested from our morning's labors.

Made an early start this morning; passed @.

Today we drove our wagons and teams past @.

Our expectations of reaching @ were fulfilled this day.

Commenced early today; saw @.

Got a late start; passed @.

There was a wedding in camp today not far from @. A joyous occasion in the 
wilderness!

Found ourselves at @ this day. Got a nasty splinter in my thumb, but extracted 
it without too much difficulty.

Sang and told stories around the noon campfire near @.

Saw a mountain lion not far from @.

We saw a small party of coyotes today, just a mile or so west of @.

Had a bit of a run-in with another wagon party today near @, but we patched up 
our differences before nightfall.

Saw some Indians in the distance not far from @. No incident, but some 
concern.

We laid by today near @.

Came to @.

Encamped a while near @.

Reached @. Strangely beautiful country.

Heard some gunfire in the distance near @. Much concern all around.

Passed @. Road fair to middling.

Made our way past @ late today. Trail could be better.

Saw eagles today near @. What majestic creatures!

Nooned late today not far from @.

Enjoyed a cup of coffee with Mr. Lumare today at noon near @.

Much grumbling today about Nick Tillman near @.

Had a pleasant talk with Miss Whitney today in the vicinity of @.

Felt somewhat weary today. Passed @.

Camped today near @.

Mr. and Mrs. Billings came by for a visit today near @; had a very nice chat.

Near @, had a wagon train meeting to discuss our current circumstances.

In good spirits today; got as far as @.

For a time today we feared we were lost. We were much relieved to find 
ourselves at an identifiable location, @.

Stopped near @ for a while.

Saw an empty wagon abandoned on the trail today near @. If it could talk, what 
stories it might tell!

We were treated to a remarkably beautiful sunset near @.

Passed @ about noon.

Sore feet today, but I'll manage. Saw @.

Found a clean, well-formed ox skull a short ways from @; tempted to take it 
with me, but decided against it.

Saw buzzards circling today not too far from @. If I were superstitious, I'd 
call it a bad omen.

Enjoyed some good fiddle music today during our nooning near @.

Saw a small, foul-looking pool of water near @. Could be poison; I prevented 
our animals from drinking it.

Approached @ today. Some people in our wagon train are very tired of the 
journey.

Played cards with Mr. Tillman today while nooning near @. I suspect he cheats.

Reached another prominent landmark today: @.

Every day our journey comes closer to its end. Today we made it to @.

Mr. Lumare figured we would reach @ today, and he was right.

Heard news of a murder and hanging last night near @. Enough to send shivers 
down one's spine.


[[Oregon Trail II credits]]

Oregon Trail II
Design Team:
Craig Copley
Charolyn Kapplinger
Steven D. Splinter
Wayne Studer

Producer:
Craig Copley

Project Director/Historian:
Wayne Studer

Oxen Provided by:
Bovine Supply Corporation of Paris, Ltd.

Lead Programmer:
Steven D. Splinter

Programmers:
Beth H. Daniels
Susan M. Gabrys
Kevin A. Job
John Ojanen
Steven D. Splinter
James L. Thompson
Douglas N. Wheeler

Additional Programming:
Vincent J. Erickson
Lon Koenig
Al Lathrop
Tom Naughton
Alan B. Nelson
Brian S. Nesse
Randy E. Rasmussen
Dwayne B. Stroman
Kirk Sumner
Richard Wells
Jeff White

Oxen Programming:
Blaise Pascal

Lead Artist:
Charolyn Kapplinger

Artists:
Tim Courteau
John Diebel
Sandra Forslund
Charolyn Kapplinger
Jan Tockman
Michael Tschimperle
Dave Wood

Additional Artwork:
Craig Copley
Dee Dee Daus
Dave Denninger
Steven D. Splinter
Wayne Studer
Donna Maria Waltz

Special Ox Effects:
Jules Verne

Photography/Videography:
Craig Copley
Dee Dee Daus
Sara Ann Garvey
Charolyn Kapplinger
John Ojanen
Tracy Schruth-Panning
Wayne Studer
Michael Tschimperle
Paul Wieser
Dave Wood

Accent Media Productions, Inc.
Makeup:
Michael Tschimperle

Costuming:
Michael Tschimperle
Theatrical Costume Company

Stock Footage Courtesy:
Accent Media Productions, Inc.
Archive Photos, Inc.
EMA Video Productions, Inc.
The University of St. Thomas
The WPA Film Library

Video Production:
Sara Ann Garvey
Michael Tschimperle
Paul Wieser
Janet Wolnik

Accent Media Productions, Inc.
Key Grip:
Henri Rousseau

Best Boy:
Marcel Proust

Audio/Video Dialogue Sequencing:
Ruth Kivisto
Korey Schulz

Dialogue and Diary Writers:
Catherine Baxter
Wayne Studer

Ox Dialect Coach:
Sarah Bernhardt

Music Coordinator:
Larry Phenow

Soundtrack Composer:
Eric Speier

Additional Music:
Glen Anderson
William Pensoneau
Larry Phenow
Eric Speier
Mark Stillman

Ox Music:
Claude Debussy

Sound/Audio Production:
Glen Anderson
Chad Iverson
Lon Koenig
Larry Phenow
Sound Effects:
Glen Anderson
Lon Koenig
Larry Phenow

Gaffer:
Jean-Paul Sartre

The Only Person at MECC Who
Knows What a Gaffer Does:
Craig Copley

Ox Skulls:
Joseph-Ignace Guillotin

American Indian Culture Consultants:
Rich Bergeron
Levi Eagle Feather
Cherie Neima
William Pensoneau

Spanish Translation
Hispanic Culture Consultant:
Claudio Valenzuela

French Consultant:
Marie Antoinette

Lead Tester:
Mark Schneider

Testing:
Brian Anderson
Rose Enriquez
Marty Euerle
Todd George
Jody Johnson
Mark Larson
Josef Ling
Barry Mansur
Timothy Roseth
Mark Schneider
Troy Small
Wayne Studer
Vang Thao
Dawn Wichmann

Giant Inflatable Oxen:
Jacques-Étienne Montgolfier
Joseph-Michel Montgolfier

Documentation:
Catherine Baxter
Wayne Studer

Documentation Editing:
Ray Kush

On-Line Help:
Catherine Baxter

Rogue Alien Ox Spacecraft:
Armand-Jean du Plessis
Cardinal de Richelieu

Packaging/Promotion:
Kathy Quinby
Brad Schrag
Grace Trombetta

Contract Work, Negotiations,
and Other Legal Matters:

Todd Brown
Paul Gullickson
Diane Perry-Moore
Paul Wieser

The Person Who Keeps an
Eye on Them:
Maximilien-François de Robespierre

Management Support:
Craig Copley
Greg Holey
John Krenz
Sherry Olson
Diane Portner
Kathy Quinby
Steve Taffee
Grace Trombetta

Oxen That Glow in the Dark:
Marie Curie

Silly Credit Inserts:

W. Málcolm ('The Ox') Döster
(with thanks to S. Douglás LeSprint
for input and inspiration)

Title Sequence Production:
Michael Tschimperle

Title Sequence Narration:
John Arthur Olson

Actors:
(in alphabetical order)
* indicates portrayals of historical individuals

Badger Keeper:
Image - Mike Larder
Voice - Peter Smith

Barlow Toll Road Tolltaker:
Image - Kirk Sumner
Voice - Dave Wood

Bear Tooth:
Image - Comegan/Uran composite
Voice - William Pensoneau

Jim Beckwourth*:
Image/Voice - Lawrence Peterson

Austin Billings:
Image - Martin Daniels
Voice - Lester Craven

Sophie Billings:
Image - LaDonna Williams
Voice - Rose Enriquez

Blacksmith #1:
Image - Dan Megears
Voice - Mark Paquette

Blacksmith #2:
Image/Voice - Kirk Sumner

François du Brec:
Image - Brad Schrag
Voice - Leon Hammer

Jim Bridger*:
Image - James L. Thompson

Voice - Tom Hanson  3

Brown Fox:
Image - Chad Uran
Voice - Chris Whipple

Hattie Caulfield:
Image/Voice - Sheila Kelly

Dr. Brogan Cavanaugh:
Image - Studer/Wieser composite
Voice - Wayne Studer

Cayuse Shopkeeper at
Whitman Mission:
Image - Jeremy Bomberry

Cayuse Woman:
Image - Kim Chelberg
Voice - Connie Brandenburg

Cheyenne Woman:
Image - Deborah Brummer
Voice - Connie Brandenburg

Counting Coups:
Image - Garnet Comegan
Voice - Levi Eagle Feather

Dancing Water Woman:
Image - Nicole Lonetree
Voice - Michelle LeDoux

Pvt. Walter Davis:
Image/Voice - Rhys Larson

Jake Dooley:
Image - Dave Wood
Voice - John Arthur Olson

George Dunn:
Image/Voice - Lawrence Peterson

Capt. David Eastman:
Image/Voice - John Diebel

Theophilus Farnum:
Image/Voice - Larry McGee

Fabiola Ferrier:
Image/Voice - Valerie Rhines

Ferry Operator/Bridgekeeper #1:
Image/Voice - Chuck Bilow

Ferry Operator/Bridgekeeper #2:
Image/Voice - John Diebel

Ferry Operator/Bridgekeeper #3:
Image/Voice - Steven D. Splinter

Ferry Operator/Bridgekeeper #4:
Image/Voice - Dan Megears

Ferry Operator/Bridgekeeper #5:
Image - Tom Naughton
Voice - John Harstad

Ferry Operator/Bridgekeeper #6:
Image/Voice - John Ojanen

Ferry Operator/Bridgekeeper #7:
Image/Voice - Randy E. Rasmussen

Ferry Operator/Bridgekeeper #8:
Image - Dick Sisco
Voice - Peter Simons

Ferry Operator/Bridgekeeper #9:
Image - Kirk Sumner
Voice - Dave Wood

Ferry Operator/Bridgekeeper #10:
Image - John Diebel
Voice - Glen Anderson

Lt. Cassius Fisk:
Image/Voice - Dave Denninger

French Trapper:
Image - Gene Breault
Voice - Peter Simons

Dr. Duncan Gepps:
Image/Voice - Paul Wieser

Green Eyes:
Image - Nita Peterson
Voice - Goldie Starr

Rev. Paul Grigsby:
Image/Voice - Brad Schrag

Jubilation Higgenbottom:
Image - Dick Sisco
Voice - Peter Simons

Abigail Ingalls:
Image - Michelle LeMay
Voice - Charolyn Kapplinger

Martin Isaacs:
Image - Mark Hanson
Voice - Tim Courteau

Isabella:
Image - Rhines/Williams composite
Voice - Valerie Rhines

Jin Sim:
Image - Garnet Comegan
Voice - Woon-Chung Wang

Kansa Woman:
Image - Audrey Bomberry
Voice - Dorothy Eagle Feather

Lakota Teenager:
Image/Voice - Janelle Chief

Li Tzu-chen:
Image - Colleen Doce
Voice - Ju-Chang Wang

Little Pioneer Girl #1:
Image/Voice - Brianna Haenke

Little Pioneer Girl #2:
Image/Voice - Brianna Haenke

Lucia:
Image - Charmaine Sobotta
Voice - Alicia Garcia

Brewster Lumare:
Image - Todd George
Voice - Leon Hammer

Man with Guitar:
Image/Voice - Steve Taffee

Many Horses:
Image - Chad Uran
Voice - Karri Plowman

Joseph Mascouten:
Image - Comegan/Eagle Feather/Uran comp.
Voice - Peter Smith

Naomi Mascouten:
Image - Billye Bomberry
Voice - Michelle LeDoux

Philip Mattox:
Image/Voice - Dean Kephart

Dr. John McLaughlin*:
Image - Dale LaFrenz
Voice - John Arthur Olson

Mexican Trader:
Image - Ed Madrid
Voice - Claudio Valenzuela

Mountain Man #1:
Image/Voice - Alan B. Nelson

Mountain Man #2:
Image/Voice - Dick Sisco

Mountain Man #3:
Image - James L. Thompson
Voice - Michael Tschimperle

Capt. Ernesto Mu-oz:
Image/Voice - Claudio Valenzuela

Natalia Nyasnakovich:
Image - Debbie Shaff
Voice - Jan Joseph

Casey O'Neill:
Image - George/Studer composite
Voice - Larry McGee

Paiute Teenager:
Image - Jeremy Bomberry
Voice - Chaska Bugg

Josefina Iturrieta de Panisello:
Image - Nita Peterson
Voice - Ana Marie Mendez

Joseph Pappan*:
Image/Voice - Tom Naughton

Augustus Parkinson:
Image - Dale LaFrenz
Voice - John Arthur Olson

Pawnee Woman:
Image - Nadina Chavez
Voice - Carrie Morris

Pioneer Boy:
Image - Ben Blackford
Voice - Geoffrey Nahashon

Pioneer Man #1:
Image/Voice - Glen Anderson

Pioneer Man #2:
Image - Diebel/Lee composite
Voice - Greg Lee

Pioneer Man #3:
Image - Vincent J. Erickson
Voice - Larry McGee

Pioneer Man #4:
Image - Todd George
Voice - Todd George

Pioneer Man #5:
Image - Mark Larson
Voice - Michael Warren

Pioneer Man #6:
Image/Voice - Greg Lee

Pioneer Man #7:
Image - John Ojanen
Voice - Larry Phenow

Pioneer Man #8:
Image/Voice - John Persoon

Pioneer Man #9:
Image/Voice - Randy E. Rasmussen

Pioneer Teenage Girl #1:
Image/Voice - Eleanor Blackford

Pioneer Teenage Girl #2:
Image/Voice - Shoshana Daniels

Pioneer Woman #1:
Image/Voice - Cheryl Blackford

Pioneer Woman #2:
Image/Voice - Natalie Daniels

Pioneer Woman #3:
Image/Voice - Colleen Doce

Pioneer Woman #4:
Image - Naomi Ganeles
Voice - Jan Joseph

Pioneer Woman #5:
Image/Voice - Pat Kallio

Pioneer Woman #6:
Image - Charolyn Kapplinger
Voice - Catherine Baxter

Pioneer Woman #7:
Image - Sherry Olson
Voice - Denise Kirchoff

Pioneer Woman #8:
Image/Voice - Tracy Schruth-Panning

Pioneer Woman #9:
Image/Voice - Debbie Shaff

Pioneer Woman #10:
Image/Voice - Jean Sharp

Pioneer Woman #11
(#10's Identical Twin Sister):
Image/Voice - Jean Sharp

Pioneer Woman #12:
Image - Anita Sleigh
Voice - Sue Minor

Pioneer Woman #13:
Image/Voice - Melanie Smith

Pioneer Woman #14:
Image/Voice - Dawn Wichmann

Pioneer Woman #15:
Image - Sara Ann Garvey
Voice - Lisa Westmoreland

Quarantine Station Official:
Image - Dick Sisco
Voice - Peter Simons

Sheriff Rufus Reeves:
Image/Voice - Steve Taffee

Francisco Ruez:
Image - Ed Madrid
Voice - JosŽ Gonzales-Rocha

Running Elk:
Image/Voice - Levi Eagle Feather

Rebecca Rutherford:
Image - Michelle LeMay
Voice - Catherine Baxter

Capt. Juan Santayana:
Image - Ed Madrid
Voice - JosŽ Gonzales-Rocha

Scoundrel #1:
Image/Voice: Mark Larson

Scoundrel #2:
Image/Voice - Brad Schrag

Shopkeeper #1:
Image - Glen Anderson

Shopkeeper #2:
Image - Dave Denninger

Shopkeeper #3:
Image - Dean Kephart

Shopkeeper #4:
Image - Rhys Larson

Shopkeeper #5:
Image - Greg Lee

Shopkeeper #6:
Image/Voice - Larry Phenow

Shopkeeper #7:
Image - Korey Schulz

Shopkeeper #8:
Image - Lisa Thompson
Voice - Sara Ann Garvey

Thomas 'Peg-Leg' Smith*:
Image - Kelly/Wood composite
Voice - Steven D. Splinter

Stares at the Sun:
Image - Joseph Hill
Voice - Chris Whipple

Strong Hand:
Image - Charles Birkland
Voice - Chaska Bugg

Supplies Officer:
Image - John Diebel

Johann Sutter*:
Image - Denninger/Sumner comp.
Voice - Michael Warren

Tall Rain Cloud:
Image - Marvin Stone
Voice - Ivan Starr

Nicholas J. Tillman:
Image/Voice - Wayne Studer

Townsman #1:
Image - Martin Daniels
Voice - Lester Craven  3

Townsman #2:
Image/Voice - Larry Phenow

Townsman #3:
Image/Voice - Korey Schulz

Townswoman:
Image/Voice - Jean Sharp

Trapper:
Image - Gene Breault
Voice - Timothy Roseth

Tsinuk Trader:
Image - George McCauley
Voice - William Pensoneau

Umatilla Woman:
Image/Voice - Dorothy Eagle Feather

Unnamed Doctor:
Image/Voice - Dean Kephart

Louis Vieux*:
Image/Voice - Rich Bergeron

Washakie*:
Image - Eagle Feather/McCauley comp.
Voice - William Pensoneau

Ilsa Weismann:
Image - Melanie Smith
Voice - Jan Joseph

White Hawk:
Image - Comegan/Eagle Feather comp.
Voice - Ivan Starr

Dr. Marcus Whitman*:
Image - Diebel/Kephart composite
Voice - Dean Kephart

Narcissa Whitman*:
Image/Voice - Michelle LeMay

Helen Whitney:
Image - Diane Portner
Voice - Lisa Westmoreland

Lt. James Wilkinson:
Image/Voice - John Diebel

Woman Who Came Back:
Image - Carol Hill
Voice - Carrie Morris

Young Woman Who Sings:
Image - Angela Carlos
Voice - Alicia Garcia

Additional Non-speaking Roles
(Images Only):
Dyan Dunn
Leland Dunn
Rachel Hill
Zachary Hoffenberg
Christine Sobotta

Special thanks to:
Accent Media Productions, Inc.
Capitol Hill Magnet School (St. Paul Public Schools)
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints
The Como Zoo
Minnesota Valley Restoration Society
Murphy's Landing
The Minnesota Zoo
The Oregon-California Trails Association
Richard Rieck
Jim Rose
The Science Museum of Minnesota
The Smithsonian Institution
U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service
U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey
The University of Minnesota Bell Museum
The University of St. Thomas
Gaston's Haute French Café
(for the delicious oxtail soup--yum, yum!)
and the many students, teachers, home
computer users, and MECC staffpersons who
through the years have contributed greatly to
the evolution of this software program. Keep
those cards and letters coming!

There are some silly things scattered about in
these credits. They're only meant as a joke to
liven things up a little and to make reading this
a little more fun. But we mean no disrespect,
especially not to those very significant
historical French individuals whose names
are scattered about. By the way, all of the
non-French credits are for real. Honest.
And, yes, we know that Marie Antoinette and
Marie Curie weren't French by birth. Picky,
picky. Well, they lived in France and were
fluent in the language--so there!

On a more serious note, Oregon Trail II is
dedicated to all those persons, both native and
emigrant, who lived, traveled, and died along
America's western trails in the mid-1800s. Their
lives and adventures have shaped our history and
captured our imaginations ever since.

Oregon Trail IIª
Copyright (c) 1995 MECC and its licensors.
All Rights Reserved.

The Oregon Trail Suite' by Eric Speier
for Speier Music Productions, Inc.
Copyright (c) 1994 MECC. All Rights Reserved.

Video for Windows
Copyright (c) 1994 Microsoft Corporation.

QuickTime
Copyright (c) 1993 Apple Computer, Inc.

Title Screen Painting:
Westward the Course of
Empire Takes Its Way' (1860) by Emanuel Leutze,
who was, incidentally, not French. Used with
permission from the Smithsonian Institution.

The Guidebook 'Advice' text is based on an
1849 publication (now in the public domain),
'Accompaniment to the Map of the Emigrant
Road from Independence, Mo., to San Francisco,
California,' by T.H. Jefferson. Various
edits, deletions, and additions have been made
to the text to make it more helpful for users
of Oregon Trail II.

This software may not be copied or transferred
in whole or in part except as permitted by U.S.
Copyright Law or as authorized in writing by
MECC. The Oregon Trail and the MECC name are
registered trademarks of MECC. Oregon Trail II
and the MECC logo are trademarks of MECC.

Except for designated historical individuals,
the characters depicted in this software program
are fictional and are not intended to represent
or suggest any other specific persons. Any
resemblance or similarity whatsoever to any
other persons, fictional or nonfictional, living or
dead, are entirely unintentional and coincidental.
Especially if they're French. Of course, the
likelihood of any dead or fictional people
complaining about anything in this computer
program are, to say the least, remote. It's the
real living people you have to watch out for.

Please do not make illegal copies of this
software. The software you are using was
produced through the efforts of many people:
designers, artists, programmers, distributors,
retailers, and other dedicated workers. The costs
of developing this and other software programs
are recovered through software sales. The
unauthorized duplication of personal software
raises the cost to all legitimate users. This
software is protected by federal copyright law.
Copying software for any reason other than to
make a backup is a violation of law. Individuals
who make unauthorized copies of software may be
subject to civil and criminal penalties. As a
member of the Software Publishers Association
(SPA), MECC supports the industry's efforts to
fight the illegal copying of personal computer
software. Report copyright violations to:

SPA
M Street, N.W., Suite 700
Washington, DC 20036-4510
800/388-7478

MECC
6160 Summit Drive North
Minneapolis, MN
55430-4003
612/569-1500

Happy trails!
Bonne route!


[[Landmark Coordinates]]

§terrain ID	X COORDINATE	Y COORDINATE 1	73	312 2	79	295 3	63
	317 4	168	319 5	235	265 6	156	298 7	162	314 8	78	319 9	167
	316 10	225	319 11	216	303 12	246	317 13	148
	276 14	121	316 15	94	314 16	186	318 17	234
	316 18	195	302 19	72	318 20	163	310 21	110
	318 22	182	269 23	173	319 24	81	263 25	102
	319 26	219	279 27	233	315 28	129	308 29	91
	312 30	69	319 31	203	319 32	240	319 33	162
	317 34	79	310 35	124	314 36	176	315 37	80
	319 38	160	317 39	88	241 40	204	313 41	100
	319 42	76	285 43	225	301 44	174	309 45	236
	315 46	238	317 47	145	319 48	79	319 49	80
	309 50	206	319 51	115	309 52	78	307 53	180
	319 54	107	319 55	230	313 56	108	280 57	171
	291 58	237	319 59	128	319 60	106	319 61	208
	309 62	81	319 63	167	319 64	229	319 65	80
	315 66	116	319 67	207	317 68	236	319 69	140
	319 70	106	311 71	90	301 72	102	311 73	152
	312 74	217	316 75	95	291 76	165	318 77	71
	309 78	169	306 79	190	292 81	163	319 82	138
	316 83	223	310 91	250	319 92	254	318 93	178
	319 101	187	317 102	190	311 103	106	312 104	85
	313 105	189	304 106	226	310 107	167	315 108	90
	293 109	241	319 110	191	308 111	76	317 112	126
	317 113	199	311 114	161	319 115	222	319 116	93
	315 117	76	319 118	128	319 119	148	316 120	183
	312 121	116	313 122	228	319 123	109	319 124	139
	318 125	167	318 126	192	318 127	130	319 128	211
	319 129	133	319 130	230	307 131	107	318 132	97
	317 133	91	318 134	120	318 135	122	319 501	133
	319 502	233	319 503	204	319 504	108	314 505	100
	319 506	226	318 507	113	319 508	243	319 509	186
	319 510	207	319 511	97	319 512	104	303 513	218
	319 514	94	319 515	147	318 516	182	319 517	90
	319 518	148	318 519	187	319 520	118	319 521	154
	292 522	199	319 523	185	319 524	196	314 525	98
	319 526	137	319 527	196	319 528	115	319 529	200
	318 530	113	319 531	94	319 532	112	319 533	223
	319 534	217	310 535	137	318 536	91	319 537	112
	319 538	109	319 539	153	319 540	198	319 541	169
	319 542	129	319 543	124	319 544	106	319 545	113
	301 546	158	319 547	222	319 548	199	319 549	152
	317 550	241	319 551	216	319 552	130	319 553	187
	319 554	123	318 555	100	319 556	127	319 557	194
	379 558	186	319 559	154	319 560	145	319 561	156
	319 562	157	319 563	194	318 564	138	314 565	100
	318 566	189	319 567	173	319 568	150	319 569	205
	319 570	176	319 571	116	319 572	185	312 573	158
	319 574	97	318 575	208	319 576	212	319 577	99
	319 578	137	319 579	109	319 581	99	314 582	206
	315 583	158	316 591	230	320 592	224	320 593	158
	320 601	151	318 602	229	319 603	100	319 604	150
	320 605	90	319 606	157	320 607	150	319 608	206
	319 609	80	319 610	77	319 611	111	319 612	192
	319 613	86	319 614	125	319 615	170	319 616	177
	319 617	155	319 618	160	320 619	104	319 620	155
	319 621	126	317 622	224	320 623	105	320 624	153
	319 625	197	319 626	186	319 627	140	319 628	195
	320 629	101	320 630	87	318 631	119	319 632	153
	320 633	213	319 634	171	317 635	204	319 -1	-1
	-1  

Come on in, pilgrim!  I'm Thomas Smith, but most fols call me "Peg Leg", 
because of this here wooden appendage of mine. Tell me more. Hi!  I'm 
Magenta!. Do you have any advice? Come on in, pilgrim!  I'm Thomas Smith, but 
most fols call me "Peg Leg", because of this here wooden appendage of 
mine. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

[[Supplies - Singular Forms]]

6-oz. bottle of allspice
8-oz. jar of aloe vera
8-oz. bottle of alum
16-oz. bottle of ammonia
6-oz. bottle of anise
anvil
ax
pound of bacon
banjo
6-oz. bottle of basil
5-lb. bag of beads
5-lb. tin of biscuits
blanket
blouse
bonnet
pair of boots
16-oz. box of borax
16-oz. bottle of brandy
bridle
yard of brown muslin cloth
box of 20 bullets
butcher knife
pound of butter
butter churn
4-oz. bottle of calomel
8-oz. bottle of camomile
4-oz. bottle of camphor
dozen candles
pound of candy
8-oz. can of sardines
canteen
4-oz. bottle of capsicum
dollar
cast iron stove
16-oz. bottle of castor oil
pound of celery
30-foot length of chain
checkers board and set
pound of cheese
chicken
6-oz. bottle of cinnamon
6-oz. bottle of cloves
pound of coffee beans
coffee mill
coffee pot
compass
Conestoga wagon
10-lb. sack of cornmeal
5-lb. tin of crackers
8-oz. jar of dandelion
deck of playing cards
8-oz. box of Dover's Powder
dress
10-lb. sack of dried beans
5-lb. tin of dried bread
5-lb. sack of dried fruit
5-lb. sack of dried vegetables
8-oz. bottle of Duffy's Elixir
Dutch oven
egg
12-oz. bottle of epsom salts
fiddle
pound of fish
fishing net
fishing pole
fishing spear
10-lb. sack of flour
flute
pound of fresh butter
pound of fresh fruit
pound of fresh vegetables
frying pan
5-lb. sack of garlic
6-oz. bottle of ginger
grandfather clock
10-lb. jar of grease
guitar
25-lb. keg of gunpowder
pound of ham
hammer
handcart
harmonica
hat
hatchet
bale of hay
16-oz. jar of honey
hope chest
horse
horse
horse
8-oz. jar of horseradish
hunting knife
8-oz. bottle of hydrogen peroxide
4-oz. bottle of iodine
4-oz. bottle of ipecac
16-oz. bottle of isopropyl alcohol
4-oz. box of James Fever Powder
kettle
kitchen cupboard
ladle
lantern
16-oz. tin of lantern oil
5-lb. slab of lard
large farmwagon
4-oz. bottle of laudanum
6-oz. bottle of lecithin
1-lb. jar of licorice
8-oz. bottle of linseed oil
pair of long underwear
12-oz. bottle of magnesia
16-oz. tin of maple syrup
box of matches
pound of meat
30-yard spool of mending yarn
milk cow
gallon of milk
mirror
pair of mittens
16-oz. jar of molasses
mule
mule
mule
6-oz. bottle of mustard
pound of nails
6-oz. bottle of nutmeg
20-lb. sack of oats
16-oz. bottle of olive oil
10-lb. sack of onions
ox
ox
ox
pack saddle
pail
pan
pair of pants
pound of pemmican
8-oz. bottle of pepper
4-oz. bottle of peppermint
petticoat
pick ax
25-lb. keg of pickles
pig
pistol
pitchfork
plow
pocket watch
pot
20-lb. sack of potatoes
5-lb. tin of preserved potatoes
8-oz. jar of preserves
4-oz. bottle of quinine
raincoat
10-lb. sack of rhubarb
20-lb. sack of rice
rifle
rifle or shotgun sheath
rocking chair
30-foot length of rope
6-oz. bottle of rosemary
saddle
saddle blanket
6-oz. bottle of sage
3-lb. box of saleratus
10-lb. sack of salt
pound of salt pork
pound of salted fish
pound of salted meat
4-oz. bottle of sarsaparilla
6-oz. bottle of sassafras
saw
set of china
set of clothing
set of cooking utensils
set of eating utensils
shirt
pair of shoes
10-lb. sack of shot
shotgun
shovel
skillet
skirt
small farmwagon
1-lb. tin of smoked salmon
10-bar box of soap
pair of socks
spare horse or mule harness
spare horseshoe
spare ox yoke
spare wagon axle
spare wagon tongue
spare wagon wheel
4-oz. bottle of spearmint
10-lb. sack of sugar
6-oz. bottle of sulfur
table
pound of tea
tent
thermometer
tin cup
tin plate
5-lb. sack of tobacco
16-oz. bottle of turpentine
umbrella
30-lb. keg of vinegar
wagon cover
washboard
gallon of water
water keg
gallon jug of whiskey
winter coat
winter scarf
8-oz. bottle of witch hazel
5-lb. box of yeast cake


[[Supplies - Plural Forms]]
I deleted this section; it's a redundant form of the last section.


[[Item Categories]]

all items
animals
clothing
firearms/ammunition
food
furniture
medicines
miscellany
spices
tools/utensils
wagons/parts

animals
articles of clothing
pounds of food
pieces of furniture
pounds of medicine
pounds of spices
tools and utensils
spare wagon parts

animal
article of clothing
pound of food
piece of furniture
pound of medicine
pound of spices
tool and utensil
spare wagon part

[[Available Occupations]]

banker
doctor
merchant
pharmacist
wainwright
gunsmith
mason
blacksmith
wheelwright
carpenter
saddlemaker
brickmaker
prospector
trapper
surveyor
shoemaker
journalist
printer
butcher
baker
tailor
farmer
pastor
artist
teacher


[[Skills]]

medical
riverwork
sharpshooting
blacksmithing
carpentry
farming/animals
tracking
botany
commerce/trade
cooking
musical
sewing
Spanish

[[Available Years of Departure]]

1840
1841
1842
1843
1844
1845
1846
1847
1848
1849
1850
1851
1852
1853
1854
1855
1856
1857
1858
1859
1860


[[Generic Names - Male]]

Aaron
Abe
Alfred
Aloysius
Amos
Andrew
Antonio
Arnold
Artemis
Bart
Benjamin
Bertram
Carl
Charles
Chester
Clement
Daniel
David
Diego
Earl
Edmund
Edward
Elijah
Elisha
Emilio
Ephraim
Ezekiel
Francis
Franklin
Frederick
Gabriel
George
Gilbert
Hannibal
Hans
Harold
Henry
Hiram
Horace
Horatio
Ike
Isaac
Jacob
James
Jeffrey
Jeremiah
Jonas
Joseph
Joshua
Josiah
Juan
Lawrence
Lemuel
Lester
Louis
Malcolm
Mark
Martin
Matthew
Maurice
Michael
Miguel
Moses
Nathan
Noah
Obidiah
Otto
Peter
Pierre
Quincy
Raoul
Reuben
Roger
Rudolf
Samuel
Saul
Sidney
Solomon
Stanley
Tad
Thomas
Vincent
Wade
Walter
William
Winfield
Zachariah


[[Generic Names - Female]]

Abigail
Alice
Amelia
Anna
Antonia
Augusta
Belle
Betsy
Betty Jo
Beulah
Caroline
Cassie
Catherine
Charlotte
Christine
Clara
Clarissa
Constance
Dolores
Dorothy
Edith
Eleanor
Eliza
Elizabeth
Ellen
Elva
Emily
Emma
Esther
Etta
Felicity
Frances
Francesca
Gertrude
Gloria
Grace
Hannah
Harriet
Helen
Henrietta
Hester
Hope
Ingrid
Irma
Isabel
Jane
Jennifer
Jessica
Josephine
Judith
Justine
Karen
Laura
Louisa
Lucy
Mabel
Margaret
Maria
Martha
Martina
Mary
Mary Ann
Matilda
Melanie
Melissa
Mildred
Myra
Myrtle
Naomi
Natalie
Nelly
Norma
Patience
Peggy
Priscilla
Rachel
Rebecca
Rita
Rose
Ruth
Sally
Sarah
Shirley
Susanna
Teresa
Thelma
Theodora
Yvonne

January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December

small farmwagon
large farmwagon
Conestoga wagon

[[Generic Names - Unisex]]

Chris
Leslie
Temple
Morgan
Jan
Stevie
Dale
Sam
Kelly
Cass
Sandy
Nicky
MacKenzie
Shaun
Danny
Rocky
Pat
Tyler
Taylor
Jordon
Casey


[[Game Setup]]

If you wish, you can choose certain skills in addition to the ones you may 
automatically receive on account of your occupation.  You have 120 skill 
points to "spend" on skills. (Automatic skills are "free.") Any skill points 
that you decide not to use will be converted into bonus score points at the 
end of your journey. The following list summarizes the "cost" of the various 
skills and the advantages you receive from them:

You're [A/AN] [OCCUPATION] who has come to [TOWN] in [YEAR] for the purpose of 
setting off on a journey west to [DESTINATION]. You've already bought a 
[WAGONTYPE], but you still need to buy the other supplies you'll need for your 
journey. As you wander the streets of [TOWN], you'll see various stores that 
should be able to provide you with supplies--provided you have enough cash. 
You'll also see people who may be able to give you some good advice.


[[Skill Descriptions]]

sick and injured people are less likely to die
accidents less likely to occur when crossing rivers
more likely to kill animals with a single shot while hunting
more likely to repair broken wagon parts
more likely to repair broken wagon parts
animals less likely to get sick or injured; smallpox immunity
more likely to locate animals while hunting
more likely to find edible plants
more likely to get good deals in trading
get slightly more use and nutritional value per food item
get regular boost to wagon train morale
clothing lasts longer
receive automatic English translation when you encounter Spanish speakers

You're [A/AN] [OCCUPATION] who has come to [TOWN] in [MONTH] [YEAR] for the 
purpose of setting off on a journey west to [DESTINATION]. You've already 
bought a large farmwagon, [NUMOXEN] oxen to pull it, and about five months' 
worth of supplies, leaving you with $[CASH] in cash. There are [FAMILY] other 
people in your wagon party, and you join up with a wagon train consisting of 
[NUMWAGONS] wagons and a total of [NUMPEOPLE] people.

The Journey of


[[River Conditions]]

depth: the river is dry
depth: one half foot
depth: one foot
depth: one and one half feet
depth: two feet
depth: two and one half feet
depth: three feet
depth: three and one half feet
depth: four feet
depth: four and one half feet
depth: five feet
depth: five and one half feet
depth: six feet
depth: six and one half feet
depth: seven feet
depth: seven and one half feet
depth: eight feet
depth: eight and one half feet
depth: nine feet
depth: nine and one half feet
depth: ten feet
depth: ten and one half feet

The river appears to be frozen.
This river seems pretty tranquil.
This appears to be a fairly ordinary river.
This river may prove a little tricky.
This river looks as though it may be rather difficult.
This river appears extremely treacherous.


[[Bottom-Line Notices]]

No food.
No wagon.
No draft animals.
Person near death.
No progress.
Low food.
No grass.
No water.
Alkali water.
Bad water.
Muddy trail.
Deep sand.
Someone's sick.
No meat.
No fruit.
No vegetables.
Desert.
Rough trail.
Snowing.
Rainy.
Poor health.
Low morale.
Delayed.
Resting.
Very low morale.
Morale slipping.
Morale is high.
Slow going


[[Hill Conditions]]

The path up the hill doesn't look very steep.
The way up the hill appears fairly steep.
The trail up the hill looks steep.
The climb looks as though it will be very steep.
This ascent appears extremely steep.
The way up the hill is muddy, but not very steep.
The trail up the hill is muddy and fairly steep.
The path up the hill looks steep and muddy.
This climb appears to be very steep, and the path is muddy.
The ascent is extremely steep, and the path is muddy.
The trail up the hill isn't very steep, but it's icy.
The path up the hill is icy and fairly steep.
The way up the hill looks steep and icy.
The climb looks very steep, and the path is icy.
This ascent is extremely steep, and the way up is icy.
The path down the hill doesn't look very steep.
The way down the hill appears fairly steep.
The trail down the hill looks steep.
The way down looks as though it will be very steep.
This descent appears extremely steep.
The way down the hill is muddy, but not very steep.
The trail down the hill is muddy and fairly steep.
The path down the hill looks steep and muddy.
This descent appears to be very steep, and the path is muddy.
The way down is extremely steep, and the path is muddy.
The trail down the hill isn't very steep, but it's icy.
The path down the hill is icy and fairly steep.
The way down the hill appears steep and icy.
The route down looks very steep, and the path is icy.
This hill is extremely steep, and the way down is icy.


[[Hunting Outcome]]

Firing [shots] time(s), you shot [killed] pounds of game and were able to 
carry [all/some] of it back to your wagon.  If you continue to hunt in this 
area, game will become scarce.


[[General Advice and Trade Offers]]

I suppose this will be the first of many rivers we have to cross. Tell me 
more. You know, I've never had to cross a river on my own before. Do you have 
any advice? No, I was hoping you'd know what to do 
next. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Glad to see you, friend! Howdy! I'm heading west to make my fortune. But I 
reckon that's true for most of us, ain't it? Do you have any advice? Just keep 
an eye on me. I'm going places! Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

They call this the Blue River. But it looks just as muddy and brown as the old 
Mississippi. Tell me more. I'm going west with my family in that wagon over 
yonder. Do you have any advice? My older brother works on the river in Saint 
Louis. He says, 'Never underestimate a river.' Even the ones that look easy 
can be dangerous. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Did you read the Missouri Republican today? Says some folks start out on the 
trail without carrying spare parts, not even an extra wagon axle. Tell me 
more. Must think they grow on trees! Hope they're lucky enough to find an 
abandoned wagon. Do you have any advice? Double-check your supplies. It ain't 
too late to stock up. We've got a pretty good stock here in 
Westport. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Some folks seems to think that two oxen are enough to get them to Oregon or 
California! Tell me more. Why, two oxen can barely move a fully loaded wagon, 
and if one of them gets sick or dies, you won't be going anywhere. Do you have 
any advice? I wouldn't go overland with less than six oxen. If you're using 
horses or mules, I'd take even more than six! It ain't too late to get some 
more. You can buy them right here! Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Howdy, friend! Name's Nicholas J. Tillman, though my friends call me Nick. I 
see we'll be traveling to the new land together! Tell me more. I hope you're 
not listening to those worry-warts who say you need a half-dozen or more draft 
animals or tons of food! Two oxen are a plenty, and you can get all the food 
you need by hunting. Do you have any advice? This trip will be a cinch! Not a 
care in the world! Heck, I traveled all the way from New York City to 
Charleston, South Carolina once, and there was nothing to 
it! Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

You know, one of my brothers went overland to Oregon last year. Tell me 
more. He wrote and said that he spent all his money in Independence. He had no 
money left for buying supplies along the way, for paying ferries and tolls, or 
for hiring Indian guides. Do you have any advice? I'd try to be sure always to 
have a little money handy. You can get by in a tight fix with money a lot 
easier than you can without it! Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Howdy. You know, this is my second time out on the trail. Tell me more. Yeah, 
we started out last year but didn't get too far. We tried going across the 
Kansas River when the water was way too high. The wagon overturned in the 
middle of the river and we lost everything we had. But we're not giving up--
we're trying again. Do you have any advice? Well, needless to say, I sure 
ain't going to try to cross no rivers when they're too rough and 
high. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

I see you belong to this here wagon train. You ain't  planning on spreading 
the evil of slavery out west, are you? Not me. Tell me more. The town of 
Lawrence is the center of abolition sentiment in all of Kansas. Everyone here 
hopes to prevent Kansas from becoming a slave state. Do you have any 
advice? I'd just keep moving on if I were you. Beware of pro-slavery ruffians 
in the night. Of course, if you happen to be pro-slavery yourself, you might 
have other things to worry about, if you catch my 
meaning. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

With the crowds of people waiting to get on the ferry, we could be stranded 
here for days! Tell me more. Hope there's enough graze for all these animals. 
Not many people carry feed! Do you have any advice? I'd rather wait for the 
ferry than to try and cross the river in this rickety wagon 
boat. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Good-day to you. I hope the good shopkeepers of Topeka are able to supply you 
with the provisions you need for your arduous journey. Tell me more. My name's 
Rebecca Rutherford, wife of Parson John Rutherford. If I seem uneasy, forgive 
me. Our town was attacked last month by slaver ruffians, and we've been wary 
of strangers ever since. Do you have any advice? Post guards at night. Gangs 
of factional riders are often about their wicked work. Slavery is a monstrous 
evil that must be stopped, but I do wish this constant violence would 
cease. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Can't afford to take a ferry. We're making our wagon into a boat. How will you 
do that? We'll turn it over, caulk the bottom and sides with pitch, and use it 
to float our goods across. Have to swim the animals. Do you have any 
advice? Not really. I just hope it doesn't rain. The river's high 
enough! Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

How do you reckon we ought to cross this river? What do you think? Well, it 
looks pretty wide, but I wonder about its depth. Do you have any advice? I 
wouldn't try to cross until we've figured out how deep it is. That makes all 
the difference in the world as to deciding how to 
cross. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Howdy, pilgrim! Name's Joseph Pappan, proprietor of this here ferry along with 
my brother Louis. Be glad to take you across the river. How much does it 
cost? Costs just four dollars per wagon, plus 25 cents per draft animal and 
ten cents per person. Do you have any advice? Take our ferry--that's the best 
advice I can give you. I mean, you can ford or float if you like, but it's not 
nearly as safe and easy as a ferry crossing. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Howdy, folks. Welcome to Saint Mary's Mission! Tell me about this place. The 
mission was established by Jesuit missionaries for work among the Potawatomis. 
It  provides education, medical help, and religious instruction and 
service. Do you have any advice? If you need some fresh supplies, you can get 
some over there in one of the side buildings. You may not be able to find 
everything you need, but you ought to be able to find 
something. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Howdy. I'm Louis Vieux, chief of the Potawatomi and owner of the finest bridge 
in all of Kansas! How much is the toll? I charge just one dollar to use my 
bridge. Do you have any advice? Considering how risky and time-consuming it 
can be to ford or float, I'd say one dollar is a small price to pay for the 
safety and speed of a bridge. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Hey, there! Don't try to ford any river deeper than the wagon bed--about two 
and a half feet. Tell me more. You'll swamp your wagon and lose your 
supplies. Do you have any advice? You can caulk the wagon bed and float it--or 
be smart and use my bridge. Costs just one dollar. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So 
long.

This prairie is mighty pretty with all the wild flowers and tall grasses. But 
there's too much of it! Tell me more. I miss not having a town nearby. I 
wonder how many days until I see a town--one with real shops, a church, and 
people. Do you have any advice? I suppose we shouldn't dally. Once we've 
rested up, we'd best get a move on. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Remember me, friend, or haven't we met already? Name's Nick Tillman. That big 
Conestoga wagon over there is mine. Tell me more. They told me back east that 
such a big wagon would never get across the plains and mountains. But I ain't 
had any trouble--just a dead ox. But I got another one a ways back. Do you 
have any advice? Well, I don't see why we're pushing ourselves so hard. They 
keep saying we got to finish our journey before winter comes. As if a little 
snow is gonna hurt anyone. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Which road do you reckon we ought to take? What do you think? Well, one of 
these roads must head west. But I ain't so good with directions. Do you have 
any advice? Maybe we ought to check our guidebooks. Except I don't have 
one. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

According to our guidebook, this is the St. Joseph Road junction. Tell me 
more. One fork goes west, while the other goes back east. Do you have any 
advice? Well, I don't know about you, but I'm heading west! That's what we're 
here for! Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Howdy, stranger. I see you've joined the great migration west! Howdy. I've 
been living out on these plains hunting buffalo for pretty near as long as I 
can remember. Do you have any advice? It's hard to kill a buffalo with a 
single shot. You got to hit them just right. Careful--a wounded buffalo can be 
a fearsome critter! Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

When the white man first crossed our lands, their wagons were few. Now they 
crowd the trail in great numbers. Tell me more. The land is overgrazed with 
their many animals. Do any white men still live in the east? My people, the 
Kansa, talk of moving. Do you have any advice? No, I have nothing more to 
say. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

I reckon this must be what they call 'The Narrows.' At least it looks pretty 
narrow to me. Tell me more. Well, the trail gets so narrow here that wagons 
have to go single-file. On one side there's a steep cliff, and on the other 
side a river. Not much room to spare. Do you have any advice? I'd suggest we 
take it slow and easy through here. The trail looks mighty 
rough. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

This here's Thirty-two Mile Station. I'm Hattie Caulfield. You must be another 
one of them wagon-people heading for Oregon or California. Tell me more. They 
call this place Thirty-two Mile Station because it's about 32 miles betwixt 
here and Fort Kearny. Do you have any advice? Don't go asking me no advice. I 
don't want nobody blaming me if you get yourself lost or killed out 
here. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Ain't this a glorious sight? I don't think I've ever seen anything quite so 
sublime. Tell me more. I hear they call this place 'the Coast of Nebraska' 
because of the grand view of the Platte River Valley up ahead. Do you have any 
advice? Just stand here a bit and take in this wonderful 
scene. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Hey, there, stranger! You look like you could use some information about these 
parts. Tell me more. The Platte River Valley forms a natural roadway from Fort 
Kearny to Fort Laramie. Travelers bound for Californy, Utah, and Oregon all 
take this road, though some folks travel north of the river. Do you have any 
advice? This could be the easiest stretch of the whole trip. Should see 
antelope and plenty of buffalo! Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Hau. I am Lakota. My name is Running Elk. You appear to be here to trade, as I 
am. Perhaps. Tell me more. The Pawnee are enemy of the Lakota. But so far I 
have never fought the white man. Do you have any advice? All I ask from the 
white man is to leave me and my people alone, and to leave the buffalo 
alone. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

I am Tsistsistas. To the Sioux and the white men we are known as the Cheyenne. 
My name is Stares at the Sun. Tell me more. This hill is one of the worst 
places on the Medicine Road of the Whites. I've seen many people and animals 
hurt or killed here. Do you have any advice? It is always best to travel 
light. If you remove things that you do not need from your wagon, you may have 
a better chance of getting to the top of the hill. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So 
long.

Looks mighty steep. Could be risky. Tell me more. I reckon we don't have much 
choice but go up this here hill if we're gonna continue. Do you have any 
advice? If we got some long ropes or chains, we can drive the animals up to 
more level ground and then have them pull the wagons up. Might make it a bit 
easier on them. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

They call this California Hill. Such an optimistic name for a place so 
dangerous. What do you mean? My cousin Clement traveled this way last year, 
and he wrote to me about what happened. His youngest son was killed going up 
this hill. Do you have any advice? We should lighten our loads, or double-team 
the animals, or do everything we can to keep the wagons from tipping. That's 
how Cousin Clem's boy was killed. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

I'm so apprehensive about this hill. I've heard so many terrible things about 
it. Tell me more. I met a man back near Fort Kearny who said that last year a 
wagon tipped going down this hill, killing a child and injuring her mother. Do 
you have any advice? If we have any long ropes or chains, perhaps we can use 
them to gradually lower the wagons down the hill. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So 
long.

This appears to me to be a right dangerous place. But there's an element of 
danger to this entire enterprise, isn't there? Tell me more. My children all 
wanted to go to Oregon, and I didn't want to hold them back. So I'm going with 
them, even if I am a bit past my prime! Do you have any advice? I hear tell 
that this here hill has cost many an emigrant their lives. I suggest we put 
the brakes on our wagons--maybe even use a log or something as an 
anchor. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

My Daddy says that I should wait here until he finishes getting our wagon down 
the worst part of the hill. Tell me more. Daddy says this is a very dangerous 
hill, and that I should stay out of the way of the wagons while they're going 
down. Do you have any advice? Maybe you should do like my Daddy's done and 
make sure your children aren't close to the wagons, 
too. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Well, those hills sure were rough ones, weren't they? Sure were. I had to 
unload pretty near half the stuff in my wagon to get up and down those 
hills. Do you have any advice? We ought to rest for a day or two. I'm plum 
near tuckered out. And I need to find me another couple of oxen. The ones I 
got are near dead. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

If you look off in the distance, you can see Chimney Rock looming up like the 
lofty tower of some town. Tell me more. I don't think I'll tire of gazing on 
it. You can see it for miles and miles as you travel toward it. Do you have 
any advice? As long as we keep heading toward Chimney Rock, we're not likely 
to stray off the trail. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

What an amazing sight! Land sakes, I've never seen nothing like that 
before! Tell me about this place. They call these 'Courthouse and Jail Rocks,' 
and I do see the resemblence. Well, it does take some imagination, but that's 
something I have plenty of. Do you have any advice? Advice? Heck, no. Right 
now you'd probably be better off asking one of these rattlesnakes you see 
around here for advice. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Chimney Rock by moonlight is awfully sublime. Tell me more. Last night some 
Indians came to our wagon with fish to exchange for clothing. We bought a 
number. They make for a good change of diet. Do you have any advice? The 
Indians understand 'swap' and 'no swap.' They seem most anxious to get shirts 
and socks. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Goodness, have you ever seen anything like that before? No, I haven't. Well, 
you hear stories and see pictures of things like this, but it's nothing 
compared to actually seeing the real thing. Do you have any advice? My father, 
who journeyed out in these parts back in the 'thirties, says we ought to keep 
moving all the time. Winter will be coming before we know 
it. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

What say I could shoot a chip off the top of that there pinnacle? Want to make 
a bet? No, not really. Why, I'm the best darn shot in all of Franklin County, 
Indiana. Or you might say I was the best shot until I set out for the west. Do 
you have any advice? Keep your rifle loaded and handy. You never know when you 
might need it. But be careful! Don't want to accidentally shoot 
yourself. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

I hear terrible stories about wagon parties running out of food before Oregon-
-the whole party starving to death. Tell me more. We must check our supplies 
often. We might not get there as soon as we think. Do you have any 
advice? Always plan for the worst, I always say. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So 
long.

This here's Robidoux Pass. I hear it's named after a Frenchman, Joseph 
Robidoux, who's well known in these parts as a trader. Tell me more. Some 
folks say St. Joseph, Missouri, was named after him, too, but I don't rightly 
know about that. Do you have any advice? Can't say that I 
do. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Looks like we're going to have to wait our turn to take the ferry across the 
river. Do we have to wait? Well, if you don't want to wait, you can always 
ford the river or caulk your wagon and try to float across. Do you have any 
advice? If you ask me, just about any ferry is worth the wait. Except for a 
bridge, it's the safest way to go--that is, if you can afford 
it. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

I am Tsistsistas. My name is Counting Coups. To you, we are the Cheyenne. Tell 
me more. What more do you want to know? Do you have any advice? You are 
traveling the Great Road West. Keep going on your way. My people do not mind 
you passing through our land, but do not stay here. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So 
long.

This here is Mitchell Pass. It's only recently been opened up as part of the 
trail. Tell me more. Folks used to go through Robidoux Pass, just a few miles 
south of here. But they found out Mitchell Pass is shorter and quicker, so 
everybody goes this way now. Do you have any advice? I reckon we should just 
keep pressing on toward Fort Laramie. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Well, we could pay two-fifty and take the bridge, or we can save the money by 
fording or floating. Tell me more. The river don't look too wide, but it's 
hard to tell how deep it is from here. Do you have any advice? I say we skip 
the bridge, save us some money, and get across some other way. We can't go 
spending all our money before we're even half done with our 
journey. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Howdy! Name's Jake Dooley. I'm the best trapper this side of the Rocky 
Mountains. Tell me about this place. This here fort used to be called Fort 
William. But when it was sold to new owners, they made some improvements and 
renamed it Fort John. Do you have any advice? Just keep moving. You sure as 
shooting don't want to get trapped in the mountains by the winter 
snows. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.  

This here's the Laramie River, and that's Fort Laramie over there on the other 
side. Tell me more. Looks like there's no way across this river except to ford 
or float. Do you have any advice? I don't know. I'm inclined to play it safe 
and try to float across. But what do you think? Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So 
long.

Well, I reckon you're next. You ready for me to ferry you across the 
river? How much does it cost? I charge four dollars per wagon. Do you have any 
advice? Yes, I do. Quit talking and pay up so I can take you across, or get 
out of the way so other folks can go. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

This is a toll bridge, folks. It costs two dollars and fifty cents to 
cross. Tell me more. Not a lot more to tell. You pay your toll and you go 
across. That is, unless you want to take your chances fording or floating. Do 
you have any advice? Take the bridge. I've seen enough people being penny-wise 
and pound-foolish, avoiding the toll only to wind up with drowned animals, 
damaged wagons, and lost supplies. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Welcome to Fort William, pilgrims! No matter where you're headed, heh heh, 
this is where you're at now. Tell me about this place. This fort--not much 
more than a trading post, really--was named for William Sublette, who's been 
blazing trails through these parts for quite a while  now. Do you have any 
advice? Stay a spell--at least a day or two. You and your animals could use 
the rest. And our blacksmith can give your wagon a boost, 
too. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

I'm the Shoshoni wife of a white trapper. We've traveled far from the western 
mountains to trade here at the fort. Tell me more. The English translation of 
my name is Dancing Water Woman, but my husband calls me Marie. I travel with 
him wherever he goes and help him in his work. Do you have any advice? My 
people, the Shoshoni, are good friends to the wagon-travelers. You will be 
entering Shoshoni lands soon after South Pass. Don't abuse our friendship and 
hospitality. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

The trail appears to split here at the fort, but our guidebook says nothing of 
a fork in the road! Tell me more. There's one path heading north, across the 
North Platte river. The other path goes west. Do you have any advice? Not 
right now. In fact, I was going to ask you which road we ought to 
take. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Good day to you. I'm Captain David Eastman, second in command here at Fort 
Laramie. How may I be of service? Tell me about this place. Fort Laramie used 
to be named Fort William, and later Fort John. But when the U.S. Army bought 
it, we changed its name to Fort Laramie because that's what most people were 
calling it anyway. Do you have any advice? Keep your wagon train together at 
all costs. There's strength in numbers. Have as little to do with the Indians 
as possible, and don't hunt any more than you have 
to. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Look at all them carvings on the rock. If that don't beat all! Tell me 
more. You reckon that's why they call this place Register Rock--because people 
register their names on it? Do you have any advice? What do you say we go on 
over to the rock and carve our own names on it? Then folks from all over the 
country will know we were here before them! Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

You know, the name of this place is Fort John, but just about everybody calls 
it Fort Laramie, after the Laramie River nearby. Tell me more. If I were you, 
I'd stock up on supplies--especially food--before heading on my way. Hunting 
ain't much good on the trail ahead. Do you have any advice? Tarnation, if you 
ain't the inquisitive one! Well, if any of your animals come down with alkali 
sickness, give a good dose of lard and vinegar and let them rest a while. 
They'll be good as new next morning. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Ah, more wagon people. Are you here to slaughter more buffalo like the group 
that passed by four days ago? Tell me more. I'd never seen such waste. They 
killed ten times what they needed for food, and left most of the carcasses to 
rot. Luckily, after the coyotes had finished with them, we gathered the bones 
to make tools. Do you have any advice? If you must kill for food, good. But 
don't kill any more than that. The well-being of our people depends on the 
buffalo. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

I trust y'all don't mind us joining up with your wagon train. My husband got 
sick with the dysentery and we got left behind. But he's well now and we're 
ready to move on. Tell me more. We're all mighty anxious for letters. None 
here at the fort, though. I fear the letters got dumped back in the states or 
otherwise got lost along the way. It's a long way from Kentucky with no word 
from the dear family left behind. I do miss them so. Do you have any 
advice? Keep your faith in the successful conclusion of this journey. It's a 
fine opportunity to settle in a new home. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Whew! I sure do hate these rivers. Fordings not so bad, but when you got to 
caulk your wagon and float, it sure is a lot of work! Takes time, too! Tell me 
more. I'm not rightly sure about the best way to cross this here river. It 
looks pretty deep, but if I've learned anything on this trip, it's that looks 
can be deceiving! Do you have any advice? Yes, I suppose I do. Don't let 
yourself get separated from the wagon train. We did a spell back at the last 
fort. Took some time for us to catch up. Traveling's hard, but it's even 
harder when you're not part of a train. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Howdy, friend. I'll be glad to ferry you across the river. The price is very 
reasonable. How much does it cost? Just three dollars for each wagon. No extra 
charge for people or animals. Do you have any advice? This ferry's the safest 
way to get across, and that's no lie. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So 
long. Welcome, friend. I understand you're headed for Great Salt Lake 
City. Yes, we are. I'll be glad to take you across the river, no charge. Do 
you have any advice? Don't take no cutoffs until you get to Fort Bridger. 
Then, instead of heading north, keep going southwest through the canyons until 
you reach the Great Salt Lake Valley. Pardon?

Hello, friend! My toll bridge here is the quickest, easiest, and safest way to 
get across the river! How much is the toll? The toll is very reasonable--just 
five dollars per wagon and twelve cents per person or draft animal. Do you 
have any advice? Yes, I know ferries are often cheaper, but they take longer. 
And ferries can have accidents or even sink, you 
know. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Well, after this here crossing, it's goodbye Platte River! Goodbye sand hills 
and buffalo skulls! Tell me more. According to my guidebook, now we climb the 
Sweetwater Valley to cross the Continental Divide at South Pass. Once across 
the Rockies, we'll make a steep descent into the Green River Valley. Do you 
have any advice? The land gets drier the further west we go. But as long as we 
stay close to the rivers, we ain't got too much to worry about--at least not 
regarding water. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

I am Inuna-ina, whom you call the Arapaho. My name is White Hawk. I'm waiting 
here for my son, who is trading nearby. Tell me more. Long before we ever saw 
wagon people like you, a rare white hawk perched on a rock near my father's 
tepee. I took it as a sign for my new name, and never since has it been 
changed. Do you have any advice? The men here are fair traders, not like many 
others my son and I have met. Perhaps when my son returns, we can trade with 
you, too. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Say, how's it going, friend? I'm doing just fine now that I got me four oxen 
instead of just two. Tell me more. Well, I thought I was done for back there a 
ways before Fort Laramie. But I traded all my extra sets of clothing there for 
two more oxen. Do you have any advice? Are you headed for California? I hear 
there may be a shortcut that will get there two, three weeks earlier than the 
regular way. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Why, hello. Come sit a spell and talk. I do declare that I'm starting to weary 
of this journey. No butter, cheese, or fresh fruit since Fort Laramie!  Tell 
me more. Bless me, but I'd rather have my larder full of food back home than 
have our names carved on that there rock. Well, 'tis a sight more cheery than 
all the graves we passed. Do you have any advice? I don't know about you, but 
I'll be sure to stock up on good food the next chance we get. I just hope we 
can hold out until the next fort or trading post. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So 
long.

Hey there! Say, guess what? I don't know--tell me. I carved my name way up the 
side of Independence Rock, near the top. There are hundreds of names up there! 
The oldest ones were carved by mountain men and explorers--famous names like 
FrŽmont, Bonneville, and DeSmet! Do you have any advice? Yeah, go on up and 
carve your own name! Be a shame to come all this way and not do 
it! Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Howdy. Are you looking for my Ma and Pa? They're just around the other side of 
the wagon, doing some chores. Tell me more. Why do they call this place 
Devil's Gate? It don't look so devilish to me. Just a couple of big rocks that 
the river goes through. Do you have any advice? No. But I hope we meet up with 
some more wagons with children. My friend Jenny Carlson got drowned back 
crossing the Platte, and I'm mad at Tommy Blaine because he called Susie here 
just a dumb old doll. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

ÝWell, I ain't sure which way we ought to go now. Tell me more. According to 
this here guidebook, the right fork goes a rugged route where we have to cross 
the river three times. But the left fork takes us through some deep sand. 
Could even be quicksand. Do you have any advice? Tarnation, I'm afeared that 
whichever way we go, we'll wind up regretting it. Might as well flip a coin 
and take our dad-blamed chances! Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Dad-burn it, another cussed river to cross. Well, I guess there's nothing to 
do but plunge on in. Tell me more. Oh, there's some that say you ought to 
check out the depth of the river or worry about its conditions, but I always 
say, 'Just do it!' Do you have any advice? Follow my lead! Don't listen to 
them other jackasses! Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Well, have you ever seen anything like this before in your life? What do you 
mean? Why, they said that if you dig a shallow hole round here, you'll strike 
fresh-water ice. And here it is, just like they said it would be. Imagine 
that! Cool ice out here in the middle of this barren wasteland! Do you have 
any advice? Get a bucket and get some ice for yourself. I can't wait to get 
back to my wagon, show this to the others, and write about it in my 
diary! Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Well, I don't mind taking a short break from this work. Tell me more. You 
know, Mr. Lander's got some grand schemes. He wants to cut a new road between 
here and Fort Hall--shave quite a few miles off the trail. Plans to start 
working on it soon. Do you have any advice? At the Green River, you may see 
some Indians milling about. But don't worry about them. They's Shoshoni, and 
they's right pleased to help emigrants cross the river--especially if you're 
willing to trade with them before or after. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Hey, there. Now, you think on it right hard before you decide to take Mr. 
Lander's road to Fort Hall. Tell me more. It's true that the Lander Road is a 
shortcut, bypassing Fort Bridger, and will save you considerable time and 
miles. But it's a rough trail, with hardly any water except at the occasional 
river. Do you have any advice? If you got good, healthy oxen and think you can 
handle a dry route, go ahead and take the Lander Road. But the main trail to 
Fort Bridger truly is the safer way, even if it is 
longer. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Howdy, friend. Pardon me a bit while I catch my breath. Working with these 
animals is heavy labor! Tell me more. My mules don't want to go in the water, 
and I'm having to fight with them all the way. Can't say I blame them. Never 
thought I'd have to cross so many rivers in all my life! Do you have any 
advice? Well, if I had to do it all over again, I don't think I'd take mules. 
Even more stubborn than a lot of people I know! In fact, first chance I get, 
I'm going to trade them for some oxen. They're slower, but a lot easier to get 
along with. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

My name is Many Horses. We are of the Wind River Shoshoni. You are crossing 
our land. Tell me more. We're tracking an Arapaho party that raided our 
village two days ago, but this does not concern you. You are travelers on the 
Great Medicine Road of the Whites. Do you have any advice? In another time we 
would expect payment in return for letting you cross our land. Then we could 
trade. But now is not the time. We must go, and you should do the 
same. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

This here's South Pass! It may not look like it, but we're fixing to cross 
over the Rocky Mountains! Tell me more. You see, this pass is so wide and 
gradual-like, that you can hardly tell that you're going over the Continental 
Divide! From here on, the waters flow west to the Pacific! Do you have any 
advice? Keep an eye on your supplies! When you get to a fort, be sure to 
replenish! And don't pass up any opportunity to do some 
trading. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Good day to you. My name's Helen Whitney. My family and I are from Atlanta, 
Georgia. We're going to California. Tell me more. We had a profound religious 
experience last year and came to the realization that slavery is a terrible 
evil. We freed our servants and decided to move west, where there is no 
involuntary servitude. Do you have any advice? My guidebook says that here at 
Pacific Springs is the last good water we'll find for the next ten miles or 
so. We're entering alkali country. And game will be getting scarce, 
too. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Buen dia. This 'Dry Sandy,' as it is known, is quite an interesting place, is 
it not? Tell me more. It is almost like a river that flows under the sand. In 
spots it is as dry as a bone, with scattered bogs of mud. But after a little 
rain, it can turn to quicksand. And in very wet spells, the water can rise up 
into a sizeable river. Do you have any advice? Be very careful. I've long been 
a trader in these parts. Watch out for mudholes and--how you say?--quicksand! 
And don't drink any water unless it is flowing. Stagnant water here can be 
poisonous. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon?
 So long.

Hey, there, emigrant!  I trust you're being careful around-abouts here. Tell 
me more. Why, this is what they call the 'Dry Sandy,' and it's one of the 
cussedest places this side of blazes. Looks like dry sand, but underneath the 
sand is mud--real deep mud you can get stuck in. And sometimes quicksand! Do 
you have any advice? Put an old, worn-out mule or ox out in front of your 
wagon and let him lead the way. If he falls in the quicksand, ain't no great 
loss. But that ain't likely. Them old critters somehow seem to know a safe 
path a lot better than the young ones! Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Well, friend, this here is what they call 'The Parting of the Ways.' Tell me 
more. A lot of wagon trains split apart here, with folks headed for Oregon 
going one way and those headed for California going the other. Do you have any 
advice? I don't know about you, but I'm going to California. Now, let's see, I 
figure the road heading off to the right must be the California route. 
California's the right place to be, so I reckon I'll go 
right! Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

According to our guidebook, this is 'The Parting of the Ways.' Tell me 
more. The road forking off to the right leads directly to Fort Hall along the 
Sublette Cutoff. It's the shortest way to Oregon. But the left fork leads to 
Fort Bridger, which is closer than Fort Hall. It's also the shortest path to 
Utah and California. Do you have any advice? That depends on your needs. If 
you have plenty of supplies and don't fear a shortage of water, take the 
cutoff. But if you need supplies soon and want to play it safe, you should 
probably stick to the main trail, even if it is the longer 
route. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Welcome, travelers. I am Washakie, chief of the Shoshoni. The Shoshoni have 
long been friends of the Americans. We trade a great deal. Tell me about this 
place. This is what the white men call the Green River. My people can help you 
cross it. Do you have any advice? This river is usually much too deep to ford. 
It is best to caulk your wagon and float across. If you decide to do that, we 
will be glad to help. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Howdy! I'll be right pleased to ferry you across the river. How much does it 
cost? The toll is a mere five dollars per wagon. Considering how deep this 
river is, that's a bargain! Do you have any advice? Well, first of all, let me 
take you across the Green River. After that, keep following the water until 
you get to Fort Bridger. The trail is pretty clear--can't miss 
it! Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long. Welcome, friends! You're getting close to 
the promised land! I'll take you across the river when you're ready. How much 
does it cost? No charge--it's my job to help you on your way to Great Salt 
Lake City. Do you have any advice? The canyons just this side of the Salt Lake 
Valley are the most difficult part of the trip. Take it easy and be 
careful! Pardon? Pardon? Pardon?

Welcome to the lands of the Shoshoni. I am Washakie, a chief of my people. We 
have been friends of the Americans for many years. Tell me more. The Mormon 
ferry is a good way to cross the river, but you have to pay--unless you are 
Mormons, too. But even if you pay, it is worth it. Do you have any advice? If 
you do not want to take the ferry, some of the young men of my village will 
help you cross. It is usually best to caulk your wagon and float. The river 
can be very deep. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Can you help us find a doctor? Why do you need one? My Pa's sick, and we may 
not be able to travel until he gets better. We've been pushing too hard and 
our health has suffered. Do you have any advice? When Pa can travel again, 
we'll go at a slower pace. Maybe you ought to do the 
same. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Well, which way do you reckon we ought to go? Tell me more. Well, unless I'm 
mistaken, the north road, going off to the right, takes us to Fort Hall and 
Oregon. The road off to the left heads into Utah and a shortcut to Californy. 
But I could be wrong about that. Do you have any advice? Well, I don't rightly 
know. I hear the trail into Mormon country is fraught with difficulty. But the 
path along the Snake River's no picnic, either. I'm afeared that whatever we 
do, there's trouble ahead. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Hello. I'm Sophie Billings. Now, will you take a look at that? All those 
people carving their names in a rock out here in the middle of nowhere! Tell 
me more. Don't think we've had much of a chance to talk. My husband and I are 
from right outside Memphis, Tennessee. Free black folks aren't any too welcome 
there right now. That's why we're goin' west. Do you have any advice? My 
brother Gordon--he went out to Oregon last year--wrote and told me about some 
people in his wagon train whose animals all died after drinking some bad 
water. I'd be real careful about that if I were 
you. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Halt! You are Norte-Americanos, are you not? I am Captain Juan Santayana. This 
is Mexican soil. You must have passports. We don't have passports. All of the 
land south of the forty-second parallel and west of the one-hundred-and-sixth 
meridian belongs to Mexico. Your intentions here had better be honorable. Do 
you have any advice? If you're going to Oregon, be on your way immediately. 
Oregon is not Mexican land. But if you are going to California, you must have 
the approval of the Mexican government to settle there. I will arrange for 
passports. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Howdy, emigrants! Welcome to my fort! I'm Jim Bridger, co-proprietor of this 
oasis in the wilderness! Tell me more. I hope you find everything you want 
here. We got a well-provisioned trading post, a first-rate blacksmith, and 
even some fresh draft animals if you need them. Do you have any advice? Feel 
free to stay awhile--a few days, even a week or so if you like! You'd do well 
to rest up a bit before heading out again. The roughest part of the trail 
still lies ahead! Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Will you look at this? Ain't it a shame that they had to go burn down this 
fort! Tell me more. There's been a dispute betwixt the U.S. government and the 
Mormons, and the Mormons burned down their own fort to keep the federal troops 
from getting a hold of it! Do you have any advice? Well, I suppose we could 
look around through the ruins to see if we can find anything worthwhile. But, 
then again, maybe we'd be best off just getting a move 
on. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

My family and I travel with forty other families to the valley of the Great 
Salt Lake to seek religious freedom. Tell me more. As you know, back east, 
Mormons are persecuted. In Utah, we're joining together to build a new 
community, changing the desert into farm land. Do you have any advice? If 
you're heading for California, don't take the Hastings Cutoff through the 
Great Salt Lake Desert. My relatives in the Mormon city have written me 
letters telling me of terrible misery along that route. It's a shortcut, all 
right--to your death! Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Howdy, folks. Welcome to New Fort Bridger, just recently rebuilt. I'm 
Lieutenant Cassius Fisk. Tell me more. Well, the Mormons, who owned and ran 
the old fort after they bought Jim Bridger out, burned it down during a 
disagreement with the government. But the Army has now taken over the site and 
built a brand new fort. Do you have any advice? If you're going to Oregon, 
take the road heading north. That's the best way to go to California, too, 
unless you want to visit Great Salt Lake City. That's a good place to get 
fresh animals for the remainder of your journey. To do that, head 
southwest. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Howdy. If you want to cross the Thomas Fork, my bridge is the only good way to 
do it. Costs just one dollar. Tell me more. Ain't nobody forcing you to take 
the bridge, but you'd be a dad-blamed fool not to. This stream may look 
shallow, but it's as mean as a grizzly. Do you have any advice? Yeah. Pay your 
dollar and go across. You're holding up those other people behind 
you. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Heh, heh, heh, look at the way them folks is struggling to get down the Big 
Hill. Half of them don't know what the heck they're doing. Tell me more. Big 
Hill is one of the worst places you're liable to come across. It's bad enough 
when the weather's dry, but--whoo ee!--when it's wet and raining, you couldn't 
give me all the greenbacks in Philadelphia to try it. Do you have any 
advice? When the weather's bad, don't even think of going down a hill like 
this. Wait until it dries up a might. And be sure to take precautions--like 
using one of them fallen pine logs over there as an anchor on your wagon. 
Makes it less likely to break away. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Come on in, pilgrim! I'm Thomas Smith, but most folks call me 'Peg Leg' 
because of this here wooden appendage of mine. Tell me more. They make a big 
deal out of the fact that I had to amputate my own leg after a bad accident. 
Well, there weren't no one else around to do it, so I had to do it myself. 
Either that or die of gangrene. Do you have any advice? If you're heading for 
California, wait until you get across the Raft River before breaking off from 
the main trail and going southwest. If you're going to the Willamette Valley, 
follow the Snake River. Lots of good-tasting salmon if the season's 
right! Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Good to see you, friend. I'm the Reverend Paul Grigsby, originally hailing 
from Schenectady, New York. Tell me more. I came out here to the wilderness to 
found a mission among the Indians, but my wife Cecelia, God rest her soul, 
died of cholera back along the Platte. And now my colleagues have all given up 
the calling to go hunting gold in the California hills. Do you have any 
advice? Keep your faith while those all around you sink into despair. You 
know, this used to be a trading post run by a fellow name of 'Peg Leg' Smith. 
He's gone now and left this building here to rot all by itself. I almost feel 
a kinship with it. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

My, but aren't the Soda Springs pretty! I think of all the things we've seen 
so far, this is the most amazing. Tell me more. The springs seem to spout at 
regular intervals. Quite a wonder of nature! You read about such things, but 
you never think you'll actually get to see them yourself. Do you have any 
advice? It feels good just to rest and not be on our feet walking. When I get 
to our new home, I'll have a soft feather bed and never sleep in a wagon 
again! Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Sure is nice to take a rest now and then. My folks figured this journey would 
be hard work, but it's been more than we counted on! Tell me more. One of my 
regular jobs is to find fuel for the fire. Sometimes it's hard to find enough 
wood, so I store extra pieces in a box under the wagon. On the prairie I 
gathered buffalo chips to burn when there wasn't any wood. And sage works, 
too. Do you have any advice? Mama says that a lot of folks on the trail wind 
up getting sick with scurvy because they ain't been eating enough fruits and 
vegetables. We have a big keg of pickles and eat two of them every week. Mama 
says that's just enough to keep the scurvy away. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So 
long.

Buen dia. My name is Francisco Ruez. I used to be a Mexican citizen, but after 
the war, when the land south of here became American territory, I became an 
American, too. Tell me about this place. The road that goes off to the 
southwest here is the Hudspeth Cutoff. It is very rugged, but it provides a 
shortcut to California. Do you have any advice? If I were you, I wouldn't take 
the cutoff. Too difficult, and the savings in time is not so great. Stay on 
the main trail, no matter if you are going to California or 
Oregon. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

I am Shoshoni. My name is Young Woman Who Sings. Tell me more. When wagons 
first started coming, the Shoshoni did not mind. We even found it good to 
trade game and fish with the travelers and help them cross the rivers. Do you 
have any advice? Now there are too many white men and too little land for 
grazing. Tell your people to stop coming. They are a burden to the land and to 
the Shoshoni. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

I hear there's mountain sheep around here. Enough water, too, but hardly a 
stick of wood. Thank heaven for Fort Hall! Tell me more. I'm real sorry that 
soon we'll be saying goodbye to Cousin Miles and all the folks heading for 
California. Do you have any advice? I'm going to spend as much time as I can 
with my friends and relations until we reach the California Road. You consider 
doing the same. Might not ever see them again! Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So 
long.

Fort Hall here is a busy place! The wide stretches of meadow grass here are 
just what our tired animals need. Tell me more. As for me, I'll fix up the 
wagon leaks. Amanda's real anxious to wash all the clothes and linens in one 
of those clear streams. Do you have any advice? I suggest we stay here for a 
couple days to rest up, restock our supplies, and learn everything we can 
about the trail ahead. I hear that the next stretch may be the 
roughest! Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

We are Bannock, close friends of the Paiute and Shoshoni. I am Bear Tooth. My 
people will gladly trade with you here and on the road ahead. Tell me 
more. Beware of our enemies, the Blackfoot. They do not tolerate trespassers--
neither white men nor other Indians. But as long as you stay on the trail, you 
have little chance of running into any Blackfoot war parties. Do you have any 
advice? The depth of this river changes greatly with the season. Check it 
carefully before deciding the best way to cross. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So 
long.

Well, it's good to see a friendly face. Getting hard to locate anyone willing 
to have much to do with me anymore, though for the life of me, I don't know 
why. Tell me more. Why, just the other day I ran across some fella I hadn't 
seen for a couple weeks , and he says to me, 'What, you ain't dead yet?' Dad-
blamed smart-alecky varmint. Do you have any advice? I hear that after we 
cross this here river people got to choose whether they're going to California 
or Oregon. But it don't really matter. You can still get to either place 
further on down the trail. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Well, friend, this is where we part. One road leads to Oregon and the other to 
California. Tell me more. Not much else to say, I reckon. Except I understand 
both paths carry their share of burdens--dry stretches, mountains, and the 
like. Do you have any advice? No, except I wish you all the best! Take good 
care of yourself. Write us just as soon as you reach your new 
home! Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Says here that this place is called Caldron Linn. Strange name. But it seems 
to fit, what with all them steep lava gorges, twisting and writhing 
around. Tell me more. So much water down there in the Snake River--but so hard 
to get to! I'd hate to have to go down into that gorge. At least not more than 
once, if we have to. Do you have any advice? We've got many miles of desert 
before Oregon, so be sure to fill your water kegs at the 
crossing! Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Hello. My name's Fabiola Ferrier. We've just been over to get a look at 
Shoshoni Falls. Tell me more. You hear the distant roar? That's the sound of 
the falls, a few miles north of here. We decided to take a day off from our 
journey to see them. A wonderful sight! Do you have any advice? Oh, do take 
time to give thanks for the beauty that surrounds us. It lightens the spirit 
and eases the way. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

They call this Rock Creek. I doesn't look like much. Couldn't be more than a 
foot or two deep. Tell me more. Pretty narrow, too. Still, we've seen our 
share of deceptive creeks and rivers, haven't we? Can't be too careful. Do you 
have any advice? Well, I suppose we could ford it, but perhaps I should have 
my oldest boy Ted wade out to the middle of the creek to see how deep it is 
and what the bottom's like. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Hey, wagon-people! Look here! I have some very good salmon. Maybe you want to 
trade? Maybe. Tell me more. My name is Badger Keeper. I was given this name 
four years ago when I found a young badger and raised it as a pet. My father 
says I should get a new name soon. Do you have any advice? We could trade. My 
salmon are large and fresh. I just caught them an hour ago. Do you have any 
blankets? My mother would like to have a new 
blanket. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Ain't that a sight! There ain't nothing like that back east! No, there 
isn't. My wife was reading our guidebook earlier, and she says this place is 
known as Thousand Springs. Well, I can see why! Do you have any advice? Well, 
I reckon we oughtn't be doing too much sight-seeing, not when we's still got 
so much further to go. We'd best get a move on. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So 
long.

Hola! Habla español? Or do you speak English? Do you want to trade? Tell me 
more. I am Woman Who Came Back. I was captive of Paiute renegades for many 
years before I escaped and returned to my Bannock village. The renegades 
treated me like a slave, but I learned to speak some Spanish while among 
them. Do you have any advice? I have dried fish to trade. Dried fish do not 
taste as good as fresh ones, but they will keep for a long time. I also have 
mocassins. I am known as the best maker of mocassins in my 
village. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Well, it looks like we're going to have to make a choice here. Tell me 
more. We can either cross the Snake River here, using those three islands sort 
of like 'steppin' stones' across the river, or we can avoid crossing and just 
follow the south bank of the river. Do you have any advice? Well, I hear that 
the south route is right sandy and rough. On the north route, we got to cross 
the Snake twice, but we also go past Fort Boise. I think I prefer the north 
route myself. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

You ready to cross? Not quite--still thinking. Fording's the usual way to 
cross here, going from one island to another until you get to the other side. 
But a lot depends on how deep the water is right now. Do you have any 
advice? Well, maybe we should check the current conditions a little more 
closely before we decide what to do. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Be careful there! You might scald yerself something fierce! Tell me 
more. These here hot springs are a natural wonder! Water just bubbling up from 
the earth, hot enough to cook in! Do you have any advice? Sit and rest a 
spell. Might as well take advantage of this miracle of nature and do some 
cooking without having to build a fire! Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Looks like this is another one of those places where people feel the need to 
go carving their names in the rock. Tell me more. Well, you'd think that 
people would have better things to do! But I suppose they're just so proud of 
themselves for coming all this way that they feel they need to leave a record 
of their accomplishment! Do you have any advice? It won't be long before we 
reach Fort Boise. We should be sure to stop there and buy supplies, at least 
those of us who need them. It would also be a good place to rest up, maybe do 
some wagon repairs. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Every night, even though I ache from the day's toils, my head is filled with 
dreams of the rich farm land of the far west. Tell me more. I'll build myself 
a fine, handsome homestead--and I'm certain I'll be rich and prosperous within 
five years. Do you have any advice? Now is no time to give up. Nor is it time 
to make any serious mistakes! We're more than three-quarters of the way 
there! Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Well, if that don't beat all! We come all this way, looking forward to this 
fort as a place to buy supplies, and find it abandoned, falling to 
pieces! Tell me more. Looks like there's been a flood here, like maybe the 
river water's risen up and damaged the buildings. Do you have any advice? We 
ought not to stay for long. Ain't nothing for us here, and they say there's 
been trouble with the local Indians of late. Let's get 
going! Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Are you ready to cross the river? I will help you if you want me to. In return 
I want some supplies, maybe some clothing to take back to my village. Tell me 
more. I am Strong Hand. I am known many days' journey all around for having 
great strength. No one has beaten me at wrestling, not since I was a young 
boy. Do you have any advice? If you want me to help you cross the river, say 
so. We can deal. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

It says right here in our guidebook: 'You must hire an Indian to pilot you at 
the crossings of the Snake River, it being dangerous if not perfectly 
understood.' Tell me more. My husband insists on crossing without a guide. I 
don't think it wise, but that's just his way. Do you have any advice? Well, if 
it were up to me, I'd hire one of these Indians here to help. They look like 
they know what they're doing. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Howdy, friends! I'll ferry you across the Snake River if you like. How much is 
the toll? Don't cost too much--just eight dollars per wagon. Now, I know that 
sounds high, but this is a mighty dangerous river. And my ferry's the safest 
way to get across! Do you have any advice? Well, you can take your chances 
floating across yourself if you want to, maybe hiring one of these Bannocks to 
help. But, just between you and me, I wouldn't do it. Come on, pay up and I'll 
take you. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Howdy, folks. I'm Lieutenant James Wilkinson of the Fourth Cavalry. Tell me 
more. This area's gotten mighty dangerous of late. There's been some trouble 
with the Indians lately, some outrages committed by both sides. There used to 
be a ferry here, but they high-tailed it. The Bannocks who used to help folks 
cross here have left, too. Do you have any advice? Get across the river as 
best you can and keep moving. Be on your guard. This trouble should pass 
before too long, but until then, it's kind of risky out here on the 
trail. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Looks like there's a split in the trail here. Tell me more. I heard some folks 
talking back there a few minutes ago, saying this place is called East Cow 
Hollow. Sure is a funny name for a place. Do you have any advice? Well, the 
road heading north is surely the one we ought to take to get to the Willamette 
Valley. The others will take us back eastward. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So 
long.

Since crossing the Snake near Fort Boise, it's been just rough terrain and 
desert. Tell me more. Dust deeper each day--six inches at times. No tracks, 
just clouds of dust. Many cattle choked on the dust after swimming the river, 
then bled and died. Do you have any advice? We can't waste any time getting 
through this awful country. I hear there's another river not too much further 
ahead, and the terrain changes soon after that. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So 
long.

I heard someone say that this is called the Malheur River. We'll soon see how 
appropriate that name is. What do you mean? Well, I know a little French, and 
unless I'm mistaken, 'Malheur' means 'bad luck.' But I think it's extremely 
good luck to happen upon a river with good water in such horribly dry 
country. Do you have any advice? I suppose there must be some reason for 
naming it the 'bad luck' river. Maybe it will prove to be a difficult 
crossing. We should be especially careful. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Well, this here is Farewell Bend. Tell me more. They call it that because it's 
here that we say good-bye to the Snake River, which we've followed now for 
hundreds of miles, ever since Fort Hall. Do you have any advice? We're getting 
close to the end of our journey, but we still got some mighty rough country up 
ahead of us--lots of hills to go up and down. No time to slack off 
now! Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

This valley of the Grande Ronde is the most beautiful sight I've seen in 
months. Tell me more. Water and grass in abundance! And if this valley is so 
fine, the Willamette must be twice as fine! We'll be sitting pretty in our new 
homestead! Do you have any advice? This would make a good place to stay a day 
or two. The animals could use the rest, and there's plenty of water and 
grazing for them. Quite a relief after that last steep hill and the dry, 
fearsome country we just passed through! Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

We will help you cross the river in exchange for goods in trade. Tell me 
more. I speak your language well, do I not? I learned from people at the 
mission several days' journey north of here. Do you have any advice? Let us 
help you cross. The river can be difficult at times, especially after heavy 
rains. What do you have to offer in exchange for this 
help? Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Howdy, folks. I'm Private Walter Davis of the Fourth Cavalry. Tell me 
more. This here is the Grande Ronde River. Used to be you could count on 
Indians being here to help you cross, but not no more. Too much tension now 
between them an' the settlers. Do you have any advice? Before you cross, you 
can stay here an' camp with us if you like. I'm sure the sergeant won't 
mind. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

This here Emigrant Hill, as they call it, poses a bit of a quandary. Tell me 
more. I hear the trail splits shortly after the hill. The road going off to 
the right leads to the Whitman Mission and Fort Walla Walla. It's the long 
route, but it's good to take if you're in need of supplies, repairs, or a 
doctor. Do you have any advice? I'd prefer taking the short route, straight 
ahead. But we ought to see what the other folks in the wagon train want to 
do. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Well, now we got to figure out how to get down this hill. Tell me more. I sure 
hate these downhill runs. Wouldn't think it, but they're lots worse than 
uphills. Do you have any advice? I figure I'll just lock my wagon wheels and 
hope for the best. Wish I had a long rope or something. If I had one, I'd 
attach it to something at the top of the hill and use it to ease the wagon 
down gradual-like. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Hey there. I hope you folks weren't thinking of heading up north of here on 
the old trail. Why not? Well, ain't nothing to go to up there no more. The 
Whitman Mission's been in ruins ever since the Indian attack, and Fort Walla 
Walla's now abandoned because of the Indian troubles. Do you have any 
advice? Just keep heading west. It's the shortest way to get to The Dalles, 
anyway. You should be all right as long as you stick to the main 
road. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

No, no, please step back, don't come any closer. This poor soul has the 
measles, and we don't want it to spread. If we're not careful, it can spread 
like wildfire! Tell me more. I'm Marcus Whitman, missionary to the local 
Indians. My wife and I founded this mission several years ago. We're here to 
bring religion, civilization, and healing to this distant land. Do you have 
any advice? Let's step outside. This is the sick area, and it's best for both 
our patients and for you not to be here. If anyone with you needs medical 
attention, I'll be glad to do whatever I can. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Welcome, welcome, to the Mission! We're so pleased to see you! Howdy. I'm 
Narcissa Whitman, wife of the doctor. This is our Methodist mission to the 
local Indians, where we instruct them in the faith and tend to their 
illnesses. Do you have any advice? Please stay a while. If you have any sick 
among you, bring them on in. We also have food and some supplies to help you 
on your way. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Howdy, folks. I'm with the Fourth Cavalry. Don't mean to alarm you, but it's 
not too safe to be here right now. Tell me more. The Whitman Mission's been 
destroyed by the Cayuse. There was a bad outbreak of measles, and they was 
dying of it something terrible. They blamed the doctor for it. The Whitmans 
and some others were killed--only a few survivors. Do you have any advice? You 
wait here just a short while so we can finish up, and then we'll accompany you 
to Fort Walla Walla. There's a lot of tension right now among the Indians, 
army, and settlers, and there's no telling what may 
happen. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

My second-cousin Catherine was one of six children orphaned and left at 
Whitman's Mission. Tell me more. She lived with them for three years--until 
just before the tragedy. She has survived snakebites, stampedes, falls, 
fights--not to mention the attack. Do you have any advice? Let's hurry on to 
Fort Walla Walla. There's nothing for us here, and it could be 
dangerous. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

We are Tsinuk traders. Maybe we have something you need. We can do 
business. Tell me more. The Tsinuk live near the western ocean, but we travel 
far to trade, as far as the plains to the east. To trade well, one must know 
many tongues. I speak English, French, some Spanish, and six Indian languages-
-including Tsinuk, of course. Do you have any advice? Trade with us. We offer 
much better deals than the fort trading post here. We can do well for each 
other. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Whoa, pardner. It's me, your old pal Nick Tillman. Say, aren't you sure which 
way to go here? What do you think? Well, this is where the trail from Fort 
Walla Walla meets up with the shortcut directly from Doe Canyon. Least I'm 
pretty sure it is. Do you have any advice? Ain't no supplies at Fort Walla 
Walla worth a dickens, anyhoots. If you take this here road going due north, 
it ought to take you directly to The Dalles. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

It says in my guidebook that this is the McDonald Ford of the John Day River. 
I reckon since it's called a 'ford,' then fording must be the best way to 
cross. Tell me more. But this here book also says that, though it's usually 
shallow and easy, it can get deep and rough after heavy rains and snow 
melts. Do you have any advice? I think we ought to check it out before 
deciding on the best way to go across. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Come on aboard, people. I'll be taking you across the river. It don't always 
look like much, but it can drown you sure as you're born. How much is the 
toll? I charge five dollars for each and every wagon I ferry across. It's a 
good deal, I assure you. Do you have any advice? I know I shouldn't be telling 
tales on my fellow ferrymen, but when you get to The Dalles, don't bother 
going down the river. Take the Barlow Toll Road. It's rough in spots, but 
worth every cent. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

You ask about what you call the 'Whitman massacre.' I ask you why Dr. 
Whitman's medicine did not cure our children? Tell me more. Many caught the 
measles from strangers like you. Why did the medicine poison our children and 
cure the children of white people? Do you have any advice? Go away and leave 
my people alone. You people from the east have brought nothing but misery to 
us. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

You know, fetching water and helping Ma with the chores don't leave much time 
for books! Sometimes I get a bit of studying done on long noonings or 
layovers. Tell me more. Most times we walk along side the wagon, to ease the 
load on the oxen. I like it because I can look all around as I walk. Even with 
games, sitting all day ain't much fun. Do you have any advice? Make a little 
rhyme for yourself every day. It helps pass the time, and once you got it down 
smooth, you can say it to yourself for fun. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Looks like there's no way to get across this river except to ford or 
float. Tell me more. You'd think this close to The Dalles somebody would have 
built a bridge or started a ferry here. The Dalles is only another ten, 
fifteen miles from here, isn't it? Do you have any advice? No, but I'm mighty 
tempted to stop here for a while, build a big raft, and start myself a 
business taking people across the river. At least for a few weeks. Might make 
myself a few hundred dollars. Come in right handy. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So 
long.

Howdy, emigrants. I'll take y'all across the river in my ferry if you 
like. How much does it cost? This is the Deschutes River, and I may ask merely 
five dollars per wagon to cross. Do you have any advice? Once y'all get across 
the river, there's a big old hill you got to climb. Don't try it when it's 
muddy--it would be downright hazardous to y'all's well-
being. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Oh, no, another hill! If I never see another hill in my life it'll be too 
soon. What do you mean? Sometimes it seems like this whole journey's been 
nothing but crossing rivers and going up and down hills. Two of my best 
friends have died on this trip. I wouldn't let my Papa hear it, but I wish 
we'd never come. Do you have any advice? Once we get to the new country, I 
think we all ought to just settle down and never move again. That land ought 
to be powerful precious, all the hardship we've seen to get 
there. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

My cousin Lydia engaged passage down the Columbia with Indians--a big canoe 
with seventeen people and luggage! Tell me more. The wind blew so heavy, they 
had to lay by. Near dark, high waves came up over their heads! Finally, they 
made it to shore safely. Do you have any advice? Some people make it down the 
Columbia on their own, but others haven't been so lucky. I don't know what 
Cousin Lydia would have done without her guides. I recommend we hire someone 
to help us journey down the river, even if it is 
expensive. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

So, you are on your way to the Willamette Valley, are you? Well, there's no 
way to get there from here except down the Columbia River. Tell me more. I am 
Fran￾ois du Brec, and I have lived and trapped beaver in this country for 
nearly twenty years. And I tell you, the only way to go further is on the 
river. But she is not easy. Do you have any advice? I have some Indian friends 
who will be pleased to raft you down the Columbia. But it is not cheap--it 
will cost you sixty, seventy, maybe eighty American dollars. Of course, you 
can always choose to raft yourself. But, as I said, the river, she is not 
easy. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

These last hundred miles or so to the Willamette Valley are the roughest. Tell 
me more. Well, either you raft down the swift and turbulent Columbia River or 
you drive your wagon over the steep Cascade Mountains on the Barlow Toll 
Road. Do you have any advice? The toll road is probably the safest. But if you 
take the river, I'd recommend hiring someone to help you, maybe one of them 
Indian or French guides. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Welcome, folks. I'll be glad to help you out in any way I can. Tell me 
more. You pretty much have three choices. You can take the Barlow Road, but 
you have to pay a toll. You can also hire someone to raft you down the 
Columbia, but that costs even more. Or you can raft yourself down the river, 
which is cheap but riskier. Do you have any advice? Well, I'd raft down the 
river myself, but--heh, heh--I'm the adventurous type. If you're more 
conservative, take the toll road. If you're in a hurry and got plenty of cash, 
pay someone to take you down the river. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

I collect the tolls for the Barlow Road--a bargain at twice the price! Used to 
be everyone floated the Columbia. Now, with Mr. Barlow's road, you can drive 
your wagon right into Oregon City! How much is the toll? Five dollars per 
wagon plus ten cents for each draft animal. Do you have any advice? Please pay 
your toll and move on. There's other folks waiting behind 
you. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Look there! Pa says that's Mount Hood! Means we're almost to Oregon City! Tell 
me more. Pa says we still got some rough trail ahead of us, but we're real 
close to the end. If all goes well, we'll be there within a week! Do you have 
any advice? Seeing as how we're so close to the Willamette Valley, we really 
ought to take it easy and not push ourselves too hard. Be a crying shame for 
something bad to happen now. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

This must be what they call Devil's Half Acre. And right after is Barlow 
Pass. Tell me more. We got to go up this real steep hill. What do you think? 
Are the conditions OK for making a stab at it? Do you have any advice? We 
could double-team our animals together. We'll pull my wagon up first, and then 
we'll come on back down and pull your wagon up. Sounds like a good plan to 
me. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

This here is called Laurel Hill. I hear it's the last major obstacle on the 
trail, but something terrible nonetheless. Tell me more. Why, just look at how 
steep it is going down! An accident here could be the end of everything! Do 
you have any advice? My mama says we ought to cut down one of these here pine 
trees and use it as an anchor on our wagon. Make it less likely to go running 
off on us and doing someone injury. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Come on, come on, folks! Move along! You're practically in Oregon City 
already! How much is the toll? Fifty cents! You really ain't got much choice 
in the matter. This bridge is the only way across the river. Do you have any 
advice? If you're so broke that you can't even afford fifty cents, I'll be 
glad to take something useful off your hands. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Howdy! Looks like we're in the same wagon train bound for the west! Sure looks 
that way. You know, I ain't never been west of the Missouri River before. Do 
you have any advice? I reckon we better pay the toll to ferry across. 
Leastwise that's what I'm going to do. I ain't planning on taking any chances 
with a river, least not one this big! Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

So, you're looking for passage across the wide Missouri? We still got room on 
my riverboat for another wagon. How much does it cost? Costs five dollars to 
go across. You know, I used to take people up and down this river on my 
riverboat, but I found it's a lot easier and more profitable just going back 
and forth across. Do you have any advice? Considering where you're going, this 
is your last chance to take it easy. Pay your five dollars, come on board, and 
relax while my boat does all the work. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Greetings to you. Don't think we met yet. Howdy. I'm a-heading west with my 
husband. Our parents begged us not to go, to leave all the family behind, but 
we got the itch to move west, and here we go! Probably be the greatest 
adventure of our lives! Do you have any advice? Don't rightly have much advice 
to offer. I'm learning how to manage life on the trail as we go along. Ask me 
in another couple of weeks and I'll probably have something to say 
then! Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

I see wagon after wagon coming by here, crossing this creek. Where are you 
going? You take too much with you to be going far. Tell me more. I am Kansa. 
My name is Brown Fox. What more do you want to know? Do you have any 
advice? About crossing this creek? It's not deep or wide. I have no trouble 
crossing. But you carry too much with you to make it easy. And you have many 
much deeper and wider rivers yet to cross. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Why, howdy, strangers! Name's Theophilus Farnum. Welcome to Marysville, the 
finest town west of Saint Joe! Tell me more. This town was founded by Frank 
Marshall, who runs the ferry across the Big Blue River, just a mile down the 
road. Do you have any advice? Sure do! Stick around a while. Ain't no point to 
rushing off. Buy some fresh supplies, have some good meals, relax! Won't be 
getting much of chance to do that anymore after you 
leave! Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Howdy! We're going to Oregon! I bet that's where you're going, too. Either 
that or California! Tell me more. We went by boats on rivers and canals to St. 
Joseph, Missouri, and we're going the rest of the way by wagon! Do you have 
any advice? Advice? I don't know if anyone's ever asked me for advice before. 
Maybe I better ask my Pa--he might have some advice. Hey, pa! Pa! There's some 
people here asking for advice! Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Howdy, friends. Would you like for me to take you across the river? How much 
does it cost? I charge four dollars per wagon. Nothing extra. That's a fair 
price. Do you have any advice? After you cross the river, you'll be meeting up 
with the main trail west about ten miles or so down the road. When you get to 
the junction, you should turn right. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Now, I don't blame you for being apprehensive about this, but it's really a 
blessing in disguise! What do you mean? The Mississippi here is frozen solid. 
Ferry can't operate, but people, animals, and wagons been crossing over the 
ice all day yesterday and today. Pretty near as safe as a dirt road, if a bit 
slippery in spots. Do you have any advice? Well, I wouldn't go across the ice 
if my wagon was loaded up too heavy. But if you got a normal load or less, it 
shouldn't be a problem. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Come on, friends, come on! Come on board the ferry. We're just about ready to 
go! How much does it cost? It don't cost nothing. It's a civic service. Just 
come aboard and don't be holding up the folks who are waiting behind you. Do 
you have any advice? You don't want to be trying to ford the Mississippi--
unless not if you want to live to tell about it. This here ferry's the best 
way to go. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Howdy, folks. Whenever y'all are ready to cross the river, just say so and 
I'll take y'all on the ferry. How much does it cost? Just five dollars. Do you 
have any advice? I reckon y'all can ford or float if you like, but I wouldn't 
recommend it. This here ferry's the safest way to cross the Des Moines 
River. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long. Howdy, folks. Whenever y'all are ready 
to cross the river, just say so and I'll take y'all on the ferry. How much 
does it cost? Since y'all are on your way to Great Salt Lake City, there ain't 
no charge. Do you have any advice? Waystations and ferries have been set up 
along the way. Follow the trail as it's been blazed and y'all shouldn't have 
any trouble. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon?

Howdy. You know, during the day, I get to sit in the wagon. I play games or 
sometimes Mama reads us a story. When she rides, Mama knits or sews. But she 
usually walks. Tell me more. We're lucky to have a light wagon for riding in, 
along with a heavy one for our goods. Lots of folks have only one wagon and 
have to walk all the time. And some folks don't even have a wagon at all! Do 
you have any advice? If you pretend you're asleep, you can stay up a bit at 
night and hear the music around the campfire. It sure sounds lively. I can't 
wait until I'm old enough to stay up late. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Howdy. Let me set this wheel aside for a moment. . . . There! Sure am glad 
these waystations have been set up for us! Tell me more. I probably don't need 
to tell you that Mount Pisgah was named for a place in the Bible. This station 
was established with the specific purpose of helping the emigrants heading 
west. Do you have any advice? If you're in want of some supplies, you might 
find what you need inside. Can't guarantee they have what you're looking for, 
but they do seem to do their best! Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.  

Ready to cross the river? I'm free to take you on the ferry. How much does it 
cost? The cost is five dollars per wagon. Do you have any advice? If you got 
any children, keep them away from the edge. Don't want any little ones falling 
in the river. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long. Ready to cross the river? I'm 
free to take you on the ferry. How much does it cost? You're going to the City 
of the Great Salt Lake? No charge. Pardon? Pardon?

I am Joseph Mascouten of the Fire Nation. Welcome to our home. Tell me 
more. The Fire Nation is known as the Potawatomi. We are many bands. Our 
ancestors lived in a place now called Michigan. We now live in Iowa and 
Kansas. Do you have any advice? Like many in my village, I'm a trader. I have 
food, furs, and many goods made by both Indians and white folks. If you like, 
we can trade. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

You want to trade? I have corn meal and other types of food. Perhaps. Tell me 
more. My name is Naomi. I'm of the Mascouten clan of the Potawatomi. Do you 
have any advice? I've seen many of your people moving westward on this road. 
About fifty miles from here is a large town, bigger than this one. If we don't 
have what you need here, maybe you can find it 
there. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

This here's the Missouri River. It'll be one of the biggest we have to 
cross. Tell me more. Ain't much to tell. We just got to figure out how to get 
from this side to the other. Do you have any advice? With a river this big, 
fording certainly ain't no sensible option. I'm going to 
float! Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Climb aboard, people! Ferry's getting ready to leave! How much does it cost? A 
mere five dollars per wagon. Do you have any advice? If you're smart, you 
won't try crossing this river by any means other than by 
ferry. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long. Climb aboard, people! Ferry's getting 
ready to leave! How much does it cost? Free as a bird for you folks. Do you 
have any advice? Since it's free, it wouldn't make no sense attempting any 
other means of crossing, now would it? Pardon? Pardon? Pardon?

This may be a fearsome place to spend the winter, but it's better than being 
out on the bleak prairie--or worse yet, in the mountains! It's good that we 
stop and spend the winter here. Tell me more. What more is there to say? All 
must bear their share of tribulations, and we are no exception. Do you have 
any advice? Don't worry. The winter will pass and our travails will be done in 
their due course. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Do you think it's time to move on? What do you think? Well, haven't we waited 
here long enough? Many a mile lay ahead of us. Do you have any advice? Perhaps 
it's not for us to decide, but it's my opinion that we should continue on our 
way. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

This is Winter Quarters, where the first group of Mormon pioneers waited for 
spring until continuing on their way. Tell me more. It was a long, cold, harsh 
winter, and there was much suffering and death. But they endured. Do you have 
any advice? When you feel down-hearted, think of those that came before. Draw 
strength and inspiration from them! Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

This place looks abandoned. Tell me more. Don't think there's much else to 
tell. Do you have any advice? I suppose we could look abouts through the 
abandoned shacks to see if we can find anything. But maybe it would be best 
for us just to move on. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Rest assured, folks, this ferry is quite safe. Are you ready to go across? How 
much does it cost? The toll is only two dollars per wagon. Do you have any 
advice? A little less than sixty miles on there's a Pawnee Indian village. 
Don't be afraid of them. They're real friendly and are good for trading 
with. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long. Rest assured, folks, this ferry is 
quite safe. Are you ready to go across? How much does it cost? Since you're 
going to Great Salt Lake City, it don't cost nothing for using the ferry. Do 
you have any advice? A little less than sixty miles on there's a Pawnee Indian 
village. Don't be afraid of them. They're real friendly and are good for 
trading with. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon?

Why do you bother me? I don't want to trade. The things that we get from the 
white travelers don't make up for all that we lose. Tell me more. We didn't 
know the whooping cough, measles, or the smallpox until your people brought 
them to us. Our medicine cannot cure these strange diseases, and our children 
are dying. Do you have any advice? No. I just want you to leave us 
alone. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Do you want to trade? I am Pawnee. My name is Tall Rain Cloud. I have dried 
meat and two horses. Tell me more. What more is there to tell? Now is a good 
time for trading. Do you have any advice? Beware of our enemies, the Sioux. 
They are not your friends, as we are. But if you don't want to trade, perhaps 
you're not our friends, either. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Have you noticed some of the lovely pink flowers along the riverbank? It 
reminds me of my garden back home. Tell me more. My friends and relations 
would have a good laugh to see me eating supper seated on the ground. We 
weren't able to fit any chairs or stools in our wagon, so filled it was with 
provisions. Do you have any advice? Invite good cheer to keep you company each 
day. That alone has kept us going through some difficult 
times. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Howdy, folks. You ready to cross now? I'll take you. How much does it 
cost? One dollar and fifty cents. Do you have any advice? Can't ask for a much 
better price than that. A real bargain to get across this here 
river. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long. Howdy, folks. You ready to cross now? 
I'll take you. How much does it cost? It don't cost nothing. Do you have any 
advice? After you cross the river, take a sharp turn south and head down 
toward the Platte. Can't miss it--it looks a mile wide and less than a foot 
deep! Pardon? Pardon? Pardon?


[[General Conversation]]

We've seen many people like you pass this way in your wagons. Some of the 
others are afraid of you, but I'm not. Tell me more. We're Lakota. This field 
has wild onions and turnips, and the women and children come here every year 
at this time to gather them for our families. Do you have any advice? I met a 
small group of white trappers once. One of them was sick with what they called 
the "scurvy," but fresh vegetables cured him. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

I am Lakota. My name is Running Elk. You ask how we are. I tell you the 
buffalo are gone from the Great Medicine Road of the Whites. Tell me more. We 
must travel two days or more to find food for our families. We see the white 
travelers waste what they hunt. Why do you kill, yet leave most of the meat 
and skin for the coyotes and buzzards? Do you have any advice? If you waste 
the animals you kill, the Great Spirit will visit bad luck and hunger on you.  
The Great Spirit does not like waste. We use every part of the buffalo and 
give thanks for the gift it is to us. Go now and don't come 
back. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

I found some wild pie plant, and Mama cooked it up with some sugar. Tastes 
almost like Grandma's pie on National Day. Tell me more. I walk most of the 
day, but Pa lets me ride a bit in the afternoon to work on my lessons. Don't 
tell, but sometimes I fall asleep when I ride. Do you have any advice? Don't 
bother chasing them prairie dogs. They're faster than you'll ever 
be! Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

You know, my school reader book has pictures of old castles in Europe. These 
here bluffs remind me of them, with high walls all a-crumbling down. Tell me 
more. Ma makes sure we keep up with our studies even out here on the trail. 
I'm on my second reader, and Ma says my ciphering's getting better all the 
time! Do you have any advice? Pa's got some fruit trees in our wagon. It's one 
of my jobs to see they don't get dried out. Pa says we're going to have the 
best crop of apples ever when we get to the new land! And I can just taste 
them sweet peaches! Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Good day to you. You know, never before have I seen such a spectacle as the 
prairie thunderstom. What do you mean? The lightning makes a dazzling display 
and the thunder nearly deafens one's hearing. A veritable river of rain fell 
in a only short span of time. Do you have any advice? Maintain a watchful eye 
over your animals when the dark clouds start to loom. We had oxen and loose 
stock alike bolt on the occurrence of some hail the other day. 
 Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

I am Inuna-ina, whom you call the Arapaho. My name is Green Eyes. Our chief is 
Talks to the Coyote. He doesn't know your language, so he will speak through 
me. My father was a white man. Tell me more. Talks to the Coyote says that you 
are crossing the land of the Inuna-ina. You should offer gifts for this 
privilege. Act as though you want to trade, but ask for nothing in return. Do 
you have any advice? I suggest you offer gifts. Talks to the Coyote is a 
powerful man. He can be a strong friend or a strong enemy. Friendship with the 
Arapaho can be a great advantage to you on the next leg of your 
journey. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Howdy. My name's Brewster Lumare. My brother and I are heading to California, 
just having left Wisconsin. We're just stopping to get a look at that great 
curiosity they call Chimney Rock. Tell me more. We've been speculating on that 
rock ever since it came into view. My brother claimed it looked most like a 
dead tree that no one bothered to clear away. I figured it bears greater 
resemblence to a fence pole, placed there by some giant hand. Do you have any 
advice? Take a needle and thread to that coat of yours. It looks a might wore 
out. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Well, howdy. You see that big tower over there? They say that there is Chimney 
Rock! Tell me more. If we was traveling on the other side of the river, we 
could get right up close to it. But over here on the north side, the best we 
can do is get a distant view of it. Still a remarkable sight, though. Do you 
have any advice? I'd watch out for the young ones if I were you. Never can 
tell when they might fall underneath the wagon wheels and get themselves hurt 
awful bad. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Howdy, people. My ferry's ready to go. You want I should take you across the 
river? How much does it cost? Costs five dollars for each wagon. Do you have 
any advice? Once you get across the river, you go by the fort and stock up on 
supplies, maybe do some wagon repairs. Won't hurt to rest up a few days, 
neither. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long. Howdy, people. My ferry's ready to 
go. You want that I should take you across the river? How much does it 
cost? Seeing how's you're bound for the City of the Great Salt Lake, it don't 
cost nothing to take this here ferry. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon?

They say the name of this river comes from a trapper who spilt an entire bag 
of sugar while crossing. He declared it made mighty sweet water. Tell me 
more. Been doing a bit of hunting, though game is somewhat scarce hereabouts. 
We even tried eating prairie dog, but they ain't got much meat and don't taste 
so good. Antelope's the best. Do you have any advice? I hear there's alkali 
ponds around here. You can tell it by the yellow-red grass growing around 
them. It'll kill an ox or horse quicker than you can 
spit. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

BSometimes the grasshoppers are so thick hereabouts, they look almost like a 
layer of fresh snow lying all about. I've never seen its like before. Tell me 
more. When we get to the end of our journey, I'm thinking of setting up a 
business. The cities out there are growing and a-bringing all matter of 
furniture and finery around the Cape. Costs a pretty penny. I could build and 
sell furniture! Do you have any advice? Gather what greens you can for your 
stock. The grasshoppers ain't of a mind to leave much 
behind. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

You fixing to cross the river? I can take you across. How much does it 
cost? I'll take you across for seven dollars per wagon, plus fifty cents for 
each of your animals. Sounds steep, but it's a lot better than drowning. Do 
you have any advice? If you want that I should take you, pay up. Otherwise, 
step aside and let someone else up. Can't wait around here all 
day. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Seven dollars and more to ferry each wagon over the Green River? Those 
ferrymen will make a hundred dollars before breakfast! Tell me more. Well, I 
don't know what you'uns are planning to do, but I'm not shelling out that kind 
of money to cross a river! Do you have any advice? I'm going to find me a good 
place to ford our wagons and animals. What little money we have left, we'll 
keep! Maybe you folks ought to do likewise! Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Howdy. Ma and Pa let us children listen in on the music around the fire circle 
last night. The fiddler played 'Pop Goes the Weasel.' Tell me more. We acted 
it all out, chasing around the fire as the cobbler's bench. Pa says we've all 
got to do our part to get the family to Oregon. Even little Johnny helps 
gather chips. And I help Ma with the baking and washing. Do you have any 
advice? You ought to see my Pa for advice. He knows an awful lot about where 
we're headed. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Howdy! This here ferry's the best way to get across the Bear River. How much 
does it cost? Five dollars. Hey, this job ain't without risks, you know! Do 
you have any advice? If the five dollars is too much, just step aside and let 
some other folks take the ferry. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long. Howdy! This 
here ferry's the best way to get across the Bear River. How much does it 
cost? Since you're going to the City of the Great Salt Lake, you don't have to 
pay to cross. Do you have any advice? You be careful going through those 
canyons up the road a ways. Trail's rough something awful! Can do a wagon a 
mess of damage. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon?

It would seem that we've been thrice smitten--first with mosquitoes, then 
dust, and always abundant sickness. Tell me more. Two of our oxen have died, 
and our wagon's been patched more times than I can count. Thank goodness 
everyone in our party has survived and can look forward to the end of our 
journey. Do you have any advice? Hold to the trail. It's laid before us and 
will soon be nothing more than a memory--a tale to be passed down from 
generation to generation. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

This here place is called Echo Canyon. If you call out like this--YEE-AAH!--
ain't that something? Most prominent echo I ever heared. Tell me more. Some 
folks' animals are giving out under their load. They got to be lightening 
their wagons. But when I see good flour and bacon left behind, I can't help 
but think of the hungry mouths there may be on the trail ahead. Do you have 
any advice? Sure do. If you got to lighten your load, just remember that 
you'll always need food. And warm clothes, too. These mountains and canyons 
can get right cold, even in summer. Especially at 
night! Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

This is the Weber River. I can take you across on the ferry. How much does it 
cost? Got five dollars? That's how much. Do you have any advice? If you're 
going to California, it would be wise to avoid the deserts, at least as much 
as you can. And if you do go through a desert, they say it's best to travel by 
night. It ain't so hot that way. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long. This is the 
Weber River. I can take you across on the ferry. How much does it cost? Well, 
the normal charge is five dollars, but since you're on your way to the city, 
it's free. Do you have any advice? The desert's being turned into a garden. If 
you do your part--as I'm sure you will--you'll reap the benefits of freedom 
and prosperity. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon?

Mercy! Have you ever been through anything like these canyons? Most rugged 
trail we've seen yet! Tell me more. We're surely being tried and tested! I can 
only pray that we're up to the challenge. Do you have any advice? It would be 
foolish to push ourselves too hard at this point. Even going slow, our wagons 
and poor animals are taking quite a licking. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Hold it, folks! This is the quarantine station. Every party's gotta be 
checked. Tell me more. We got to make sure nobody's bringing in any terrible 
sickness that'll spread to the settlement in the valley. We can't afford to 
let any smallpox, typhoid, or anthrax come through and threaten the city. Do 
you have any advice? If any people or animals in your party's got a serious 
contagious illness, you've either got to turn back or wait here under our 
doctor's care until the disease is past. That's just the way it 
is. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

They call this Donner Hill because it's one of the places where the Donner 
Party had a bad time on their fateful journey. Tell me more. They struggled up 
this hill--weren't too smart in their ways of going about it, or so I hear--
and wasted a lot of time that eventually proved dear to them, as you know. Do 
you have any advice? Well, if the Donner tragedy teaches us anything, it's 
that we shouldn't waste no time along the trail. Got to keep moving--by going 
around hills whenever possible! Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

I do declare that this is strangely beautiful country! What do you mean? I'd 
be almost tempted to settle down right here. But the land's so rugged and dry. 
Still there are plenty of streams, and with irrigation, this could be turned 
into a fertile place. Do you have any advice? After all those rugged mountains 
and canyons we just passed through, I sure could use some time off from the 
trail. It would be a good idea for us to rest up here for a couple days before 
moving on. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Looks like there's a split in the trail here. So there is. We got to decide 
which way to go. Do you have any advice? No, can't say I do. What do you have 
in mind? Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Welcome to Great Salt Lake City, friends! My name is Augustus Parkinson. Come 
on into town and renew yourselves! Tell me more. Not only is this a fine place 
to restock your provisions and obtain the help and sustenance you need, but 
it's also a major crossroads on the trails. Roads to Oregon, California, and 
back east branch off from here! Do you have any advice? We do a thriving trade 
in draft animals here. Before you continue on the trail, you might seriously 
consider trading in your tired, worn-out animals and getting some fresh ones 
for the remainder of your journey. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Howdy, folks. You want I should take you across the Jordan River? How much 
does it cost? Costs three dollars. You know, this here river used to be called 
the Utah Outlet, but after the Saints established Great Salt Lake City, they 
renamed it after the great river in the Bible. Do you have any advice? Well, 
it might be none of my business, but I wouldn't recommend going through the 
desert up ahead. Closest place to Hades on earth, I reckon. I'd turn around 
and go north of the lake. But, then again, I suppose you know what you're 
doing. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Howdy, folks. You want I should take you across the Jordan River? How much 
does it cost? Not a bit. It only costs something if you're not bound for Great 
Salt Lake City. Do you have any advice? No, I don't reckon I 
do. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon?

Ain't this lake a sight? So big and salty--almost like a piece of the ocean 
right here in the middle of the desert! Tell me more. Why, they say a person 
couldn't sink in this water if he tried! Huh! Not that I'm much interested in 
trying! Do you have any advice? As remarkable as this lake is, it doesn't have 
much to offer. Certainly can't drink this salty water. We'd best get a move on 
across these alkali flats, don't you think? Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

You know, they say the desert up ahead is mighty fearsome. But in this here 
valley there's pretty good growth. Tell me more. Well, I heard some folks back 
there say that we'd be wise to cut up some of this here grass and lay it up as 
hay for our animals. It'll help them make it through the desert. Do you have 
any advice? Let's do as they suggest and lay up some hay. It'll add some extra 
weight to the wagons, but it may prove to be a life-
saver. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Blazes! When I heard that we were coming to 'Big Springs,' I thought, 'Well, 
it'll be nice to have some nice, fresh water to drink.' But this!  What do you 
mean? Why, that water was terrible! Pretty near as salty as the Great Salt 
Lake itself! What's more, the smell was vile beyond words! No matter how 
thirsty we may be, we can't have none of that! It would surely make us 
sick! Do you have any advice? Let's move! Maybe we'll find some better water 
further on. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Hey! We just saw a small group of Utes--you know, the ones they call the 
'Diggers'--just over that ridge over there! Tell me more. They wanted to trade 
with us--offered us some of their food--looked like mashed insects and seeds--
but we told them we didn't have anything to spare. They didn't seem any too 
happy about it, either. Do you have any advice? Yeah--let's go! I'm afeared 
that if those disappointed Utes bring some of their friends back to see us, 
there may be trouble! We shouldn't be waiting around 
here! Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

You say this is called Skull Valley? Well, I don't like the sound of 
that! What do you mean? Mean? Would you fancy spending much time in a 'Skull 
Valley'? Do you have any advice? Yes. Let's keep 
moving. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

It says in our guidebook that this is Hastings Pass. At least, if I'm reading 
it correctly. Tell me more. It was named for the explorer and guide Lansford 
Hastings, who blazed this shortcut to California. Do you have any 
advice? According to the guidebook, the Great Salt Lake Desert is dead ahead. 
Each of us would do well to prepare ourselves for it as best we 
can. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

sakes! Will you look at that! And we got to go across THAT for seventy miles 
before we find any more water? Tell me more. I'm beginning to have serious 
reservations about the wisdom of this endeavor. Do you have any advice? I 
reckon it's too late to turn back now. But I suggest we wait until near 
nightfall before going further. The desert will be easier to endure when the 
sun ain't beating down on us! And when we go, maybe we ought to push ourselves 
as fast as we can. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

I was afraid we'd come to something like this. What do you mean? I mean a 
desert such as we've never seen before and aren't likely to see again--one way 
or another. Do you have any advice? They say it's seventy miles across--more 
than a day's journey. We'd best not attempt it in the heat of the 
day. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Water! Thank heavens! We made it across that blasted desert to water! Tell me 
more. The water here don't look so good--kind of scummy. Smells bad, too. But 
it's wet, and that's what counts! I don't know how much further we could have 
gone without it! Do you have any advice? Watch them livestock to make sure 
they don't drink too much! They're crazy with thirst, but you can only let 
them drink a little bit at first. Prepare to take a strong hold of 
them. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Well, now I've surely seen the elephant. What do you mean? I mean the desert 
was just about all that a human being can stand. I'm at the limits of my 
endurance! Do you have any advice? Well, we certainly can't turn around and go 
back now. That would be the death of me! After we rest up here a bit, I reckon 
we just got to keep pushing on! Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Oh, look at all the water in this lake! And Daddy says it's good water--not 
that bad water like we've had for so many days now. Tell me more. Daddy says 
this is called Snow Water Lake because it's filled with water from the snow 
melting in the mountains. That's why the water's so good! Do you have any 
advice? Can we stop and rest here for a while? I know everybody says we got to 
keep moving, but we're awful tired. Our poor oxen need a good rest, too. And 
this fresh water makes it a good place to rest, don't 
it? Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Well, would you look at this? A few days ago we were in nothing but desert, 
and now we're surrounded by marshes. Tell me more. According to our guidebook, 
these are the Ruby Valley Marshes. Do you have any advice? Not really. I'm 
just eager to get to the end of this journey. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Hey, look here! There's a divide in the trail! Which way you reckon we ought 
to go? What do you think? Pa says we're going to California, and that's west 
of here. So maybe that's the road we ought to take. Do you have any 
advice? Well, heck. Nobody ever asks me for advice, and I'm not sure I should 
offer any. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

You Americans! I know some of your language. We're Paiute. Do you want to 
trade? Maybe. Tell me more. We have grasshoppers. They're good to eat. There 
aren't many large animals around here. You won't find much to hunt with your 
long guns. Do you have any advice? You're crossing difficult country. Stay 
close to the rivers. If you have to cross a desert where there's no water, you 
should only cross at night. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Seems like no matter where we put down our feet, the dust wells up like a 
swarm of bees. Tell me more. Even most plants refuse to grow in this harsh 
place. I see bits of sage and willow near the river, and a few desert plants 
the likes of which I never see'd before. But even them plants look kinda dry 
and stunted. Do you have any advice? Too much of the alkali dust can induce a 
delirium. In most folks, it creates a mighty thirst and tiredness. Breathe it 
too long, and you'll take sick and loose your head. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So 
long.

I'm pretty sure this is where the Applegate Cutoff splits away from the main 
road to California. Tell me more. If we go northwest from here, we'll head 
into northern California and southern Oregon. Do you have any advice? There's 
deserts up ahead, whichever way we go. Maybe we ought to take advantage of 
some of this growth here and lay up some hay for our animals. They might need 
it! Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

This here place is called Lassen's Meadows. I hear it's named after Peter 
Lassen, who blazed some trails in these parts. Tell me about this place. Well, 
if I understand it right, this is where the old Applegate Cutoff split away 
from the California Trail. But now most folks call it the Lassen Cutoff. My, 
but the grass grows here more than most spots hereabouts. Do you have any 
advice? Depends on where we're headed. If we're going to California, I reckon 
we ought to keep going southwest. But if we're of a mind to go to southern 
Oregon, we should take the cutoff. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

­Ah, más emigrantes é por donde vas te topas con ellos. Sorry, I don't speak 
Spanish. No hablo inglés, pero sí hablo idiomas indigenas, los cuales me 
ayudan a comerciar con ellos. No muchos americanos hablan estos idiomas. Do 
you have any advice? Le aconsejo que junte algo de forraje en esta pradera é 
sus animales lo necesitarán en el desierto que viene más adelante. Adiós y 
buena suerte. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long. Ah, more emigrants. It's 
getting so you can't go anywhere without running into them. Tell me more. I 
don't speak English. But I do speak several local Indian languages, which 
helps me in my dealings as a trader. Not many Americans like you speak Indian 
languages, however. Do you have any advice? I would warn you to gather up some 
hay here in these meadows for the desert ahead. Your animals will need it. 
Good-bye and good luck. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon?

It says here in the guidebook that this is Big Meadows, at least if I 
understand it correctly. Tell me about this place. The writer says here that 
this is one of the few places around here where there's usually enough grass 
to cut for hay. Do you have any advice? The book recommends that we cut some 
grass here and store it in our wagons as hay for our draft animals. Says that 
there's some awful deserts ahead, and since there's no water, the hay will 
help keep our animals alive. Too bad we can't eat hay, 
too. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

It says here that this place is called Mary's Sink. Tell me about this 
place. This is what Mary's River flows into--akin to a huge puddle full of bad 
water. The water sinks into the sand or evaporates in the sun. Do you have any 
advice? I wouldn't drink any of this water, or let my animals do it. Looks and 
smells awful. It would be best to wait until we find something better. This 
stagnant water could make us sick. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

It says here that this is Humboldt Sink. Used to be called Mary's Sink, before 
people started calling the old Mary's River the Humboldt River. Tell me about 
this place. This is what the Humboldt River flows into--like a giant shallow, 
sandy puddle full of foul water. Then the water just sinks down into the sand 
or evaporates away in the desert sun. Do you have any advice? I wouldn't drink 
any of this water, or let my animals do it. Looks and smells awful. It would 
be best to wait until we find something better. This stagnant water could make 
us sick. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Howdy, friend. I just now finished recording the day's events in my journal. 
It'll be a valuable memento of this endeavor of ours. Tell me more. We've made 
it to Humboldt Sink. Dreadful place, ain't it? Strangely beautiful, though. I 
see the road splits here. Which way are we going? Do you have any 
advice? Well, it would be my druthers to stay on the main route, the one that 
branches off to the right, I think. I reckon the other one's OK, 
too. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

I feel like I been eating dust soup all day. It's been so thick, we tied masks 
of cloth on the oxen to filter the dust. They still appear to suffer from it, 
though. Tell me more. I've learned to drink just one cup of water in the 
morning to slake my thirst. What little we have has to stretch. Do you have 
any advice? Using a couple of poles and a blanket can make a bit of shade 
during the nooning. Getting out of the sun and wind does refresh one a bit. 
But I don't know if we should do any nooning in the desert ahead. May be best 
just to keep going no matter what. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Sure enough I'm all parched and worn after that desert. I feel as dry as a 
bunch of these bones around here bleaching in the sun. But we made it 
through! Tell me more. After watering the livestock in this here river, I'm 
going to pour the water over my head until I see puddles forming at my 
feet. Do you have any advice? Don't let your livestock drink too much. They're 
powerful thirsty after that desert. They're liable to swell their bellies and 
get sick on too much water. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Greetings, traveler. You notice that the trail splits here. I do believe 
you'll find the westerly path most agreeable. Tell me more. It affords the 
smoothest and fastest road, and it boasts the best grass hereabouts. I'll be 
danged if you don't think you landed right in the land of milk and honey with 
the west branch. Do you have any advice? With that north path, you'll suffer 
some terrible rough roads, no water, and the poorest feed this side of the 
Platte. Why, I'd take the west route. I'd never steer you wrong, 
neighbor. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Why, howdy, friends! Welcome to Truckee Meadows! Hey, I bet you're headed for 
Sacramento, ain't you? Maybe. Well, don't go the usual way, following the 
Truckee road. That's what the Donner Party did, and you know what happened to 
them! Fearsome, tragic tale! Do you have any advice? Sure enough I do! You 
just take the road branching north toward the Beckwourth Pass! That's by far 
the best way to go! Plenty of water and road as smooth as silk! You know, 
there's deadly poisonous plants along the Truckee Route--did you know 
that? Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Glory be! Have you ever seen mountains like them! I thought the Rockies were 
tall, but I do believe these here Sierras are even taller! Tell me more. I 
figure we got no choice but to try to cross them. Lord knows it'll be rough on 
the poor animals, though. Do you have any advice? After we cross the 
mountains, we're near the end of our journey. Maybe now is a good time to 
lighten our wagon loads. It'll make it easier on the draft animals, that's for 
sure. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

It looks like there's a split in the trail here, but there's no mention of it 
in my guidebook. Tell me more. Well, I don't rightly know what to say. It 
looks as though the main trail goes north of the lake. I wonder where this 
southern branch goes. Do you have any advice? Since Sacramento's southwest of 
here, maybe that south branch would be a good one to take. Only I'm not so 
sure. What do you think? Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

So this is Donner Lake! Heaven help us, but it gives me the chills just to 
think about what happened here. What do you mean? Surely you don't mean to 
tell me you ain't heard of the Donner Party and all the horrible things that 
occurred--especially right near where we're standing? Too awful to talk 
about! Do you have any advice? Let's leave this place as quick as we 
can. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Looks like we got a choice to make. Which of these ways you figure we ought to 
go? What do you think? Well, we certainly don't want to go back the way we 
came. But that leaves us two other roads to choose from. Do you have any 
advice? You bought all the fresh supplies you need? Mama says we're getting 
near the end of the trail, but that don't mean we should get careless about 
our day-to-day needs. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Alto! Este es territorio mejicano. Muéstreme sus papeles. Sorry, I don't speak 
Spanish. Lo siento, pero no hablo inglés. Soy el Capitán Ernesto Muñoz. Es mi 
deber asegurarme que todos los emigrantes que pasan por aqu' están debidamente 
autorizados. Do you have any advice? Recuerde que ahora Usted no está en los 
Estados Unidos.  Debe obedecer las leyes de Méjico y no causar 
problemas. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long. Stop! This is Mexican territory! 
Show me your papers. Tell me more. Sorry, but I don't speak English. I am 
Captain Ernesto Muñoz. It is my duty to make sure that all emigrants passing 
this way have proper authorization. Do you have any advice? I advise you to 
remember that you are no longer in the United States. You must obey the laws 
of Mexico. And don't stir up any trouble. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon?


More wagons! Sure has been a busy day! You folks fixing to cross on the 
ferry? Maybe. How much is the toll? The cost is fifty cents. I reckon that's a 
might bit cheaper than some of the ferries you encountered on your way 
here. Do you have any advice? If you have to wait a bit to use the ferry 
because there's others ahead of you, don't worry. Just be patient and your 
turn will come before you know it. And it's worth the wait. A lot safer than 
fording, that's for sure. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Hello, friend! Come in, come in! My name is Johann Sutter. Well, I've taken to 
using the name John instead of Johann, in the American fashion. So many 
Americans moving here, you know. Tell me more. I built this fort both as a 
trading post and as a place where emigrants to the Sacramento Valley can start 
getting themselves settled. I envision great things for the Sacramento 
Valley! Do you have any advice? There's good farm land roundabouts. Work hard 
and you'll do well. I've got plans to establish a city here. I'm calling it 
New Helvetia. Helvetia is the Latin name for Switzerland, my European 
homeland. But Calfornia's my home now! Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Whoa! You back them animals up right now! We don't let no animals into the 
compound, especially if they ain't been checked for disease! Tell me 
more. I'll tell you more! A lot of you people coming in from the States, 
practically at Mr. Sutter's behest, and you go and abuse his hospitality! It 
ain't right! Do you have any advice? Well, you seem polite enough. I reckon I 
got myself worked up for nothing, and I do apologize. Out in this rugged 
country, a man gets to forgetting civilized behavior. If you're looking for 
supplies, the trading post will fix you up with what you 
need. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Well, this is what used to be Sutter's Fort, but it's abandoned now. Tell me 
more. I hear old John Sutter's business ventures started to go sour after the 
discovery of gold. People started overrunning his lands, paying no heed to his 
rights and claims. Ruined him! Kind of like with the Indians, wouldn't you 
say? Do you have any advice? I understand Sacramento City proper's just a mile 
or so from here. One of these roads will take us there, I 
reckon. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Oh, howdy, people! Come on over and join me! Ain't got much here, but I'll 
share what I got! Howdy. Hey, maybe you can fill me in. A few years back I was 
at Fort Laramie, and I met up with a young fellow name of Francis Parkman. 
Educated man, but a bit sickly. Anyways, I hear he's written a book about the 
Oregon Trail. Is that the truth? Do you have any advice? Well, if you're on 
this here road, you must be cogitating on going to California. But I wouldn't 
mess with it! Overrated! There's gold there, all right, but you got to break 
your back twice for every ounce! I know--I've been 
there! Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Howdy, folks! My bridge here offers the best way to cross Marsh Creek. An' the 
price is fair! How much is the toll? Just twenty-five cents. You know, you 
ought to be glad this bridge is here. Save you an awful lot of trouble with 
the mud and muck, not to mention the water itself! Ask me, a quarter-dollar's 
a steal! Do you have any advice? There's a split in the trail up the road a 
ways. If you want to go to Oregon, take the north route. If you're going 
anywhere else, go south. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Here's another split in the trail. Tell me about this place. I understand this 
is where the Hudspeth Cutoff links up to the California Trail. Do you have any 
advice? Well, I was gonna ask you the same 
question! Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

They call this the City of Rocks because of all the strange rock formations--
kind of like buildings in a city! Tell me more. I never seen nothing like this 
before! Do you have any advice? Well, the trail's mighty rough through here. 
Maybe we ought to slow our pace a bit, make it easier on the animals. Lessen 
the chances of wagon damage, too. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Hello, pilgrims! Hope you don't mind an old trader taking up a bit of your 
time. Tell me about this place. This here is the junction where the Salt Lake 
Cutoff conjoins with the Californy Trail. Do you have any advice? Well, let's 
see--my sense of direction ain't quite what it used to be. Let me put it like 
this--if you don't go back to where you just came from, you're bound to get 
somewhere else no matter which way you go! Heh, 
heh! Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

This surely must be one of the ruggedest stretches of trail we've seen 
yet! Tell me more. Up hills and down, and rocks everywhere! I do feel sorry 
for our poor animals. One of ours just got a split hoof! Do you have any 
advice? If one of your animals gets sick or injured, give them a rest. For a 
split hoof, you can help them by making a boot out of leather. Put that over 
the hoof and the animal should be able to go a ways longer, at least until you 
can give it proper care. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Heavens to Betsy! I thought we saw thick sand back along the Platte, but I do 
believe this has it all beat! Tell me more. I just hope the wind don't whip up 
now and start a duststorm! As hard as this thick sand is on us and the 
animals, a duststorm will only make it ten times worse! Do you have any 
advice? If the wagons get stuck in the sand, we'll have to double-team our 
animals to get moving again. In fact, it wouldn't be such a bad idea to 
double-team them right away to avoid getting stuck in the first 
place! Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

These hot springs we come across every now and then sure are a blessing! What 
do you mean? Well, they provide hot water without having to boil it in a 
kettle, and you can't beat it for washing clothes. A bit rough on the fabrics, 
but it cleans good! Do you have any advice? I wouldn't recommend drinking much 
of this hot spring water, even after letting it cool off. Lot of alkali 
hereabouts, and it's not good for consumption--especially not for the 
animals! Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Howdy! I see you folks is getting ready to go back to rafting down the river. 
You know, I can tell you some good stories. Tell me more. The Indians say that 
in times gone by, the Columbia River had a disagreement with the mountains. It 
kept on until they had a big fight. They commenced to throwing rocks at one 
another, leaving the river upstream full of boulders. Them's the rapids! Do 
you have any advice? You might consider stopping by Fort Vancouver when you 
get down the river a ways. There's some folks there who may help you get 
started in the Willamette Valley, maybe give you some good advice 
themselves. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Oh, hello, hello. So good to see you. You must be tired after your long 
journey! Feel free to rest here a while at the fort. Refresh yourselves! Tell 
me more. I'm so sorry, I forgot to introduce myself. I'm Dr. John McLaughlin, 
the chief factor here at Fort Vancouver. If there's anything I can do to help 
you get settled in your new life in the Willamette Valley, just let me 
know. Do you have any advice? The best way to proceed into the valley is by 
water, just as you came here. Right near here is the mouth of the Willamette 
River, flowing into the Columbia. Row up the river until you start to see a 
good-sized settlement and land there. Good luck to 
you! Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

I reckon you folks want I should take you across the river, huh? How much does 
it cost? Five dollars. Do you have any advice? No. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So 
long. I reckon you folks want I should take you across the river, huh? How 
much does it cost? Don't cost nothing. Do you have any advice? Not really. You 
must know what you're doing because you're almost 
there. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon?

Howdy, people! You ready to cross the river? Maybe. How much is the 
toll? Three dollars. Not a bad price. Do you have any advice? I'm the best 
ferry-operator this side of the Missouri. Trust me to get you across safe and 
sound. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long. Howdy, people! You ready to cross the 
river? How much does it cost? No charge. Can't argue about the price. Do you 
have any advice? I'm the best ferry-operator this side of the Missouri. Trust 
me to get you across safe and sound. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon?

You folks fixing to cross the river? Here, let me take you across on the 
ferry. How much does it cost? My price is reasonable--just a dollar and a 
half. Hey, what's the matter? Ain't you never seen a woman running a ferry 
before? I've taken hundreds of people across, as good as any man! Do you have 
any advice? Yeah, I do. The trail hereabouts is right rough. You take it easy. 
You know, them animals of yours look like they could use a 
rest. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

They say this place is called Rattlesnake Pass. Tell me more. Don't rightly 
know much about it except its name. But I figure there's got to be rattlers 
about with a name like that! Do you have any advice? Yeah--watch where you 
step! Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Howdy. My Pa says we're getting ready to go through a desert. Tell me 
more. I'm scared. I've heard stories about people dying of thirst in 
deserts. Do you have any advice? I wish we wasn't going. Maybe you can talk to 
the other grown-ups--get them to change their 
minds. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Whew! The sound of that running water sounds as sweet as a song inviting us to 
come drink. Just to see it sparkle in the sun! Tell me more. Sure am glad we 
got through that desert. Some of the livestock couldn't take no more and had 
to stop. I think I want to go back and take some water to them. Hope they're 
still alive. Do you have any advice? Why don't you folks wait here for a day 
or two while we go fetch the ones left behind? The rest will do you good, and 
we'll be able to join you. We got to stick together! Pardon? Pardon? Pardon?
So long.

Sure is pretty country roundabouts here. Might be a good place to settle down 
someday! Tell me more. Mind you, I'm not fixing to put roots down here just 
yet. I've got my eye on some of that nice farming country up in the Rogue 
River Valley, where we're heading. Do you have any advice? This looks like it 
would be a good place to rest awhiles. Good water, nice forage. Yeah--ideal 
spot to rest! Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Oh, gosh-darn it, you startled me! But I reckon I ought to not be falling 
asleep like that. It's risky! So, you want to go across on the ferry? Maybe. 
How much is the toll? I charge a mere one dollar to cross. Do you have any 
advice? There's mountains up ahead. Road gets right rough. You take it 
easy. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Heaven help us! Another batch of mountains to cross! Why can't all mountain 
ranges have easy passes like back there at South Pass? What do you mean? Back 
at the last big hill, my wagon pretty near tipped over. Just luck kept it from 
falling over. I hate to think what might have happened-- Do you have any 
advice? We better take it slow and easy. Double-teaming the animals might be a 
good idea. We don't want to have any major mishaps this close to the end of 
our journey! Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Hey there. I'm George Dunn, unluckiest man this side of Saint Louis. Some of 
our cattle drank alkali yesterday. They got sick. I gave them a dose of lard 
last night. Hope they get better. Tell me more. My wife died of the cholera 
whilst we were still along the Platte. With three young ones to watch, I guess 
I can't keep such good control over the animals. Do you have any advice? If 
your cattle get sick from the alkali water, give them about a quart of lard 
each. If it don't take, try again, or maybe force some vinegar down their 
throats. If you catch it soon enough, they should be OK in a day or 
so. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Howdy, folks. Sorry I can't shake your hand--I got boot-black on it. Tell me 
about this place. I reckon you know that this is Fort Churchill--just started 
up this year to help protect emigrants like you from possible attacks from the 
Paiutes. Do you have any advice? Stick to the main trails and you should be 
OK. Take Carson Pass through the Sierras--it's the best way south of Lake 
Tahoe. There's a couple of towns between here and the 
Pass. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Howdy, stranger! Welcome to Virginia City--greatest boom town between 
Sacramento and the Great Salt Lake! Tell me more. Just a couple years ago, 
weren't nothing here but sand, snakes, and desert rats! But then they struck 
silver! And look here now! We're a regular frontier metropolis! Do you have 
any advice? If you got your heart set on California, just keep heading west. 
Once you get over the Sierras, it's all pretty much downhill from there. But 
keep your nose out of trouble--there's vigilante justice in these 
parts! Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Hola. My name is Lucia. I am Paiute, but I was raised by Spanish missionaries. 
They taught me Spanish. Habla Usted el español? Tell me more. I learned 
English from the American traders around here. See? I speak English well. I am 
a very fast learner. I want to be a teacher. I do chores here until the day 
when I go back to the Paiute and teach English and Spanish to them. Do you 
have any advice? This is very harsh country, but you already know that. The 
trading posts are good for helping travelers like you survive. Americans 
aren't as good at living here as the Paiute and the 
Mexicans. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Looks like the trail follows along the foot of the Sierras for a ways before 
we have to cross them. Tell me more. Well, I was looking at my map, and it 
seems that Carson Pass is still somewhat to our south. And that's the best way 
through the mountains, right? Do you have any advice? I'm eager to get past 
this dry country. Let's just keep moving, at least until we're in the 
mountains. And I reckon it wouldn't be such a bright idea to stop there, 
either. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Greetings to you. I am Jin Sim. I mine for gold. My mine, the Lucky Hill, is 
just outside town. Tell me more. I send my gold home to my family in China. 
When I return there, we'll buy a farm. Some Chinese want to bring their 
families to California. I want only to make a better life for my family. Do 
you have any advice? Maybe you'd like to be a miner, too. There's plenty gold 
to go around, if you are lucky enough to find it and willing to work hard. 
Mining is hard work--not for lazy people. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Howdy, friends. I'm Jim Beckwourth. Welcome to my ranch. It's my pleasure to 
provide needed supplies to weary emigrants such as yourselves. Tell me more. I 
was born back in 1798, in Virginia, the third of thirteen children. At a 
tender age, my family moved to Missouri, in the vicinity of St. Louis, a very 
wild country at that time. Do you have any advice? Well, if you meet up with a 
grizzly--a distinct possibility in these parts--you best be sure with your 
shot. If you only manage to wound it, you'd better commence climbing a tree as 
fast as you can. If not, the grizzly will get the best of the 
bargain. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Why, it looks like this place is abandoned! Tell me more. Well, according to 
my guidebook, this is Beckwourth's Ranch, where the famed mountain man Jim 
Beckwourth lives. But it don't look like no one lives here no more. Do you 
have any advice? We might be able to find something worth salvaging if we 
rummage around a bit. Then again, maybe it would be best if we move 
along. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Hello. My name is Li Tzu-chen. I see you are a stranger here. So am I. I have 
lived here only a short time. Tell me more. I came here from San Francisco to 
work with my brother, who cooks on a ranch outside town. He cooks for many 
men. There was too much work for one person to do, so I came to help. Do you 
have any advice? I don't think I should be one to give advice. You ask some of 
these other people in town. They're always glad to tell you what they think 
you should do. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Howdy. I'm Abigail Ingalls. Thank you for inquiring, I'm doing fine. Tell me 
more. My husband up and died last year, and my children growed up and left. 
Nothing holding me back--decided I'd go to California and start up a boarding 
house. Do you have any advice? Half the people here are crazy for gold, and 
the other half are just plain crazy. As soon as I save enough money, I'm 
tempted to move back east. Before long, you may feel the same. Perhaps you'll 
save yourself the trouble and just go now. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

I see you're going west by wagon. I sure hope you got extra sets of 
clothing! Tell me more. You'll need extra clothes. Trail's hard on them, and 
it gets cold. And you can trade them to Indians for fresh vegetables, fish, or 
meat. Do you have any advice? It's well worth hiring an Indian guide whenever 
you can at a river crossing. But expect to pay them! They're sharp traders, 
not easily cheated! Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Ah, greetings, my good friend. Allow me to introduce myself. I am Dr. Brogan 
Cavenaugh, famed on three continents for my marvelous Miracle Elixir. Which 
continents? North America, Europe, and another one whose name escapes me at 
the moment. Why, just one spoonful of my Miracle Elixir every morning will 
guarantee you against cholera, dysentery, measles, smallpox, frostbite, 
gangrene, and sundry other maladies. Do you have any advice? Buy a bottle or 
two of my Miracle Elixir--that's the best possible advice I can give anyone. 
Oh, excuse me--I have to run. I just remembered an important 
engagement. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Well, I just finished checking my supplies, and I can't say we're really in 
need of much of anything. Tell me more. I think I'll mosie over to the store 
they got here and see if there's anything I can use. Do you have any 
advice? You might want to check your animals and be sure they're OK. If need 
be, you might be able to get a few fresh ones here before we move 
on. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Say, you're one of them folks from that wagon train there, ain't you? Where 
are all you people coming from? I'm trying to get word of my cousin who's 
supposed to be out on the trail. Tell me more. He came out of Kentucky and was 
traveling with two young ones. His name's Brown--Elisha Brown. I'd like to 
tell him about a sadness in his family that happened just a week after he 
left. Do you have any advice? Send what mail you can to your family as you 
travel. Forts are a good place for it. Ain't much else we can do except keep 
asking if someone's seen our people along the way. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So 
long.

Ah, my friend, a fellow traveler through this great land! You are indeed lucky 
to cross paths with me this day. I've a single bottle left of my finest cattle 
linament. Being my last, I'll let it go for a mere two dollars. Tell me 
more. Works for any draft animal, not just cattle! Keeping your animals on the 
road is vital in your journey. Just rub a bit of my linament on their legs 
each morning, and they'll step as lively as spring calves! Do you have any 
advice? I advise you to take me up on this valuable offer before someone else 
snatches up this, my last bottle.--Oh, excuse me, I have to be going--
 Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Sure am glad we made it here. I got to find me some wood planks and maybe a 
carpenter so he can help me fix my wagon. Tell me more. Back there a ways I 
heard a big 'crack' while we were going over some rough road. My rear axle 
broke and damaged the underside of the wagon. I was able to replace the axle, 
but the hind portion of the wagon bed's just about gone now. Do you have any 
advice? Check your animals, supplies, and wagon real careful here. This place 
might offer the last chance for any help for a good 
ways. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

What are we doing wasting time here? Let's get a move on! Tell me more. What 
more is there to tell? We didn't come all this way to sit here and look at the 
sights! Do you have any advice? We've still got many a mile ahead of us! The 
best advice I can offer is for us to go! Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Hey--watch where you're going! What do you think, you own the 
place? Sorry. You're one of them 'emigrants' going out west on the trail, 
ain't you? Do you have any advice? You just watch your step around here. I 
ain't the only one who don't take kindly to careless 
strangers. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Pardon me, folks. I was wondering whether you've seen this character--Nasty 
Jack Finley. He's a cattle rustler, horse thief, and all-around 
troublemaker. Tell me more. He's even been rumored to kill a man, though ain't 
no proof of it--yet. But he's due for a hanging, that's for sure. Do you have 
any advice? I'd recommend you steer clear of him. He can be a mean one. And if 
you see him, notify the local authorities as quick as you can. Well, good day 
to you. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

This here town looks like a good place to stop and rest a spell. Maybe. Tell 
me more. I'm going to see if they got a doctor around here. We got some sick 
folks who could use his attentions. Do you have any advice? You might want to 
check out the local store and see what they got in the way of 
supplies. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Howdy, folks! Welcome to our fair city! We'd be right pleased to have you take 
advantage of our various businesses and services. Tell me more. We have a 
general store well-stocked in many of the provisions you undoubtedly need in 
your travels. And you may well find other helpful enterprises as you tour our 
streets. Do you have any advice? Take your time, take your time! Spend a few 
days with us! We'll be more than glad to help you in any way we can. Uh--you 
do have cash money, don't you? Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Glory be, more emigrants! There's seems to be more of you folks heading west 
every day! Tell me more. Forgive my suspicions, but you don't have any 
ruffians among you, do you? A few weeks back a party came through with several 
mean scoundrels in it. They tore up the local saloon and right terrorized some 
of the people here. Do you have any advice? We do have a good store here, so 
you might want to visit there before you move on. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So 
long.

Say, you're not from around here, are you? No. Tell me more. Oh, I bet you're 
with that wagon train that's passing through. You folks are more than welcome 
to stock up on supplies here. Do you have any advice? Watch yourself in these 
parts. Not everyone's as friendly as I am. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Glad to see you folks passing through. Here for long? No. Tell me more. Well, 
we can always use your business. You know, selling supplies to wagon trains 
like yours is one of the chief livelihoods hereabouts. Do you have any 
advice? I hear there's lots of good shortcuts out there on the trail. 
Sometimes you can save several weeks off your journey by taking some of 
them. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Say, you folks heading out on the trail--be sure to check your supplies 
often! Tell me more. If you're near to running out of essentials, you can 
usually buy more at forts or trading posts. Do you have any advice? If you got 
no money, you might be able to trade with other travelers for what you need. 
But don't wait until it's too late! Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

I understand you folks are in need of a doctor. Yes, we are. Well, I'll take a 
look at the patient and see if there's anything I can do to help. Do you have 
any advice? Eat well, drink lots of fluids, and get plenty of rest. Best 
advice anyone can give. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

I've been told you're looking for a doctor. Yes, we are. I'll do the best I 
can. Mind you, I don't have access to all the modern equipment and medicines 
like the physicians back east. Do you have any advice? If you see any plants 
with reddish leaves, don't eat them or drink the water nearby. Those red 
leaves are a good sign of alkali. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Howdy. I'm Duncan Gepps, one of the few physicians you're liable to find 
betwixt here and the Great Salt Lake. Howdy. If you people are in need of a 
doctor, I'll be glad to help. Do you have any advice? Whatever you do, don't 
take that road they call the 'Hastings Cutoff.' Ain't been nothing but death 
and misery for everyone who's traveled it! Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

They tell me someone in this wagon train is looking for a doctor. Is that 
true? Perhaps. Well, to be honest with you, I haven't been in regular practice 
for a number of years. But I'll be right pleased to do what I can. Do you have 
any advice? Next time you get to a town with a decent pharmacist, you might 
want to stock up on some basic medicines. Of course, you might have a pretty 
good supply already. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Howdy neighbor. We made a mistake in calculating the flour we would need. 
Finding we were deficient, we had to buy a quantity of flour here. Paid a dear 
price for it, too. Tell me more. A promoter back home said we could reach our 
destination in sixty days easy, so we outfitted for that span of time. But 
we're awful low on supplies, and we've got a ways to go yet. Do you have any 
advice? My advice? Don't take no advice. It's advice that got us here and 
nobody's advice is going to get us out. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Howdy-do, neighbor. Are you in need of my services? You won't find a 
blacksmith much better than me! Tell me more. When I'm finished with my 
current batch of repairs, I'll be pleased to help you. I can make or repair 
wheel rims, shoe your animals, what have you. And I charge reasonable 
rates! Do you have any advice? Your animals and your wagon are the only things 
that'll assure your success on this journey. Worn-out or sore-footed animals 
can get you in a heap of trouble. Take good care of them and they'll take good 
care of you. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

At every fort or trading post along the trail, prices have been higher than at 
the previous place! This is outrageous! Tell me more. They're taking advantage 
of us! If I had the chance to do it all over again, I'd buy more supplies at 
the beginning of our journey! Do you have any advice? Well, we might as well 
get what we need right here. Goodness knows it'll probably be even more 
expensive further down the road! Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Welcome, folks! Pleased to meet you. Sorry we can't boast much in the way of 
accomodations. The few quarters here ain't a heap much bigger than a monk's 
cell. Tell me more. We'd be mighty appreciative of a bit of entertainment in 
the evening. Most travellers come around to share a bit of news. And there's 
always somebody who can tell a good tale. Do you have any advice? You could 
try that  bit of level ground just over yonder for 
camping. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Howdy. I'm one of the regulars here at the fort. I'm here for the adventure 
and the steady pay. The conditions is tolerable and I can send a bit of money 
home to my ma. Tell me more. I been here since last spring. Before that I was 
part of a troop down by Sante Fe. We travel out most days, checking the area 
and calling on the emigrants. Do you have any advice? You might take advantage 
of this place to rest a while and build up your strength for the next part of 
your journey. And maybe you wouldn't mind sharing a bit of your home cooking 
with a poor fellow. I've a mighty longing for my sweet mama's fine 
vittles. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

I declare, I'm sure glad we made it to this here fort. It ain't exactly 
civilization, but it's the best we seen in a good long time. Tell me more. I'm 
gonna see what kind of supplies they have over here in this store or trading 
post. I hear some of these frontier forts have plenty of provisions, while 
others ain't got much more than salt pork and rancid flour. Do you have any 
advice? If I was you, I'd check my supplies and see if there's anything I need 
before even thinking about moving on. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

How's doing, friends? You must belong to that wagon train that just pulled 
in. Howdy. I'm a scout around about these parts. I hire myself out to the 
army, wagon trains, surveyorsÑjust about anyone in need of my services. Sorry 
I can't help you folks right nowÑI've got me a contract and I'm sticking to 
it. Do you have any advice? Rest up here for a day or two and restock your 
supplies. But don't waste too much time. You'd best be heading on your way 
soon to beat the snows! Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Wait a minuteÑjust let me finish writing this in my diary. É There! You know, 
I don't know what we'd do if it weren't for these forts along the way! What do 
you mean? It sure is a comfort to me knowing that, even way out here in the 
wilderness, every now and then there's a place where we can relax a spell. Do 
you have any advice? I vote we stay here a couple days and rest up. It won't 
do any of us no good if we exhaust ourselves. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Looks like as good a place as any to lay by a day and put up some fresh 
supplies. One of my oxen commenced to favoring a leg yesterday. I'd like the 
smithy here to take a look at the shoe. Tell me more. If what I hear is true, 
this may be the last place we'll find a bit of civilized company for a good 
long while. Besides, I'm all worn out and could use the rest. Do you have any 
advice? My druthers would be to rest here a day or twoÑno more than thatÑso we 
can stock up on what we need. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.


This might be a good place to rest a while. What do you mean? Just what I 
said. We've done enough traveling for the time being. It won't hurt to stop 
for a day or two. Do you have any advice? Yeah--listen to what I'm sayin'. 
Let's stop here to rest! Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Hey, what say you we have ourselves a wing-ding tonight? It's been a good long 
time since we've had a regular fandango. Tell me more. You know what they say: 
'All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy.' And we sure have been working 
hard out on the trail, haven't we? Do you have any advice? We should take it 
easy more, enjoy ourselves! I'm going to go and see some of the others and see 
if they don't feel the same way! Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

I hope you don't mind me saying that I've had just about enough of this 
journey. I've a good mind to stay right here, at least for a week or two, and 
then turn around and head back home. Tell me more. I've never experienced such 
troubles as I have on this trail. I figure I'm lucky to still be alive. Only 
trouble is, if I were to decide to go back, I don't know if I could find 
anyone to go with me, and I'm not about to travel by myself. Do you have any 
advice? Oh, I suppose we should just get on with it. We can rest here a short 
while, but then let's get going. The sooner we leave, the sooner I can put 
this part of my life behind me. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

­You folks looking to do some tradin'? Maybe. Tell me more. Trading is one of 
the main things people do out here at forts. Why, it's pretty near a form of 
entertainment for some souls. Do you have any advice? Keep a sharp eye out on 
your supplies and your money. There's some unscrupulous types round here that 
wouldn't mind relieving you of some of your 
possessions! Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

It always pleases me to see more people moving out west. This will be a great 
and grand country some day, you know! Tell me more. Why, expanding the 
horizons of civilization out here in the wilderness. Just thrills me to the 
bone to think on it! Do you have any advice? Don't be led astray by anyone or 
anything promising shortcuts or quick fixes. There ain't any! Stay on the main 
trail and work hard. That's the only sure path! Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So 
long.

Hello, friend. Say, has your wagon train formed yet? And have you met to form 
the council that will provide guidance and governance on your long 
journey? Tell me more. The bylaws and regulations drawn up by your self-
elected council will be your only law on the trail. You got to keep out the 
bad element and make arrangements for settling disputes. Do you have any 
advice? I have here a complete and elegantly scripted constitution, suited to 
all upright citizens. Drew it up myself. I had a year in law school, you know. 
If you let me join your wagon train, I'll be glad to offer this here 
constitution to you free of charge. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Goodness, have you ever seen anything like this in all your born days? I've 
lived here for quite some time, but this place is growing like an anthill! 
Seems like another new shop or business opening up every few days. Tell me 
more. I see you're fixing to head out on the trail. I have nothing but 
admiration for you good people, going out to populate the western country. Do 
you have any advice? Now is the best time to buy all the supplies you need, 
before you get out in the wilderness. Take plenty of food! I hear you can't 
always count on good hunting out west! Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

You bought everything you need yet? We probably don't have much more time 
before we have to start heading out on the trail! Tell me more. I been 
shopping around, comparing prices. Now and then you find a good deal, but dad-
blame it if I don't think these merchants here have gotten together and worked 
things out so they keep the prices high! Do you have any advice? Buy your 
provisions now, while you can. Any stores or trading posts we come across on 
the trail ain't likely to have as good a selection as here. And if you think 
the prices here are badÑwhoo-ee!ÑI hear they's two, three times higher out 
west! Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Howdy, stranger! It looks like you're fixing to head out west, too. Fine 
opportunity for people with the gumption to do it! Tell me more. We brought a 
few personal items with us, but we're hoping to buy our foodstuffs and fresh 
animals here. But I ain't too sure exactly where to go first. Do you have any 
advice? Don't devote any great portion of time to packing your wagon until you 
bring in all your supplies. We're planning to pack up the wagon whilst we're 
waiting for the train to assemble. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Excuse me, friend. You appear to be making ready to head out west. Do you know 
of any people who are still in the process of forming a wagon train? Maybe. 
Tell me more. My husband and I--he's off buying supplies--are looking for a 
nice group of people to join in our move west. Do you have any advice? I'd say 
you and I both ought to find a wagon train. A two-thousand-mile journey 
through the untamed wilderness is nothing to be undertaken lightly! There's 
strength in numbers, you know! Well, good day and good luck to 
you! Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Oh, pardon me! I'm awful sorry! I just about ran you over! I'm kind of 
dumbstruck. I ain't never seen no place like this before! Tell me more. Well, 
I'm just a farm girl, and I ain't been to no big town or city before in my 
life! I don't reckon I've ever seen so many people in one place in all my born 
days! And there's so much going on, with all these folks getting ready to set 
out on the trail! Do you have any advice? You might want to do like most of 
these folks and stock up on supplies, if you haven't already. And find yerself 
a good-sized wagon train. That's what I've done! Well, so long, and best of 
luck to you! Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Howdy! Looks like you're heading west, too, like me! Howdy. Me and my brother 
are going to start a farm out west. I hear there's land aplenty, and no better 
soil this side of the Ohio Valley! Do you have any advice? I hear the best 
time to start out on the trail is in April. But I reckon there's different 
opinions about that. Well, best of luck to you! Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So 
long.

Hello, friend. Are you also preparing to set out on the trail for the new 
land? Yes, I am. That's what we're doing, my folks and me. Our home caught 
fire and burned last month, and we lost pretty near everything except our 
lives, praise the Lord, so we figured we might as well go west! Do you have 
any advice? I wouldn't leave with fewer than four draft animals. Six or more 
would be even better! Take plenty of food and clothes, and maybe a few spare 
wagon parts. Don't waste money or wagon space on much 
else. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Good day to you, friend. I'm new here in town. I'm making ready to head out on 
the trail west. Howdy. Ah, so you're doing the same! Well, maybe we can link 
up with the same wagon train. Do you have any advice? I wouldn't start out 
with less than, say, four hundred pounds of food per person. Of course, how 
much you can take depends on how big your wagon is and how many draft animals 
you got. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Hey, you looking for a wagon train to hook up with? Our train's still in need 
of a few more wagons. You wanna join us? Maybe. Tell me more. We're planning 
on leaving soon. We're a large group of good, hard-working folks. Do you have 
any advice? I wouldn't even dream of heading out on the trail alone, or even 
with any fewer than ten wagons. The more people you go with, the greater your 
chances of survival. And that's the gospel truth! Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So 
long.

Have you bought the supplies you need yet? If not, you'd best hurry! Tell me 
more. Some folks don't buy much in the way of food because they figure they 
can get all they need by hunting. But that ain't so bright. Hunting out west 
ain't what it used to be. The animals are getting scarcer all the time. Do you 
have any advice? Stock up on food before heading out--and not just meat. You 
need a good diet with variety in order to stay 
healthy. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Have you decided the best time to leave yet? What do you think? Well, some 
leave real early to get a jump on the other wagons and to give themselves 
plenty of time. But then there may not be much grass for the animals, and you 
may run into spring snows. Do you have any advice? It's best not to leave too 
late, either. Then you may not make it all the way before the winter snows 
hit. I'd recommend leaving in April or even early 
May. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

You bought all your supplies yet? You know, some folks forget about some 
important items that might prove right useful out on the trail. Tell me 
more. Just about everybody buys food, extra clothes, guns, ammunition, and 
spare wagon parts. But there's some other things you might want to take as 
well. Do you have any advice? Well, I wouldn't go without a good, long rope or 
chain, which can help in crossing rivers or going up and down steep 
hills. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

You decided yet which kind of draft animals you're going to use to pull your 
wagon? Well, you can pick oxen, mules, or horses. There's advantages and 
disadvantages to each. Tell me more. Oxen are cheap and strong, but prone to 
sickness. Mules cost more, but they're less likely to get sick. They can be 
stubborn, too. Horses are faster but weaker. The other down side is they cost 
a lot, require feed grain, and are attractive to thieves. Do you have any 
advice? Well, since you ask, I'd go with oxen. The price is right, and you 
can't beat them for strength. They ain't too bright, but they're good old 
beasts. Besides, if you get into real dire straits, you can always eat 
them! Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

You heading out west? So am I. In fact, this will be my second trip out on the 
trail! Tell me more. I traveled out to the Oregon Country three years ago. 
Liked it a lot, so I decided to come back east, round up some of my relatives, 
and take them all back to Oregon with me! Do you have any advice? Find 
yourself a good wagon train. That's the prime thing. Keep moving and don't 
take no cutoffs. Stick to the main trail and you'll be 
OK. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

I see you're fixing to head out west, too. My husband's all raring to go, but 
I must say I have my apprehensions. What do you mean? I hear terrible stories 
about vast deserts, wild animals, disease, and Indian attacks. We got 
ourselves a good life here in the east, and I don't see why we have to uproot 
ourselves now! Do you have any advice? Well, if you must go--I guess I should 
say, if WE must go--I'd suggest making sure we have strong, healthy animals 
and a good, sturdy wagon with spare parts. Our lives will depend on 
them! Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

­Ain't this exciting? All these folks bustling about, getting ready to strike 
out on the trail! Just speaking for myself, I can't wait! Tell me more. I've 
spent pretty near all my life so far cooped up in my parents' home back east. 
But I just got married four weeks ago, and now my husband and I are heading 
out to make a new life for ourselves! Do you have any advice? I hear disease 
is the biggest danger on the trail. You got to stay healthy--eat right, don't 
push yourself too hard, and get rest when you're sick. And be careful at 
rivers. Rivers kill almost as many people as disease. But I'm sure we'll do 
all right. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

I'm going to St. Louis to have me a look at civilization. Tell me more. The 
game just ain't so plentiful as it once was, and there's getting to be so many 
people passing by, I might just as well be in a city. Do you have any 
advice? Keep your ears open when you're hunting. One of them big cats pretty 
near got me last week. So busy thinking about my supper, I almost became 
supper instead. And trade the Indians for some moccasins. Them shoes of yours 
are looking worn. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Howdy. You know, I been trapping and trading in these here mountains for 
nearly twenty years. Tell me more. Thunderation, last year a young grizzly 
invited itself to breakfast. In the tussle, it bit me right on the shoulder. I 
reckon I'm not going to take that from man nor beast, so I bit it right back. 
That there bear ain't bothered a soul since. Do you have any advice? If some 
of your party take the scurvy, feed them a bit of raw wild onions. That will 
cure them. Works near well as fruit in preventing it, 
too. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Keep back! You ain't a-passing us! We got no wish to be eating your dust! Tell 
me more. I ain't going to tell you nothing. I maintain a suspicion of folks 
that's too inquisitive. Do you have any advice? Just keep back there where you 
are! You try to get past us, and there'll be 
trouble! Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

My brother commenced to farming out west two years ago. He said a better wheat 
crop can't be had. Tell me more. I hear a young child in a train just behind 
us was killed yesterday when a rifle fired accidentially as someone set it in 
the wagon. They buried that young one and covered the grave with stones so as 
the wolves couldn't reach it.  Do you have any advice? Try not to overextend 
yourself. If you're constantly going at an arduous pace, you increase your 
chances of someone getting sick or injured. Trust me--I 
know. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Pleased to see you. You folks missed a good time last night. Another train 
camped close by and we had a bit of a dance. Tell me more. I declare, my tired 
feet came to life hearing that fiddler. I danced aplenty. It feels nearly like 
back home to have neighbors and a gathering. I've made some dear friends whom 
I hope we'll continue to see in years to come. Do you have any advice? Partake 
of a bit of music whenever it's offered. It'll lighten your spirits and bring 
lots of fine memories to carry you through the following day. My heart's so 
light right now, this washing chore hardly feels like work at 
all! Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Don't bother me right now. I ain't got time for idle chat. Tell me more. If 
you ain't the persistent one! I told you, I got work to do. Do you have any 
advice? I recommend you get a move on, unless you're camping right here. Not 
that I'm inviting you or anything. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Howdy, partner! Good to see you! Howdy. All along the trail we find wagon 
irons and keg hoops cast off, and piles of bones marking the remains of 
someone's prize animal. Do you have any advice? Like our poor stock, I'm plum 
wore out. Afraid I ain't one to give advice. Heh, heh, you might take it, and 
then you'd be in hot water for sure! Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Howdy. I'm looking for my cat, Molly. Have you seen her? No. Tell me more. We 
hear there ain't many cats out west yet, and some folks will pay good money 
for one so they can catch the mice and rats. We're hoping Molly will have lots 
of kittens that we can sell. Do you have any advice? We had a milk cow, but 
she died a while back. Now all Molly's got to eat is our meat scraps. If you 
got a milk cow, take good care of her. I think I miss the fresh milk pretty 
near as much as Molly does!  Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Good to see you, friend! You know, I spent some time out west and now I'm 
traveling back east to fetch my family. Tell me more. Hope you're prepared--
you'll be seeing quite a bit of the elephant further on. Since your animals is 
already mighty worn, it's going to be rough. Feed ain't always plentiful and 
water's sometimes right scanty. Do you have any advice? Hurry along, but don't 
push your animals too hard. You don't want to get caught by early snow, but if 
you get too hard with your animals, they won't carry you more than 
halfway. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Well, what have we here? Some more eastern greenhorns trying their luck at 
crossing the wilderness. Tell me more. I ain't got to say nothing to you if I 
don't want to. Do you have any advice? None that I'm prepared to offer 
you. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

I fear we've grown rather shabby. My shoes have worn out and our clothes have 
nearly become rags. Tell me more. The trail affords us few opportunities for 
renovation. We've had some luck fishing--better than hunting sometimes. One 
gentleman in our party brought some fishing hooks. I do declare, those little 
hooks have saved us a good deal of grief. Do you have any advice? I do hope 
you're being sure to give yourselves frequent rests along the way. That's 
especially important when someone's injured or ailing. And be careful not to 
push yourselves too hard. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

I'm Isabella. I'm travelling with the Raleighs and their people. My job is to 
keep after the cows and watch the children. My husband Fred is the ox-driver--
best there is. Tell me more. I was born in Delaware. My father used to tell me 
stories of Africa and promised one day we'd find ourselves going home. But I 
don't know if I'm getting closer or farther away with all this walking. Do you 
have any advice? Keep a good eye on those animals of yours and don't let them 
get too over-tired. A dead animal's no good to nobody, except maybe the 
butcher. And out here in this awful place, I'd rather be moving than 
eating. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Howdy. We're having to lighten the load on our wagon. Tell me more. I've 
carried my mother's framed mirror all the way from home. It's with great 
effort that I cast off this last gentle reminder of the dear friends and 
family I've left behind. But our success in reaching the end of the trail is 
of greater import. Do you have any advice? None save to do whatever you can to 
make the work on your animals a little easier. Lighten your load, rest them 
often, take good care of them. If your lose your animals, you're in danger of 
losing your life! Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

You know, a lot of you greenhorns heading across the country don't know much 
about surviving in the mountains. Tell me more. It gets awful cold, even in 
summer. Many a traveler crossing the mountains too late in the year has gotten 
snowbound and died! Do you have any advice? You get yourself across the 
mountains before winter comes or you'll be too dead to be 
sorry. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Top of the day to you, friend. Name's Casey O'Neill, late of County Clare in 
old Ireland. Howdy. All my relations said that the only place in the world for 
a young man to go to make his way nowadays is America. So I booked me passage. 
And now, here I am, on me way to an unspoiled land ready for enterprise! Do 
you have any advice? I've heard it said that there are many cutoffs to take to 
shorten this journey--that by taking all the shortcuts, you can save many days 
on the trail. And why not? Saving time and provisions is worth the 
risk! Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Howdy, friend. Fine day, isn't it? At least as fine as one can expect right 
now hereabouts. Howdy. Be warned--don't dig a water hole! Drink only river 
water. Salty as some of these rivers are, it's better than the cholera. We 
buried my husband just last week. Do you have any advice? No more than I've 
already given you. But I could use some help with this here harness, if you 
can spare the time. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Good day to you. If you don't mind, I'll stop and rest a spell. Go right 
ahead. We set out on the trail a while back, hoping to reach the new land. 
But, as you may know, my oldest boy perished in a wagon accident back a ways, 
and I've no greater desire now than to return to my folks back in 
Philadelphia. Do you have any advice? Be very, very careful going down steep 
hills. That's how my son was killed. We didn't take the proper precautions 
and--well, forgive me, but I'd prefer not to talk about it any 
more. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

I hate to burden you with my problems, but I just got to talk to someone right 
now! I hope you don't mind. Go right ahead. My youngest, Caleb, drowned in a 
swollen creek, and my husband died of typhoid last week. Now I travel alone 
with my other three children. The eldest, Sally, is eleven. I fear she'll be 
full grown before we reach our goal. Do you have any advice? Heaven help us, 
but I don't know what I'd do without the good people in my wagon train. I'd 
stick with them through thick and thin if I were 
you. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Good day to you folks! My name is Philip Mattox. I'm an artist with this 
surveying expedition. Howdy. The U.S. government has commissioned us to map 
the land and to bring back some illustrations of the Indians as well as the 
plant and animal life hereabouts. Do you have any advice? Check your supplies 
often--can't stress too much the importance of that! And don't waste a whole 
lot of time hunting, at least if it isn't an emergency. You won't get much, 
you'll delay your progress, and you risk antagonizing the local 
Indians. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Can't say I'm pleased about my current circumstances. Our wagon axle's broke 
and the animals are worn thin. Tell me more. The weather and rough road asked 
their price. One jolt and the sad wood broke. I been soaking the wood at each 
stream we come to, but I reckon it wasn't enough. Do you have any advice? When 
you get to one of those big hills, be sure to check the conditions carefully. 
They can be mighty dangerous! And don't let the downhills fool you! They may 
look easy, but they're even trickier than the 
uphills! Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

I'm Natalia Nyasnakovich. My family is going to the big valley in the west 
where there is so much good land. Howdy. We are from St. Petersburg. We have 
many great mountains in Russia, but not near where we lived. I have never seen 
such mountains as the ones here in America. Do you have any advice? At the 
next hills or mountains we come to, we will share with another wagon to do 
what they call 'double-teaming' animals. Maybe that will work well for 
you. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Howdy! Name's Jubilation Higgenbottom. If that's too much a mouthful, you can 
call me Juley. And I don't want to hear any smart cracks about that, 
neither. Tell me more. I'm a prospector, but I'm just coming to the 
realization that there ain't too much around here worth prospecting. So I 
think I'll move on. Do you have any advice? Sorry, but I gave up giving advice 
years ago. Nearly got myself shot back in '32 by a fellow who blamed me for 
his misfortune, all because I gave him some advice. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So 
long.

Guten Tag. My name is Ilsa Weismann. My husband Gustav and I are from 
Prussia. Howdy. Gustav was a shoemaker in Berlin, but times are not so good 
there. In western America there is free land we hear, so we come here to start 
a new life. Do you have any advice? We have been told always to stay on the 
main trail and to check our supplies often. That sounds like very good advice, 
don't you think? Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Howdy. Name's Austin Billings. I'm traveling with my wife, Sophie. We hail 
from Texas. Howdy. I bought my way out of slavery working as a part-time 
cowhand, and Sophie was a free woman who earned a living as a seamstress. 
We're going west to build a new life--pretty much like everyone else, I 
reckon. Do you have any advice? Some people push themselves too hard because 
they're afraid of the winter snows. And that's a reasonable fear. But it's 
just as risky to over-exert yourself. We keep a steady pace--no more than 
that--and make sure to take a day off now and then to 
rest. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Buen dia. My name is Josefina Iturrieta de Panisello. I am traveling to meet 
my husband in Texas, but we are taking a 'long route' so that I may see more 
of this beautiful country. Tell me more. He preceded me there to establish our 
new rancho near Pasa del Norte. Everything is now ready, so I go now to join 
him. My husband is a wealthy man, with a great deal of land and many herds of 
cattle. Do you have any advice? Do not be misled into thinking your good 
fortune lay in gold or silver. Precious metals are a scourge. Land is the only 
sure source of wealth. When you reach your new home, raise cattle or hardy 
crops. People need to eat. That is the true path to 
success! Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

You know, when I think of all the things I've seen on this journey, nothing 
has impressed me more than the violent thunderstorms on the plains. Tell me 
more. From the bullwhip crack of the lightning, dazzling my eyes, to the 
cannon-like boom of thunder, the heavens issued forth such a volume of water, 
we were all soaked through in the first few seconds. And the hail 
sometimes! Do you have any advice? I take time each day to add a few words to 
my journal. I recommend you do the same. It lifts the spirits to record our 
progress, and it may prove valuable to friends and family that follow. Even 
generations to come may find it of some interest. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So 
long.

We're in need of a good rest. I'm plum wore out from the travel, and the 
animals are in want of extra feed. Tell me more. Some folks is all worried, 
afraid we might get caught in the winter snows. But we still ought to rest. 
Rome wasn't built in a day, and one more day on this trail ain't going to make 
a bit of difference. Do you have any advice? Take the hurry out of your step. 
We'll get there soon enough. Trip won't get any easier for all our rushing 
along. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long

Back home, I used to enjoy nothing more than going hunting. Now I can't hardly 
abide it. I'm all wore out from the traveling and take no pleasure in the 
chase. Tell me more. Last week a group went out a-hunting and didn't get back 
until quite late. They got lost and only found their way back by the barking 
of the dogs. Do you have any advice? Advice? Just follow your nose. If you 
keep it pointed in the right direction, you'll accompany it to wherever you're 
going. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

The trail teaches you a hearty appetite. Each day the bacon, biscuit, and 
coffee tastes just as good as any family feast we had back home. Tell me 
more. Wood's mighty scarce. We're lucky we've been able to find such things as 
buffalo chips and sage to burn for our cook fires. Do you have any 
advice? Give thanks each day for this fine opportunity to move on to a new 
land and a new life. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Whenever we noon, we have the children rest under the wagon for a bit of 
shade. The relentless sun draws more strongly from our strength than do the 
walking and climbing. Tell me more. I'd dearly love to have a sly look in at 
home to see what they're about. I'm pleased to move on to a new life, but 
leaving family and old friends is a trial indeed. Do you have any advice? Keep 
your faith, friend. Our journey's end draws closer each 
day. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

I'm feeling a mite poorly today. I'm suffering a headache and a touch of the 
ague. Tell me more. The weight of the wagon requires me to walk, though I do 
feel my strength well sapped. I reckon the miles will pass whether I'm ill or 
well. Do you have any advice? When you're feeling down, take a small dose of 
camomile tea every chance you get. My meager supply ran out some days ago, 
leaving me in this sorry state. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

The dust sometimes creates such a trouble, it suffocates the animals and 
people alike. When it's real bad, nothing stays clean and no morsel of food is 
left untouched. Tell me more. I long for a bath and a breath of clean, sweet 
air. But the times when we run low of water and aren't near a river--them's 
the worst. Nothing worries me more than a shortage of water. Do you have any 
advice? I feel I was wholly unprepared for this journey. I'd hesitate to offer 
any advice excepting to stay close to the warm hearth of 
home. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

We met a man yesterday who said he'd already been to California. His report 
bore a good account of the country and the quality of the land to be had. That 
was a relief to hear. Tell me more. Thunderation, I been working for other 
folks all my life. In the new land, I'm going to have my own land and herd. 
Yes, sir, I can hear them cattle calling my name. Do you have any advice? I 
hear California's the best place for raising cattle. Acres of wild oats keep 
them fat and happy. Oregon's more country for farming and 
lumbering. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

My dad-burned wagon wheel broke a ways back; it took me pretty near all day to 
find someone willing to trade me for a new one. A heap of trouble, this. Tell 
me more. Fellow sold me green wood of some darn softwood tree for wagon 
wheels. I knowed I should have brought my own hardwood from home. But, no, my 
partner had to have that fine store-made stuff out of Saint Louis. Do you have 
any advice? Make no bones about refusing deals if they don't sound right to 
you. They's just a bunch of leaches on us poor emigrants. Make it yourself or 
buy it off another traveler. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

I'm mad as hornets. Been saving a bunch of dried peaches to bake a pie for a 
special occasion, but some vermin got in and ruined the whole lot! Tell me 
more. I wrapped them in special paper and put them in a corner of the wagon, 
where nobody would hardly find them by accident. I suppose they smelled as 
sweet as flowers to them varmints. Do you have any advice? Probably too late 
now to offer any advice. I don't guess you have an extra tin to secure any of 
your goods? If you do, best make good use of it, and seal it 
tight! Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Saw the prettiest flowers along the way not too long back. I rejoiced in the 
beauty of creation, and gave thanks we've come through in safety thus 
far. Tell me more. There's been a good many stirring sights along the trail, 
from the smallest flower to the great formations of rock and earth. I feel 
grand just to look on them. Do you have any advice? Enjoy the beauty around us 
each day. A thankful heart will carry you further than any other wealth you 
may possess. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long

Lands sakes, the trail around through here looks like it was hit by a tornado! 
Bits of stuff scattered all about the place. There's food tins, cast-off 
furniture, and goods of all descriptions. Tell me more. I reckon lots of folks 
don't plan too well, and they wind up having to lighten their loads. When I 
see that abandoned flour and bacon, I can't help but think about the hungry 
mouths there will be up in the mountains. Do you have any advice? If you got 
to lighten your load, spend some time thinking about the trail ahead. You'll 
need food and warm clothes more than anything else. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So 
long.

I always take some time every few hours to look over the sky carefully. My 
grandma taught me all the signs for predicting the weather. Tell me 
more. Well, I imagine you'd know by now how much the weather has to do with 
our well-being. It's important that we try to stay one step ahead of it and 
make our plans accordingly. Do you have any advice? Always keep aware of the 
weather: what it was yesterday, what it is today, and what it's likely to be 
tomorrow. I keep a record of it in my diary. Nothing will have a greater 
effect on the success of our journey than the 
weather! Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

I don't know about you, but I ain't feeling too good. I think maybe I ate 
something back there that disagreed with me. Or maybe it was the water. Tell 
me more. Well, my belly's feeling powerful sour. Every now and then I feel 
like I might get sick. And my head's starting to hurt, too. Do you have any 
advice? I was hoping you might have some for me. Maybe we ought to rest a 
spell--give me a chance to get over this. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Lordy, I've just about had it with these rivers! Can't wait to get back to 
civilization! Tell me more. We're heading back while we're still able. We've 
had enough! Do you have any advice? Go back! Ain't nothing up ahead but 
disease, disaster, and death! Mark my words--you'll wish you 
had! Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Hello, stranger. I'm Martin Isaacs, originally from New York City. Wouldn't 
know it from looking at me now, I guess. Tell me more. A man offered me a 
grand opportunity to see the world, visit some curious places, and benefit my 
mind and pocket. So I signed up for this journey. I'm a city boy--didn't know 
what I was getting into. Do you have any advice? This river looks like it 
could be treacherous. The cattle don't seem any too eager to cross. We may 
build a raft and try taking them across that way. I don't think I'd try 
fording, but I'm not always the best judge of that. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So 
long.

Oh, another group of emigrants going west, no? Getting so this country is as 
crowded as St. Louis. Tell me more. I've lived out here in the wilderness for 
more than twenty years, trapping the beaver. Do you have any advice? None but 
to be careful crossing rivers like this. Sometimes they're shallow and don't 
look like much, but the banks can be steep and the rocks slippery. Maybe there 
is mud or quicksand. Rivers are the most dangerous thing--far more dangerous 
than Indians. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

You folks fixing to cross the river now? Maybe. Tell me more. Some fools would 
just plunge right into the water without checking the depth first. Best way to 
get yourself killed. Do you have any advice? Thought I just gave you 
some. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

We must look a sight! We've been fighting the mud so hard, I suspect even the 
mud's gotten tired. Tell me more. I long for a clean stream and a few hours 
for baking bread and doing a bit of laundry. I do declare, I'll long remember 
this day of work. Do you have any advice? Be careful going into this river. 
You might get stuck like us. Whenever it looks like there's mud abouts, you 
might be wise to lighten the load in your wagon, or maybe double-teaming your 
animals. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

It sure makes my heart swell to see all these wagons crossing the country. 
We're a people on the move, populating a new land. Tell me more. We've been 
having better luck fishing than hunting. Suits me fine. Those pan fish cook a 
lot quicker and taste fresh. Do you have any advice? If someone in your party 
gets sick, it's best to stop and rest a while. They'll be more likely to 
recover than they would if you keep pushing on. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So 
long.

Yes, neighbor, it's a sorrowful man you're meeting. I'm a-heading back home 
with the children. Tell me more. My wife took the cholera and died, and my 
youngest child was crushed after falling from the wagon. I'm turning home with 
a heap of sorrow. Do you have any advice? Makes no sense going on. This road 
has cost me dear, and I hear say until now has been the easy part. Turn back 
while you still got your people. No telling what calamity will hit your before 
you reach the new country. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon?

That there's my wagon over on the other side with nothing much in it but a 
barrel of flour and some bedding. Soon as I get these animals across the 
river, I'm going after that thieving rascal who robbed me! Tell me more. I 
paid that varmint two dollars to help us cross. That smiling coyote took the 
wagon across, and whilst we was preparing the animals, he took the valuables 
out of the wagon and lit off like a jackrabbit being chased by a bobcat! Do 
you have any advice? I'm so darn spitting mad, I can't tell you nothing 
excepting to please get out of my way. And if you see that sow-bellied 
scoundrel, hold him for me! Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

We've been dilly-dallying enough over the past few days. I'm anxious to put 
this river behind me and make a few more miles today. Tell me more. I've heard 
enough debate about how to cross. I reckon it's time to get on with it. 
There's enough wagons to get over yet today. Do you have any advice? Keep your 
head about you and you won't run into no trouble. It's them that plunge ahead 
without thinking that get in a pickle whilst crossing 
rivers. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

The river don't look so bad, but there's more than a few graves around here. 
Tells me there's been some drownings--either that, or the cholera. Tell me 
more. I got to be honest. I don't rightly know how best to proceed on this 
one. Do you have any advice? I vote we take a rest while some of us go 
upstream to scout around a bit. If they don't find no better place to cross, 
we can send a man over right here to check it out. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So 
long.

Looks like a good place to lay by for a day or so before we cross. There be 
water for laundering, and I figure the river will attract some game upstream 
come evening. Tell me more. The people an' animals alike need a bit of rest. 
If we do right by the animals now, we'll reach the end of our journey all the 
sooner. Do you have any advice? I say we recruit the animals for a day and do 
some hunting come evening. Most folks is ready for a 
rest. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

I never learned to swim, and I confess, crossing these rivers scares me 
plenty. If the river's too deep, I hold onto one of the animals and cross over 
that way. Lord, I wish I was a young one so I could get carried over in 
someone's arms. Tell me more. My brother drowned as a boy, and I never lost my 
fear of the water ever since. But I reckon for all else we're facing on this 
trail, a little water shouldn't leave me quaking. Do you have any advice? Just 
don't tell the others I'm scared. I'll pluck up my courage and cross over 
along with everybody else. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

The sound of splashing water is pure music to my ears. You know, most folks 
hate crossing these rivers, but I have to say that it's a joy to me. Tell me 
more. It gives me a chance to wash off all the dust from the trail. And when 
it's hot, the water's mighty cooling. Do you have any advice? Well, as much as 
I like it, we oughtn't be too eager to cross. We should carefully consider the 
best method first. Say, you look like you could use a good washing 
yourself! Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

I'm taking a bit of time for washing clothes while the men take the wagons and 
animals over. Wash day don't come as regular as it did back home. Tell me 
more. The water's always a heap cleaner upstream from the crossing. The 
animals stir up the bottom somthing awful. Do you have any advice? I suggest 
you take a bath and do some laundering while you have a chance. We been on the 
trail long enough to collect a good garden's worth of dirt on our clothes 
alone! Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

We ought to take the covers off our wagons before we start across. What do you 
mean? There's a touch of wind today. I hear the wind can catch ahold of the 
cover of a wagon and tip it over in the water! Do you have any advice? Ain't 
you got no ears? I just told you what I thought we ought to 
do! Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

From the looks of the bank, I'd say the water's rising. And it shows a good 
bit of turbulence. Tell me more. It could keep right on rising through the 
night. Do you have any advice? I vote we get our wagons across right now. The 
way this river is, there's no telling if anyone will be able to go over 
tomorrow. I don't want to be detained here if we don't have 
to! Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

I don't know about this one. What do you think we ought to do here? What do 
you think? Well, I'm no great judge of these rivers. Back at the last one, I 
nearly had a major mishap. I think this time I'll just follow the lead of you 
folks. Do you have any advice? None that you'd probably want to 
take. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

We're looking for a group of thieves who stole some of our animals last night. 
You seen any suspicious characters 'round about today? No. Tell me more. We 
don't cotton to thieves. If we catch them, we'll see to it that they never 
steal again! Do you have any advice? Keep a sharp look out! We'll be on our 
way now. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

You folks are a mighty good ways out. Yes, we are. You look well capable of 
defending yourselves. Do you have any advice? Can't say I do. We'll mosey on, 
I reckon. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Could you good people please help us? Tell me more. We are in dire need--we 
have nearly no more supplies--and would be grateful for some help. Do you have 
any advice? We would be very appreciative of anything you can do for 
us. Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

I'm a duly-deputized officer of the law. We have reason to believe there might 
be a thief and cheat among you. Tell me more. A blacksmith a ways back said he 
did some work for a fellow in a wagon train, but he took off without paying 
him. Do you have any advice? I don't see anyone here that matches the 
description of the varmint we're after. You folks keep your noses clean, you 
hear? Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

Hah! More dad-blamed fools out in the middle of nowhere! Then what are you 
doing here? Watch your tongue, friend. Sometimes it don't pay to talk smart to 
the wrong party. Do you have any advice? Watch your step--not everyone's as 
forgiving as me. Why don't you folks just move along 
now? Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.

We sure are glad to see you folks! We've been out here wandering for almost a 
week, not sure of where we are! Tell me more. We got separated from our wagon 
train a ways back, and somehow got lost! I'm about worried sick over my 
family, and they's surely worried sick about me! Do you have any advice? Heck, 
no. But I hope you don't mind if we follow along for a while, at least until 
we find our wagon train again! Pardon? Pardon? Pardon? So long.


[[Conversation - Package Deals]]

The merchants here in town offer basic packages of supplies based on the size 
of one's party and estimated length of journey. Of course, you can shop around 
on your own or add to the basic set. So, which package would you like? For 
[month] ([cost]). For [month] ([cost]). For [month] ([cost]). No thanks.

The merchants here in town offer basic packages of supplies based on the size 
of one's party and estimated length of journey. Of course, you can shop around 
on your own or add to the basic set. So, which package would you like? For 
[month] ([cost]). For [month] ([cost]). For [month] ([cost]). No thanks.


[[Note]

The advice section is sort of in a coherent order, but the game places some 
sections in a jumbled fashion. I use three dashes (---) to seperate similar 
messages.


[[Advice - Abandoned Wagons]]

We should take some time to look it over. Might find something of use.

I think we ought to check it out. Never can tell what we might find.

I wouldn't go near it if I were you. An abandoned wagon is bad luck!

I'd be careful. You never know what you might find.


[[Advice - Gunshot Wound]]

You sure it was an accident? We don't want any murdering varmints hanging 
about!

We ought to stop and rest for at least a day or two. A gunshot wound--even a 
minor one--can turn serious without proper care.

Consarn it--wouldn't you know some idiot would up and do something like that. 
We can't let such things hold us up any.

We had best find a doctor. You just can't ignore a thing like that.

I've had me some experience with gunshot wounds back in the Illinois frontier 
wars. Let me see what I can do to help.


[[Advice - Death]]

Let's get away from here as quickly as possible!

We'll bury the dead before moving on.

This is a bad sign. We've got to be extra careful now.

Our worst fears realized! I pray that we may escape a similar fate.


[[Advice - Sick Animal]]

I knew we shouldn't have let the animals drink from that foul water back 
there. We're not going to let this slow us up, are we?

My pappy once had cattle sick like this, and most of them got better after he 
made them swallow some lard. I hear vinegar works, too.

Let's rest up for a day or two. Maybe they'll get better on their own.

Make a thick paste out of flour and water. Then make the animals swallow that. 
They'll be feeling chippy in no time.


[[Advice - Animal Bite]]

Glory be! I hope somebody's taking proper care of the wound. Clean it good! An 
animal bite can easily get infected!

Gosh, I sure hope they don't get rabies.

I recommend cleaning and dressing the wound, maybe use a little alcohol or 
iodine.

Shucks, animal bites ain't nothing to worry about. I been bit a good fifteen, 
twenty times in my life, and I'm still going strong.


[[Advice - Stuck Animal]]

Ain't nothing we can do. Let it go!

Let's try to get the poor critter out!

We can't just leave it there. We have to do something!

Let's keep moving. No point in risking our lives for an animal.


[[Advice - Animal Mauling]]

Well, that's one of the risks you take when you go off hunting. Let's get a 
move on!

I hope someone's making sure that the wounds are being cared for properly!

They need to see a doctor!

I suggest we stop for a couple of days--long enough at least for the wounds to 
start healing.

---

Them prairie dog holes are a nuisance! Imagine, losing the work of a perfectly 
good animal just because of the diggings of a dang rodent

Maybe we ought to take it a bit slower around here.


[[Advice - Applegate Cutoff]]

I think we should head for southern Oregon.

I recommend that we take the Applegate Cutoff.

I still think we should head for California.

It would be a shame to get this close to California and then go somewhere else 
instead.


[[Advice - Bad Cold]]

They'd better take care of themselves. Bad colds can easily turn into 
something much worse!

About the only thing you can do for a bad cold is get lots of rest and drink 
lots of fluids.

I think we ought to stop for a couple of days. When people are all tuckered 
out, they tend to get sick like this.

Tarnation, we can't let a few coughs and sniffles slow us down!


[[Advice - Bad Mosquitoes]]

These mosquitoes are driving me crazy! Let's pick up our pace and get away 
from here as soon as we can!

We can hardly sleep at night with all these mosquitoes buzzing and biting. I 
wouldn't advise pushing ourselves any harder.


[[Advice - Beriberi]]

Are they eating properly?

They need to eat better--and not just a lot of meat. Vegetables are important, 
too!

They need to improve their diet.

Beriberi? What's that? Is it contagious?

---

Whichever way we go, I think we ought to stop and rest here a few days before 
going any further.

This is a good place to replentish ourselves and our resources.

We need some fresh supplies badly.

Let's stick to the main trail. I don't trust all these shortcuts.

Well, before you decide which way to go, I suppose you ought to consider where 
you want to go, right?

I thought we had already agreed upon our destination! What's with this trying 
to decide which way to go?

I'm reluctant to say. I hear there's deserts and terrible mountains whichever 
way you go!


[[Broken Axle]]

It's only right that we should stop and help. We've got to work together to 
make it through this journey!

Broken axle, huh? Well, I reckon we oughta help them get it fixed!

Fixing an axle is more work than one person should have to handle alone. I'll 
be glad to help!

Let's get a move on! We can't afford to sit still every time someone's wagon 
gets broke! They can catch up later!


[[Advice - Broken Bones]]

I know how to set broken bones. Let me help.

A broken bone can be a serious matter. If you don't take proper care of it, it 
can worsen, maybe get infected.

Doggone it, let's keep going. If they got a broken bone, it's their own darn 
fault.

We should take it easy for a while.


[[Advice - Broken Wagon Parts]]

If you can't fix the yoke and you don't have the spare, maybe someone around 
here can trade you for a new one.

Ox yokes probably wouldn't break if we weren't pushing the animals so.

I'll be right pleased to pitch in and help you fix that wagon tongue.

Let's stop and help. It's important that we all stick together in this

Sure, let's give them a hand! Heh, heh--and to think that a couple months ago 
I didn't even know what a wagon tongue was!

Here--let me go get my tools, and I can help them fix their tongue!

Dad-blame it! Another confounded obstacle to our progress!

If you don't have a spare wheel, maybe you can trade with somebody for one.

We'll stop while that wheel's being fixed. Besides, we can use the rest.

We can't waste time waiting for someone to fix their wagon wheel. We've got to 
get across this wild country before the winter snows!

It's only right that we should stop and help. We've got to work together to 
make it through this journey!


[[Advice - Buffalo Stampede]]

We'd better wait right here until this passes. I'd hate to get caught in the 
middle of that herd!

Let's keep moving. Standing still ain't going to do us no good.

Well, looks to me like this is a good time for hunting. We can shoot us 
several weeks' worth of food in one day!

Whatever you do, be careful. A buffalo stampede is nothing to trifle with. 
Someone could get killed!


[[Advice - California Trail Junction]]

This is it--our last chance to decide whether to go to Oregon or to 
California!

I had previously planned on going to Oregon, but I've changed my mind. Let's 
head for California!

I don't believe all them wonder stories about how good it is in California. My 
cousin went to Oregon two years ago and her letter reports that it's the next 
best thing to paradise!

I thought we had already decided on where we were going!

Let's continue on our way to Oregon!

I say California's the place we ought to be heading!

It's your decision, friend. I trust your judgment.


[[Advice - Camp Dalles]

No time for talk--you've got to decide what to do, and quick!

I wouldn't try to shoot them rapids if I were you!

Let's head for the rapids! Sure, it's dangerous, but it'll be fun!

Let's go around the rapids by land. We could get killed trying to go around 
those whirlpools and over them rocks!


[[Advice - Cholera]]

Cholera? What're we gonna do? That stuff spreads like wildfire! We can't stay 
here! It's in the water!

We had best find a doctor while most of us are still healthy.

They need rest, lots of water, and some salt!

With cholera about, we have to remember to boil any water before drinking it.

It wouldn't be right to leave sick people behind. 'Do unto others as you would 
have them do unto you.'

Well, we're surely seeing the elephant now. I suppose the only thing we can do 
is rest and take care of ourselves before this thing gets out of hand.


[[Advice - Concussion]]

Well, a lot depends on how serious a concussion it is.

A doctor should always be consulted in cases of concussion.

We should just keep going as we are. They'll get better.

Maybe we ought to take it easy--go a little slower--and see how they do.

---

Any wound has to be treated properly. Wash it, use alchohol or iodine on it, 
and bandage it up good!

You ain't going to worry about a few cuts and bruises, are you?

Good food and a few days' rest will go a long ways towards helping the injured 
to heal.

---

I wouldn't risk the river as long as there's some other option!

Take the toll road! I don't care if it does cost five dollars! Why would 
anyone needlessly risk rafting down that river?

We don't have enough money for the toll road!

They say the Barlow Toll Road is right rugged. But can it be much worse than 
the Columbia River, with all its rocks and rapids?

I don't want to have to travel down that river if we don't have to!

I've heard the Barlow Toll Road is no picnic.

We'll get there more quickly if we take the river route.


[[Advice - The Dalles]]

Let's rest here a while before taking on the river.

We should take our time here--build our rafts, batten down our supplies, rest 
up a bit. No need to hurry.

We mustn't take any chances on early winter snows. Let's be on our way!

We're ready to go rafting down the river!

They're asking outrageous prices to take us down the river. I say we do our 
rafting ourselves.

The prices that the rafters are asking is right high, but it may be worth it. 
I hear the Columbia can be mighty treacherous!

If we can afford it, I say hire some rafters to take us. But if we don't have 
the money, what choice do we have?


[[Advice - Deaths]]

We can't move on without a proper burial for the dead! It ain't respectful!

We can't stop to bury them! If we don't reach our destination by winter, 
there's going to be a lot more deaths to worry about!

We ought to hold a funeral service of some kind. What a shame it is to bury 
our loved ones out in the wilderness, but it has to be.

We're not going anywhere unless we give this poor soul a decent burial!

What a grievous thing it is to lose a companion on this journey!

Let's try to find some kind of marker--a stone or at least a piece of wood--to 
inscribe their name and leave it on the grave.

I hate to mention such a gruesome thing, but we have to make sure the grave is 
deep and covered with stones, or well hidden. Otherwise the wolves or coyotes 
might dig it up!

If we'd been a little more cautious, maybe this wouldn't have happened!

Death is part of life. We must shore ourselves up and keep moving on.


[[Advice - Deserts]]

I sure wouldn't want to cross that desert in the mid-day heat.

Let's wait until near dark before setting out across that desert. It'll be 
cooler then.

We're going to have to push ourselves and our animals to get across that 
desert as quickly as possible.

I don't like the looks of this. Is it too late to turn back?

Let's rest up here before we set out across the desert. And maybe we ought to 
wait until dark.

Don't see what good waiting around for dark will do! I say we strike out 
across the desert right now, and to blazes with anyone who can't hack it!


[[Advice - Diphtheria]]

Ah, could be nothing more than a bad cold!

I had a young cousin die of diphtheria a few years back. Do you think maybe we 
ought to find a doctor?

Trouble breathing? Maybe we ought to stop and rest awhile.

If it's diphtheria, the best thing to do is make sure they get lots of rest 
and good food and water.

---

We should head straight for The Dalles.

We need food! Let's head for the nearest fort!

We have plenty of supplies. I see no need to take a longer route.

Always stick to the main trail.

---

I've been cogitatin' on this, and I think we should wait for the weather and 
soil to improve before attemptin' this hill.


[[Advice - Downhill Slope]]

What's the problem? It's all downhill from here!

What could possibly go wrong simply going down a hill?

Make sure everyone locks their wagon wheels before going down this hill. We 
don't want any runaway wagons!

Maybe we can set up a windlass and use some ropes to lower our wagons down the 
hill gradually.

I'd find some logs or big rocks to use as anchors while going downhill. That 
would slow our descent and make mishaps less likely.

We better be careful venturin' down this hill. Looks like it could be 
dangerous!


[[Advice - Dusty Trail]]

We're nearly choking on this dust. Why don't we stop and let those other 
wagons get far enough ahead so that we don't travel in their clouds of dust?

Let's try to get past them other wagons. See how they like it to eat OUR dust!

Nothing you can do about the dust. It was here long before we came along and 
will still be here long after we're gone.


[[Advice - Dysentery]]

Dysentery, eh? Don't you think it would be a good idea to stop and rest a few 
days?

They need rest, fluids, and good food, well salted.

They say that the earlier you start out on the trail, the less likely people 
are to get dysentery. Maybe we started a little too late.

You know, people can die from dysentery. They need to eat bland food and drink 
lots of fluids.


[[Advice - East Cow Hollow]]

Let's continue on to the Willamette Valley.

It wouldn't make any sense to turn back east at this point!

Now, why in heaven's name would anybody want to go back to Three Islands?

We're getting close now, ain't we?

We're mighty low on supplies. Maybe we should head back to Fort Boise.

---

We should continue on our way to California!

We're going to California, aren't we?

I'm sick and tired of this cussed road to California! Oregon's sounding mighty 
good to me right now!

This venture to California has been a miscalculation. Let's go to Oregon!

Which way to the closest town or fort?


[[Advice - Freezing Cold]]

What? Stop and rest in this here freezin' weather? Heck, if you ask me, we'd 
better keep moving!

I'll admit that it's probably best for us to keep pressing on despite the 
cold, but I do wish we could just slow the pace a little.

I recommend that we halt the wagon train for the time being and warm ourselves 
around the campfires.

Let's quicken the pace. That'll keep us warm, and maybe we can find some 
shelter further down the road.


[[Advice - Heat]]

Can't we slow down? This heat is really getting to me.

We're going to have to stop and rest a bit. It's hotter than a Roman candle at 
a Fourth of July parade!

We can't let a little hot weather get to us. We're liable to see worse than 
this before we're done!

Personally, I wouldn't mind stopping for a while. But, then again, I'd rather 
be traveling in the heat than freezing in the winter snows.


[[Advice - Fire]]

Ain't no time for talk! We got to put out that fire!

Land sakes! Can't somebody do something? That wagon will be nothing but ashes 
if that fire's not soon put out!

It's a crying shame to see a wagon go up like that, but we can't waste our 
water or risk our safety trying to put out a fire.

Get some blankets and try to beat out the fire. Or throw some dirt on it. Dirt 
will work near as well as water in putting out a fire!

---

Keep heading west!

Why on earth would we want to go to Iowa? We're going west, ain't we?

We're sick of this journey. I want to go back east.


[[Advice - Forts]]

Heck, we should visit the fort. I've never seen a real fort before!

How you reckon this fort got its name, anyway?

There's nothing for us here. Let's continue on the trail.

Let's go to the fort. We could use some fresh supplies.

I say we visit the fort. This may be our last opportunity for a ways to buy or 
trade for supplies.

Let's go into the fort. Can't hurt to keep in touch with the local 
authorities, I always say.

We don't need any supplies.

Why stop here? They probably don't have anything we could use.

Maybe they have a doctor here.

This would be an excellent place to rest for a few days before continuing our 
journey.

Do they have a blacksmith forge around here? I sure could use one to make some 
wagon repairs.

We need to make some wagon repairs.


[[Advice - Frostbite]]

Bundle them up with warm blankets, get them next to a fire, and give them some 
good, hot food. That will pull them through!

There is no point in resting here. People will freeze sitting still even 
quicker than they will standing up.

The way to treat frostbite is to warm the affected areas gradually. Don't do 
it too quickly, or you'll do more harm than good!

Well, if people would dress more warmly and keep dry, they wouldn't be so 
likely to get frostbit!

I suppose we should stop for awhile so that those folks can get warm.

What of it? If frostbite were the worst thing we had to worry about, we'd be 
in good shape!


[[Advice - Gangrene]]

If it's gangrene, the only hope is to amputate. Otherwise, death is certain.

You'd better find a doctor, and quick!

Perhaps we'd better stop for a time while we try to help the poor soul.

Not much point in doing anything. With gangrene, it's just a matter of time--
and not much time, at that.

---

Let's pick up the pace!

I think we should be making better time than we're doing.

Can't we go a little faster?

Time's a wasting. If we have to push ourselves, so be it!

I don't think we've gotten as far as we had hoped by now. I suggest we try to 
travel at a faster pace for a while.

No, we don't need to push ourselves any harder than we're already doing.

I don't think it would be wise to try to go any faster. You know what they 
say: 'Haste makes waste!'


[[Advice - Grippe]]

My Aunt Jessie died of the grippe. It started out like a bad cold, but just 
got worse and worse.

The only way to treat the grippe is lots of rest, liquids, and a good diet.

I get the grippe every year or two and I always pull through OK!

My mama always used to give a dose of lecithin every few hours for the grippe.


[[Advice - Hail]]

Lordy! Ain't never seen anything like this hail! We should take shelter under 
the wagons! Poor animals!

Can't wait to write back home and tell the folks about this hailstorm. Biggest 
hail I've ever seen! Hard to travel in, though.

It's miserable trying to travel in weather like this. We're not going any 
further right now, are we?

Well, I admit it's rough traveling in a hailstorm, but it's not much better 
sitting still!


[[Advice - Hay Areas]]

I recommend that we take some time to put up some hay for the animals. They 
won't have any water to drink in the desert ahead, and hay can help them 
survive.

We should gather up some hay for the animals while we still can.

Heck, why waste time fiddling with hay? Let's get a move on!


[[Advice - Dense Fog]]

This fog is as thick as my grandmother's bean soup! We oughtn't keep traveling 
in weather like this!

Can't hardly see where we're going. Maybe we ought to stop for now.

Hey, a little fog never hurt anybody.

We ought to consider the terrain. If there's anything dangerous up ahead, like 
narrow canyon trails, we should stop until this fog clears up.


[[Advice - Hudspeth Cutoff]]

I hear Hudspeth's Cutoff can save us a lot of time on our way to California!

Keep on the main trail!

We're running low on supplies. I say head for Fort Hall.

This isn't our last chance to go to California, you know. The turn-off to the 
main California Trail is still farther down the road.

I don't know--I hear tell that this shortcut is mighty rugged.

I hear the Donner Party took the Truckee Route, and look what happened to 
them! No, siree, I say we should go the Carson Route.

I do believe the northern route is the one more traveled. Must be a good 
reason for it.

I think we should take the Truckee Route.

Any route good enough for Kit Carson is good enough for me.

It don't matter to me which way we go. We just better be prepared for the 
deserts up ahead.


[[Advice - Hunting]]

Let's go hunting! We could use some extra food!

The game looks good in these parts. How about a hunt?

I sure would like to go hunting right about now.

No need to go hunting. We got plenty of food.

Ain't much point in going hunting. Not much game hereabouts.

Hunting sounds like a fine idea to me. I got my rifle!

I don't think now would be a good time to hunt. We'd be better off pushing on 
to the next fort or trading post and getting some food there.

---

Well, we certainly don't want to go right back to Three Crossings!

Head west!

That last stretch of the trail was awful! I've had enough! Let's go back home!


[[Advice - Flooded Trail]]

I reckon there's not much we can do until the waters die down.

There must be another way.

It don't look too deep to me. I say we just keep going forward.

It's awful risky trying to travel a flooded road. If I were you, I'd stay put 
for now.


[[Advice - Blocked Trail - Boulders]]

Maybe if we wait here, another wagon train with more people will come along to 
help us clear a path.

Holy Moly! Looks like there was an avalanche! I don't see how we can clear 
that up. Let's find another way!

There must be another path we can take!

It will probably take us a day or two to clear those rocks out of our way, but 
I don't think we have much choice. Let's get to work on it!

If we all pitch in, we can clear a path through these rocks in just a few 
hours. Let's get out our tools!


[[Advice - Blocked Trail - Timbers]]

Ain't nothing that a little elbow grease won't fix. Let's get to work!

We can't just sit here doing nothing! Let's get those trees out of the way so 
we can move on!

I don't see how we could possibly move all those logs and trees. Maybe we can 
find a way around them.

Hmm--it could take more than a full day to clear those fallen timbers out of 
our way. Let's try to find some way around them.

Maybe if we wait here, another wagon train with more people will come along to 
help us clear a path.

---

This is a good opportunity for trading!

We could use some fresh supplies.

We should continue on our journey.

We should conduct our business here and be on our way.

Let's not stop here. We ought to keep moving.


[[Advice - Gunshot Wound]]

You say the wound's infected? Clean it up and treat it with sulfur. That's the 
best thing to do!

An infection requires cleaning, treatment with alcohol, iodine, or hydrogen 
peroxide, and fresh bandanges.

You don't have to do anything special for an infection. It will get better on 
its own!

If the wound's infected, we should take it easy, maybe rest for a few days. If 
we're not careful, it could turn to gangrene!


[[Advice - Injured Animal]]

An injured draft animal is no good to nobody. Shoot it!

With good care, the injured animal may become useful once again.

We ought to stop for awhile. The animal may yet recover.

We can continue at a slower pace. And the people with the injured animal can 
unhitch it and see if it can keep up.

---

Stay on the road to the Sacramento Valley.

Why would we want to double-back on the Beckwourth Road?

I'm not sure, but I think we're supposed to take a right.


[[Advice - Independence]]

It's high time we be heading out.

We've dilly-dallied around here long enough!

Time's a-wasting. Let's go!

I suggest we start our journey.

We shouldn't remain here much longer. We want to get to where we're going 
before winter!

I say we head on out!

Let's be on our way.

We're not quite ready to leave. We need a little more time to finish buying 
supplies.

Do you think it's wise to leave now? Shouldn't we wait a little longer?

---

This close to The Dalles, we should head straight to it.

Let's go back to the fort.

I say we continue on our way to the Willamette Valley!

Why would anybody want to head east or north at this point?


[[Advice - Lander Cutoff]]

Why, I hear that the Lander Cutoff can shave a hundred miles or more off the 
journey. Sounds like a good choice to me!

Lots of folks taking the Lander Road. We can get to Fort Hall maybe as much as 
a week early if we go that way!

I don't know about that shortcut. If you ask me, people usually wind up 
regretting shortcuts!

We need supplies as soon as possible, and we can get to Fort Bridger quicker 
from here than we can get to Fort Hall.

If it were up to me, I'd stick to the main trail.

We want to go to California! Which is the quickest way there?

The Lander Road may be viable for those who wish to proceed to Oregon. Perhaps 
even California. But if you're bound for the Great Salt Lake Valley, you 
should undoubtedly head for Fort Bridger.

---
There's trouble in these parts. Let's not spend much time around here.

I wouldn't spend any more time around here than I have to.

Looks like a fine town. I don't believe all those stories about armed battles 
between slaveholders and abolitionists around here.


[[Advice - Locusts]]

Have you ever seen anything like these locusts? They're so thick, you can 
hardly see two feet in front of you!

Why, it's like something out of the bible--a plague of locusts! This is a bad 
omen!

Let's just keep going. If we let a bunch of insects stop us, heaven help us!

I suggest we stop for the time being and try to calm down the animals. They're 
frightened out of their wits by these swarms of grasshoppers!

---

Let's go hunting, or maybe fishing. That's the best way to stock up on food!

We need to cut back on the amount of food we eat. That should get us to the 
next fort or trading post!

If we hang on a little longer, somebody's bound to come along who can do some 
trading with us.

I hate the thought of killing some of our oxen for food--they're good animals, 
and we need them to pull our wagons--but it's better than starving.


[[Advice - Malaria]]

Malaria? Anybody got any quinine? That's supposed to be the best treatment!

Some folks think it's spread by mosquitoes, and we've had plenty of mosquitoes 
about.

Once you get malaria, ain't much you can do for it except rest and take 
quinine.

Let's not stop for that! I once knew a man who claimed he had chronic malaria, 
but he was nothing but a ne'er-do-well.


[[Advice - Measles]]

We're not going to let a few cases of measles slow us down, are we?

It'd be a mistake to ignore the measles. If you're not careful, it can lead to 
pneumonia!

I think we ought to rest for a few days so that they can recover.

Measles can spread quickly, and we should do our best to keep that from 
happening. You know, measles can kill small children!


[[Advice - Missing Animal]]

I don't rightly think we should hold up the whole wagon train just because 
some animal's missing.

Let's organize a search party! Out here in the middle of nowhere, we can't 
afford to lose any of our animals!

Hmm--that's mighty suspicious, animals missing. Maybe there're some thieves 
around about.


[[Advice - Missing Person]]

Missing person, you say? Well, we better start looking!

We can't very well go on with somebody missing. Let's get together a search 
party!

That's all right--you just go ahead and search the countryside. I'll just stay 
here and keep an eye on things.

Now, we oughtn't rush off scouring half the country. If we just wait here, 
maybe they'll come back.


[[Advice - Mountain Fever]]

Mountain fever? Never heard of it!

Back east I heard a mountain man tell of the best way to treat it. He said you 
got to rest and try to break the fever. Otherwise it can kill you.

My ma used to say that she thought mountain fever was caused by ticks. Hardly 
anyone put much stock in that, though.

Well, if it's mountain fever, maybe we'd be better off once we get past the 
mountains. So let's get a move on!

---

We're starving! We've got to find some food or we'll all be dead soon!

It can't hurt to go hunting, though it might slow our progress to the nearest 
fort or trading post.

We should rest a bit before moving on. 28	Rivers like this are nothing to 
trifle with! Folks should be more careful!

We should have never gotten this low on food! If our leaders had been doing 
their job right, we'd have never gotten this bad off!

Well, I guess we better do some hunting. It's either that or go hungry.

It's a shame it has to come to this, but we might have to kill some of our 
animals for food.

Do you think we can make it to the nearest settlement or trading post? I'm not 
sure if we can!


[[Advice - 'Parting of the Ways']]

So this is the famous 'Parting of the Ways'! I hear that those who want to go 
to Oregon should head for Fort Hall, while those bound for Utah and California 
should go to Fort Bridger.

We should take the Sublette Cutoff to Fort Hall. It's the shortest way.

We need supplies, and Fort Bridger is a lot closer than Fort Hall!

We have plenty of supplies for now. I say we take the shortcut.

I've heard bad things about the Sublette Cutoff. They say you can go for days 
without any good drinking water!

The main route is longer, but the Sublette Cutoff is rougher and drier. Sounds 
like six of one, half-a-dozen of the other.

---

Thank heavens we made it across that desert! For a while there I thought we 
were done for!

I sure hope we don't face anything like that desert again! That was by far the 
worst time of my life!

That desert was dreadful! Half of my oxen died, and I had to abandon all of my 
supplies save the very essentials!


[[Advice - Pneumonia]]

If they got pneumonia, there ain't much we can do for them except give them 
rest and good food.

We better get ourselves a doctor, and pronto!

Pneumonia's nothing to mess with. We'd better stop this train or we're going 
to have some grave-digging to do.

I don't care if they do have pneumonia! We got to get to where we're going 
before winter comes or we'll ALL get sick and die!


[[Advice - Prairie Fire]]

Goodness! I've never seen anything like it! Do you think we're safe here?

Let's keep moving. We're no safer from the fire sitting still than we are 
traveling.

I recommend we stop for a while and keep an eye on the fire--make sure it 
doesn't get too close!

Let's try to find some way around the fire!


[[Advice - Quicksand]]

Quicksand? We'd better be careful!

Ah, I don't think there's any quicksand through here.

Quicksand shouldn't prove any serious threat if we continue at a slow, 
cautious pace.

Sand like this turns into quicksand only after heavy rains. If we wait a few 
days, all the quicksand should dry up.


[[Advice - Rabies]]

Nothing you can do for someone with rabies. Might as well move on.

There's no cure for rabies, but we're obliged to try to make the poor soul as 
comfortable as possible until the inevitable end arrives.

Rabies? That's serious! Shouldn't we be looking for a doctor?

We ought to be more careful with all of these wild animals about.


[[Advice - Resting]]

Let's stop here awhile and rest.

We're plum tuckered out. Let's rest here.

Looks like a fine place to stop and rest.

We're in need of a rest, and this is as good a place as any.

This is a good place to rest for a while. There's lots of good water here.

There's plenty of grass here for grazing the animals. Let's rest here a day or 
two.

I ain't feeling so tired. Those folks whining about wanting to rest are just a 
bunch of cry-babies.

We do need a rest. We've been pushing ourselves awfully hard lately.


[[Advice - River Delay]]

I reckon the only thing we can do right now is wait our turn to cross. At 
least we get to rest a bit.

If we got here sooner, we wouldn't have had to wait so long!

Patience, patience. Worrying about it won't do no good. We'll get across the 
river when our time comes.

There's too many wagons trying to cross the river right now. We've got to 
wait.

I never realized there'd be such a crowd of wagons trying to cross the river 
at one time!


[[Advice - River Ferry]

I always say, if there's a ferry, take it!

I suggest we take the ferry. That's the safest way.

Ferry's too expensive. Let's find some other way to cross.

They charge an arm and a leg to use the ferry!


[[Advice - River Fording]]

Looks fairly deep to me. I say we float across.

If you ask me, this river is much too deep to ford.

I say we ought to float across this here river.

This river doesn't look too deep. Let's ford it.

We should ford this river.

I reckon fording's the best way to cross this river.


[[Advice - River Free Bridge]

Well, if it don't cost anything to use the bridge, use it!

That bridge looks a little rickety to me. But it's better than nothing. I'd 
just be careful crossing it.


[[Advice - River Ice]]

The ice looks thick enough to just drive our wagons across.

The ice is good and solid. Let's cross over the ice!

Oh, I wouldn't cross over the ice. That makes me nervous.

I don't see how we can cross right now. The ice isn't thick enough. Maybe we 
can break through the ice and then ford or float.


[[Advice - River Conditions]]

I think we should cross the river now.

We should wait a while before crossing.

I don't like the looks of the river right now. Let's wait before crossing.

Weather's not right for crossing a river. We should wait.

What are we waiting for? Let's cross!

You know, this river bank makes for a good resting place. Let's rest here a 
time before crossing.

Conditions aren't likely to improve any time soon. We should go ahead and 
cross the river.

Why don't we hire some of the Indians around here to help us cross the river?

I think we should hire someone to help us across.


[[Advice - River Toll Bridge]

I don't care if they do charge a toll. Only a fool wouldn't use the bridge!

Take the toll bridge, of course!

I don't know about you, but I can't afford to pay a toll.

They charge too much to use this bridge. Let's ford or float instead.

---

Hey, let's stop here a bit and carve our names over in those rocks.

I hear that emigrants passing by here often carve their names in the rock.

Why dawdle here carving names in rocks? We have to get to where we're going 
before the winter snows!

---

We should take it slower through dangerous stretches like this! Now see what's 
happened!

Accidents happen. It's a grievous incident, but I assign no blame.


[[Advice - Tipped Wagon]]

Didn't take the proper precautions in going down the hill. Should have 
anchored the wagon somehow, or at least locked the wheels.

I reckon we better get together and help put the wagon right side up so we can 
all get a move on.

Let's pitch in and help. The sooner we do that, the sooner we can get back on 
the trail.

It's their own darn fault. Why should I break my back trying to help them out 
now when they should have been more careful in the first place?

---

We should head west to California!

California's the place for me!

I suggest we head for the Great Salt Lake Valley.

I don't see why we should head for the Great Salt Lake Valley. That would be 
well out of our way.

If we turn north, we can get back to the main Oregon Trail and head for the 
Willamette Valley.


[[Advice - Hastings Cutoff]]

I hear the Hastings Cutoff can trim weeks off of one's journey to California.

I suggest we take the shortest route to California.

I've heard horror stories about the Hastings Cutoff. They say there's a desert 
that takes days to cross!

I think we should take the road north of the Great Salt Lake. I met a man back 
at Independence Rock who said that the south road passes through a fierce 
desert.

Take the Salt Lake Road. That way, you can choose later to go either to 
California or to Oregon. With the Hastings Road, you pretty much have no 
choice but California.

Whichever way we go, the trail gets rougher than ever. I suggest we stop and 
rest here awhile before moving on.


[[Advice - Sandstorm]]

Glory be! I've never seen nothing like this sandstorm!

I don't see how we can keep going!

We had better stop and wait for this duststorm to die down. Can't see a thing 
in front of me!

We mustn't let anything stop us or slow us down! We have to keep pressing on!


[[Advice - Scurvy]]

If people would eat more fruits and vegetables, they wouldn't get scurvy.

Well, it's easy to see how people might get scurvy. We haven't had any fresh 
fruit in a long time. But I hear that pickles or vinegar helps.

Maybe we ought to go hunting. Fresh meat could help. Well, it couldn't hurt.

I've heard of scurvy, but I don't know anything about it. Do you think you got 
any medicine that could help?


[[Advice - Snow]]

The snow's falling so fast, we can't see where we're going. Let's stop for a 
while.

Can't make much progress in weather like this. It would be risky to continue 
until the snow lets up.

We shouldn't stay put and let the snow pile up around us. We might get 
trapped! Let's keep going!

I'm not sure what we should do. It's awful hard to travel in all this snow, 
but if we don't keep moving, we could wind up snowbound!


[[Advice - Severe Thunderstorm]]

This storm is so fierce, we can hardly see ahead of us. I say we should wait 
it out.

It's raining and thundering something terrible! I don't think we should do any 
more traveling today.

The animals are getting scared by the lightning and thunder. Perhaps it would 
be best for us to stop until this storm blows over.

Are you scared of a little storm? What's the matter with you?


[[Advice - Sick Animal]]

If we stop and rest a bit, maybe the sick critter will get better.

We should try to treat it. Out here, a draft animal is too important to be 
ignored!

What are you getting all worried about? They're just animals!

Let's slow down a bit.

We're pushing too hard. Let's slow our pace. 84	I think we ought to slow down 
somewhat.

We need to ease up a bit. Let's slow our pace.

How about if we slow down a bit?

I been confabulating on this here situation, and it seems to me we're being 
pushed a bit too hard. I think we ought to slow down!

Don't listen to them whiners who want to drag their heels. Let's get this 
journey done with as soon as possible!


[[Advice - Smallpox]]

Smallpox? That spreads like the devil! We'd better leave that wagon behind!

I've had smallpox, so I can't get it again. Let me try to help.

If it's smallpox, then we have to get a hold of a doctor immediately!

Let's stop awhile. I hear rest is important for helping a smallpox patient to 
recover.

We can't go on like this. We've got to figure out the best treatment before 
half the wagon train is stricken and killed!

I figure there ain't much you can do about smallpox. Let's keep going!


[[Advice - Snakebite]]

I know what to do for a snakebite. Apply a tourniquet, lacerate the wound, and 
suck out the venom. And keep the patient still and calm!

If you go messing around where there's a lot of snakes, you're liable to get 
bit! Serves them right! Hmm--my cousin, Dr. Brogan Cavanaugh, sells snakebite 
medicine. I wonder if I got any.

I tell you--if I got bit by a snake, I'd sure want to see a doctor!

We should stop and rest. Rest is important for recovery from a snakebite.


[[Advice - Snow]]

I don't think we should try to go anywhere with this much snow piled about.

We're going to have to dig ourselves out of this snow before we can continue.

Ah, what's a little snow? Let's keep going!

It would be a terrible strain on our animals and wagons--not to mention 
ourselves--if we try to push onward in this snow.

---

Why, we should head west, of course!

We're going west, aren't we?

I'm having second thoughts about this venture. I would seriously consider 
heading back to Missouri.

---

Let's keep going.

Let's move on.

Time is a-wasting. Let's head out!

I think we ought to keep going.

I say we continue on our way.

I think it's time we be moving on now.

Fine scenery around these parts.


[[Advice - Strangers]]

Let's just wait here and see what they're going to do. Frankly, I don't like 
the looks of them.

We should keep moving, but at a distance. They could be trouble.

I think we ought to go up to them and say 'howdy!' They may be in need of 
help, or they may be able to help us.

I wouldn't mind hearing what they have to say. Could provide useful 
information about the trail ahead.

---

Head for the Sacramento Valley!

Keep going west! Why would you want to turn back now?

I do believe we're supposed to make a turn to the east at this point.

Why ask me? I thought you knew the way to go!


[[Advice - Sundays]]

Don't bother trying to visit any stores or shops. It's Sunday--everything's 
closed!

Don't you realize it's Sunday? Ain't nothing open today. It's against the law! 
Come back tomorrow.

You oughtn't be surprised that no stores are open and hardly anyone's out and 
about. It's Sunday!

---

I heard a fellow say that our destination is just a mile or so to the west.

I want to get to Sacramento so that I can try to stake a claim to some rich 
farm land!

There's a right big town off to the east. Is that on the way?


[[Advice - Thirst]]

We've got to find some water, and soon!

If we don't hurry up and get out of this dry country, we're done for!

Next chance we get, we should get ourselves some canteens or water kegs so 
this won't happen again!

If we slow our pace a bit, we might last longer without water. But I could be 
wrong about that.

We are getting right desperate. We won't last much longer without water!


[[Advice - Three Crossings]]

On the Three Crossings route, you have to cross the river three times, and 
river crossings are always risky!

I wouldn't want to have to cross this river any more than I have to, 
especially with the trail as rough as it is around here.

On the Deep Sands route, the sand is thick and heavy, and wagons can get 
bogged down in it. Why, I even hear it can turn to quicksand after heavy 
rains!

I don't like the looks of the trail over there on the Deep Sands road.

It don't matter to me which way we go, as long as it's going west.


[[Advice - Three Islands]]

Well, those three islands there make it look like this would be an easy place 
to cross this here river.

We're running low on supplies. Let's head for Fort Boise.

I don't like crossing a river if we don't have to. Let's take the south route.

I suggest we take the north route to Fort Boise.

Is it too late for us to turn back and head for California?

They say the south route is right sandy. But, then again, that Snake River 
crossing don't look too inviting.


[[Advice - Town]]

I need to go to a store to buy some supplies.

I sure could use some supplies.

Let's go into town!

I'd like to buy a couple of fresh oxen.

Let's not waste our time going into town.

We don't need anything here. Let's move on.

Maybe there's a blacksmith or carpenter hereabouts who can help me fix my 
wagon.

---

I sure would like to stop here for a bit. I could use some fresh supplies.

Let's stop here a while. I'd like to see what they have here.

This may be our last chance for a while to buy or trade for supplies.

Ain't got no need to stop here.

Don't waste your time on these penny-ante stations and trading posts. They got 
next to nothing, and what they do got, they try to cheat you over.

---

I don't know which way we should go. I figured you would!

Which way is west?

Maybe we better consult our guidebook before deciding which road to take.

I suggest you look in the guidebook to determine the correct road.


[[Advice - Train Split]]

The wagon train's splitting up here. I reckon I better decide which way I 
ought to go!

The trail splits here, and folks are divided as to which way to go. Looks like 
the wagon train's going to split up.

Don't feel bad about the wagon train dividing up here. Plenty of folks still 
want to go where you're headed.

No reflection on you, friend, but a lot of wagons are going the other way.


[[Advice - Truckee Route]]

I suggest we stick to the Truckee Road.

The Truckee Route is the main road, so it's probably best to stay on it.

I hear Beckwourth's Road is a good one. Why don't we take that?

By taking the Beckwourth Route, we'll avoid Donner Lake. And you know the 
terrible things that happened there a few years back.

---

I hear that by going through Cold Stream Pass, we avoid some pretty rough, 
steep trails.

We'd stay on the main trail by going north of the lake.

Take the Cold Stream Pass road.

Keep on the main trail.


[[Advice - Typhoid Fever]]

Are you sure it's typhoid? Is there a red skin rash, cough, and nosebleeds?

We have to try to control the fever. That and lots of rest are the best 
treatment for typhoid.

Some folks think that typhoid is spread by contaminated food and water. Maybe 
we ought to clear out--the water here may be bad.

I don't like it! I once heard of a town where nearly half the children and old 
folks were killed by typhoid.

You know, typhoid fever can lead to pneumonia. We've got to take good care of 
each other!

Dang it! We've got to get the sick folks to a doctor!


[[Advice - Unknown Illness]]

What can we do if we don't know what's wrong with them?

Perhaps we ought to stop until we can figure out what the illness is.

So? People feel poorly all the time. There's no reason to slow down.

You should carefully consider the symptoms. They might indicate what the 
ailment is.


[[Advice - Steep hills]

This hill looks mighty steep! I'd be careful going up there.

Aw, this hill is no big deal. Let's just keep going.

I seen bigger anthills than this. What's the delay?

I recommend we double-team the animals before trying to make our way up this 
hill.

Unhitch the animals and drive them up the hill. Then hook them back up to the 
wagons with these long ropes and chains, and they can pull the wagons up.

Maybe folks with too much stuff in their wagons ought to lighten their loads 
before trying to go up this hill.

Before we decide how or even when to go up this hill, we should consider the 
weather and the condition of the ground.


[[Advice - Wagon Accident]

I knew we shouldn't have been going so fast through this kind of terrain!

A wagon accident? Well, I figure we're seeing the elephant for sure now!

If there are any injuries, we have to make sure the wounds are treated 
properly. We don't want them to get infected.

It horrifies me every time I witness an accident like that. But we must learn 
from our mistakes to avoid similar incidents in the future.


[[Advice - Stuck Wagon]]

I suggest you borrow some animals from someone and then double-team your 
wagon. That should enable you to pull out of the mud.

If you lighten your wagon load, you may be able to pull your way out.

Personally, I'd like to just leave them behind. But I suppose it ain't fitting 
to do that, now is it?

If we hadn't tried to continue in all this mud, this wouldn't have happened, 
now would it?

If you double-team your animals, you should be able to pull out of that sand!

Ain't nothing much you can do excepting to lighten your wagon load.

If we'd have taken a different route, maybe we wouldn't have had to go through 
all this deep sand in the first place!

---

I think we should head to California.

We should go to Oregon.

We should head back toward Soda Springs. That's just my personal opinion, you 
see.

We're going to California, aren't we?

---

We should try to get to Fort Hall as soon as possible.

We certainly don't want to head back east at this point!

As a general rule of thumb, I'd say stay on the main trail.

It's not too late to turn back! That Lander Road looks mighty tempting to me.

---

Now, why would we want to go back over the Sublette Cutoff?

Why, head for Fort Hall, of course!

We're going west, ain't we?

I don't know how much further I can go on. But we're more than halfway. I 
suppose it would be foolish to turn back now.


[[Advice - Gathering]]

What the heck are we doing wasting time gathering wild fruit?

Why, I sure could go for some fresh fruit right now!

You know, I think a few of the people may be showing early signs of scurvy. 
Fresh fruit would be just the thing for them!

We can gather some fruit while we're walking along. May slow us down a bit, 
but there's no need to stop!


[[Advice - Whitman Mission]]

We should spend the winter here and then resume our journey in the spring.

It may seem early, but we don't want to be caught out on the open prairie or 
in the mountains when the winter snows come. We should remain here until 
spring.

Personally, I wouldn't object to continuing, but I'm willing to go along with 
the others and stay here through the winter.

---

Let's be on our way.

Now that it's spring, it's a good time to resume our journey.

It's high time we be moving on.


[[Advice - Morale]]

You're doing right fine leading us through this country.

You're doing a good job.

Can't complain.

Well, things could be better, but I reckon you're doing OK.

Some folks are starting to grumble about how things are going.

Things ain't looking so good.

Folks are real worried. They won't tolerate much more of this.

---

What are we doing wasting time picking wild vegetables?

I sure would like some fresh vegetables!


[[Actions]]

Talk to this person
Look for someone else
Done looking around

Continue
Rest here
See who's around

Check the river conditions
Wait/Rest here
Ford the river
Caulk the wagons and float
See who's around

Continue
Rest here
Go into town
See who's around

Check the river conditions
Wait/Rest here
Ford the river
Caulk the wagons and float
Take the ferry
See who's around

Continue
Rest here
Visit the mission
See who's around

Check the river conditions
Wait/Rest here
Ford the river
Caulk the wagons and float
Take the toll bridge
See who's around

Route 1
Route 2
Rest here
See who's around

Continue
Rest here
Visit the dry-goods store
See who's around

Continue
Rest here
Visit the trading post
See who's around

Continue
Rest here
Visit the fort
See who's around

Check the hill's conditions
Wait/Rest here
Continue up the hill
Double-team and continue
Use ropes or chains
Lighten your wagon load
See who's around

Check the hill's conditions
Wait/Rest here
Continue down the hill
Lock the wheels and continue
Anchor wagon and continue
Use ropes or chains
Lighten your wagon load
See who's around

Route 1
Route 2
Visit the fort
Rest here
See who's around

Continue
Rest here
See who's around

Route 1
Route 2
Visit the trading post
Rest here
See who's around

Check the ruins
Route 1
Route 2
Rest here
See who's around

Continue
Rest here
Check the abandoned building
See who's around

Continue
Rest here
Check the abandoned buildings
See who's around

Check the river conditions
Wait/Rest here
Ford the river
Caulk the wagons and float
Hire some Indians to help
Take the ferry
See who's around

Raft the Columbia
Pay someone to raft you ($80)
Wait/Rest here
See who's around

Route 1
Route 2
Pay someone to raft you ($80)
Wait/Rest here
See who's around

Route 1
Route 2
Pay someone to raft you ($80)
Wait/Rest here
Visit the fort
See who's around

Pay toll and continue
Rest here
See who's around

Continue
Rest here
Visit the station
See who's around

Continue
Rest here
Visit the settlement
See who's around

Wait until spring of 1847
See who's around

Route 1
Route 2
Rest here
Go into town
See who's around

Continue
Rest here
Gather hay for your animals
See who's around
Travel by day
Wait until sunset
Rest here
See who's around

Route 1
Route 2
Rest here
Gather hay for your animals
See who's around

Check the mountain conditions
Wait/Rest here
Continue up the mountain
Double-team and continue
Use ropes or chains
Lighten your wagon load
See who's around

Continue
Rest here
Visit the ranch
See who's around

Route 1
Route 2
Rest here
Visit the ranch
See who's around

Route 1
Route 2
Rest here
Check the abandoned buildings
See who's around

Continue through the rapids
Portage around the rapids
See who's around

Resume rafting
Rest here
See who's around

Continue rafting
Rest here awhile
Visit the fort
See who's around

Check the canyon conditions
Wait/Rest here
Continue up into the canyon
Double-team and continue
Use ropes or chains
Lighten your wagon load
See who's around

Check the river conditions
Wait/Rest here
Cross over the ice
See who's around

Check the river conditions
Wait/Rest here
Ford the river
Caulk the wagons and float
Hire some Indians to help
See who's around

Continue
Check the ruins
See who's around

Check the conditions
Wait/Rest here
Continue down the mountain
Lock the wheels and continue
Anchor wagon and continue
Use ropes or chains
Lighten your wagon load
See who's around

Check the conditions
Wait/Rest here
Continue down the canyon
Lock the wheels and continue
Anchor wagon and continue
Use ropes or chains
Lighten your wagon load
See who's around

Stake a land claim
See your final score
See what lies ahead
Save diary
End game

Stake a land claim
Prospect for gold
See your final score
See what lies ahead
Save diary
End game

Settle here
Route 1
Route 2
Rest here
Go into town
See who's around

Pass quarantine
Rest here
See who's around

Continue
Rest here
Talk to this person
Look for someone else


[[Items]]

rope
chain
spare wagon wheel
spare wagon axle
spare wagon tongue
vinegar
lard
grease
isopropyl alcohol
iodine
hydrogen peroxide
whiskey
brandy
alum
witch hazel
salt
grease
lard
flour
cornmeal
saleratus [baking soda]
camphor
epsom salts
isopropyl alcohol
whiskey
brandy
peppermint
laudanum
olive oil
magnesia
lecithin
quinine
sassafras
aloe vera ointment
Duffy's Elixir
Dover's Powder
sulfur
matches
gunpowder
spare ox yoke


[[Actions - Special Events]]

Blizzard
Continue as usual
Slow down
Wait for conditions to improve
Get advice

Snowbound
Try to continue as usual
Double-team and continue
Wait for conditions to improve
Get advice

Severe Thunderstorm
Continue as usual
Slow down
Wait for conditions to improve
Get advice

Hailstorm
Continue as usual
Slow down
Wait for conditions to improve
Get advice

Heavy Fog
Continue as usual
Slow down
Wait for conditions to improve
Get advice

Fallen Timbers
Continue over the obstruction
Try to clear the path
Try to find another path
Wait for conditions to improve
Get advice

Fallen Rocks
Continue over the obstruction
Try to clear the path
Try to find another path
Wait for conditions to improve
Get advice

Flooded Trail
Try to ford through the water
Try to find another path
Wait for conditions to improve
Get advice

Broken Wagon Wheel
Try to repair it
Replace it from supplies
Trade for a replacement
Get advice

Broken Wagon Axle
Try to repair it
Replace it from supplies
Trade for a replacement
Get advice

Broken Wagon Tongue
Try to repair it
Replace it from supplies
Trade for a replacement
Get advice

Missing Livestock
Continue
Organize a search party
Wait for it to return
Get advice

Missing Livestock
Continue
Organize a search party
Wait for them to return
Get advice

Missing Person
Continue
Organize a search party
Wait for them to return
Get advice

Sick Livestock
Continue as usual
Rest here awhile
Continue at a slower pace
Abandon sick animal
Administer a dose of vinegar
Administer grease or lard
Get advice

Injured Livestock
Continue as usual
Rest here awhile
Slow down
Abandon injured animal
Get advice

Wild Fruit
Ignore it
Stop and gather fruit
Gather while continuing
Get advice

Abandoned Wagon
Ignore it
Search it for something useful
Get advice

Buffalo Stampede
Continue
Wait for stampede to pass
Go hunting
Get advice

Quicksand Ahead!
Continue as usual
Slow down
Put weakest animal up front
Wait for conditions to improve
Get advice

Animal Caught In Quicksand
Continue
Try to rescue the animal
Get advice

Prairie Fire
Continue as usual
Slow down
Wait for conditions to improve
Get advice

Duststorm
Continue as usual
Slow down
Wait for conditions to improve
Get advice

Locusts
Continue as usual
Slow down
Wait for conditions to improve
Get advice

Extreme Heat
Continue as usual
Slow down
Wait for conditions to improve
Get advice

Extreme Cold
Continue as usual
Slow down
Wait for conditions to improve

Get advice
Indian Party Ahead
Continue at a distance
Approach them
Wait to see what they do

Strangers Ahead
Continue at a distance
Approach them
Wait to see what they do
Get advice

Accidental Gunshot
Continue as usual
Rest here awhile
Increase rations
Clean and dress the wound
Treat with an antiseptic
Treat with an astringent
Rub salt in the wound
Get advice

Bite
Continue as usual
Rest here awhile
Increase rations
Clean and dress the wound
Treat with an antiseptic
Treat with an astringent
Rub salt in the wound
Get advice

Mauling
Continue as usual
Rest here awhile
Increase rations
Clean and dress the wound
Treat with an antiseptic
Treat with an astringent
Rub salt in the wound
Get advice

Fire in a Wagon
Try to put out the fire
Wait for fire to die down
Get advice

Theft From a Wagon
Continue
Search for the thief

Too Many People at the River
Wait your turn to cross
Get advice

Delay at Ferry
Wait your turn
Use other means to cross
Get advice

Tipped Wagon
Get the wagon upright
Get advice

@ Died
Continue
Butcher the animal for meat

@ Died
Continue

Wagon Stuck in the Mud
Double-team the animals
Lighten the load
Get advice

Wagon Stuck in Deep Sand
Double-team the animals
Lighten the load
Get advice

Can't Get Wagon Up The Hill
Change method of going uphill
Lighten the load

Animals Exhausted
Stop and rest awhile
Double-team the animals
Lighten the wagon load

Not Enough Money to Pay Toll
Offer trade in lieu of toll
Leave and don't pay

Thick Dust From Other Wagons
Continue as usual
Slow down
Wait for conditions to improve
Get advice

Independence Day!
Celebrate the Fourth!
Continue

Sunday
All Stores Closed
Wait until tomorrow
Oh - Never mind
Get advice

Cuts and Abrasions
Continue as usual
Rest here awhile
Increase rations
Clean and dress the wounds
Treat with an antiseptic
Treat with an astringent
Rub salt in the wounds
Get advice

Alkali Sickness
Continue as usual
Rest here awhile
Increase rations
Administer a dose of vinegar
Administer flour and water
Administer grease or lard
Administer baking soda

Alkali Sickness
Continue as usual
Rest here awhile
Slow down
Administer a dose of vinegar
Administer flour and water
Administer grease or lard
Administer baking soda
Get advice

Broken @
Continue as usual
Rest here awhile
Slow down
Increase rations
Set the bone and apply splint
Apply camphor to the break
Exercise the broken bone
Get advice

Sprained @
Continue as usual
Rest here awhile
Slow down
Immobilize affected joint
Soak in warm epsom saltwater
Apply alchohol to the sprain
Exercise the affected joint

Lost Supplies
Continue
Rest here awhile

Cholera
Continue as usual
Rest here awhile
Increase rations
Administer peppermint
Administer laudanum
Administer epsom salts
Get advice

A Bad Cold
Continue as usual
Rest here awhile
Slow down
Increase rations
Increase fluid intake
Administer vinegar
Administer olive oil
Get advice

Concussion
Continue as usual
Rest here awhile
Slow down
Increase rations
Administer laudanum
Use camphor for stimulation
Keep the patient very active
Get advice

Dysentary
Continue as usual
Rest here awhile
Increase rations
Increase fluid and salt intake
Administer laudanum
Administer peppermint
Administer magnesia
Get advice

The Grippe
Continue as usual
Rest here awhile
Slow down
Increase fluid intake
Administer vinegar
Administer lecithin
Administer quinine
Get advice

Malaria
Continue as usual
Rest here awhile
Slow down
Increase rations
Administer quinine
Administer sassafras
Administer magnesia
Get advice

Measles
Continue as usual
Rest here awhile
Slow down
Increase rations
Increase fluid intake
Treat the skin rash with aloe
Administer epsom salts
Get advice

Mountain Fever
Continue as usual
Rest here awhile
Slow down
Increase rations
Try to control the fever
Treat the skin rash with aloe
Administer magnesia
Get advice

Pnuemonia
Continue as usual
Rest here awhile
Slow down
Increase rations
Administer laudanum
Keep the patient warm and dry
Keep the patient cool and moist
Get advice

Beriberi
Continue as usual
Rest here awhile
Slow down
Increase rations
Administer Duffy's Elixer
Administer Dover's Powder
Go hunting
Get advice

Diphtheria
Continue as usual
Rest here awhile
Slow down
Increase rations
Increase fluid intake
Administer vinegar
Administer Dover's Powder
Get advice

Frostbite
Continue as usual
Rest here awhile
Slow down
Increase rations
Gradually warm affected area
Quickly warm affected area
Rub affected area with snow
Get advice

Gangrene
Continue as usual
Rest here awhile
Slow down
Increase rations
Amputate the affected limb
Apply sulfur to the wound
Administer Duffy's Elixer
Get advice

Scurvy
Continue as usual
Rest here awhile
Slow down
Increase rations
Go look for edible plants
Administer Dover's Powder
Administer magnesia
Get advice

Smallpox
Continue as usual
Rest here awhile
Slow down
Increase rations
Apply aloe to the skin lesions
Use antiseptic on the skin lesions
Administer epsom salts
Get advice

Snakebite
Continue as usual
Rest here awhile
Slow down
Increase rations
Use tourniquet/suction method
Use antiseptic on the bite
Give patient lots of exercise
Get advice

Typhoid Fever
Continue as usual
Rest here awhile
Slow down
Increase rations
Try to control the fever
Administer laudanum
Apply aloe to the skin rash
Get advice

Rabies
Continue as usual
Rest here awhile
Slow down
Increase rations
Make patient comfortable
Administer laudanum
Administer magnesia
Administer epsom salts
Get advice

Typhus
Continue as usual
Rest here awhile
Slow down
Increase rations
Administer laudanum
Apply aloe to the skin rash
Keep patient cool and moist


Scarlet Fever
Continue as usual
Rest here awhile
Slow down
Increase rations
Increase fluid intake
Administer laudanum
Keep patient cool and moist	

Food Poisioning
Continue as usual
Rest here awhile
Increase rations
Increase fluid and salt intake
Administer laudanum
Administer peppermint
Administer epsom salts

Infection
Continue as usual
Rest here awhile
Increase rations
Clean and dress wound
Apply sulfur to wound
Apply antiseptic to wound
Rub salt in the wound
Get advice

Consumption
Continue as usual
Rest here awhile
Slow down
Increase rations
Administer laudanum
Keep patient warm and dry
Keep patient cool and moist

Burns
Continue as usual
Rest here awhile
Increase rations
Clean and bandage burns
Apply aloe to burns
Apply antiseptic to burns
Apply grease or lard to burns

Drowning
Continue
Rest here awhile
Get advice

You've been elected captain!
Accept position of captain
Refuse position of captain

Wagon train morale is low
Continue
Rest here awhile

You've been dismissed!
Continue as a Greenhorn

You've been re-elected!

Accept position of captain
Refuse position of captain

You've been hired as Trail Guide
Good! Let's continue.

Wagon train morale is low
Continue
Rest here awhile

You've been fired!
Save diary
End Game

The train is splitting here
Continue
Get advice

Other wagons wish to join you
Let them join
Don't let them join

@ has died.
Provide a proper burial
Continue immediately
Get advice

Bad Mosquitoes
Continue
Rest here awhile
Get advice

Animal injured stepping in a hole
Continue
Rest here awhile
Slow down
Abandon injured animal
Butcher the animal for meat
Get advice

Freezing
Continue
Rest here awhile
Slow down
Stop and build a fire
Feed patient warm food
Get advice

Starvation
Continue
Rest here awhile
Go hunting
Kill a draft animal for food
Get advice

Broken Yoke
Try to repair it
Replace it from supplies
Trade for a replacement
Get advice

Lockjaw
Continue as usual
Rest here awhile
Slow down
Increase rations
Make patient comfortable
Administer laudanum
Feed patient fluids
Administer epsom salts

Internal injuries
Continue as usual
Rest here awhile
Slow down
Increase rations
Make patient comfortable
Administer laudanum
Administer magnesia

Wound
Continue as usual
Rest here awhile
Administer laudanum
Clean and dress the wound
Apply sulfur to the wound
Use an antiseptic on the wound
Rub salt in the wound

Water poisioning
Continue as usual
Rest here awhile
Slow down
Increase rations
Administer peppermint

Thirst
Continue as usual
Rest here awhile
Go faster
Go slower
Increase rations
Get advice

Wild Vegetables
Ignore them
Stop and gather vegetables
Gather while continuing
Get advice

Swamped Wagon
Clean up the mess

Wagon fell through ice
Clean up the mess

Caught some fish
Clean them for food
Release them

@ has died.
Save diary
End Game

Losses While Rafting
Continue


[[Generic Journal Entries - Events]]

We got caught in a blizzard. I reckon we'll [option].
The wagon train was caught in a severe blizzard. We decided to [option].

The wagon train has become snowbound. We're going to [option].
The wagon train is snowbound, and I've decided to [option].

A mighty severe thunderstorm came up. We're going to [option].
A sudden thunderstorm caught us on the trail. I decided it is best to 
[option].
We endured an extremely severe thunderstorm today. We decided to [option].
Dreadful thunderstorm today. I figured it was best to [option].
We were inconvenienced by a serious thunderstorm. We chose to [option].
A severe thunderstorm made travel difficult today. We figured we would 
[option].
Bad storm today--rain, wind, and lightning something fierce! We decided to 
[option].

A severe hailstorm struck today. I reckon we'll [option].
The wagon train got caught in a sudden hailstorm. We decided it is best to 
[option].
We were hit by a severe hailstorm and decided to [option].

The fog is as thick as pea soup. I reckon we'll [option].
A thick fog rolled in today. Looks like we'll [option].
The fog was awful this morning. We decided to [option].
Terrible fog during the early part of the day. We chose to [option]
It was extremely foggy early today. We figured it was best to [option].
This morning it was very foggy. We decided to [option].

We came upon some timbers that fell on the trail and decided to [option].
Some fallen timbers are blocking the trail. We plan to [option].

Our path was blocked by fallen rocks on the trail. We decided to [option].
We came upon some fallen rocks on the trail and decided to [option].

We came upon a portion of the trail that was flooded, and had to [option].
The trail's flooded. We had to [option].

Broke a wagon wheel today. We will [option].
One of our wagon wheels broke. We have to [option].

Broke a wagon axle today. We will have to [option].
One of our wagon axles broke, and I decided to [option].

The wagon tongue broke. We will [option].
Our wagon tongue broke, and we decided to [option].

We're missing one of the [p1], and we decided to [option].
One of the [p1] is missing. This time we plan to [option].

We're missing some of the [p1], so I decided to [option].
Some of the [p1] are missing, and we're going to [option].

[p1] got lost. We decided to [option].
It seems [p1] got lost. We plan to [option].

One of the [p1] got sick. This time we plan to [option].
One of the [p1] is sick, and we're going to [option].
One of the [p1] took sick. I decided to [option].

Just learned that one of the [p1] was injured. We're going to [option].
One of the [p1] got injured, and we're trying to [option].
One of the [p1] was injured. It looks like we'll have to [option].

We found some wild fruit and decided to [option].
We were fortunate to happen upon some wild fruit. We will [option].

We found an abandoned wagon. We decided to [option].
We came across an abandoned wagon and decided to [option].

A buffalo stampede blocked our way. We decided to [option].
Faced a buffalo stampede today and decided to [option].

Found some quicksand ahead. I decided to [option].
Just heard that there's quicksand ahead. Looks like we'll [option].

One of our [p1] got caught in quicksand, and I decided to [option].
We had a [p1] get caught in quicksand. Looks like we'll [option].

A prairie fire spread across the trail today. It seemed best to [option].
Our path was blocked by a prairie fire, and we decided to [option].

The wagon train got caught in duststorm, and I decided to [option].
A sudden duststorm came up today. It seemed best to [option].
We endured a most unpleasant sandstorm today. We decided to [option].
Today's wind whipped up a terrible duststorm. We shall [option].
Duststorm today. We hope for rain. For the time being, we'll [option].

The wagon train got caught in a huge swarm of grasshoppers. I decided to 
[option].
We found ourselves surrounded by a swarm of grasshoppers. We'll [option].

It's mighty hot today. We're going to [option].
The weather turned mighty hot, so we're planning to [option].

It is mighty cold today. We're going to [option].
The weather turned very cold, and I decided to [option].

Spotted a group of Indians and decided to [option].
We saw a group of Indiansand decided to [option].

Spotted a group of strangers. We decided to [option].
We spotted a group of strangers and decided it would be best to [option].

[name] accidentally suffered a gunshot wound. We're going to [option].
[name] accidentally got shot. I decided to [option].

A wild animal bit [name]. It seemed best to [option].
[name] just got bitten by a wild animal. We're going to [option].

A dangerous beast attacked our party. [name] was mauled by the animal. I 
suppose we'll [option].
[name] was just mauled by a wild animal. Seems best if we [option].

A fire in our wagon cost us [p1].
Our wagon caught fire and we lost [p1].

A thief stole [p1] from our wagon. I decided to [option].
We were distressed to learn that a thief stole [p1]. We're going to [option].

We were delayed at [place]. We decided to [option].
A delay prevented us from crossing at [place]. We're going to [option].

We were delayed at [place] and decided to [option].
There was a delay at [place]. Looks like we'll have to [option].

We tipped the wagon and lost [p1].
Our wagon tipped over. We lost [p1].

Sone of our [p1] died as a result of an accident. I decided to [option].
An accident caused the death of one of our [p1]. We'll [option].

One of our [p1] died as a result of illness. I decided to [option].
An illness claimed the life of one of our [p1]. We'll [option].

The wagon got stuck in the mud. Had to [option].
We had to [option] to try to get our wagon out of the mud.

Our wagon got stuck in the sand and we had to [option].
We're going to [option] to try to get our wagon out of the sand.

Today we came to a hill that is too step, so we tried to [option].
We came to a hill that is too steep for our wagon.
Looks like we'll [option].

The animals are exhausted and can't continue. I've decided to [option].
The animals are so exhausted they can't continue. We plan to [option].

We do not have enough money for the toll. I decided to [option].
We don't have enough money to pay the toll. Looks like we will [option].

The dust from other wagons has gotten bad.  We decided to [option].
The other wagons are churning up thick dust. We're going to [option].
We're nearly choking on the dust of the trail. We've decided to [option].
The eternal dust of the wagons ahead of us is most troublesome. We will 
[option].
We hope for some rain to settle the dust. For the time being, we'll [option].

It is Independence Day and we're going to [option].
Today is Independence Day and we've decided to [option].

[name] [have/has] cuts and abrasions.
We're going to [option].

[name] [have/has] suffered some cuts and abrasions. We'll [option].

Discovered that [name] [have/has] alkali sickness. Seems best if we [option].
Learned today that [name] [have/has] alkali sickness. We plan to [option].
[name] [have/has] alkali sickness. I've decided to [option].

One of our [p1] became sick from the alkali. I decided to [option].

A [p1] has the alkali sickness. We're going to [option].

[name] broke a bone. We're going to [option].
[name] had an accident and broke a bone. We'll [option].

[name] suffered a sprain. We'll [option].
[name] [have/has] a sprain. I decided it is best to [option].

I just learned that we lost [p1], and I decided to [option].
We lost [p1] and we're going to [option].

[name] came down with cholera. We've got to [option].
[name] [have/has] cholera. I decided to [option].

[name] came down with a bad cold, and I decided to [option].
[name] [have/has] a bad cold. We're going to [option].

[name] suffered a concussion. We're trying to [option].
[name] [have/has] a concussion. We're going to [option].

Discovered that [name] [have/has] dysentery. Seems best if we [option].
Learned today that [name] [have/has] dysentery. I plan to [option].
[name] [have/has] dysentery. We're going to [option].

I believe [name] [have/has] the grippe. I've decided to [option].
[name] [have/has] the grippe. We're going to [option].

I just learned that [name] [have/has] malaria. Under the conditions, we'll 
[option].
[name] [have/has] malaria. We're going to [option].

It seems that [name] [have/has] measles. At this time, I decided to [option].
Just learned that [name] [have/has] measles. It seems we'll have to [option].
[name] [have/has] measles. We're going to [option].

[name] [have/has] has come down with mountain fever. I reckon we'll [option].
[name] came down with mountain fever. We're going to [option].
[name] [have/has] mountain fever. This time we'll [option].

I just learned that [name] [have/has] pneumonia. It seems we'll have to 
[option].
[name] [have/has] came down with pneumonia. I reckon we'll [option].
[name] [have/has] pneumonia. I've decided to [option].

[name] [have/has] been suffering from weakness, numbness, digestive problems 
and dull reflexes. I plan to [option].
[name] [have/has] not been feeling well. We will [option].

[name] came down with a fever, sore throat, and trouble breathing. We're 
planning to [option].
[name] [have/has] not been feeling well. I decided it is best if we [option].
[name] [have/has] been quite ill with fever, sore throat, and trouble 
breathing. I plan to [option].

With such cold weather, [name] [have/has] frostbite. At this time, I will 
[option].
[name] [have/has] been suffering from frostbite. We hope to [option].

We just learned that [name] [have/has] gangrene. I reckon we'll [option].
[name] [have/has] gangrene. Looks like we'll have to [option].

We just learned that [name] [have/has] been showing symptoms of scurvy. It 
seems I'll have to [option].
[name] [have/has] been showing symptoms of scurvy. We'll have to [option].
[name] started showing symptoms of scurvy. We're trying our best to [option].

I just learned that [name] [have/has] smallpox. I reckon we'll [option].
[name] [have/has] come down with smallpox. It seems we'll [option].
[name] [have/has] smallpox. We're trying our best to [option].

[name] was bitten by a snake, and we're trying our best to [option].
[name] [have/has] been bitten by a snake. I'm going to [option].

I just learned that [name] [have/has] typhoid fever. At this time, I decided 
to [option].
[name] [have/has] come down with typhoid fever. We're going to do our best to 
[option].
[name] [have/has] typhoid fever. We're hoping to [option].

[name] got rabies, and I decided to [option]. [name] [have/has] rabies. We're 
planning to [option].

It seems [name] [have/has] typhus. We decided to [option].
[name] [have/has] typhus. We're hoping to [option].

We just learned that [name] [have/has] scarlet fever. I decided to [option].
[name] [have/has] scarlet fever, and we're planning to [option].

[name] [have/has] a bad case of food poisoning. I decided to [option].
[name] [have/has] food poisoning, and we're planning to [option].

I just learned that [name] [have/has] an infection. I decided to [option].
[name] [have/has] an infection, and we're hoping to [option].

We just learned that [name] [am/is] suffering from consumption. I decided to 
[option].
[name] [am/is] suffering from consumption. We're planning to [option].

[name] [have/has] a bad burn, and we're hoping to [option].
[name] was severely burned. We'll have to [option].

[name] was nearly drowned today. We're planning to [option].
[name] gave us a good scare by coming close to drowning. I decided to 
[option].

I have been elected captain of the wagon train. I am going to [option].
The good citizens of the wagon train elected me as their captain. I plan to 
[option].

Morale is very low. We are going to [option].
The morale in our wagon party is low. We are hoping to [option].
Our wagon party is suffering from low morale. I decided to [option].

I have been dismissed as captain. I will [option].
The members of the wagon train dismissed me as captain. I plan to [option].

The people in the wagon train had the good judgement to reelected me as 
captain. I will [option].
I have been reelected as captain of the wagon train. At this time, I plan to 
[option].

The good people of the wagon train hired me as their trail guide.
I have been hired as trail guide for the wagon train.

Morale is dangerously low. I plan to [option].
Morale is very low. This time, I plan to [option].

The people in the wagon train removed me from my position as trail guide.
I've been fired from my position as the trail guide for the wagon train.

Our wagon train is splitting to go separate ways. We will [option].
The wagon train is splitting. I plan to [option].

Some other wagons have asked to join our wagon train. We will [option].
Some other wagons want to join our wagon train. I've decided to [option].

A very sad day, [p1] We will [option].
We suffered a terrible loss. [p1]
We plan to [option].

The mosquitoes have become quite troublesome. We hope to [option].
We've come upon an area with bad mosquitoes. We will [option].
These blasted mosquitoes! We've decided to [option].
Confounded mosquitoes! There's no end to them! We'll [option].
The mosquitoes on this stretch of the trail are most bothersome. We will 
[option].
The mosquitoes are driving us crazy, keeping us awake at night. We must 
[option].
We'll [option], despite the eternal mosquitoes.

One of our [p1] stepped in a hole, and we are going to [option].
One of our [p1] stepped in a hole, and I've decided to [option].

We've had such cold weather, [name] [am/is] freezing. We will [option].
With such bitter cold weather, [name] [am/is] freezing. We're hoping to 
[option].

Our food supplies are gone and we are near starvation. We'll have to [option].
We are near starvation because we have no food. I've decided to [option].

The ox yoke broke, and I decided to [option].
Broke an ox yoke today. We will [option].

[name] [have/has] come down with lockjaw. I've decided to [option].
[name] [have/has] lockjaw, and we're hoping to [option].

[name] [have/has] internal injuries. I hope to [option].
[name] [have/has] internal injuries. We plan to [option].

Unfortunately, [name] [have/has] been wounded. We will [option].
[name] was wounded, and I've decided to [option].

We just learned that [name] [am/is] suffering from water poisoning. We plan to 
[option].
[name] [am/is] suffering from water poisoning, and I decided to [option].

We ran short of water and [name] [am/is] suffering from thirst. We will 
[option].
[name] [am/is] suffering from thirst, and I've decided to [option].

We found some wild vegetables and decided to [option].
We were fortunate to happen upon some wild vegetables. We will [option].

We lost [p1] when our wagon became swamped in the river.
We swamped the wagon in the river and lost [p1].

Our wagon fell through the ice. We lost [p1].
We lost [p1] when our wagon fell through the ice.

We were most fortunate to catch some fish today. We are going to [option].
Since we caught some fresh fish today, we plan to [option].

A very sad day, I died.
We suffered a terrible loss. I died.

While rafting, we lost [p1].
Our wagon tipped over while rafting. We lost [p1].

Unknown Ailment
@1 is sick with some unknown ailment.
@1 has taken a turn for the worse.
@1 has died.
@1 has died of some unknown ailment.

Accidental Gunshot
@1 has suffered an accidental gunshot.
@1's wounds have taken a turn for the worse.
@1 has died.
@1 was killed by an accidental gunshot.

Alkali Sickness
@1 has alkali sickness.
@1 has taken a turn for the worse.
@1 has died of alkali sickness.
@1 has died of alkali sickness.

Animal Bite
@1 has been bitten by a @2.
@1 has taken a turn for the worse.
@1 has died.
@1 has died.

Animal Mauling
@1 has been mauled by a @2.
@1 has taken a turn for the worse.
@1 has died.
@1 has been mauled to death by a @2.

Bad Cold
@1 has a bad cold.
@1 has taken a turn for the worse.
@1 has died.
@1 has died.

Beriberi
@1 has beriberi.
@1 has taken a turn for the worse.
@1 has died of beriberi.
@1 has died.

Broken Arm
@1 has a broken arm.
@1's broken arm is worse.
@1 has died.
@1 has died.

Broken Leg
@1 has a broken leg.
@1's broken leg is worse.
@1 has died.
@1 has died.

Broken Foot
@1 has a broken foot.
@1's broken foot is worse.
@1 has died.
@1 has died.

Broken Hip
@1 has a broken hip.
@1's broken hip is worse.
@1 has died.
@1 has died.

Broken Wrist
@1 has a broken wrist.
@1's broken wrist is worse.
@1 has died.
@1 has died.

Burns
@1 has suffered burns.
@1's burns have taken a turn for the worse.
@1 has died.
@1 has died of severe burns.

Cholera
@1 has cholera.
@1's cholera has taken a turn for the worse.
@1 has died of cholera.
@1 has died of cholera.

Concussion
@1 has suffered a concussion.
@1's concussion has taken a turn for the worse.
@1 has died.
@1 has died.

Consumption
@1 has consumption.
@1's consumption has taken a turn for the worse.
@1 has died of consumption.
@1 has died.

Cuts and Abrasions
@1 has been injured and suffers from cuts and abrasions.
@1 has taken a turn for the worse.
@1 has died.
@1 has died of wounds suffered in an accident.

Diphtheria
@1 has diphtheria.
@1's diphtheria has taken a turn for the worse.
@1 has died of diphtheria.
@1 has died of diphtheria.

Drowning
@1 almost drowned.
@1 has taken a turn for the worse.
@1 has died.
@1 drowned.

Dysentery
@1 has dysentery.
@1's dysentery has taken a turn for the worse.
@1 has died of dysentery.
@1 has died of dysentery.

Food Poisoning
@1 has food poisoning.
@1 has taken a turn for the worse.
@1 has died.
@1 has died of food poisoning.

Freezing
@1 is freezing.
@1 has taken a turn for the worse.
@1 has died.
@1 froze to death.

Frostbite
@1 has frostbite.
@1's frostbite has taken a turn for the worse. @1 has died.
@1 has died.

Gangrene
@1 has gangrene.
@1's gangrene has taken a turn for the worse.
@1 has died of gangrene.
@1 has died.

Infection
@1's injuries have become infected.
@1 has taken a turn for the worse.
@1 has died.
@1 has died.

Internal Injuries
@1 appears to have suffered internal injuries.
@1 has taken a turn for the worse.
@1 has died of internal injuries.
@1 has died of internal injuries.

Lockjaw
@1 has lockjaw.
@1's case of lockjaw has taken a turn for the worse.
@1 has died of lockjaw.
@1 has died.

Malaria
@1 has had an attack of malaria.
@1's malaria has taken a turn for the worse.
@1 has died of malaria.
@1 has died.

Measles
@1 has the measles.
@1 has taken a turn for the worse.
@1 has died.
@1 has died.

Mountain Fever
@1 has mountain fever.
@1's mountain fever has taken a turn for the worse.
@1 has died of mountain fever.
@1 has died.

Pneumonia
@1 has pneumonia.
@1's pneumonia has taken a turn for the worse.
@1 has died of pneumonia.
@1 has died of pneumonia.

Rabies
@1 has rabies.
@1's rabies has taken a turn for the worse.
@1 has died of rabies.
@1 has died.

Scarlet Fever
@1 has scarlet fever.
@1's scarlet fever has taken a turn for the worse.
@1 has died of scarlet fever.
@1 has died of scarlet fever.

Scurvy
@1 has scurvy.
@1 has taken a turn for the worse.
@1 has died of scurvy.
@1 has died.

Smallpox
@1 has smallpox.
@1's smallpox has taken a turn for the worse.
@1 has died of smallpox.
@1 has died of smallpox.

Snakebite
@1 has been bitten by a rattlesnake.
@1 has taken a turn for the worse.
@1 has died of snakebite.
@1 was bitten by a rattlesnake and died suddenly.

Sprained Wrist
@1 has a sprained wrist.
@1 has taken a turn for the worse.
@1 has died.
@1 has died.

Sprained Elbow
@1 has a sprained elbow.
@1 has taken a turn for the worse.
@1 has died.
@1 has died.

Sprained Knee
@1 has a sprained knee.
@1 has taken a turn for the worse.
@1 has died.
@1 has died.

Sprained Ankle
@1 has a sprained ankle.
@1 has taken a turn for the worse.
@1 has died.
@1 has died.

Sprained Shoulder
@1 has a sprained shoulder.
@1 has taken a turn for the worse.
@1 has died.
@1 has died.

Starvation
@1 is near starvation.
@1 has taken a turn for the worse.
@1 has died of starvation.
@1 has died.

The Grippe
@1 has the grippe.
@1's case of the grippe has taken a turn for the worse.
@1 has died of the grippe.
@1 has died of the grippe.

Thirst
@1 is suffering from severe thirst.
@1 has taken a turn for the worst. @1 has died of thirst.
@1 has died of thirst.

Typhoid Fever
@1 has typhoid fever.
@1's typhoid fever has taken a turn for the worse.
@1 has died of typhoid fever.
@1 has died of typhoid fever.

Typhus
@1 has typhus.
@1's typhus has taken a turn for the worse.
@1 has died of typhus.
@1 has died of typhus.

Water Poisoning
@1 is suffering from water poisoning.
@1 has taken a turn for the worse.
@1 has died of water poisoning.
@1 has died of water poisoning.

Wound
@1 has had a limb amputated.
@1 has taken a turn for the worse.
@1 has died.
@1 has died.


[[Symptoms]]

abdominal cramps
amnesia
bleeding
blistering
blurred vision
body aches
bright reddish rash on neck and chest
chest pains
chills
cold, withered skin
constipation
convulsions
coughing
coughing blood
chapped, cracked lips
dehydration
dementia
diarrhea
difficulty in breathing
difficulty in swallowing
discoloration
digestive problems
disorientation
dizziness
drop in blood pressure
dryness of the mouth
face flushed red
fatigue
fever
foaming at the mouth
generalized pain
hardened skin
headaches
insomnia
irritability
locking of jaw muscles
loosening and loss of teeth
loss of appetite
loss of reflexes
muscle aches
muscle atrophy
muscle cramps
muscle spasms
nausea and vomiting
nervousness
nosebleeds
numbness
pain
partial paralysis
profuse sweating
pus-filled lesions on the skin
rash over most of the body
red skin rash
red, splotchy skin rash
reddening
runny nose
sense of panic upon seeing water
sensitivity of eyes to bright light
severe, continuous headache
severe, generalized frostbite
sharp, prickling sensation on skin
slow healing of wounds
slurred speech
sneezing
sore throat
spotty skin rash on ankles and wrists
spreading darkening of skin
stiff, sore joints
sudden severe diarrhea
swelling and blistering
swelling and internal bleeding
swollen, bleeding gums
swollen, painful joint
swollen, sore gums
thirst
total prostration
unconsciousness
upset stomach
weakness
weight loss
feeling fine  


[[Guidebook Stuff]]

Alcove Spring
alkali sickness
aloe vera
alum
American Falls
American Indian nations
American River
Ancient Bluffs
anise
antiseptic
Applegate Cutoff
Arapaho
Ash Hollow
astringent
Ayers Natural Bridge
Bannock
Barlow Pass
Barlow Toll Road
basil
Bear River
Beckwourth Pass
Beckwourth's Ranch
Beckwourth, James
beriberi
Bidwell's Bar
Big Blue River
Big Hill
Big Meadows
Big Mountain Descent
Big Mountain Pass
Big Muddy Station
Big Sandy Creek
Big Springs
Biggs Junction
Black Rock Desert
Blacks Fork Bend
Blue Mound
Blue Mountains
Blue River
Blue Springs
bluffs
Bonneville Point
borax
brandy
Branley Pass
Bridger, Jim
Bruneau River
Bruneau Sand Dunes
Buckskin Mountain
Burnt River Canyon
buttes
Cache Cave
Caldron Linn
California Hill
California Trail Junction
calomel
camomile
Camp Dalles
Camp Drum at The Dalles
camphor
capsicum
Carson City
Carson Pass
Carson Sink
Cascades Portage
Castle Bluffs
Castle Butte
castor oil
caulking and floating
Cayuse
Cedar Bluffs
Cedar Springs
Cheyenne
Chimney Rock
Chimney Rock Vista
cholera
Church Butte
cinnamon
City of Rocks
Clear Lake
cloves
Coast of Nebraska, The
Cold Spring
Cold Springs
Cold Stream Canyon
Cold Stream Pass
Conestoga wagon
Council Bluffs
Courthouse and Jail Rocks
cutoffs
The Dalles
dandelion
Deadman Pass
Deep Creek
Deep Ravines
Des Moines River
Deschutes Hill
Deschutes River
Devil's Gate
Devil's Half Acre
diphtheria
Dixie Hollow
Doe Canyon
Donner Hill
Donner Lake
Donner Pass
Donner Spring
Dover's Powder
Dry Diggin's
Dry Sandy
Duffy's Elixir
Dutch oven
dysentery
Eagle Ranch Trading Post
East Canyon
East Cow Hollow
Echo Canyon
Echo Meadows
Elkhorn River
Ely's Ford
Emigrant Creek
Emigrant Creek Hill
Emigrant Gap
Emigrant Hill
Emigrant Pass
Emigrant Spring
Emigrant Springs
Emigration Canyon Quarantine Station
epsom salts
Fandango Pass
Farewell Bend
ferry
farmwagon
Fifteen Mile Creek
Flagstaff Hill
Florence
fording
Fort Boise
Fort Bridger
Fort Churchill
Fort Hall
Fort John
Fort Kearny
Fort Laramie
Fort Vancouver
Fort Walla Walla
Fort William
Forty Mile Desert
Four Mile Canyon
Fox River
French Ford Trading Post
frostbite
gangrene
Garden Grove Waystation
Genoa
ginger
Givens Hot Springs
Goose Lake
Grande Ronde River
Grande Ronde Valley
Granite Mountain
Granite Mountain Pass
Grave Spring
Gravelly Ford
grease
Great American Desert
Great Salt Lake City
Great Salt Lake Desert, The
Great Salt Lake Valley
Green River
grippe
Grizzly Ridge
Guittard's Station
Hangtown
Hastings Pass
hay
Haystack Butte
Hidden Valley
High Rock Creek
Hogsback Summit
Hollenberg Ranch
Hot Spring Valley
Hot Springs
Hudspeth Cutoff
Humboldt Sink
hydrogen peroxide
Ice Spring Slough
Independence
Independence Rock
Indian reservations
Indian Town
iodine
ipecac
isopropyl alcohol
Jacksonville
James Fever Powder
Jameson's Station
Johnson's Ranch
Jordan River
Kanaka Rapids
Kanesville
Kanesville Crossing
Kansa
Kansas River
Kennekuk Station
Klamath River
Lakota
Lander Trading Post and Cutoff
Lander, Frederick
Laramie River
Lassen's Meadows
Lassen's Pass
Last Creek Canyon
laudanum
Laurel Hill
Lawrence
lecithin
Liberty Pole
Little Dutch Hollow
Little Malad Spring
Little Mountain
Locust Creek
Lone Elm
Loup River
Lower Klamath Lake
Lytle Pass
magnesia
Malad River
malaria
Malheur River
Marsh Creek
Mary's Sink
Marysville, California
Marysville, Kansas
McCord Creek
McDonald Ford of the John Day River
McLoughlin, John
measles
Middle Alkali Lake
Middle Nodaway River
Midway Station
Mississippi River
Missouri River
Mitchell Pass
Montrose Landing
Mormon Ferry Trading Post
Mormon Island
Mormon Station
Mount Pisgah Waystation
mountain fever
Mountain Pass
Name Rock
Narrows, The
Nauvoo
Needles, The
New Fork River
New Fort Bridger
New Santa Fe
North Fork
North Platte River
O'Fallon's Bluffs
Oregon City
Overland Pass
Pacific Springs
Pahute Peak
Paiute
Pappan, Joseph
Parting of the Ways
Pawnee
Pawnee Village
pemmican
peppermint
Pequop Mountains
pickles
Pilot Peak
Pilot Spring
Placerville
Plum Creek
pneumonia
Potawatomi
Pratt's Pass
Pratt's Pass Canyon
Puddle Valley Knolls
quinine
rabies Raft River
Ragtown
Rattlesnake Pass
Red Vermillion River
Redlum Springs
Register Cliff
Register Rock
river crossings
Robidoux Pass
Rock Creek
Rock Creek Gorge
Rock Creek Station
Rock Wall Ascent
Rocky Ridge
Rogue River Valley
Ruby Valley Marshes
Sacramento
Sacramento River Valley
Saint Mary's Mission
saleratus
Salt Lake Cutoff Junction
Sandy Bluffs
Sandy River Toll Bridge
scarlet fever
Scott Spring
Scotts Bluff
scurvy Sheep Rock Shoshoni
Sierra Nevadas
Silver Zone Pass
Sinker Creek Butte
Siskiyou Mountains
Skull Valley
Slough Springs
smallpox
Smith's Trading Post
Smith, Thomas 'Peg-Leg'
Snake River
snakebite
Snow Water Lake
Soda Springs
South Pass
South Platte River
South Shore of the Great Salt Lake
spearmint
Split Rock
St. Joseph
St. Joseph Road Junction
Steep Hill
sulfur
Summit Meadows
Summit Valley
Sutter's Fort
Sutter, Johann
Sweetwater River
Terrace Canyon
Thirty-two Mile Station
Thomas Fork
Thompson Pass
Thousand Springs
Three Crossings
Three Islands
Toano Range
Tooele Valley
Topeka
trails
Truckee Canyons
Truckee Lake
Truckee Meadows
Truckee Pass
Truckee River
Tsinuk
Tygh Valley
typhoid fever
typhus
Umatilla
Umatilla River
Umatilla Valley
Upper Salmon Falls
Utah Outlet
Ute
Vermillion River
Virginia City
wagon tongue
Walnut Creek
Warner Mountains
Washakie
Weber River
West Carson River Canyon
West End of the Hudspeth Cutoff
West End of the Lander Cutoff
West End of the Sublette Cutoff
Westport
whiskey
Whitman Mission
Whitman, Marcus
Whitman, Narcissa
Willamette Valley
Willow Creek Hill
Willow Springs
Windlass Hill
Winter Quarters
witch hazel

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