Chessmaster 8000 Basic Strategy & Rules FAQ v1.0
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: : : : Chessmaster 8000 Basic Strategy & Rules FAQ

Chessmaster 8000 Basic Strategy & Rules FAQ

by mike tru   Updated to v1.0 on
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=============================================================================
                                CHESSMESTER 8000
                            Various Systems / Games
                         Basic Strategy  And Rules FAQ
                                   Version 1.0
                             Thursday, June 27, 2002
                                  Mike A Truitt
==============================================================================


Contents:

    I                          About this FAQ
   I I                         Version History
  I I I                        History of Chess
   I V                         Introduction
    V                          Basic Strategies
   V I                         Advanced Strategies
  V I I                        Other
 V I I I                       Notes and Thanks


==============================================================================
    I                          ABOUT THIS FAQ
==============================================================================


This FAQ is actually Part one in a two part set. Since the two parts do not
have much relation, I feel as though I can release this FAQ even before I have
started the second half. In this half, I will describe how to play and some
basic strategies as well as some little known information. In the second half
of the FAQ I will give the reader *you* some test to test your ability. Since
that section will be quite large in size, it is unlikely that I will release
one giant FAQ that is not in zipped format. Thank you for reading this FAQ and
have fun!


_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_
¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯
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_-¯-_-¯-_                                                           _-¯-_-¯-_
¯-_-¯-_-¯                                                           ¯-_-¯-_-¯
_-¯-_-¯-_    Much of this information in this FAQ has came from     _-¯-_-¯-_
¯-_-¯-_-¯    own knowledge of the game of Chess. However, there     ¯-_-¯-_-¯
_-¯-_-¯-_    are a few web sites that I would like to thank for     _-¯-_-¯-_
¯-_-¯-_-¯    providing some valuable information. The Chess Haven   ¯-_-¯-_-¯
_-¯-_-¯-_    in particular. They have many great pages and links    _-¯-_-¯-_
¯-_-¯-_-¯    please go check them out as soon as possible.          ¯-_-¯-_-¯
_-¯-_-¯-_                                                           _-¯-_-¯-_
¯-_-¯-_-¯                                                           ¯-_-¯-_-¯
_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_
¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯
_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_
¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯


While I was searching around one night on the internet, I noticed that there is
an overwhelmingly large amount of Chess video games that have been around for a
long time, and NONE of them have had FAQs written for them. I feel that I am
fairly well briefed about the art of Chess and feel I can write an adequate FAQ
for the game.

Also, if you feel like you can, in some way make a contribution to this FAQ,
please do so by sending me an e-mail. I will be sure to give you full credit.

____________
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=============================================================================
   I I                         VERSION HISTORY
=============================================================================


___________
Version 1.0     I had just come up with the idea of this FAQ and started to
¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯     type it up and organize it. By the end of this actual update,
                there will be all of the information needed to make it an
                adequate FAQ.

     Saturday, June 15, 2002:         9 Kb
       Sunday, June 16, 2002:        50 Kb
    Wednesday, June 19, 2002:        65 Kb
    Wednesday, June 26, 2002:        95 Kb
     Thursday, June 27, 2002:       114 Kb

____________
Last Updated     Thursday, June 27, 2002
¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯


=============================================================================
  I I I                        THE HISTORY OF CHESS
=============================================================================


                                 ________________
                                 HOW CHESS SPREAD
                                 ¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯

     Many legends and myths have credited the creation of Chess to many obscure
historical figures. Some devout Christian groups have given the credit to King
Solomon, who is often referenced in the Bible. However, others have said that
the Greek god Hermes was the rightful developer of this great game. Still
Hansing, the Chinese mandarin is also given credit for the creation of Chess.
Chess even owes its name to the Persian language. "Shah" the Persian word for
king, and "Shah Mat" meaning the King is dead is used for Check mate.

     Through research and other methods, many scientist have come to believe
that the first variation of what is known today as Chess originated in the
fifth to seventh century AD. Some of these scientist have even claimed that the
exact year was 531 AD, but with so many disputes and actual date will never be
known. There are even some claims that the first game was played around 100 AD,
but with no proof to back the point up, the theory was quickly thrown out by
just about everyone. However, it is agreed by almost every historian that the
first variation, or variant, of Chess did originate in the area that is now
known as India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, and the Middle East, and was known as
"Chaturanga" which is the name of the battle formation of the Indian army. The
formation known as the Chaturanga, was mentioned in the classic Indian novel,
"Mahabharata". Even the name Chess has been taken from the 

     Although the exact country of origin is unknown, historians do believe
that they know exactly how the early variants of Chess spread though out
Persia, and then Europe, and finally the world; It was in the eight century
that the Middle East was invaded by a militant group of Arabs, that called
themselves "The Moors" invaded Persia and the Middle East. The soldiers, being
captivated by the locals in these areas, soon after they had captured them,
about the game that they were playing. Not long after, the soldiers were taught
by the natives this newly developed game of strategy and skill. Throughout the
next decades, the many variants of Chess spread quickly through the Moor
population. In the year 711 AD, when the Moors chose to invade Spain, naturally
the brought their favorite game with them.

     After the soldiers held a strong base in both Spain and Portugal, the
soldiers were eager to teach the Spaniards and the Portugese the game they had
been taught not so long ago. Much like it did with the Moors, Chess spread
quickly though Spain, and then ravaged its way all around Europe.

     Around the time period that Chess became popular in Europe, a group of
malicious invaders from Scandinavia known as the Vikings began their reign of
terror over Europe. Traveling from town to town, looting and destroying, the
Vikings were able to discover the mind game that captivated millions and
adopted it as if it were their own litter beserker. Through the travels of the
Vikings, they too spread the game that they had learned. Even the great Eric
the Red was not invulnerable to the power of Chess. Spreading the game on to
his lands in England and Iceland, and then later Leif Ericson (Eric's son...
get it?) passed it on to his conquered lands in Greenland. It was also the
Vikings that were credited for creating the first set of "modern day" chess
pieces, which were made entirely out of ivory.

     It was these Europeans that devised the game the way it is known today.
Giving the pieces names and roles based on their society and lifestyle. Based
on the pieces and their meanings, one can get a good medieval history lesson by
simply studying the pieces. *Which, by the way, I will be giving you one later
on in this section*

     During the pre-middle ages area, board games would often be banned by the
church or kings. Yet, Chess still maintained its popularity over time.
Eventually, the game of Chess became associated with only the most elite of the
elite and the rich society, the smartest people, and of course the rich. As
this association became more and more widespread, the kings and other nobles of
the area accepted Chess as an acceptable game in society. By the time the
Fifteenth century came around, Chess was widely known as "The Royal Game,"
which it is still often called today.

     From this time until the mid Nineteenth century not much about Chess
changed. But in the middle of the Nineteenth century, a new rule was added. If
a Pawn made it to the back row while the Queen of the same color was still in
play, then the Pawn IS allowed to be promoted to a Queen. Before this rule was
set into play then the player had to give himself a different Bishop, Rook, or
Knight.

     It was also during this era that a uniform set of pieces were made. Since
the Middle Ages, Chess pieces went through eras where they would be either
extremely detailed and fancy, or basic looking and plain. It was decided to
make the pieces plain and basic, the pieces chosen are the same ones that come
on standard sets today for a few reasons. For one, it was much cheaper to
produce a large supply of, and since you could produce more sets, then the
price of the sets would go down, which makes set more access able to the
public. All throughout Europe and Asia pieces were different too. The
"Elephant" in Russia and the "Fool" in France had both evolved into what is now
known as the Bishop. The Rook also had many odd counterparts. Everything from
ships to chariots were used to represent it, but during this era, it was
officially set up for it to look like the castle. The King was formally set to
be the largest piece on the board, and he was given a crown. Queens were also
made larger due to their generally more important stature. Just about the only
piece that didn't go through any change was the Pawn, which was always a
pathetic little piece. By 1835, the first official set of Chess pieces were
designed by Nathaniel Cook and produced by Howard Staunton. Not soon after,
these pieces were known as the Staunton set. To this day, only the Staunton set
of Chess pieces are used in competition.

     Thirty one years later, the first international Chess champion was crowned,
Wilhelm Steinitz. This is often known as the first day of the modern era of
Chess.


                                    _________
                                    THE RULES
                                    ¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯

     Earlier in this section, I mentioned that the first known variant of Chess
was known as Chaturanga. The rules were very similar to how they are today.
First off, you had an eight by eight square board with many different pieces
placed on this board. Of these pieces, the most notable and powerful one was
the King (imagine that). In order for victory to be achieved, one had to
successfully capture their opponents King. However, turns were not based on the
"turn" cycle that we go by today. Dice were used to determine who moved and
what the had to move. Unlike the Chess of today, the Chataranga could have been
played with as many people as one chose.

     Eventually, Chaturanga evolved into a much similar game known to its
players as "Shatrani". In Shatrani, a new piece was added to the set. This
piece was known as the counselor. Not much else about the Shatrini was
different from the Chaturanga, outside of the ways to victory. In Chaturanga
the only way to obtain victory was to successfully capture your opponents King.
But in Shatrani you could either capture the King, or you could win by
capturing every piece on the board except for your opponents King. It was also
brought about by Shatrani that the game of Chess was narrowed down to a two
player game.

     Not much has changed from the introduction of the Shatrani version of the
game until around 1300. It was in this time frame when the Pawn's opening move
was changed from strictly one space move to the "one or two space move" that it
is today. This rule change was not accepted by many though. Many believe that it
took as many as 300 years for this rule change to be fully accepted into the
Chess society's rules.

     Chess was still an underground game in the late 1400s until a couple of
new rules were introduced and the game's popularity rose very quickly from
there. There were two rule changes that took effect in the year 1475. For one,
if a Pawn were to reach the very back row of the opponents side, it could be
promoted to a Queen. Before this rule, it would only be promoted any every
other piece but the Queen. The "Elephant" piece, which could only move in two
spaces in the diagonal direction, was changed to the Bishop, which could move
in any amount of spaces in the same diagonal direction. These new rule changes
allowed for much more strategy to be used when playing, and due to this, Chess'
"game for the smart only" reputation began to be formed. During this era, the
"castle" move was first starting to be used. However, not much is known about
its usage until the late Eighteenth century, so many believe that it was used
only by the best Chess players, and only on extremely rare occasions.


                          ____________________________
                          RELATION TO MEDIEVAL SOCIETY
                          ¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯

     When most people first look at their Chess board, they simply see a bunch
of pieces and a board. Chess, however, is much more than just that. It is a
historical representation of how, exactly, Medieval society was ran.

     The King, in Chess is the most valuable piece on the board and should be
kept at all cost. Similarly, in medieval society, the king was the supreme
ruler of the land, and the church in some areas. The parallelism can easily be
shown with this piece.

     The Queen, in Chess is the most mobile, and best piece in many opinions.
Many believe that queens had very little power and almost no say in what sort
of governmental actions that were going on during her rule. Yet, this could be
no more further from the truth. Queens were greatly respected women in society
and would often have their say, directly in what was going on *not to mention
her ability to "influence" some of the king's decisions*. This is no more
evident than in the great Virgin Queen, Elizabeth I.

     Bishops are one of the more powerful pieces in chess and have a great
influence in how the game is played out in every game played. Similarly, the
Church in the middle ages was more important than just about everything,
including family in some instances. But, just like the kings ability to take
over the Church (Henry VIII) the Bishops do not have nearly as much power as
the King or the Queen in either situation.

     Knights representing the military forces of medieval times. With their own
tactical strategy, knights show how the military would often use an unusual
technique when they would fight. Much like the fighters in the middle ages, the
Knights are one of the most feared pieces in the game.

     The Castles which, in the game are greatly respected, but rarely have a
great effect on the game are easily comparable with the nobles of the Medieval
times. Both of them have a good reputation, but neither really do that much
when it comes down to it.

     Finally, the Pawns. Much like the peasants of the era, they outnumber all
of the other pieces, and when played correctly can win the game for any player,
or overthrow a government (French Revolution), both similar, yet non-congruent
actions. Be mindful of these pieces, they are the ones that run the show.



=============================================================================
   I V                         INTRODUCTION
=============================================================================


In this section I will show you the standard chess board and all of its pieces,
as well as what the pieces mean and how to use them. Hopefully this section
will give you all of the background information you will need to grasp even the
most basic concept of Chess, even if you have never played before...

                                 _________
                                 THE BOARD
                                 ¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯

     First off is the board, an eight by eight grid of alternating black and
white boxes in which the game is played. Whenever you play a game, the bottom
right corner must be a white space

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     This, as you can see is a crude, but accurate representation of what the
common Chess board will look like. Often times for competitions and other
higher class games of chess the board and all of its pieces will be made out of
crystal, ivory, granite, marble, and other such materials, but by far the
greatest Chess set that I have ever seen was made entirely out of duct tape.
However, if you can not afford a board of such quality, you can find others out
there made from plastic or cardboard. But since you are playing a video game,
then it really does not matter, does it?

                                 __________
                                 THE PIECES
                                 ¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯

      In the traditional game of Chess, each competitor has sixteen total
pieces (eight pawns, two rooks, two knights, two bishops, one queen, and one
king) of designated color (black or white). However, with the wide popularity
of Chess and video game programmers needing to make some extra options, there
is a wide variety of different pieces and colors that you will be able to
choose from. With so many of the options out there, I will not even begin to
try to touch each of the different sets that are out there, because there are
thousands, and lets face it, no one really cares. In this section, I will
describe the pieces only. I will show there moves in a later section.


________
The Pawn     The Pawn is the most basic and abundant of all of the pieces in
¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯     Chess. However, if used correctly, your pawns can be your greatest
             weapon that you have. There are eight pawns in the game and they
             get placed on the board as shown...

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 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
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|  Pawn  |  Pawn  |  Pawn  |  Pawn  |  Pawn  |  Pawn  |  Pawn  |  Pawn  |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
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|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
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|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
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 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
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|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
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|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
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 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|  Pawn  |  Pawn  |  Pawn  |  Pawn  |  Pawn  |  Pawn  |  Pawn  |  Pawn  |
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
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_________
The Rooks     For the beginning Chess Player, the rook can be an
¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯     effective tool in there bag, and one of the most often used
              pieces in the game. But as one gets better at the game, the
              commonness of the  Rook  seems to deplete, but it is still an
              effective piece to have on the board. The  Rook s are placed on
              the board as shown...

 _______________________________________________________________________
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|  Rook  |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |  Rook  |
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
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|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
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|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
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|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
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 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
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 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
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 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
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|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|  Rook  |        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|  Rook  |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 ¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯


___________
The Knights     The Knights, or as they are often called, the horse. If you
¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯     can use the Knight effectively, you will become a really great
                Chess player. With its unique mobility, it is no wonder that
                the Knight is often forgot about by Novice and Mediocre
                players. The Knights are placed on the board as shown...

 _______________________________________________________________________
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        | Knight |        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX| Knight |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX| Knight |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        | Knight |        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 ¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯


___________
The Bishops    Hidden within the board, the Bishops are often used by those
¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯    who prefer elaborated schemes. This is probably because the
               Bishops can be the most effective set-up piece on the board. If
               you use both of your Bishops correctly, then you will be able to
               out maneuver just about every person you will play. The Bishops
               are set up on the board as shown...

 _______________________________________________________________________
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX| Bishop |XXXXXXXX|        | Bishop |        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        | Bishop |        |XXXXXXXX| Bishop |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 ¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯


_________
The Queen     By far the Queen is the best piece in the game as far as
¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯     mobility and power are concerned. Most will advice not to bring
              your Queen out too early and to keep her when you actually need
              to power. However, some of the quickest games have occurred
              because of the fact that the Queen was taken out at such an early
              time. When placed on the board, the Queen will ALWAYS get her
              color (Black Queen will go on the black spot). The locations of
              the Queens are as shown...

 _______________________________________________________________________
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX| BQueen |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        | WQueen |        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 ¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯


________
The King     Last but not least is the King. In all honesty, the King is
¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯     worthless. He has very little mobility and no real attack
             strategy. The only thing he is good for is hiding. Yet you must
             protect this blue blooded piece at all cost. Or else the
             consequences will be grave. The King is placed next to the Queen
             on his opposite color. The king is placed on the board as shown...

 _______________________________________________________________________
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |  King  |        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|  King  |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 ¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯

     After you have set up the board and all of the pieces, the board should
look like this, with the black set of pieces being on top, and the white ones
on bottom. From this set-up you will be ready to begin the game...

 _______________________________________________________________________
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|  Rook  | Knight | Bishop |  King  | Bqueen | Bishop | Knight |  Rook  |
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|  Pawn  |  Pawn  |  Pawn  |  Pawn  |  Pawn  |  Pawn  |  Pawn  |  Pawn  |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|  Pawn  |  Pawn  |  Pawn  |  Pawn  |  Pawn  |  Pawn  |  Pawn  |  Pawn  |
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|  Rook  | Knight | Bishop |  King  | WQueen | Bishop | Knight |  Rook  |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 ¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯


                                _________
                                THE MOVES
                                ¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯

____
Pawn     The Pawn is an intricate piece. When it first starts out, it can move
¯¯¯¯     either one or two blocks strait ahead of it. Once it is out of its
         starting position, however, it may only move one block ahead. It also
         has a unique attack. In order for the pawn to capture an opponents
         piece, it must attack diagonally, ahead of it and only one space. Here
         is a diagram of the Pawns possible options...

 _______________________________________________________________________
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |  *03*  |  *02*  |  *03*  |        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |  *01*  |        |  Pawn  |        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|  *01*  |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |  Pawn  |        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 ¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯

*01*   The Pawn's two options when it starts out.
*02*   The Pawn's only move once it has moved out of its original starting
       position
*03*   The Pawn's two possible ways to attack.


____
Rook     The Rook's moves are much more logically based than the Pawn's. It
¯¯¯¯     may move and attack in strait, unblocked paths.

 _______________________________________________________________________
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|  *01*  |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|  *01*  |        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|  *01*  |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|  *01*  |        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|  *01*  |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|  *01*  |        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|  *01*  |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|  Rook  |  *01*  |  *01*  |  *01*  |  *01*  |  *01*  |  *01*  |  *01*  |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 ¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯

*01*     These spaces are anywhere that the rook can move or attack.


_______
Knights     The Knights have a very odd pattern of attack. They can only move
¯¯¯¯¯¯¯     in the shape of an "L". Two spaces in one direction, and then one
            in a perpendicular direction. The Knight is also unique in that
            they are the ONLY piece that has the ability to travel OVER another
            piece.

 _______________________________________________________________________
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|  *01*  |XXXXXXXX|  *01*  |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|  *01*  |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|  *01*  |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        | Knight |        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|  *01*  |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|  *01*  |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|  *01*  |XXXXXXXX|  *01*  |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 ¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯

*01*     All of the spaces that the Knight can move and attack


______
Bishop     The Bishop is also another methodical attacker. Much like the Rook,
¯¯¯¯¯¯     the Bishop can only travel in strait lines, but unlike the Rook, he
           only does it in diagonals.

 _______________________________________________________________________
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|  *01*  |        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |  *01*  |        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |  *01*  |        |XXXXXXXX|        |  *01*  |        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |  *01*  |        |  *01*  |        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        | Bishop |        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |  *01*  |        |  *01*  |        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |  *01*  |        |XXXXXXXX|        |  *01*  |        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|  *01*  |        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |  *01*  |        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 ¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯

*01*     All of the spaces that the Bishop can attack or move to.


_____
Queen    The Queen is by far the most mobile piece in the game. She is able to
¯¯¯¯¯    move like both the Bishop and the Rook.

 ______________________________________________________________________
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |  *01*  |        |XXXXXXXX|  *01*  |XXXXXXXX|        |  *01*  |
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |  *01*  |        |  *01*  |        |  *01*  |        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |  *01*  |  *01*  |  *01*  |        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|  *01*  |  *01*  |  *01*  |  *01*  | Queen  |  *01*  |  *01*  |  *01*  |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |  *01*  |  *01*  |  *01*  |        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |  *01*  |        |  *01*  |        |  *01*  |        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |  *01*  |        |XXXXXXXX|  *01*  |XXXXXXXX|        |  *01*  |
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|  *01*  |        |XXXXXXXX|        |  *01*  |        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 ¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯

*01*     All of the places that the Queen can move or attack to.


____
King     The King will serve no attack purposes in the normal game of Chess
¯¯¯¯     unless he is used out of complete desperation. He can move one block
         in any direction.

 _______________________________________________________________________
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|  *01*  |  *01*  |  *01*  |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |  *01*  |  King  |  *01*  |        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|  *01*  |  *01*  |  *01*  |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 ¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯

*01*     All of the places that the King can attack or move.


                                   _________
                                   THE RULES
                                   ¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯

     When playing Chess, you main goal is to obtain "Checkmate" over your
opponent by making his King have no more legal moves left while he is in check.
A "legal" move for a King is described as; Any move that does not put the King
into check. However, if your opponent has no legal moves left for his King, but
is not in check, then the game is a Stalemate, or a draw. If this is confusing
to you, here is a diagram that hopefully simplifies it...

          _________
          Checkmate
          ¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯
 _______________________________________________________________________
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        | W Rook |        |XXXXXXXX| B King |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        | W Rook |        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 ¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯

     Now providing that there is not a piece that can take the White rook in the
last row, then this game is a checkmate.

          _________
          Stalemate
          ¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯
 _______________________________________________________________________
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX| B King |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        | W Rook |        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        | W Rook |        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 ¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯

     If it came down to this where black has no more pieces on the board but his
king and he got in this position, then the game would stalemate and each player
gets a draw. You can also get a stalemate if there are a couple of special
instances that occur:

         _________
         Reason #1     Both of the players get tired of playing and agree to
         ¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯     end the game in a draw.

         _________
         Reason #2     Draw By Repetition: If both players make the exact same
         ¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯                         series of moves for three strait
                                           times then the game is ended
                                           because of "Draw by Repetition"

         _________
         Reason #3     50 Move Rule: If neither player is able to successfully
         ¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯                   capture one of his opponents pieces AND
                                     neither player has moved a pawn in their
                                     last 50 moves.

         _________
         Reason #4     Insufficient Materials: If both players have only the
         ¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯                             following then the game is a
                                               draw due to "Insufficient
                                               Materials to Checkmate"...
                       _____
                       Set 1   Only one Knight left *no other pieces*
                       ¯¯¯¯¯
                       _____
                       Set 2   Only one Bishop left *no other pieces* 
                       ¯¯¯¯¯
                       _____
                       Set 3   Only two Knights left *no other pieces*
                       ¯¯¯¯¯

     The only other way to end a game that I have not already shown here is by
quitting. This is often done if Checkmate is inevitable and you simply want to
save some time and get you loss over with.


                                _____________
                                KEEPING SCORE
                                ¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯

     You will often see Chess games written down, but many do not know what
exactly those letters and numbers mean. This is a simple thing to figure out,
once you know what you are looking for.

     First off, you need to know what the lowercase letters and numbers mean.
Simply follow the graph of the board to see what each one means...

 ______________________________________________________________________
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|   a8   |   b8   |   c8   |   d8   |   e8   |   f8   |   g8   |   h8   |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|   a7   |   b7   |   c7   |   d7   |   e7   |   f7       g7   |   h7   |
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|   a6   |   b6   |   c6   |   d6   |   e6   |   f6   |   g6   |   h6   |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|   a5   |   b5   |   c5   |   d5   |   e5   |   f5   |   g5   |   h5   |
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|   a4   |   b4   |   c4   |   d4   |   e4   |   f4   |   g4   |   h4   |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|   a3   |   b3   |   c3   |   d3   |   e3   |   f3   |   g3   |   h3   |
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|   a2   |   b2   |   c2   |   d2   |   e2   |   f2   |   g2   |   h2   |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|   a1   |   b1   |   c1   |   d1   |   e1   |   f1   |   g1   |   h1   |
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 ¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯

     As you can tell letters are given to the vertical and numbers are given to
the horizontal rows. Once you have this basic concept down, then the rest is
quite simple. The letter in front of the series is the first letter of the
piece that moved. *Nd7*  Can you figure out what piece moves where? If so then
you are fine. If there is an "x" between the letters, that signifies a capture
has taken place *dxe5*. If there is a "+" after the series then that means
there was a check *Qxe4+*. Finally, if there are two "++" then that means
checkmate *Bf2++*.


=============================================================================
    V                          BASIC STRATEGIES
=============================================================================

                                  ________
                                  CASTLING
                                  ¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯

     Castling is one of the more basic moves that can get your King out of an
early jam or to further any protection that you might have already set up. At
first castling may seem a bit complicated, but once you have learned how to do
it, then you will realize just how simple this move is.

     First off, you need to have your King and one of your Rooks in their
original spots. This means that neither one of them could have moved at any
point during the game. Secondly, their should be only blank spots on the board
between them. This means that you should have your Bishop, Knight, and maybe
your Queen moved before this move can be thought about done. From there the
last part is quite simple. All you need to do is move your King two blocks in
the direction towards the Rook and then place the Rook on the opposite side of
the King. If this seems confusing to you, here is a diagram of what Castling
should look like...

          ______
          Before
          ¯¯¯¯¯¯
 _______________________________________________________________________
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|  Rook  |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|  King  |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 ¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯
          _____
          After
          ¯¯¯¯¯
 ______________________________________________________________________
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|  King  |  Rook  |        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 ¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯

     That shows the Basic "Castle Queen Side". To do the "Castle King Side"
just follow the following diagrams...

          ______
          Before
          ¯¯¯¯¯¯
_______________________________________________________________________
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|  King  |XXXXXXXX|        |  Rook  |
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 ¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯

          _____
          After
          ¯¯¯¯¯
 _______________________________________________________________________
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |  Rook  |  King  |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 ¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯

     That was all of the possible Castles that you can do in a game of Chess.


                                   __________
                                   EN PASSANT
                                   ¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯

There is another common procedure called an "En Passant". Basically it states
that if a Pawn is about to be captured while it is in its original position
while there is a pawn that can capture it, and the player moves him two spaces
to escape the capture it is a successful escape. But if the player only moves
him one space then the enemy pawn is allowed to take him "En Passant" *Which is
French for In Passing*.

          _____
          Setup
          ¯¯¯¯¯
 _______________________________________________________________________
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX| B Pawn |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX| W Pawn |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 ¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯

          ___________
          Safe Escape
          ¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯

 _______________________________________________________________________
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX| W Pawn |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX| B Pawn |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 ¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯

          ________
          Not Safe
          ¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯

_______________________________________________________________________
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        | W Pawn | B Pawn |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 ¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯

     If the player makes the move shown directly above, then the Black Pawn is
able to capture the White Pawn as shown below...

 _______________________________________________________________________
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        | B Pawn |        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 ¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯

                                ______________
                                PAWN PROMOTION
                                ¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯

     If you are able to make any one of your Pawns to the very back row, then
that Pawn is legally allowed to be changed to any other piece of the board,
excluding the King, no matter how many other ones of those pieces you have.

          ______
          Before
          ¯¯¯¯¯¯

 _______________________________________________________________________
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        | W Pawn |        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 ¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯

          _____
          After
          ¯¯¯¯¯
 _______________________________________________________________________
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX| WQueen |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
|XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |
 --------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------+--------
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|        |XXXXXXXX|
 ¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯

So as you can see, getting your pawns as far along the board as possible can be
a crucial step in obtaining victory over your opponent.

=============================================================================
   V I                         ADVANCED STRATEGIES
=============================================================================


_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_
¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯
_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_
¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯
_-¯-_-¯-_                                                           _-¯-_-¯-_
¯-_-¯-_-¯                                                           ¯-_-¯-_-¯
_-¯-_-¯-_    NOTE: I WILL NOT BE DOING THIS SECTION IN THIS FAQ     _-¯-_-¯-_
¯-_-¯-_-¯          DUE TO THE IMENSE SIZE THAT THIS SECTION WILL    ¯-_-¯-_-¯
_-¯-_-¯-_          BE. HOWEVER, LOOK FOR MY NEXT FAQ TO CONTAIN     _-¯-_-¯-_
¯-_-¯-_-¯          THIS VALUABLE INFORMATION. IT WILL BE TITLED     ¯-_-¯-_-¯
_-¯-_-¯-_          "CHESS TEST FAQ" AND SHOULD HAVE ITS FIRST       _-¯-_-¯-_
¯-_-¯-_-¯          VERSION OUT BY THE MIDDLE OF JULY. THANK YOU     ¯-_-¯-_-¯
_-¯-_-¯-_          VERY MUCH FOR YOUR TIME, INTEREST, AND EFFORT    _-¯-_-¯-_
¯-_-¯-_-¯          AND I AM VERY SORRY THAT I COULD NOT HAVE THIS   ¯-_-¯-_-¯
_-¯-_-¯-_          SECTION IN THIS FAQ. ONCE I DO GET BOTH PARTS    _-¯-_-¯-_
¯-_-¯-_-¯          OF THIS FAQ DONE I WILL PUT THEM INTO ONE PART   ¯-_-¯-_-¯
_-¯-_-¯-_          THAT WILL ONLY BE OFFERED THROUGH A ZIPPED       _-¯-_-¯-_
¯-_-¯-_-¯          FORMAT. ONCE AGAIN, THANK YOU.                   ¯-_-¯-_-¯
_-¯-_-¯-_                                                           _-¯-_-¯-_
¯-_-¯-_-¯                                                           ¯-_-¯-_-¯
_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_
¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯
_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_
¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯


=============================================================================
  V I I                        OTHER
=============================================================================


                                 ___________
                                 QUICK TRAPS
                                 ¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯

Often in Chess you will be able to trick your opponent into a quick victory.
Not all of the quick trapss are wins, yet all of them trap your opponent into
losing their Queen or another piece that is listed. Here is a list of some
quick victories that are shown at The Chess Haven...

     _________________
     The Pastor's Mate             1.e4 e5 
     ¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯             2.Qh5?! Nc6 
                                   3.Bc4 Nf6?? 
                                   4.Qf7++

     __________________
     The Scholar's Mate            1.e4 c5 
     ¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯            2.Nf3 d6 
                                   3.Nc3 e5 
                                   4.Bc4 Bg4? 
                                   5.Nxe5 Bxd1?? 
                                   6.Bxf7+ Ke7 
                                   7.Nd5++
     _______________
     The Fool's Mate               1.f3?! e5 
     ¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯               2.g4?? Qh4++

     ___________________
     Underpromotion Trap           1.d4 d5 
     ¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯           2.c4 e5 
                                   3.dxe5 d4 
                                   4.e3? Bb4+
                                   5.Bd2 dxe3! 
                                   6.Bxb4? exf2+ 
                                   7.Ke2 fxg1=N+!! 
                                   8.Rxg1 Bg4+ wins queen.

     ________________
     Smith-Morra Trap              1.e4 c5 
     ¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯              2.Nf3 d6 
                                   3.d4 cxd4 
                                   4.Nxc3 Nf6 
                                   5.Bc4 Nc6 
                                   6.e5 Nxe5? 
                                   7.Nxe5 dxe5 
                                   8.Bxf7+ wins the queen.

    ________________________
    Caro-Kann Smothered Mate       1.e4 c6 
    ¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯       2.Nc3 d5 
                                   3.Nf3 dxe4 
                                   4.Nxd4 Nd7 
                                   5.Qe2 Nf6?? 
                                   6.Nd6++

     _____________________________
     Shortest Game Between Masters 1.d4 Nf6 
     ¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯ 2.Nd2 e5?! 
                                   3.dxe5 Ng4
                                   4.h3?? Ne3 wins queen else ++.

     ______________________
     King's Gambit Debaucle        1.e4 e5 
     ¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯        2.f4 d5 
                                   3.fxe5? Qh4+
                                   4.Ke2 Qxe4+ 
                                   5.Kf2 Bc5 wins queen

     _____________
     Greedy Knight                 1.e4 c5 
     ¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯                 2.Nf3 d6  
                                   3.c3 Nf6 
                                   4.Be2 Nxe4?
                                   5.Qa4+ wins the knight.

     _____________
     Budapest Trap                 1.d4 Nf6 
     ¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯                 2.c4 e5 
                                   3.d5 Bc5 
                                   4.Nf3?! d6
                                   5.Bg5? Ne4! 
                                   6.Bxd8?? Bxf2++

     __________________
     King and Rook Fork            1.e4 e5 
     ¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯            2.Qh5!? g6?? 
                                   3.Qxe5+ winning the Rook.

     ________________________
     Queen's Gambit Miniature      1.d4 d5 
     ¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯      2.c4 dxc4 
                                   3.e3 b5 
                                   4.a4 c6 
                                   5.axb5 cxb5? 
                                   6.Qf3! wins a piece.



                                   ______
                                   QUOTES
                                   ¯¯¯¯¯¯


___________
A. Alekhine        During a chess competition a chessmaster should be the
¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯        combination of a beast of prey and a monk.
___________
A. Alekhine        Chess is not only knowledge and logic.
¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯
____________
A. Nimzovich       Why must I lose to this idiot?!
¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯
___________
Alex Trebec        It takes a lot of work to become profficient at chess.
¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯
______________
Anotoly Karpov     Chess is everything - art, science and sport.
¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯
______________
Anotoly Karpov     Style? I have no style.
¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯
_________
Anonymous          Creating an undesired stalemate is the height of stupidity.
¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯
_________
Anonymous          He who takes the Queen's Knight's pawn will sleep in the
¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯          streets!
_______
Arrabal            Chess and theater often lead to madness.
¯¯¯¯¯¯¯
_________
B. Larsen          Chess is a beautiful mistress.
¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯
_____________
Bobby Fischer      I think it's almost definite that the game is drawn
¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯      theoretically.
_____________
Bobby Fischer      Chess is life.
¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯
____________
D. Bronstein       Chess is imagination.
¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯
_______________
David Letterman    There just isn't enough televised chess.
¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯
_______
Duchamp            Not all artists may be chess players, but all chess players
¯¯¯¯¯¯¯            are artists.
_____________
E. Bogulyubov      When I'm white, I win because I am white.  When I am black
¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯      I win because I am Bogulyubov.
_________
E. Mednis          In chess at least, the brave inherit the earth.
¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯
_______________
English Proverb    You may knock your opponent down with the chessboard but
¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯    that does not prove you are the better player.
_______________
Emmanuel Lasker    The hardest game to win is a won game.
¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯
_______________
Emmanuel Lasker    On the Chessboard lies and hypocracy do not survive long.
¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯    The creative combination lays bare the presumption of a lie;
                   the merciless fact, culminating in a checkmate, contradicts
                   the hypocrite.
_______________
Emmanuel Lasker    When you see a good move, wait, look for another.
¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯
_______________
Emmanuel Lasker    In chess, as it is played by masters, chance is practically
¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯    eliminated.
_______________
Emmanuel Lasker    Chess is a fight.
¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯
______________
French Proverb     You cannot play at chess if you are kind-hearted.
¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯
______________
Garry Kasparov     Weaknesses of character are normally shown in a game of
¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯     chess
______________
Garry Kasparov     Chess is an art.
¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯
______________
Garry Kasparov     Chess is life in miniature.  Chess is battles, chess is
¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯     struggles.
______________
Garry Kasparov     Chess is mental torture
¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯
______
Gufeld             For me, chess is life and every game is like a new life.
¯¯¯¯¯¯             Every chess player gets to live many lives in one lifetime.
___________
H. G. Wells        Chess is a curse upon man.
¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯
___________
H. G. Wells        No chess player sleeps well.
¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯
________
Horowitz           One bad move nullifies 40 good ones.
¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯
______________
Indian Proverb     Chess is a sea in which a gnat may drink and an elephant may
¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯     bathe
______________
Irving Chrenev     Of chess it has been said that life is not long enough for
¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯     it, but that is the fault of life, not chess.
________________
J. R. Capablanca   A good player is always lucky.
¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯
______________
K. Ilyumzhinov     If FIDE were to return to Karpov and Kasparov, it would mean
¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯     regress and a return to the past.
____________
M. Botvinnik       Yes, I have played a blitz game once.  It was on a train in
¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯       1929.
____________
M. Botvinnik       Chess, like any creative activity, can exist only through
¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯       the combined efforts of those who have creative talent, and
                   those who have the ability to organize their creative work.
____________
M. Botvinnik       Chess is the art of analysis.
¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯
______
M. Tal             There are two types of sacrifices: correct ones and mine.
¯¯¯¯¯¯
______
M. Tal             Chess is the art of which expressed the science of logic
¯¯¯¯¯¯
________
N. Short           Modern chess is too much concerned with things like pawn
¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯           structures. Forget it, checkmate ends the game.
________
P. Keres           Chess is a test of wills.
¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯
________
P. Keres           The older I grow, the more I value Pawns.
¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯
__________
Pandolfini         Chess is a creative process. Its purpose is to find the
¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯         truth. To discover the truth, you must be uncompromising.
                   You must be brave.
___________
Paul Morphy        Checkers is for tramps.
¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯
____________
R. Spielmann       A good sacrifice is not one that is necessarily sound, but
¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯       leaves your opponent dazed and confused.
____________
R. Teichmann       Chess is 99% tactics.
¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯
___________
Reuben Fine        Chess is a contest between men in which there is
¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯        considerable ego-involvement. In some way it certainly
                   touches upon the conflicts surrounding aggression,
                   homosexuality, masturbation and narcissism which becomes
                   particularly prominent in the anal-phallic phases of
                   development.
___________
Reuben Fine        The profuse phallic symbolism of chess provides some fantasy
¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯        gratification for the homosexual, particularly the desire
                   for mutual masturbation.
___________
Reuben Fine        The King is a strong piece. Use it.
¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯
____________
Richard Reti       Chess is a fighting game that is purely intellectual and
¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯       excludes chance.
____________
Richard Reti       A knowledge of tactics is the foundation of positional play.
¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯
_____________
Robert Hubner      Chess is thriving. There are ever less round robin
¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯      tournaments ever more World Champions.
_____________
S. Tartakower      A chess game is divided into three stages: the first, when
¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯      you hope you have the advantage, the second when you believe
                   you have the advantage and the third...when you know you are
                   going to lose!"
_____________
S. Tartakower      The winner of the game is the one who makes the next to the
¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯      last mistake.
_____________
S. Tartakower      Some part of a mistake is always correct.
¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯
_____________
S. Tartakower      Moral victories do not count.
¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯
_____________
S. Tartakower      It is always better to sacrifice your opponents men.
¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯
_____________
S. Tartakower      The blunders are all there on the board, waiting to be
¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯      made.
______________________
Sir Arthur Conan Doyle     Excellence at chess is one mark of the scheming
¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯     mind.
______
Soltis             KIBITZER: One who gives good advice to your opponent.
¯¯¯¯¯¯
___________
Sytze Faber        We must make sure that chess will not be like a dead
¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯        language, very interesting, but for a very small group.
________
V. Anand           Nowadays, if you are not a GM by age 14, you can forget
¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯           about it.
________________
Wilhelm Steinitz   I have never played the French defense in my life, which is
¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯   the dullest of all openings.
________________
Wilhelm Steinitz   Chess is so inspiring that I do not believe a good player is
¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯   capable of having an evil thought during the game.
________________
Wilhelm Steinitz   Chess is not for the timid souls.
¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯

=============================================================================
 V I I I                       NOTES AND THANKS
=============================================================================


_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_
¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯
_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_
¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯
_-¯-_-¯-_                                                           _-¯-_-¯-_
¯-_-¯-_-¯                                                           ¯-_-¯-_-¯
_-¯-_-¯-_    Much of this information in this FAQ has came from     _-¯-_-¯-_
¯-_-¯-_-¯    own knowledge of the game of Chess. However, there     ¯-_-¯-_-¯
_-¯-_-¯-_    are a few web sites that I would like to thank for     _-¯-_-¯-_
¯-_-¯-_-¯    providing some valuable information. The Chess Haven   ¯-_-¯-_-¯
_-¯-_-¯-_    in particular. They have many great pages and links    _-¯-_-¯-_
¯-_-¯-_-¯    please go check them out as soon as possible.          ¯-_-¯-_-¯
_-¯-_-¯-_                                                           _-¯-_-¯-_
¯-_-¯-_-¯                                                           ¯-_-¯-_-¯
_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_
¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯
_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_
¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯-_-¯



While I was searching around one night on the internet, I noticed that there is
an overwhelmingly large amount of Chess video games that have been around for a
long time, and NONE of them have had FAQs written for them. I feel that I am
fairly well briefed about the art of Chess and feel I can write an adequate FAQ
for the game.

Also, if you feel like you can, in some way make a contribution to this FAQ,
please do so by sending me an e-mail. I will be sure to give you full credit.

____________
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